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Quickly debug shellcode extracted during malware analysis
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README.md

BlobRunner

BlobRunner is a simple tool to quickly debug shellcode extracted during malware analysis.
BlobRunner allocates memory for the target file and jumps to the base (or offset) of the allocated memory. This allows an analyst to quickly debug into extracted artifacts with minimal overhead and effort.

BlobRunner Sample

To use BlobRunner, you can download the compiled executable from the releases page or build your own using the steps below.

Building

Building the executable is straight forward and relatively painless.

Requirements

  • Download and install Microsoft Visual C++ Build Tools or Visual Studio

Build Steps

  • Open Visual Studio Command Prompt
  • Navigate to the directory where BlobRunner is checked out
  • Build the executable by running:
cl blobrunner.c

Building BlobRunner x64

Building the x64 version is virtually the same as above, but simply uses the x64 tooling.

  • Open x64 Visual Studio Command Prompt
  • Navigate to the directory where BlobRunner is checked out
  • Build the executable by running:
 cl /Feblobrunner64.exe /Foblobrunner64.out blobrunner.c

Usage

To debug:

  • Open BlobRunner in your favorite debugger.
  • Pass the shellcode file as the first parameter.
  • Add a breakpoint before the jump into the shellcode
  • Step into the shellcode
BlobRunner.exe shellcode.bin

Debug into file at a specific offset.

BlobRunner.exe shellcode.bin --offset 0x0100

Debug into file and don't pause before the jump. Warning: Ensure you have a breakpoint set before the jump.

BlobRunner.exe shellcode.bin --nopause
Debugging x64 Shellcode

Inline assembly isn't supported by the x64 compiler, so to support debugging into x64 shellcode the loader creates a suspended thread which allows you to place a breakpoint at the thread entry, before the thread is resumed.

Remote Debugging Shell Blobs (IDAPro)

The process is virtually identical to debugging shellcode locally - with the exception that the you need to copy the shellcode file to the remote system. If the file is copied to the same path you are running win32_remote.exe from, you just need to use the file name for the parameter. Otherwise, you will need to specify the path to the shellcode file on the remote system.

Shellcode Samples

You can quickly generate shellcode samples using the Metasploit tool msfvenom.

Generating a simple Windows exec payload.

msfvenom -a x86 --platform windows -p windows/exec cmd=calc.exe -o test2.bin

Feedback / Help

  • Any questions, comments or requests you can find us on twitter: @seanmw or @herrcore
  • Pull requests welcome!
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