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ICU Analysis plugin for ElasticSearch
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README.md

ICU Analysis for ElasticSearch

The ICU Analysis plugin integrates Lucene ICU module into elasticsearch, adding ICU relates analysis components.

In order to install the plugin, simply run: bin/plugin -install elasticsearch/elasticsearch-analysis-icu/1.7.0.

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| ICU Analysis Plugin | ElasticSearch  |
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| master              | 0.19 -> master |
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| 1.7.0               | 0.19 -> master |
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| 1.6.0               | 0.19 -> master |
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| 1.5.0               | 0.19 -> master |
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| 1.4.0               | 0.19 -> master |
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| 1.3.0               | 0.19 -> master |
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| 1.2.0               | 0.19 -> master |
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| 1.1.0               | 0.18           |
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| 1.0.0               | 0.18           |
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ICU Normalization

Normalizes characters as explained "here":http://userguide.icu-project.org/transforms/normalization. It registers itself by default under @icu_normalizer@ or @icuNormalizer@ using the default settings. Allows for the name parameter to be provided which can include the following values: @nfc@, @nfkc@, and @nfkc_cf@. Here is a sample settings:

{
    "index" : {
        "analysis" : {
            "analyzer" : {
                "collation" : {
                    "tokenizer" : "keyword",
                    "filter" : ["icu_normalizer"]
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

ICU Folding

Folding of unicode characters based on @UTR#30@. It registers itself under @icu_folding@ and @icuFolding@ names. Sample setting:

{
    "index" : {
        "analysis" : {
            "analyzer" : {
                "collation" : {
                    "tokenizer" : "keyword",
                    "filter" : ["icu_folding"]
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

ICU Collation

Uses collation token filter. Allows to either specify the rules for collation (defined "here":http://www.icu-project.org/userguide/Collate_Customization.html) using the @rules@ parameter (can point to a location or expressed in the settings, location can be relative to config location), or using the @language@ parameter (further specialized by country and variant). By default registers under @icu_collation@ or @icuCollation@ and uses the default locale.

Here is a sample settings:

{
    "index" : {
        "analysis" : {
            "analyzer" : {
                "collation" : {
                    "tokenizer" : "keyword",
                    "filter" : ["icu_collation"]
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

And here is a sample of custom collation:

{
    "index" : {
        "analysis" : {
            "analyzer" : {
                "collation" : {
                    "tokenizer" : "keyword",
                    "filter" : ["myCollator"]
                }
            },
            "filter" : {
                "myCollator" : {
                    "type" : "icu_collation",
                    "language" : "en"
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

Optional options:

  • strength - The strength property determines the minimum level of difference considered significant during comparison. The default strength for the Collator is tertiary, unless specified otherwise by the locale used to create the Collator. Possible values: primary, secondary, tertiary, quaternary or identical. See ICU Collation:http://icu-project.org/apiref/icu4j/com/ibm/icu/text/Collator.html documentation for a more detailed explanation for the specific values.
  • decomposition - Possible values: no or canonical. Defaults to no. Setting this decomposition property with canonical allows the Collator to handle un-normalized text properly, producing the same results as if the text were normalized. If no is set, it is the user's responsibility to insure that all text is already in the appropriate form before a comparison or before getting a CollationKey. Adjusting decomposition mode allows the user to select between faster and more complete collation behavior. Since a great many of the world's languages do not require text normalization, most locales set no as the default decomposition mode.

Expert options:

  • alternate - Possible values: shifted or non-ignorable. Sets the alternate handling for strength quaternary to be either shifted or non-ignorable. What boils down to ignoring punctuation and whitespace.
  • caseLevel - Possible values: true or false. Default is false. Whether case level sorting is required. When strength is set to primary this will ignore accent differences.
  • caseFirst - Possible values: lower or upper. Useful to control which case is sorted first when case is not ignored for strength tertiary.
  • numeric - Possible values: true or false. Whether digits are sorted according to numeric representation. For example the value egg-9 is sorted before the value egg-21. Defaults to false.
  • variableTop - Single character or contraction. Controls what is variable for alternate.
  • hiraganaQuaternaryMode - Possible values: true or false. Defaults to false. Distinguishing between Katakana and Hiragana characters in quaternary strength .

ICU Tokenizer

Breaks text into words according to UAX #29: Unicode Text Segmentation ((http://www.unicode.org/reports/tr29/)).

{
    "index" : {
        "analysis" : {
            "analyzer" : {
                "collation" : {
                    "tokenizer" : "icu_tokenizer",
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

License

This software is licensed under the Apache 2 license, quoted below.

Copyright 2009-2012 Shay Banon and ElasticSearch <http://www.elasticsearch.org>

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not
use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of
the License at

    http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT
WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the
License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under
the License.
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