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ood_support.gemspec

README.md

OodSupport

Open OnDemand gem that provides a set of support objects to interface with the local OS installed on the HPC Center's web node.

Installation

Add this line to your application's Gemfile:

gem 'ood_support'

And then execute:

$ bundle

Or install it yourself as:

$ gem install ood_support

Usage

User

Provides a simplified system-level user object that can be used to determine user's id, groups, shell, home directory...

require 'ood_support'

# Generate OodSupport::User object from user name
u = OodSupport::User.new 'user1'

# User name
u.name
#=> "user1"

# User id
u.id
#=> 1000

# User shell
u.shell
#=> "/bin/bash"

# Array of groups user is in
u.groups
#=> [<OodSupport::Group ...>, <OodSupport::Group ...>, ...]

# Names of groups user is in
u.groups.map(&:name)
#=> ["primary_group", "group1", "group2"]

# Name of user's primary group
u.group.name
#=> "primary_group"

# Whether user is in group called "group15"
u.in_group? "group15"
#=> false

# Use it in a string
puts "Hello #{u}!"
#=> "Hello user1!"

You can generate the OodSupport::User object from a user name, user id, another OodSupport::User, or from the running process:

require 'ood_support'

# Generate OodSupport::User object from user name
u1 = OodSupport::User.new 'user1'

# Generate OodSupport::User object from user id
u2 = OodSupport::User.new 1000

# Generate OodSupport::User object from another object
u3 = OodSupport::User.new u1

# Generate OodSupport::User from running process
me = OodSupport::User.new

Group

Provides a simplified system-level group object that can be used to determine group id and group name.

require 'ood_support'

# Generate OodSupport::Group object from group name
g = OodSupport::Group.new 'group1'

# Get group id
g.id
#=> 100

# Get group name
g.name
#=> 'group1'

# Generate OodSupport::User object from user name
u = OodSupport::User.new 'user1'

# Sort the list of groups user is in
u.groups.sort.map(&:name)
#=> ["a_group", "b_group", "c_group"]

You can generate the OodSupport::Group object from a group name, group id, another OodSupport::Group object, or from the running process:

require 'ood_support'

# Generate OodSupport::Group object from group name
g1 = OodSupport::Group.new 'group1'

# Generate OodSupport::Group object from group id
g2 = OodSupport::Group.new 100

# Generate OodSupport::Group object from another object
g3 = OodSupport::Group.new g1

# Generate OodSupport::Group from running process
me = OodSupport::Group.new

Process

Provides a simplified interface to the running process that can be used to determine owner of the process as well as whether the owner's groups have changed since the process started.

require 'ood_support'

# Get owner of process
OodSupport::Process.user
#=> <OodSupport::User ...>

# Get primary group of process
OodSupport::Process.group
#=> <OodSupport::Group ...>

# Get list of groups process is currently in
OodSupport::Process.groups
#=> [<OodSupport::Group ...>, <OodSupport::Group ...>, ...]

# Whether owner's groups changed since process started
OodSupport::Process.groups_changed?
#=> false

ACLs

NFSv4 File ACLs

Allows reading and writing of NFSv4 file ACL permissions.

To access a file's ACL:

# Get file ACL
acl = OodSupport::ACLs::Nfs4ACL.get_facl(path: "/path/to/file")

# Check if user has read access to file
acl.allow?(principle: OodSupport::User.new("user1"), permission: :r)
#=> true

# Check if group has write access to file
# NB: A user of this group may *actually* have access to write to this file
acl.allow?(principle: OodSupport::Group.new("group1"), permission: :w)
#=> false

To add an ACL permission to a file:

# Create a new ACL entry
entry = OodSupport::ACLs::Nfs4Entry.new(type: :A, flags: [], principle: "user2", domain: "osc.edu", permissions: [:r, :w])

