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About

Tests

This project is used to develop applications for the STM32 - ST's ARM Cortex-Mx MCUs. It uses cmake and GCC, along with newlib (libc), STM32Cube. Supports F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F7 G0 G4 H7 L0 L1 L4 L5 device families.

Requirements

  • cmake >= 3.13
  • GCC toolchain with newlib (optional).
  • STM32Cube package for appropriate STM32 family.

Project contains

  • CMake toolchain file, that configures cmake to use the arm toolchain: cmake/stm32_gcc.cmake.
  • CMake module that contains useful functions: cmake/stm32/common.cmake
  • CMake modules that contains information about each family - RAM/flash sizes, CPU types, device types and device naming (e.g. it can tell that STM32F407VG is F4 family with 1MB flash, 128KB RAM with CMSIS type F407xx)
  • CMake toolchain file that can generate a tunable linker script cmake/stm32/linker_ld.cmake
  • CMake module to find and configure CMSIS library cmake/FindCMSIS.cmake
  • CMake module to find and configure STM32 HAL library cmake/FindHAL.cmake
  • CMake modules for various libraries/RTOSes
  • CMake project template and examples
  • Some testing project to check cmake scripts working properly tests

Examples

Usage

First of all you need to configure toolchain and library pathes using CMake varibles. You can do this by passing values through command line during cmake run or by setting variables inside your CMakeLists.txt

Configuration

  • STM32_TOOLCHAIN_PATH - where toolchain is located, default: /usr
  • TARGET_TRIPLET - toolchain target triplet, default: arm-none-eabi
  • STM32_CUBE_<FAMILY>_PATH - path to STM32Cube directory, where <FAMILY> is one of F0 G0 L0 F1 L1 F2 F3 F4 G4 L4 F7 H7 default: /opt/STM32Cube<FAMILY>

Common usage

First thing that you need to do after toolchain configration in your CMakeLists.txt script is to find CMSIS package:

find_package(CMSIS [CMSIS_version] COMPONENTS STM32F4 REQUIRED)

You can specify STM32 family or even specific device (STM32F407VG) in COMPONENTS or omit COMPONENTS totally - in that case stm32-cmake will find ALL sources for ALL families and ALL chips (you'll need ALL STM32Cube packages somewhere).

[CMSIS_version] is an optional version requirement. See find_package documentation. This parameter does not make sense if multiples STM32 families are requested.

Each STM32 device can be categorized into family and device type groups, for example STM32F407VG is device from F4 family, with type F407xx.

*Note: Some devices in STM32H7 family has two different cores (Cortex-M7 and Cortex-M4). For those device the name used must include the core name e.g STM32H7_M7 and STM32H7_M4.

CMSIS consists of three main components:

  • Family-specific headers, e.g. stm32f4xx.h
  • Device type-specific startup sources (e.g. startup_stm32f407xx.s)
  • Device-specific linker scripts which requires information about memory sizes

stm32-cmake uses modern CMake features notably imported targets and target properties. Every CMSIS component is CMake's target (aka library), which defines compiler definitions, compiler flags, include dirs, sources, etc. to build and propagates them as dependencies. So in simple use-case all you need is to link your executable with library CMSIS::STM32::<device>:

add_executable(stm32-template main.c)
target_link_libraries(stm32-template CMSIS::STM32::F407VG)

That will add include directories, startup source, linker script and compiler flags to your executable.

CMSIS creates following targets:

  • CMSIS::STM32::<FAMILY> (e.g. CMSIS::STM32::F4) - common includes, compiler flags and defines for family
  • CMSIS::STM32::<TYPE> (e.g. CMSIS::STM32::F407xx) - common startup source for device type, depends on CMSIS::STM32::<FAMILY>
  • CMSIS::STM32::<DEVICE> (e.g. CMSIS::STM32::F407VG) - linker script for device, depends on CMSIS::STM32::<TYPE>

So, if you don't need linker script, you can link only CMSIS::STM32::<TYPE> library and provide own script using stm32_add_linker_script function

Note: For H7 family, because of it multi-cores architecture, all H7 targets also have a suffix (::M7 or ::M4). For example, targets created for STM32H747BI will look like CMSIS::STM32::H7::M7, CMSIS::STM32::H7::M4, CMSIS::STM32::H747BI::M7, CMSIS::STM32::H747BI::M4, etc.

