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README.md

This is a Sublime Text 2 package which makes writing JSDoc comments and PHPDoc comments a little bit easier.

Installation

With Package Control

If you have the Package Control package installed, you can install JSDocs from inside Sublime Text itself. Open the Command Palette and select "Package Control: Install Package", then search for JSDocs and you're done!

Without Package Control

Go to your Sublime Text 2 Packages directory and clone the repository using the command below:

git clone https://github.com/spadgos/sublime-jsdocs.git JSDocs

Don't forget to keep updating it, though!

Without Git

Download the latest version from the tags page. Unzip to your Sublime Text Packages folder (you can find this by opening ST2 and selecting Preferences -> Browse Packages...). I'd recommend renaming the folder from the default (which will be something like spadgos-sublime-jsdocs-a4bc2a) to JSDocs. That's it -- you shouldn't even need to restart ST2.

Feature requests & bug reports

You can leave either of these things here.

Changelog

  • v2.1.1, 23 November 2011
    • Fixed bug which broke the completions list
  • v2.1.0, 19 November 2011
    • Added a command to join lines inside a docblock which is smart to leading asterisks
    • Variable types are guessed from their name. is and has are assumed to be Booleans, and callback, cb, done, fn and next are assumed to be Functions.
    • You can now define your own patterns for mapping a variable name to a type.
    • Autocomplete works better now. @ will also insert the "@" character, allowing you to add any tag you like, even if it isn't in the autocomplete list.
    • Added the full set of PHPDoc tags.
  • v2.0.0, 6 November 2011
    • PHP support added!
    • (Almost) complete rewrite to allow for any new languages to be added easily
      • Please send feature requests or pull requests for new languages you'd like to add
    • More options for aligning tags
  • v1.3.0, 5 November 2011
    • Improvements to handling of single-line comments
    • Functions beginning with is or has are assumed to return Booleans
    • Consolidated settings files into Base File.sublime-settings. If you had configured your settings in jsdocs.sublime-settings, please move them to the Base File settings.
    • Setting jsdocs_extend_double_slashes controls whether single-line comments are extended.
    • Pressing tab in a docblock will tab to match the description block of the previous tag. Use jsdocs_deep_indent to toggle this behaviour.
  • v1.2.0, 6 October 2011
    • Variable declarations can be documented. Shift+enter to make these inline
    • Double slash comments (// like this) are extended when enter is pressed
    • Class definitions detected and treated slightly differently (no return values pre-filled)
  • v1.1.0, 3 October 2011
    • JSDocs parses the line following the comment to automatically prefill some documentation for you.
    • Settings available via menu
  • v1.0.0, 28 September 2011
    • Initial release
    • Comments are automatically closed, extended and indented.

Usage

Below are some examples of what the package does. The pipe (|) indicates where the cursor will be after the action has run. Note that there are no keyboard shortcuts required to trigger these completions - just type as normal and it happens for you!

Docblock completion

Pressing enter after /** will yield a new line and will close the comment.

/**<<enter>>

-- becomes --

/**
 * |
 */

However, if the line directly afterwards contains a function definition, then its name and parameters are parsed and some documentation is automatically added.

/**<<enter>>
function foobar (baz, quux) { }

-- becomes --

/**
 * [foobar description]
 * @param  {[type]} baz [description]
 * @param  {[type]} quux [description]
 * @return {[type]}
 */
function foobar (baz, quux) { }

You can then press tab to move between the different fields.

In PHP, if type hinting or default values are used, then those types are prefilled as the datatypes.

/**|<<enter>>
function foo(Array $arr, MyClass $cls, $str = "abc", $i = 0, $b = false) {}

/**
 * [foo description]
 * @param  Array $arr [description]
 * @param  MyClass $cls [description]
 * @param  string $str [description]
 * @param  int $i [description]
 * @param  bool $b [description]
 * @return [type]
 */
function foo(Array $arr, MyClass $cls, $str = "abc", $i = 0) {}

JSDocs will try to make an intelligent guess about the return value of the function.

  • If the function name begins with "set" or "add", then no @return is inserted.
  • If the function name beings with "is" or "has", then it is assumed to return a Boolean.
  • In Javascript, if the function begins with an uppercase letter then it is assumed that the function is a class definition. No @return tag is added.
  • In PHP, some of the magic methods have their values prefilled:
    • __construct, __set, __unset, __wakeup have no @return tag.
    • __sleep returns an Array.
    • __toString returns a string.
    • __isset returns a bool.

Variable documentation

If the line following your docblock contains a variable declaration, JSDocs will try to determine the data type of the variable and insert that into the comment.

