Fetching latest commit…
Cannot retrieve the latest commit at this time.
Failed to load latest commit information.


Offsetting Dataset

Open APC set up a dedicated collection of data sets comprising articles published under offsetting deals such as the Springer Compact pilot agreements.

Unlike in the main data set, there is currently no price information included due to the fact that those type of agreements still operate with lump sums and reading fees. This would therefore lead to a biased picture in terms of individual spending per article, at least before the termination of an agreement and when the actual amount of articles published cannot yet be determined.

However, the collection is relevant in view of the discussion on differentiated article prices. Moreover, it provides insights about the allocation of offsetting publications over a publisher's journal portfolio which allows predictions on the popularity of journals among researchers.

In order to better identify open access article shares in otherwise subscription journals, universities and research institutions would greatly appreciate any publishers' efforts to comprehensively include open access license information in the CrossRef meta data scheme. As this information is not yet available, the Open APC aggregations of hybrid and offsetting articles may at least provide some insights in this regard.

Universities and research institutions globally are invited to contribute their APC expenditure data to our initiative in order to build up a comprehensive data set that allows for extensive analyses and fosters transparency on the evolving APC market.


This dataset contains information on 20,038 articles, the following table shows the article distribution over institutions. The data can also be inspected as a treemap visualisation.

Institution Articles
MPG 796
University College London 543
University of Cambridge 513
University of Oxford 435
Imperial College London 427
Lund University 419
University of Amsterdam 393
Utrecht University 393
University of Groningen 376
Delft University of Technology 362
Wageningen University 361
King's College London 359
Erasmus MC 352
Leiden University 350
FWF - Austrian Science Fund 349
Medical University of Vienna 342
University of Manchester 339
Academic Medical Center (AMC) 331
VU University Amsterdam 330
Karolinska Institute 321
Radboud University Medical Center 305
Uppsala University 292
Maastricht University 291
University Medical Center Utrecht 285
University of Innsbruck and Medical University of Innsbruck 283
University of Edinburgh 280
University of Gothenburg 270
VU University Medical Center (VUmc) 257
Radboud University 241
University of Leeds 237
University of Bristol 230
Leiden University Medical Center (LUMC) 228
Royal Institute of Technology 224
University of Twente 223
University of Sheffield 218
University of Southampton 215
University of Nottingham 210
Erasmus University 206
University Medical Center Groningen (UMCG) 205
Eindhoven University of Technology 199
Stockholm University 196
University of Birmingham 195
University of Warwick 192
Cardiff University 178
University of Vienna 176
Umea University 173
Linköping University 168
University of Liverpool 164
Newcastle University 160
Chalmers University of Technology 156
Tilburg University 150
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences 149
University of Glasgow 146
Medical University of Graz 143
Maastricht University Medical Center (UMC+) 142
University of Exeter 124
University of Reading 124
Queen's University of Belfast 123
TU Wien (TUW) 123
Queen Mary, University of London 119
University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna (BOKU) 116
University of York 113
University of St Andrews 108
Durham University 106
University of East Anglia 102
London School of Economics and Political Science 101
University of Bath 101
University of Sussex 97
Loughborough University 92
University of Aberdeen 82
University of Leicester 79
University of Strathclyde 77
Nottingham Trent University 76
University of Kent 76
Lulea University of Technology 75
Graz University of Technology 72
Lancaster University 72
Paracelsus Medical University 72
University of Graz 69
University of Dundee 66
Swansea University 65
Johannes Kepler University Linz 64
Northumbria University 63
University of Surrey 63
Montanuniversität Leoben 60
Brunel University 59
Örebro University 54
City University London 51
Liverpool John Moores University 51
University of Portsmouth 47
Cranfield University 45
Royal Holloway, University of London 44
Linnaeus University 43
University of Stirling 42
University of Ulster 42
Bangor University 41
Heriot-Watt University 41
Sheffield Hallam University 41
Bournemouth University 39
Paris Lodron University of Salzburg 39
University of Hull 35
Manchester Metropolitan University 34
The Open University 34
Karlstad University 32
Royal Botanic Gardens 32
University of Lincoln 32
University of West of England 32
University of Klagenfurt 30
University of Huddersfield 29
Vienna University of Economics and Business (WU) 29
Mälardalen University 28
Natural History Museum 28
University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna 28
Keele University 26
Leeds Beckett University 25
Netherlands Institute of Ecology 25
Aberystwyth University 24
Aston University 24
Malmö University 24
Wageningen UR (University & Research Centre) 24
University of Greenwich 21
University West 20
Goldsmiths, University of London 19
Jönköping University 19
Open University of The Netherlands 19
Robert Gordon University 19
University of West of Scotland 19
Glasgow Caledonian University 18
St George's, University of London 18
University of Westminster 18
Institute of Science and Technology (IST Austria) 17
University of Bradford 17
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) 16
Mid Sweden University 16
Blekinge Institute of Technology 15
Edge Hill University 15
Fungal Biodiversity Center (CBS) 15
Kristianstad University 15
University of Salford 15
Södertörn University 14
Swedish Museum of Natural History 14
University of Applied Sciences Upper Austria 14
University of Gävle 14
Halmstad University 13
University of Boras 13
University of Central Lancashire 13
Edinburgh Napier University 11
Kingston University 11
Cardiff Metropolitan University 10
University of Skövde 10
Stockholm School of Economics 9
University of Bedfordshire 9
University of Derby 9
Scotland's Rural College 8
FH Salzburg - University of Applied Sciences 7
Swedish Defence Research Agency 7
Anglia Ruskin University 6
Danube Universtity Krems University for Continuing Education 6
London South Bank University 6
University of Wales Trinity St David 6
Academisch Centrum Tandheelkunde Amsterdam (ACTA) 5
Birmingham City University 5
FH St. Pölten - University of Applied Sciences 5
Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute (NIDI) 5
University of Chester 5
University of Northampton 5
Netherlands Institute for Neuroscience 4
Queen Margaret University 4
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI) 4
University of Abertay Dundee 4
University of the Highlands and Islands 4
Dalarna University 3
FH Vorarlberg - University of Applied Sciences 3
Carinthia University of Applied Sciences (CUAS) 2
Danube University Krems University for Continuing Education 2
FH Joanneum - University of Applied Sciences 2
Hubrecht Institute for Developmental Biology and Stem Cell Resea 2
Institute for Advanced Studies Vienna 2
Institute Mittag-Leffler 2
Medical Products Agency 2
Rathenau Institute 2
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences (GIH) 2
FH Campus Wien - University of Applied Sciences 1
FH Kufstein Tirol - University of Applied Sciences 1
International Institute of Social History (IISH) 1
Meertens Institute 1
Meertens Institute, Netherlands 1
Netherlands Institute for Advanced Study in the Humanities and Social Sciences (NIAS) 1
Research Institute of Molecular Pathology (IMP) / IMBA - Institu 1
Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences Bureau (KNAW Bure 1
University Campus Suffolk 1
University of Applied Sciences Burgenland 1
University of Applied Sciences Wiener Neustadt for Business and Engineering 1