PROJ is a generic coordinate transformation software, that transforms coordinates from one coordinate reference system (CRS) to another. This includes cartographic projections as well as geodetic transformations.
For more information on the PROJ project please see the web page at:
The PROJ mailing list can be found at:
See the NEWS file for changes between versions.
The following command line utilities are included in the PROJ package:
proj: for cartographic projection of geodetic coordinates.
cs2cs: for transformation from one CRS to another CRS.
geod: for geodesic (great circle) computations.
cct: for generic Coordinate Conversions and Transformations.
gie: the Geospatial Integrity Investigation Environment.
projinfo: for geodetic object and coordinate operation queries.
projsync: for synchronizing PROJ datum and transformation support data.
More information on the utilities can be found on the PROJ website.
Distribution files and format
Sources are distributed in one or more files. The principle elements
of the system are stored in a compressed tar file named
"x" will indicate the major release number, "y" indicates the minor release
number, and "z" indicates the patch number of the release.
In addition to the PROJ software package, distributions of datum
conversion grid files and PROJ parameter files are also available.
The grid package is distributed under the name
where "x" is the major release version and "y" is the minor release
version numbers. The resource packages can be downloaded from the
More info on the contents of the proj-data package can be found at the PROJ-data GitHub repository.
The resource file packages should be extracted to
where PROJ will find them after installation. The default location of
PROJ_LIB on UNIX-based systems is
/usr/local/share/proj but it may
be changed to a different directory. On Windows you have to define
As an alternative to installing the data package on the local system, the resource files can be retrieved on-the-fly from the PROJ CDN. A network-enabled PROJ build, will automatically fetch resource files that are not present locally from the CDN.
Citing PROJ in publications