Skip to content


Switch branches/tags

Name already in use

A tag already exists with the provided branch name. Many Git commands accept both tag and branch names, so creating this branch may cause unexpected behavior. Are you sure you want to create this branch?

Latest commit

* Configure PATH before Liberty binaries

* Remove unused folder in PATH

* Configure PATH before Liberty binaries for ibmjava8 images

* Fix spacing

Git stats


Failed to load latest commit information.
Latest commit message
Commit time

Build Status

Open Liberty Images

Container Images

  1. Supported Images

    • Our recommended set uses Red Hat's Universal Base Image as the Operating System and are re-built daily. They are available from IBM Container Registry and Docker Hub.
    • Another set, using Ubuntu as the Operating System, can be found on Docker Hub. These are re-built automatically anytime something changes in the layers below.
  2. Beta Images

    • The latest Open Liberty beta runtime can be found on Docker Hub. It's available via the beta and beta-java11 tags.
  3. Daily Images

    • Images with the daily Open Liberty binaries are available here. The scripts used for this image can be found here.

Important Notice: The kernel tag is now deprecated and it will not be updated (starting with The new tag, that provides kernel binary, is named kernel-slim.

Building an Application Image

According to best practices for container images, you should create a new image (FROM which adds a single application and the corresponding configuration. You should avoid configuring the container manually once it started, unless it is for debugging purposes, because such changes won't persist if you spawn a new container from the image.

Your application image template should follow a pattern similar to:


# Add Liberty server configuration including all necessary features
COPY --chown=1001:0  server.xml /config/

# Modify feature repository (optional)
# A sample is in the 'Getting Required Features' section below
COPY --chown=1001:0 /opt/ol/wlp/etc/

# This script will add the requested XML snippets to enable Liberty features and grow image to be fit-for-purpose using featureUtility. 
# Only available in 'kernel-slim'. The 'full' tag already includes all features for convenience.

# Add interim fixes (optional)
COPY --chown=1001:0  interim-fixes /opt/ol/fixes/

# Add app
COPY --chown=1001:0  Sample1.war /config/dropins/

# This script will add the requested server configurations, apply any interim fixes and populate caches to optimize runtime

This will result in a container image that has your application and configuration pre-loaded, which means you can spawn new fully-configured containers at any time.

Refer to Open Liberty Docs for server configuration (server.xml) information.

Getting Required Features

The kernel-slim tag provides just the bare minimum server. You can grow it to include the features needed by your application by invoking Liberty features are downloaded from Maven Central repository by default. But you can specify alternatives using /opt/ol/wlp/etc/


Refer to Repository and proxy modifications for more information.

Enterprise Functionality

This section describes the optional enterprise functionality that can be enabled via the Dockerfile during build time, by setting particular build-arguments (ARG) and calling RUN Each of these options trigger the inclusion of specific configuration via XML snippets (except for VERBOSE), described below:

  • TLS (SSL is deprecated)
    • Description: Enable Transport Security in Liberty by adding the transportSecurity-1.0 feature (includes support for SSL).
    • XML Snippet Location: keystore.xml.
    • Description: Enable the persistence of HTTP sessions using JCache by adding the sessionCache-1.0 feature.
    • XML Snippet Location: hazelcast-sessioncache.xml
    • Description: When set to true it outputs the commands and results to stdout from Otherwise, default setting is false and is silenced.

Deprecated Enterprise Functionality

The following enterprise functionalities are now deprecated. You should stop using them. They are still available in full but not available in kernel-slim:

    • Description: Monitor the server runtime environment and application metrics by using Liberty features mpMetrics-1.1 (implements Microprofile Metrics) and monitor-1.0.
    • XML Snippet Location: mp-monitoring.xml
    • Note: With this option, /metrics endpoint is configured without authentication to support the environments that do not yet support scraping secured endpoints.


Single Sign-On can be optionally configured by adding Liberty server variables in an xml file, by passing environment variables (less secure), or by passing Liberty server variables in through the Liberty operator. See

OpenJ9 Shared Class Cache (SCC)

OpenJ9's SCC allows the VM to store Java classes in an optimized form that can be loaded very quickly, JIT compiled code, and profiling data. Deploying an SCC file together with your application can significantly improve start-up time. The SCC can also be shared by multiple VMs, thereby reducing total memory consumption.

Open Liberty container images contain an SCC and (by default) add your application's specific data to the SCC at image build time when your Dockerfile invokes RUN

Note that currently some content in the SCC is sensitive to heap geometry. If the server is started with options that cause heap geometry to significantly change from when the SCC was created that content will not be used and you may observe fluctuations in start-up performance. Specifying a smaller -Xmx value increases the chances of obtaining a heap geometry that's compatible with the AOT code.

This feature can be controlled via the following variables:

  • OPENJ9_SCC (environment variable)
    • Decription: If "true", cache application-specific in an SCC and include it in the image. A new SCC will be created if needed, otherwise data will be added to the existing SCC.
    • Default: "true".