# or you can pass it a properly formatted string...
entry = OodSupport::ACLs::Nfs4Entry.parse("A::user2@osc.edu:rw")

# Add this entry to the file ACLs
acl = OodSupport::ACLs::Nfs4ACL.add_facl(path: "/path/to/file", entry: entry)

# Check that this added entry changes access
acl.allow?(principle: OodSupport::User.new("user2"), permission: :r)
#=> true

To remove an ACL permission from a file:

# Get file ACL
acl = OodSupport::ACLs::Nfs4ACL.get_facl(path: "/path/to/file")

# Choose the entry we want to remove from the array of entries
entry = acl.entries.first

# Remove this entry from the file
new_acl = OodSupport::ACLs::Nfs4ACL.rem_facl(path: "/path/to/file", entry: entry)

# Check that this entry removal changes access
new_acl.allow?(principle: OodSupport::User.new("user2"), permission: :r)
#=> false
File ACL Methods

List of class methods on the Nfs4ACL object used to access/modify a file's ACL. For all class methods an Nfs4ACL object is created and returned.

# Get the file/directory ACLs for a given path
Nfs4ACL::get_facl(path: p)

# Add an ACL entry to the given file/directory ACLs
Nfs4ACL::add_facl(path: p, entry: e)

# Remove an ACL entry from the given file/directory ACLs
Nfs4ACL::rem_facl(path: p, entry: e)

# Modify in-place an ACL entry from the given file/directory ACLs
Nfs4ACL::mod_facl(path: p, old_entry: e1, new_entry: e2)

# Set the whole ACL (overwrites original) for a given file/directory
Nfs4ACL::set_facl(path: p, acl: a)

Posix File ACLs

Allows reading and writing of Posix file ACL permissions.

To access a file's ACL:

# Get file ACL
acl = OodSupport::ACLs::PosixACL.get_facl path: "/path/to/file"

# Check if user has read access to file
acl.allow?(principle: OodSupport::User.new("user1"), permission: :r)
#=> true

# Check if group has write access to file
# NB: A user of this group may *actually* have access to write to this file
acl.allow?(principle: OodSupport::Group.new("group1"), permission: :w)
#=> false

To add an ACL permission to a file:

# Create a new ACL entry
entry = OodSupport::ACLs::PosixEntry.new(flag: :user, principle: "user2", permissions: [:r, :w, :-])

# or you can pass it a properly formatted string...
entry = OodSupport::ACLs::PosixEntry.parse("user:user2:rw-")

# Add this entry to the file ACLs
acl = OodSupport::ACLs::PosixACL.add_facl(path: "/path/to/file", entry: entry)

# Check that this added entry changes access
acl.allow?(principle: OodSupport::User.new("user2"), permission: :r)
#=> true

To remove an ACL permission from a file:

# Get file ACL
acl = OodSupport::ACLs::PosixACL.get_facl(path: "/path/to/file")

# Choose the entry we want to remove from the array of entries
entry = acl.entries.detect {|e| e.user_entry? && e.principle == "user2"}

# Remove this entry from the file
new_acl = OodSupport::ACLs::PosixACL.rem_facl(path: "/path/to/file", entry: entry)

# Check that this entry removal changes access
new_acl.allow?(principle: OodSupport::User.new("user2"), permission: :r)
#=> false
File ACL Methods

List of class methods on the PosixACL object used to access/modify a file's ACL. For all class methods an PosixACL object is created and returned.

# Get the file/directory ACLs for a given path
PosixACL::get_facl(path: p)

# Add an ACL entry to the given file/directory ACLs
PosixACL::add_facl(path: p, entry: e)

# Remove an ACL entry from the given file/directory ACLs
PosixACL::rem_facl(path: p, entry: e)

# Clear all extended ACLs for the given file/directory
PosixACL::clear_facl(path: p)

Contributing

  1. Fork it ( https://github.com/[my-github-username]/ood_support/fork )
  2. Create your feature branch (git checkout -b my-new-feature)
  3. Commit your changes (git commit -am 'Add some feature')
  4. Push to the branch (git push origin my-new-feature)
  5. Create a new Pull Request