Installing NuGet client tools
Guidance on installing client tools, the dotnet and nuget command-line interfaces (CLI), and the Package Manager for Visual Studio.
Install NuGet client tools
Looking to install a package? See Ways to install NuGet packages.
To work with NuGet, as a package consumer or creator, you can use command-line interface (CLI) tools as well as NuGet features in Visual Studio. This article briefly outlines the capabilities of the different tools, how to install them, and their comparative feature availability. To get started using NuGet to consume packages, see Install and use a package (dotnet CLI) and Install and use a package (Visual Studio). To get started creating NuGet packages, see Create and publish a NET Standard package (dotnet CLI) and Create and publish a NET Standard package (Visual Studio).
|dotnet.exe||CLI tool for .NET Core and .NET Standard libraries, and for any SDK-style project such as one that targets .NET Framework. Included with the .NET Core SDK and provides core NuGet features on all platforms. (Starting in Visual Studio 2017, the dotnet CLI is automatically installed with any .NET Core related workloads.)||.NET Core SDK|
|nuget.exe||CLI tool for .NET Framework libraries and for any non-SDK-style project such as one that targets .NET Standard libraries. Provides all NuGet capabilities on Windows, provides most features on Mac and Linux when running under Mono.||nuget.exe|
|Visual Studio||On Windows, provides NuGet capabilities through the Package Manager UI and Package Manager Console; included with .NET-related workloads. On Mac, provides certain features through the UI. In Visual Studio Code, NuGet features are provided through extensions.||Visual Studio|
The MSBuild CLI also provides the ability to restore and create packages, which is primarily useful on build servers. MSBuild is not a general-purpose tool for working with NuGet.
The two NuGet CLI tools are
nuget.exe. See feature availability for a comparison.
- To target .NET Core or .NET Standard, use the dotnet CLI. The
dotnetCLI is required for the SDK-style project format, which uses the SDK attribute.
- To target .NET Framework (non-SDK-style project only), use the
nuget.exeCLI. If the project is migrated from
packages.configto PackageReference, use the dotnet CLI.
The .NET Core 2.0 CLI,
dotnet.exe, works on all platforms (Windows, Mac, and Linux) and provides core NuGet features such as installing, restoring, and publishing packages.
dotnet provides direct integration with .NET Core project files (such as
.csproj), which is helpful in most scenarios.
dotnet is also built directly for each platform and does not require you to install Mono.
- On developer computers, install the .NET Core SDK. Starting in Visual Studio 2017, the dotnet CLI is automatically installed with any .NET Core related workloads.
- For build servers, follow the instructions on Using .NET Core SDK and tools in Continuous Integration.
To learn how to use basic commands with the dotnet CLI, see Install and use packages using the dotnet CLI.
nuget.exe, is the command-line utility for Windows that provides all NuGet capabilities; it can also be run on Mac OSX and Linux using Mono with some limitations.
To learn how to use basic commands with the
nuget.exe CLI, see Install and use packages using the nuget.exe CLI.
nuget update -selfon Windows to update an existing nuget.exe to the latest version.
[!Note] The latest recommended NuGet CLI is always available at
https://dist.nuget.org/win-x86-commandline/latest/nuget.exe. For compatibility purposes with older continuous integration systems, a previous URL,
https://nuget.org/nuget.execurrently provides the deprecated 2.8.6 CLI tool.
Visual Studio Code: NuGet capabilities are available through marketplace extensions, or use the
Visual Studio for Mac: certain NuGet capabilities are built in directly. See Including a NuGet package in your project for a walkthrough. For other capabilities, use the
Visual Studio on Windows: The NuGet Package Manager is included with Visual Studio 2012 and later. Visual Studio provides the Package Manager UI and the Package Manager Console, through which you can run most NuGet operations.
- Starting in Visual Studio 2017, the installer includes the NuGet Package Manager with any workload that employs .NET. To install separately, or to verify that the Package Manager is installed, run the Visual Studio installer and check the option under Individual Components > Code tools > NuGet package manager.
- The Package Manager UI and Console are unique to Visual Studio on Windows. They are not presently available on Visual Studio for Mac.
- A CLI tool is required to support NuGet features in the IDE. You can use either the
dotnetCLI or the the
dotnetCLI is installed with some Visual Studio workloads, such as .NET Core. The
nuget.exeCLI must be installed separately as described earlier.
- Package Manager Console commands work only within Visual Studio on Windows and do not work within other PowerShell environments.
- For Visual Studio 2010 and earlier, install the "NuGet Package Manager for Visual Studio" extension.
- NuGet Extensions for Visual Studio 2013 and 2015 can also be downloaded from https://dist.nuget.org/index.html.
- If you'd like to preview upcoming NuGet features, install a Visual Studio Preview, which works side-by-side with stable releases of Visual Studio. To report problems or share ideas for previews, open an issue on the NuGet GitHub repository.
|Feature||dotnet CLI||nuget CLI (Windows)||nuget CLI (Mono)||Visual Studio (Windows)||Visual Studio for Mac|
|Manage package feeds (sources)||✔||✔||✔||✔|
|Manage packages on a feed||✔||✔||✔|
|Set API keys for feeds||✔||✔|
|Manage global-package and cache folders||✔||✔||✔|
|Manage NuGet configuration||✔||✔|
(1) Does not affect project files; use
(2) Works only with
packages.config file and not with solution (
(3) Various advanced package features are available through the CLI only as they aren't represented in the Visual Studio UI tools.
(4) Works with
.nuspec files but not with project files.
- Install and manage packages using Visual Studio
- Install and manage packages using PowerShell
- Install and manage packages using dotnet CLI
- Install and manage packages using nuget.exe CLI
- Package Manager Console PowerShell reference
- Creating a package
- Publishing a Package
Developers working on Windows can also explore the NuGet Package Explorer, an open-source, stand-alone tool to visually explore, create, and edit NuGet packages. It's very helpful, for example, to make experimental changes to a package structure without rebuilding the package.