The GCC C/C++ standard libraries are added by linking the library STM32::NoSys. This will add the --specs=nosys.specs to compiler and linker flags. If you want to use C++ on MCUs with little flash, you might instead want to link the newlib-nano to reduce the code size. You can do so by linking STM32::Nano, which will add the --specs=nano.specs flags to both compiler and linker. Keep in mind that when using STM32::Nano, by default you cannot use floats in printf/scanf calls, and you have to provide implementations for several OS interfacing functions (_sbrk, _close, _fstat, and others).

HAL

STM32 HAL can be used similar to CMSIS.

find_package(HAL [HAL_version] COMPONENTS STM32F4 REQUIRED)
set(CMAKE_INCLUDE_CURRENT_DIR TRUE)

CMAKE_INCLUDE_CURRENT_DIR here because HAL requires stm32<family>xx_hal_conf.h file being in include headers path.

[HAL_version] is an optional version requirement. See find_package documentation. This parameter does not make sense if multiples STM32 families are requested.

HAL module will search all drivers supported by family and create following targets:

  • HAL::STM32::<FAMILY> (e.g. HAL::STM32::F4) - common HAL source, depends on CMSIS::STM32::<FAMILY>
  • HAL::STM32::<FAMILY>::<DRIVER> (e.g. HAL::STM32::F4::GPIO) - HAL driver , depends on HAL::STM32::<FAMILY>
  • HAL::STM32::<FAMILY>::<DRIVER>Ex (e.g. HAL::STM32::F4::ADCEx) - HAL Extension driver , depends on HAL::STM32::<FAMILY>::<DRIVER>
  • HAL::STM32::<FAMILY>::LL_<DRIVER> (e.g. HAL::STM32::F4::LL_ADC) - HAL LL (Low-Level) driver , depends on HAL::STM32::<FAMILY>

Note: Targets for STM32H7 will look like HAL::STM32::<FAMILY>::[M7|M4], HAL::STM32::<FAMILY>::[M7|M4]::<DRIVER>, etc.

Here is typical usage:

add_executable(stm32-blinky-f4 blinky.c stm32f4xx_hal_conf.h)
target_link_libraries(stm32-blinky-f4 
    HAL::STM32::F4::RCC
    HAL::STM32::F4::GPIO
    HAL::STM32::F4::CORTEX
    CMSIS::STM32::F407VG
    STM32::NoSys 
)

Building

    $ cmake -DCMAKE_TOOLCHAIN_FILE=<path_to_gcc_stm32.cmake> -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Debug <path_to_sources>
    $ make

Linker script & variables

CMSIS package will generate linker script for your device automatically (target CMSIS::STM32::<DEVICE>). To specify a custom linker script, use stm32_add_linker_script function.

Useful cmake function

  • stm32_get_chip_info(<chip> [FAMILY <family>] [TYPE <type>] [DEVICE <device>]) - classify device using name, will return device family (into <family> variable), type (<type>) and canonical name (<device>, uppercase without any package codes)
  • stm32_get_memory_info((CHIP <chip>)|(DEVICE <device> TYPE <type>) [FLASH|RAM|CCRAM|STACK|HEAP] [SIZE <size>] [ORIGIN <origin>]) - get information about device memories (into <size> and <origin>). Linker script generator uses values from this function
  • stm32_get_devices_by_family(DEVICES [FAMILY <family>]) - return into DEVICES all supported devices by family (or all devices if <family> is empty)

Additional CMake modules

stm32-cmake contains additional CMake modules for finding and configuring various libraries and RTOSes used in embedded world.

FreeRTOS

cmake/FindFreeRTOS - finds FreeRTOS sources in location specified by FREERTOS_PATH (default: /opt/FreeRTOS) variable and format them as IMPORTED targets. FREERTOS_PATH can be either the path to the whole FreeRTOS/FreeRTOS github repo, or the path to FreeRTOS-Kernel (usually located in the subfolder FreeRTOS on a downloaded release) Typical usage:

find_package(FreeRTOS COMPONENTS ARM_CM4F REQUIRED)
target_link_libraries(... FreeRTOS::ARM_CM4F)

Following FreeRTOS ports supported: ARM_CM0, ARM_CM3, ARM_CM4F, ARM_CM7.

Other FreeRTOS libraries:

  • FreeRTOS::Coroutine - co-routines (croutines.c)
  • FreeRTOS::EventGroups - event groups (event_groups.c)
  • FreeRTOS::StreamBuffer - stream buffer (stream_buffer.c)
  • FreeRTOS::Timers - timers (timers.c)
  • FreeRTOS::Heap::<N> - heap implementation (heap_<N>.c), <N>: [1-5]

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