CMake for stm32 developing.
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README.md

About

This project is used to develop applications for the STM32 - ST's ARM Cortex-Mx MCUs. It uses cmake and GCC, along with newlib (libc), STM32CubeMX or ChibiOS.

Requirements

  • cmake >= 3.0
  • GCC toolchain with newlib (optional).
  • STM32CubeMX package for STM32F0, STM32F1, STM32F2, STM32F3, STM32F4, STM32F7, STM32L0, STM32L1, STM32L4 families.

Project contains

  • CMake common toolchain file, that configures cmake to use the arm toolchain.
  • CMake toolchain file that can generate a tunable linker script
  • CMake STM32 family-specific toolchain file, that configures family-specific parameters.
  • CMake modules to find and configure CMSIS and STM32HAL components.
  • CMake modules to find and configure ChibiOS components.
  • CMake project template.

Examples

  • stm32-blinky - blink LED using timers and PWM.
  • stm32-newlib - show date using uart and libc functions from newlib.
  • stm32-chibios - blink led using ChibiOS/NIL.

Usage

First of all you need to configure toolchain and libraries, you can do this by editing gcc_stm32.cmake or, preferably, by passing it through the command line.

Configuration

  • TOOLCHAIN_PREFIX - where toolchain is located, default: /usr
  • TARGET_TRIPLET - toolchain target triplet, default: arm-none-eabi
  • STM32_CHIP - STM32 device code, e.g. STM32F407VG or STM32F103VG
  • STM32_FAMILY - STM32 family (F0, F1, F4, etc.) currently, F0, F1, F2, F4, F7, L0, L1 and L4 families are supported. Note: If STM32_CHIP variable is set, STM32_FAMILY is optional.
  • STM32Cube_DIR - path to STM32CubeMX directory default: /opt/STM32Cube_FW_F0_V1.4.0 /opt/STM32Cube_FW_F1_V1.1.0 /opt/STM32Cube_FW_F2_V1.1.0 /opt/STM32Cube_FW_F4_V1.6.0

To use the toolchain, you'll need to copy contents of the cmake folder into cmake's modules path, or use the CMAKE_MODULE_PATH variable.

Common usage

cmake -DSTM32_CHIP=<chip> -DCMAKE_TOOLCHAIN_FILE=<path_to_gcc_stm32.cmake> -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Debug <path_to_source_dir>

Where <chip> is the STM32 chip name (e.g. STM32F100C8, STM32F407IG).

This command will generate Makefile for project. For a Release build, change CMAKE_BUILD_TYPE.

The script will try to detect chip parameters automatically from the chip name (type, flash/ram size), or, you can set these directly with these variables:

  • STM32_CHIP_TYPE - family-dependent chip type. Global variable STM32_CHIP_TYPES contains list of valid types for current family (e.g 207xG)
  • STM32_FLASH_SIZE - chip flash size (e.g. 64K)
  • STM32_RAM_SIZE - chip RAM size (e.g. 4K)

Usage with Eclipse CDT:

cmake -DSTM32_CHIP=<chip> -DCMAKE_TOOLCHAIN_FILE=<path_to_gcc_stm32.cmake> -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Debug -G "Eclipse CDT4 - Unix Makefiles" <path_to_source_dir>

Building

  • To build elf file: make
  • To build .hex: make <project name>.hex
  • To build .bin: make <project name>.bin

Linker script & variables

You can use cmake variables below to tune the generated linker. To specify a custom linker script, set STM32_LINKER_SCRIPT (you can still use these variables in your custom script).

  • STM32_FLASH_ORIGIN - Start address of flash (default: 0x08000000)
  • STM32_RAM_ORIGIN - Start address of RAM (default: 0x20000000)
  • STM32_FLASH_SIZE - Flash size (default: from chip name)
  • STM32_RAM_SIZE - RAM size (default: from chip name)
  • STM32_MIN_STACK_SIZE - Minimum stack size for error detection at link-time (default: 512 bytes)
  • STM32_MIN_HEAP_SIZE - Minimum heap size for error detection at link-time (default: 0 bytes)
  • STM32_CCRAM_ORIGIN - Start address of Core-Coupled RAM (default: 0x10000000)
  • STM32_CCRAM_SIZE - Core-Coupled RAM size (default: 64 KiB)

Useful cmake macros

  • STM32_GET_CHIP_TYPE(CHIP CHIP_TYPE) - gets chip type from chip name.
  • STM32_GET_CHIP_PARAMETERS(CHIP FLASH_SIZE RAM_SIZE CCRAM_SIZE) - gets chip ram/flash size from chip name.
  • STM32_SET_FLASH_PARAMS(TARGET ...) - sets chip flash/ram parameters for target.
  • STM32_SET_CHIP_DEFINITIONS(TARGET CHIP_TYPE) - sets chip family and type-specific compiler flags for target.
  • STM32_SET_TARGET_PROPERTIES(TARGET) - sets all needed parameters and compiler flags for target.
  • STM32_GENERATE_LIBRARIES(NAME SOURCES LIBRARIES) - generates libraries for all chip types in family. Resulting libraries stored in LIBRARIES and have names in ${NAME}${FAMILY}${CHIP_TYPE} format.

ChibiOS Support

This project also supports ChibiOS v3.x.x and ChibiOS v16.x.x (both nil and rt kernels).

CMake modules for ChibiOS can find specified ChibiOS components using the COMPONENTS directive.

See project stm32-chibios for example usage.

FreeRTOS Support

FreeRTOS is also supported. To include it in your project you should set a variable named FREERTOS_HEAP_IMPL with a proper number of FreeRTOS heap implementation. You can do this by invoking:

SET(FREERTOS_HEAP_IMPL 4)

before FIND_PACKAGE command.