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OpenSIPS CLI tool - an interactive command line tool that can be used to control and monitor OpenSIPS servers.
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README.md

OpenSIPS CLI (Command Line Interface)

OpenSIPS CLI is an interactive command line tool that can be used to control and monitor OpenSIPS SIP servers. It uses the Management Interface exported by OpenSIPS over JSON-RPC to gather raw information from OpenSIPS and display it in a nicer, more structured manner to the user.

The tool is very flexible and has a modular design, consisting of multiple modules that implement different features. New modules can be easily added by creating a new module that implements the OpenSIPS CLI Module Interface.

OpenSIPS CLI is an interactive console that features auto-completion, commands history and navigation, but can also be used to execute one-liners.

OpenSIPS CLI can communicate with an OpenSIPS server using different transport methods, such as fifo or http.

Compatibility

This tool uses the new JSON-RPC Interface in OpenSIPS, that has been added in OpenSIPS 3.0. Therefore this tool can only be used with OpenSIPS versions higher than 3.0. For older versions of OpenSIPS, use the old opensipsctl tool from the opensips project.

Usage

Simply run opensips-cli tool directly in your cli. By default the tool will start in interactive mode.

OpenSIPS CLI accepts the following arguments:

  • -h|--help - used to display information about running opensips-cli
  • -v|--version - displays the version of the running tool
  • -d|--debug - starts the opensips-cli tool with debugging enabled
  • -f|--config - specifies a configuration file (see Configuration Section for more information)
  • -i|--instance INSTANCE - changes the configuration instance (see Instance Module Documentation for more information)
  • -o|--option KEY=VALUE - sets/overwrites the KEY configuration parameter with the specified VALUE. Works for both core and modules parameters. Can be used multiple times, for different options
  • -x|--execute - executes the command specified and exits

In order to run opensips-cli without installing it, you have to export the PYTHONPATH variable to the root of the opensipscli package. If you are in the root of the project, simply do:

export PYTHONPATH=.
bin/opensips-cli

Configuration

OpenSIPS CLI accepts a configuration file, formatted as an ini or cfg file, that can store certain parameters that influence the behavior of the OpenSIPS CLI tool. You can find here an example of a configuration file that behaves exactly as the default parameters. The set of default values used, when no configuration file is specified, can be found here.

The configuration file can have multiple sections/instances, managed by the Instance module. One can choose different instances from the configuration file by specifying the -i INSTANCE argument when starting the cli tool.

If no configuration file is specified by the -f|--config parameter, OpenSIPS CLI searches for one in the following locations, in this exact order: ~/.opensips-cli.cfg, /etc/opensips-cli.cfg, /etc/opensips/opensips-cli.cfg. If no file is found, it starts with the default configuration.

The OpenSIPS CLI core can use the following parameters:

  • prompt_name: The name of the OpenSIPS CLI prompt (Default: opensips-cli)
  • prompt_intro: Introduction message when entering the OpenSIPS CLI
  • prompt_emptyline_repeat_cmd: Repeat the last command on an emptyline (Default: False)
  • history_file: The path of the history file (Default: ~/.opensips-cli.history)
  • history_file_size: The backlog size of the history file (Default: 1000)
  • log_level: The level of the console logging (Default: WARNING)
  • communication_type: Communication transport used by OpenSIPS CLI (Default: fifo)
  • fifo_file: The OpenSIPS FIFO file to which the CLI will write commands (Default: /tmp/opensips_fifo)
  • url: The default URL used when http communication_type is used (Default: http://127.0.0.1:8888/mi).

Each module can use each of the parameters above, but can also declare their own. You can find in each module's documentation page the parameters that they are using.

It is also possible to set a parameters dynamically, using the set command. This configuration is only available during the current interactive session, and also gets cleaned up when an instance is switched.

Modules

The OpenSIPS CLI tool consists of the following modules:

  • Management Interface - run MI commands
  • Database - commands to create, modify, drop, or migrate an OpenSIPS database
  • Diagnose - instantly diagnose OpenSIPS instances
  • Instance - used to switch through different instances/configuration within the config file
  • User - utility used to add and remove OpenSIPS users
  • Trace - trace calls information from users
  • Trap - use gdb to take snapshots of OpenSIPS workers

Communication

OpenSIPS CLI can communicate with an OpenSIPS instance through MI using different transports. Supported transports at the moment are:

  • FIFO - communicate over the mi_fifo module
  • HTTP - use JSONRPC over HTTP through the mi_http module

Install

Forget about opensipsctl and move on to a pleasant console environment!

# required OS packages
sudo apt-get install python3 python3-pip python3-dev gcc # Debian & Ubuntu
sudo yum install python36 python36-pip python36-devel gcc # Red Hat & CentOS

# required Python3 packages
sudo pip3 install mysqlclient sqlalchemy sqlalchemy-utils

# download & install the CLI
git clone https://github.com/opensips/opensips-cli ~/src/opensips-cli
cd ~/src/opensips-cli
sudo python3 setup.py install clean

# enjoy!
opensips-cli
(opensips-cli): quit

Contribute

Feel free to contribute to this project with any module, or functionality you find useful by opening a pull request.

History

This project was started by Dorin Geman (dorin98) as part of the ROSEdu 2018 program. It has later been adapted to the new OpenSIPS 3.0 MI interface and became the main external tool for managing OpenSIPS.

License

This project is licensed under the GPL License - see the LICENSE file for details.

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