OpenSIPS CLI (Command Line Interface)
OpenSIPS CLI is an interactive command line tool that can be used to control and monitor OpenSIPS SIP servers. It uses the Management Interface exported by OpenSIPS over JSON-RPC to gather raw information from OpenSIPS and display it in a nicer, more structured manner to the user.
The tool is very flexible and has a modular design, consisting of multiple modules that implement different features. New modules can be easily added by creating a new module that implements the OpenSIPS CLI Module Interface.
OpenSIPS CLI is an interactive console that features auto-completion and reverse/forward command history search, but can also be used to execute one-liners for automation purposes.
OpenSIPS CLI can communicate with an OpenSIPS server using different transport methods, such as fifo or http.
This tool uses the new JSON-RPC interface added in OpenSIPS 3.0, therefore
it can only be used with OpenSIPS versions higher than or equal to 3.0. For older
versions of OpenSIPS, use the classic
opensipsctl tool from the
opensips-cli tool directly in your cli.
By default the tool will start in interactive mode.
OpenSIPS CLI accepts the following arguments:
-h|--help- used to display information about running
-v|--version- displays the version of the running tool
-d|--debug- starts the
opensips-clitool with debugging enabled
-f|--config- specifies a configuration file (see Configuration Section for more information)
-i|--instance INSTANCE- changes the configuration instance (see Instance Module Documentation for more information)
-o|--option KEY=VALUE- sets/overwrites the
KEYconfiguration parameter with the specified
VALUE. Works for both core and modules parameters. Can be used multiple times, for different options
-x|--execute- executes the command specified and exits
In order to run
opensips-cli without installing it, you have to export the
PYTHONPATH variable to the root of the
opensipscli package. If you are in
the root of the project, simply do:
export PYTHONPATH=. bin/opensips-cli
OpenSIPS CLI accepts a configuration file, formatted as an
file, that can store certain parameters that influence the behavior of the
OpenSIPS CLI tool. You can find here an example of a
configuration file that behaves exactly as the default parameters. The set of
default values used, when no configuration file is specified, can be found
The configuration file can have multiple sections/instances, managed by the
Instance module. One can choose different
instances from the configuration file by specifying the
-i INSTANCE argument
when starting the cli tool.
If no configuration file is specified by the
-f|--config argument, OpenSIPS
CLI searches for one in the following locations:
If no file is found, it starts with the default configuration.
The OpenSIPS CLI core can use the following parameters:
prompt_name: The name of the OpenSIPS CLI prompt (Default:
prompt_intro: Introduction message when entering the OpenSIPS CLI
prompt_emptyline_repeat_cmd: Repeat the last command on an emptyline (Default:
history_file: The path of the history file (Default:
history_file_size: The backlog size of the history file (Default:
log_level: The level of the console logging (Default:
communication_type: Communication transport used by OpenSIPS CLI (Default:
fifo_file: The OpenSIPS FIFO file to which the CLI will write commands (Default:
fifo_file_fallback: A fallback FIFO file that is being used when the
fifo_fileis not found - this has been introduces for backwards compatibility when the default
fifo_filehas been changed from
fifo_reply_dir: The default directory where
opensips-cliwill create the fifo used for the reply from OpenSIPS (Default:
url: The default URL used when
communication_typeis used (Default:
Each module can use each of the parameters above, but can also declare their own. You can find in each module's documentation page the parameters that they are using.
It is also possible to set a parameters dynamically, using the
This configuration is only available during the current interactive session,
and also gets cleaned up when an instance is switched.
The OpenSIPS CLI tool consists of the following modules:
- Management Interface - run MI commands
- Database - commands to create, modify, drop, or migrate an OpenSIPS database
- Diagnose - instantly diagnose OpenSIPS instances
- Instance - used to switch through different instances/configuration within the config file
- User - utility used to add and remove OpenSIPS users
- Trace - trace calls information from users
- Trap - use
gdbto take snapshots of OpenSIPS workers
- TLS - utility to generate certificates for TLS
OpenSIPS CLI can communicate with an OpenSIPS instance through MI using different transports. Supported transports at the moment are:
FIFO- communicate over the
HTTP- use JSONRPC over HTTP through the
Please follow the details provided in the
Installation section, for a complete guide
on how to install
opensips-cli as a replacement for the deprecated
opensipsctl shell script.
Feel free to contribute to this project with any module, or functionality you find useful by opening a pull request.
This project was started by Dorin Geman (dorin98) as part of the ROSEdu 2018 program. It has later been adapted to the new OpenSIPS 3.0 MI interface and became the main external tool for managing OpenSIPS.
opensips-cli source code is licensed under the GNU General Public License v3.0
All documentation files (i.e.
.md extension) are licensed under the Creative Common License 4.0
© 2018 - 2020 OpenSIPS Solutions