To customize one of the built-in XML snippets, make a copy of the snippet from Github and edit it locally. Once you have completed your changes, use the COPY command inside your Dockerfile to copy the snippet into /config/configDropins/overrides. It is important to note that you do not need to set build-arguments (ARG) for any customized XML snippets. The following Dockerfile snippet is an example of how you should include the customized snippet.

COPY --chown=1001:0 <path_to_customized_snippet> /config/configDropins/overrides


It is important to be able to observe the logs emitted by Open Liberty when it is running in a container. A best practice method would be to emit the logs in JSON and to then consume it with a logging stack of your choice.

Configure your Open Liberty container image to emit JSON formatted logs to the console/standard-out with your selection of liberty logging events by creating a file with the following properties. You can also disable writing to the messages.log or trace.log files if you don't need them.

# direct events to console in json format,trace,accessLog,ffdc,audit

# disable writing to messages.log by not including any sources (optional)

# disable writing to trace.log by only sending trace data to console (optional)

Make sure to include the file you have just created into your Open Liberty Dockerfile.

COPY --chown=1001:0 /config/

These environment variables can be set when running container as well. This can be achieved by using the run command's '-e' option to pass in an environment variable value.

docker run -d -p 80:9080 -p 443:9443 -e WLP_LOGGING_CONSOLE_FORMAT=JSON -e WLP_LOGGING_CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL=info -e WLP_LOGGING_CONSOLE_SOURCE=message,trace,accessLog,ffdc,audit open-liberty:latest

For more information regarding the configuration of Open Liberty's logging capabilities see:

Session Caching

The Liberty session caching feature builds on top of an existing technology called JCache (JSR 107), which provides an API for distributed in-memory caching. There are several providers of JCache implementations. The configuration for two such providers, Infinispan and Hazelcast, are outlined below.

  1. Infinispan - One JCache provider is the open source project Infinispan, which is the basis for Red Hat Data Grid. Enabling Infinispan session caching retrieves the Infinispan client libraries from the Infinispan JCACHE (JSR 107) Remote Implementation maven repository, and configures the necessary infinispan.client.hotrod.* properties and the Liberty server feature sessionCache-1.0 by including the XML snippet infinispan-client-sessioncache.xml.

    • Setup Infinispan Service - Configuring Liberty session caching with Infinispan depends on an Infinispan service being available in your Kubernetes environment. It is preferable to create your Infinispan service by utilizing the Infinispan Operator. The Infinispan Operator Tutorial provides a good example of getting started with Infinispan in OpenShift.

    • Install Client Jars and Set INFINISPAN_SERVICE_NAME - To enable Infinispan functionality in Liberty, the container image author can use the Dockerfile provided below. This Dockerfile assumes an Infinispan service name of example-infinispan, which is the default used in the Infinispan Operator Tutorial. To customize your Infinispan service see Creating Infinispan Clusters. The INFINISPAN_SERVICE_NAME environment variable must be set at build time as shown in the example Dockerfile, or overridden at image deploy time.

      • TIP - If your Infinispan deployment and Liberty deployment are in different namespaces/projects, you will need to set the INFINISPAN_HOST, INFINISPAN_PORT, INFINISPAN_USER, and INFINISPAN_PASS environment variables in addition to the INFINISPAN_SERVICE_NAME environment variable. This is due to the Liberty deployment not having the access to the Infinispan service environment variables it requires.
    ### Infinispan Session Caching ###
    FROM AS infinispan-client
    # Install Infinispan client jars
    USER root
    USER 1001
    FROM AS open-liberty-infinispan
    # Copy Infinispan client jars to Open Liberty shared resources
    COPY --chown=1001:0 --from=infinispan-client /opt/ol/wlp/usr/shared/resources/infinispan /opt/ol/wlp/usr/shared/resources/infinispan
    # Instruct to use Infinispan for session caching.
    # This should be set to the Infinispan service name.
    # TIP - Run the following oc/kubectl command with admin permissions to determine this value:
    #       oc get infinispan -o jsonpath={.items[0]}
    ENV INFINISPAN_SERVICE_NAME=example-infinispan
    # Uncomment and set to override auto detected values.
    # These are normally not needed if running in a Kubernetes environment.
    # One such scenario would be when the Infinispan and Liberty deployments are in different namespaces/projects.
    # This script will add the requested XML snippets and grow image to be fit-for-purpose
    • Mount Infinispan Secret - Finally, the Infinispan generated secret must be mounted as a volume under the mount point of /platform/bindings/infinispan/secret/ on Liberty containers. The default , for versions latest and, of /platform/bindings/infinispan/secret/ can to be overridden by setting the LIBERTY_INFINISPAN_SECRET_DIR environment variable. When using the Infinispan Operator, this secret is automatically generated as part of the Infinispan service with the name of <INFINISPAN_CLUSTER_NAME>-generated-secret. For the mounting of this secret to succeed, the Infinispan Operator and Liberty must share the same namespace. If they do not share the same namespace, the INFINISPAN_HOST, INFINISPAN_PORT, INFINISPAN_USER, and INFINISPAN_PASS environment variables can be used instead(see the Dockerfile example above). For an example of mounting this secret, review the volumes and volumeMounts portions of the YAML below.
          - name: infinispan-secret-volume
              secretName: example-infinispan-generated-secret
          - name: servera-container
            image: ol-runtime-infinispan-client:1.0.0
            - containerPort: 9080
            - name: infinispan-secret-volume
              readOnly: true
              mountPath: "/platform/bindings/infinispan/secret"
  2. Hazelcast - Another JCache provider is Hazelcast In-Memory Data Grid. Enabling Hazelcast session caching retrieves the Hazelcast client libraries from the hazelcast/hazelcast container image, configures Hazelcast by copying a sample hazelcast.xml, and configures the Liberty server feature sessionCache-1.0 by including the XML snippet hazelcast-sessioncache.xml. By default, the Hazelcast Discovery Plugin for Kubernetes will auto-discover its peers within the same Kubernetes namespace. To enable this functionality, the container image author can include the following Dockerfile snippet, and choose from either client-server or embedded topology.

