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/*---------------------------------------------------------------------------*\
========= |
\\ / F ield | OpenFOAM: The Open Source CFD Toolbox
\\ / O peration |
\\ / A nd | Copyright (C) 2011-2012 OpenFOAM Foundation
\\/ M anipulation |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
License
This file is part of OpenFOAM.

OpenFOAM is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it
under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.

OpenFOAM is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License
for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with OpenFOAM. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.

Class
Foam::compressible::LESModels::Smagorinsky

Group
grpCmpLESTurbulence

Description
The choric Smagorinsky Model for compressible flows.

Algebraic eddy viscosity SGS model founded on the assumption that
local equilibrium prevails.
Thus,
\verbatim

B = 2/3*k*I - 2*nuSgs*dev(D)

where

D = symm(grad(U));
k from rho*D:B + ce*rho*k^3/2/delta = 0
muSgs = ck*rho*sqrt(k)*delta
\endverbatim

SourceFiles
Smagorinsky.C

\*---------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

#ifndef compressibleSmagorinsky_H
#define compressibleSmagorinsky_H

#include "GenEddyVisc.H"

// * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * //

namespace Foam
{
namespace compressible
{
namespace LESModels
{

/*---------------------------------------------------------------------------*\
Class Smagorinsky Declaration
\*---------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

class Smagorinsky
:
    public GenEddyVisc
{
    // Private data

        dimensionedScalar ck_;


    // Private Member Functions

        //- Update sub-grid scale fields
        void updateSubGridScaleFields(const volTensorField& gradU);

        // Disallow default bitwise copy construct and assignment
        Smagorinsky(const Smagorinsky&);
        Smagorinsky& operator=(const Smagorinsky&);


public:

    //- Runtime type information
    TypeName("Smagorinsky");

    // Constructors

        //- Construct from components
        Smagorinsky
        (
            const volScalarField& rho,
            const volVectorField& U,
            const surfaceScalarField& phi,
            const fluidThermo& thermoPhysicalModel,
            const word& turbulenceModelName = turbulenceModel::typeName,
            const word& modelName = typeName
        );


    //- Destructor
    virtual ~Smagorinsky()
    {}


    // Member Functions

        //- Return SGS kinetic energy
        // calculated from the given velocity gradient
        tmp<volScalarField> k(const tmp<volTensorField>& gradU) const
        {
            volSymmTensorField D(symm(gradU));

            volScalarField a(ce_/delta());
            volScalarField b((2.0/3.0)*tr(D));
            volScalarField c(2*ck_*delta()*(dev(D) && D));

            return sqr((-b + sqrt(sqr(b) + 4*a*c))/(2*a));
        }

        //- Return SGS kinetic energy
        virtual tmp<volScalarField> k() const
        {
            return k(fvc::grad(U()));
        }


        //- Correct Eddy-Viscosity and related properties
        virtual void correct(const tmp<volTensorField>& gradU);

        //- Read LESProperties dictionary
        virtual bool read();
};


// * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * //

} // End namespace LESModels
} // End namespace compressible
} // End namespace Foam

// * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * //

#endif

// ************************************************************************* //
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