/**<<enter>>
foo = 1

-- becomes --

/**
 * [foo description]
 * @type {Number}
 */
foo = 1

If you press shift+enter after the opening /** then the docblock will be inserted inline.

/**<<shift+enter>>
bar = new Module();

-- becomes --
/** @type {Module} [bar description] */
bar = new Module();

JSDocs will also try to determine the type of the variable from its name. Variables starting with is or has are assumed to be booleans, and callback, cb, done, fn, and next are assumed to be functions. If you use your own variable naming system (eg: hungarian notation: booleans all start with b, arrays start with arr), you can define these rules yourself. Modify the jsdocs_notation_map setting (in Base File.sublime-settings) like so:

{
    "jsdocs_notation_map": [
        {
            "prefix": "b", // a prefix, matches only if followed by an underscore or A-Z
            "type": "bool" // translates to "Boolean" in javascript, "bool" in PHP
        },
        {
            "regex": "tbl_?[Rr]ow", // any arbitrary regex to test against the variable name
            "type": "TableRow"      // you can add your own types
        }
    ]
}

Comment extension

Pressing enter inside a docblock will automatically insert a leading asterisk and maintain your indentation.

/**
 *  Foo bar<<enter>>
 */

-- becomes --

/**
 *  Foo bar
 *  |
 */

-- and --

/**
 *  @param foo Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur
 *             adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor<<enter>>
 */

-- becomes --

/**
 *  @param foo Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur
 *             adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor
 *             |
 */

This applies to docblock comments /** like this */ as well as inline double-slash comments // like this

//   foo<<enter>>

-- becomes

//   foo
//   |

In either case, you can press shift+enter to stop the automatic extension.

Oftentimes, when documenting a parameter, or adding a description to a tag, your description will cover multiple lines. If the line you are on is directly following a tag line, pressing tab will move the indentation to the correct position.

/**
 * @param {String} foo Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet
 * |<<tab>>
 */

 -- becomes

/**
 * @param {String} foo Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet
 *                     |
 */

Adding extra tags

Finally, typing @ inside a docblock will show a completion list for all tags supported by JSDoc, the Google Closure Compiler or PHPDoc. Extra help is provided for each of these tags by prefilling the arguments each expects. Pressing tab will move the cursor to the next argument.

Exhaustively, these tags are:

@param @return @author
@abstract @access @augments
@borrows
@category @class @const @constant @constructor @constructs @copyright
@default @define @deprecated @description
@enum @event @example @extends
@field @fileOverview @filesource @final @function
@global
@ignore @implements @inheritDoc @inner @interface @internal
@lends @license @link
@memberOf @method
@name @namespace @nosideeffects
@override
@package @preserve @private @property @protected @public
@requires
@see @since @static @staticvar @subpackage
@this @throws @todo @tutorial @type @typedef
@uses
@var @version

Configuration

You can access the configuration settings by selecting Preferences -> Package Settings -> JSDocs.

  • jsdocs_indentation_spaces (Number) The number of spaces to indent after the leading asterisk.

    // jsdocs_indentation_spaces = 1
    /**
     * foo
     */
    
    // jsdocs_indentation_spaces = 5
    /**
     *     foo
     */
    
  • jsdocs_align_tags (String) Whether the words following the tags should align. Possible values are 'no', 'shallow' and 'deep'

    For backwards compatibility, false is equivalent to 'no', true is equivalent to 'shallow'

    'shallow' will align only the first words after the tag. eg:

    @param    {MyCustomClass} myVariable desc1
    @return   {String} foo desc2
    @property {Number} blahblah desc3
    

    'deep' will align each component of the tags, eg:

    @param    {MyCustomClass} myVariable desc1
    @return   {String}        foo        desc2
    @property {Number}        blahblah   desc3
    
  • jsdocs_extra_tags (Array.String) An array of strings, each representing extra boilerplate comments to add to functions. These can also include arbitrary text (not just tags).

    // jsdocs_extra_tags = ['This is a cool function', '@author nickf', '@version ${1:version}']
    /**<<enter>>
    function foo (x) {}
    
    /**
     * [foo description]
     * This is a cool function
     * @author nickf
     * @version [version]
     * @param  {[type]} x [description]
     * @return {[type]}
     */
    function foo (x) {}
    
  • jsdocs_extend_double_slash (Boolean) Whether double-slash comments should be extended. An example of this feature is described above.

  • jsdocs_deep_indent (Boolean) Whether pressing tab at the start of a line in docblock should indent to match the previous line's description field. An example of this feature is described above.

  • jsdocs_notation_map (Array) An array of notation objects. Each notation object must define either a prefix OR a regex property, and a type property.

This is my first package for Sublime Text, and the first time I've written any Python, so I heartily welcome feedback and feature requests or bug reports.

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