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Back Ground Questions about "The 8" #444

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rainafitz opened this Issue Oct 19, 2016 · 2 comments

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rainafitz commented Oct 19, 2016

  1. Most of the other aromatic rings on the pyrazine side chain other structures on OpenWetware, have one or two fluorine atoms on the aromatic ring. Similarly, the representative compound for OSM has one meta chlorine on the ring. The 8, instead, simply has an aromatic ring with an alcohol group sharing the carbon. Why were the halogens eliminated from this ring, and why was the alcohol added?
  2. A post on the GitHub To Do list (#402) had a comment mentioning that while substitutions at the 8 position typically decreases potency, the methylation there will be useful in the aldehyde oxidase activity, and potentially for a pull-down. We have researched the aldehyde oxidase assay and understand it is a measure of metabolism by the aldehyde oxidase enzyme specifically on carbons adjacent to aromatic nitrogens. Why is a methyl group preferable to the other 8-position substitutions? What about the metabolism of the compound would the AO elucidate?

  3. A compound being synthesized by another group, “The 6” differs from ours only in the methylation location. Was the ultimate goal for this target an AO assay as well?

@azsherman azsherman added the question label Oct 20, 2016

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mattodd commented Oct 20, 2016

Hi Raina,

The 8 (structure in #402) uses a regular phenyl just for simplicity. We know that halogen substitution on the ring can help potency, but the simpler aromatic ring is easier to source inexpensively then the halogenated varieties. When we're exploring new chemistry it's a good idea to simplify where you can. It'd be easy to adapt to other rings in the northwest later. The -OH in the benzylic position is just to help with solubility - we have a rule that we're targeting only compounds with cLogP values less than 3.5. Again, if that's a problem, then we can initially not have the -OH for working out the chemistry, then add it in later.

Yes, the AO appears to target Ar rings next to N. So putting a methyl in this position should slow this down. We can measure AO at Pfizer, courtesy of Scott Obach. So this compound and the "6" can be compared to those compounds lacking those groups to see if there is an impact on the rate of metabolism. We can at the same time check for clearance rates in simple microsomal stability assays. In some senses it doesn't matter too much if these compounds are potent or not, since we're addressing a different question here. If we can make the methyl-substituted compounds we can put other groups there too, in the future. If the 8 or the 6 are potent, then we might be able to put biotin there for pull-down experiments. It's worth checking the potency of some compounds for which we already have some data, since remember that we inherited a significant amount of data for this series.

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mattodd commented Nov 21, 2016

Link installed in DCNYS section of wiki. Synthesis cross-reference to #429 . Forward link to #461 . Closing.

@mattodd mattodd closed this Nov 21, 2016

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