    ### Hazelcast Session Caching ###
    # Copy the Hazelcast libraries from the Hazelcast container image
    COPY --from=hazelcast/hazelcast --chown=1001:0 /opt/hazelcast/lib/*.jar /opt/ol/wlp/usr/shared/resources/hazelcast/
    # Instruct to copy the client topology hazelcast.xml
    # Default setting for the verbose option
    ARG VERBOSE=false
    # Instruct to copy the embedded topology hazelcast.xml and set the required system property
    #ARG HZ_SESSION_CACHE=embedded
    #ENV JAVA_TOOL_OPTIONS="-Dhazelcast.jcache.provider.type=server ${JAVA_TOOL_OPTIONS}"
    ## This script will add the requested XML snippets and grow image to be fit-for-purpose

Applying Interim Fixes

The process to apply interim fixes (iFix) is defined here.

Known Issues

Generating system dumps for pods in Kubernetes

When generating server dump for a Liberty server running in a container in a pod on a Kubernetes cluster (including OpenShift), the server dump command might cause the following error:

$ server dump defaultServer --include=system
Dumping server defaultServer.
CWWKE0009E: The system cannot find the following file and this file will not be included in the server dump archive: /opt/ibm/wlp/output/defaultServer/The core file created by child process with pid = 252052 was not found. Expected to find core file with name "/opt/ibm/wlp/output/defaultServer/core.252052"
Server defaultServer dump complete in /opt/ibm/wlp/output/defaultServer/

This issue happens when the server dump command includes --include=system and if there is a | (pipe) contained in the core_pattern file in the container:

Example on a OpenShift 4.3 cluster:

$ cat /proc/sys/kernel/core_pattern
|/usr/lib/systemd/systemd-coredump %P %u %g %s %t %c %h %e

Another example on a Kubernetes cluster:

$ cat /proc/sys/kernel/core_pattern
|/usr/share/apport/apport %p %s %c %d %P %E

If the first character of the /proc/sys/kernel/core_pattern file is a pipe symbol (|), then the remainder of the line is interpreted as the command-line for a user-space program (or script) that is to be executed and processing the dump.

To access the core dump:

  • If the program is /usr/lib/systemd/systemd-coredump, then the core dump should go to /var/lib/systemd/coredump/ by default (overridden configuration in /etc/systemd/coredump.conf). To get this coredump, from the host, run sudo coredumpctl -o core.dmp dump ${PID} and transfer the core.dmp file.
  • If the program is /usr/share/apport/apport, then the core dump should go to /var/crash/ by default (overridden configuration in /etc/default/apport). To get this core dump, from the host, gather the file from /var/crash on the host.

If the core dump is not found in these locations, review the host’s kernel log (e.g. journalctl) to see if there were errors in those programs.

When the issue is encountered, the user encounters the following messages in the logs from the server:

[AUDIT   ] CWWKE0057I: Introspect request received. The server is dumping status.
JVMDUMP034I User requested System dump using '/opt/ibm/wlp/output/defaultServer/core.20200605.191845.1.0001.dmp' through
JVMPORT030W /proc/sys/kernel/core_pattern setting "|/usr/lib/systemd/systemd-coredump %P %u %g %s %t %c %h %e" specifies that the core dump is to be piped to an external program.  Attempting to rename either core or core.190.
JVMDUMP012E Error in System dump: The core file created by child process with pid = 190 was not found. Expected to find core file with name "/opt/ibm/wlp/output/defaultServer/core.190"
[AUDIT   ] CWWKE0068I: Java dump created: /opt/ibm/wlp/output/defaultServer/The core file created by child process with pid = 190 was not found. Expected to find core file with name "/opt/ibm/wlp/output/defaultServer/core.190"

Since JVM cannot find the system dump, it is not able to add some useful metadata to the core dump but this is usually not required. An example of this information includes some extra memory region metadata for the info map command in jdmpview which is useful for native memory leak analysis.

Users generating other types of dumps such as thread dump and heap dump should not see this issue.


No description, website, or topics provided.



Security policy





No releases published


No packages published