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README.md

Volatility ProfileScan

First approach at determining any information about the OS lying into a memory dump. Based on simple occurences counting, but quite accurate.

Useful for choosing a profile for analysis in Volatility after.

The same things can be done with grep, which may be way faster (but less accurate). But I wanted something architecture independant and which fits into Volatility.

Problems right now:

  • It the user runs a VM, detection might return the VM's OS.
  • Quite slow
  • Few informations (mac_get_profile only works with Mavericks?)

How to use it ?

Simply drop it into your volatility plugins directory, and run the following command:

p1kachu@GreenLabOfGazon:profilescan$ volatility -f [dump] profilescan

You can get some more informations by specifying the -v command line parameter.

Demo on the batch of samples from AMF:

This is a small sample of what the plugin can do when asked to recover the dump's OS with a minimum of 20 caracteristic executable. This means, an OS 'wins' only when 90% minimum of the executables found are his (exe->windows, elf->linux...), with at least 20 executables found.

dumps/linux1.bin

Volatility Foundation Volatility Framework 2.5
Found OS: LINUX - Launching LinuxGetProfile
Informations found:
   Kernel version: 2.6.18-8.1.15.el5
   Compiled by   : (mockbuild@builder6.centos.org)
   Compiler      : (gcc version 4.1.1 20070105 (Red Hat 4.1.1-52))
Profile: Red Hat (2.6.18-8.1.15.el5)
real	0m1.838s
user	0m1.787s
sys	0m0.053s

dumps/linux2.bin

Volatility Foundation Volatility Framework 2.5
Found OS: LINUX - Launching LinuxGetProfile
Informations found:
   Kernel version: 2.6.26-2-686
   Compiled by   : (dannf@debian.org)
   Compiler      : (gcc version 4.1.3 20080704 (prerelease) (Debian 4.1.2-25))
Profile: Debian (2.6.26-2-686)
real	0m4.693s
user	0m4.617s
sys	0m0.063s

dumps/linuxdebian2.bin

Volatility Foundation Volatility Framework 2.5
Found OS: LINUX - Launching LinuxGetProfile
Informations found:
   Kernel version: 2.6.26-2-686
   Compiled by   : (dannf@debian.org)
   Compiler      : (gcc version 4.1.3 20080704 (prerelease) (Debian 4.1.2-25))
Profile: Debian (2.6.26-2-686)
real	0m4.587s
user	0m4.540s
sys	0m0.043s

dumps/linuxdebian.bin

Volatility Foundation Volatility Framework 2.5
Found OS: LINUX - Launching LinuxGetProfile
Informations found:
   Kernel version: 2.6.32-5-amd64
   Compiled by   : (jmm@debian.org)
   Compiler      : (gcc version 4.3.5 (Debian 4.3.5-4) )
Profile: Debian (2.6.32-5-amd64)
real	0m39.429s
user	0m39.343s
sys	0m0.077s

dumps/linux-sample-1.bin

Volatility Foundation Volatility Framework 2.5
Found OS: LINUX - Launching LinuxGetProfile
Informations found:
   Kernel version: 3.2.0-4-amd64
   Compiled by   : (debian-kernel@lists.debian.org)
   Compiler      : (gcc version 4.6.3 (Debian 4.6.3-14) )
Profile: Debian (3.2.0-4-amd64)
real	0m36.724s
user	0m36.650s
sys	0m0.070s

dumps/linux-sample-2.bin

Volatility Foundation Volatility Framework 2.5
Found OS: LINUX - Launching LinuxGetProfile
Informations found:
   Kernel version: 3.2.0-4-amd64
   Compiled by   : (debian-kernel@lists.debian.org)
   Compiler      : (gcc version 4.6.3 (Debian 4.6.3-14) )
Profile: Debian (3.2.0-4-amd64)
real	0m23.700s
user	0m23.607s
sys	0m0.090s

dumps/linux-sample-3.bin

Volatility Foundation Volatility Framework 2.5
Found OS: LINUX - Launching LinuxGetProfile
Informations found:
   Kernel version: 3.2.0-4-amd64
   Compiled by   : (debian-kernel@lists.debian.org)
   Compiler      : (gcc version 4.6.3 (Debian 4.6.3-14) )
Profile: Debian (3.2.0-4-amd64)
real	0m18.267s
user	0m18.177s
sys	0m0.070s

dumps/linux-sample-4.bin

Volatility Foundation Volatility Framework 2.5
Found OS: LINUX - Launching LinuxGetProfile
Informations found:
   Kernel version: 3.2.0-4-amd64
   Compiled by   : (debian-kernel@lists.debian.org)
   Compiler      : (gcc version 4.6.3 (Debian 4.6.3-14) )
Profile: Debian (3.2.0-4-amd64)
real	0m17.204s
user	0m17.123s
sys	0m0.073s

dumps/linux-sample-5.bin

Volatility Foundation Volatility Framework 2.5
Found OS: LINUX - Launching LinuxGetProfile
Informations found:
   Kernel version: 3.2.0-4-amd64
   Compiled by   : (debian-kernel@lists.debian.org)
   Compiler      : (gcc version 4.6.3 (Debian 4.6.3-14) )
Profile: Debian (3.2.0-4-amd64)
real	0m18.096s
user	0m18.030s
sys	0m0.063s

dumps/linux-sample-6.bin

Volatility Foundation Volatility Framework 2.5
Found OS: LINUX - Launching LinuxGetProfile
Informations found:
   Kernel version: 3.2.0-4-amd64
   Compiled by   : (debian-kernel@lists.debian.org)
   Compiler      : (gcc version 4.6.3 (Debian 4.6.3-14) )
Profile: Debian (3.2.0-4-amd64)
real	0m45.480s
user	0m45.400s
sys	0m0.077s

dumps/linuxstrange2.bin

Volatility Foundation Volatility Framework 2.5
OS not found.
real	0m2.298s
user	0m2.240s
sys	0m0.057s

dumps/linuxstrange.bin

Volatility Foundation Volatility Framework 2.5
Found OS: LINUX - Launching LinuxGetProfile
Informations found:
   Kernel version: 2.6.35.10-gc0a661b
   Compiled by   : (joe@zuul)
   Compiler      : (gcc version 4.4.3 (GCC) )
Profile: Distribution Not found (2.6.35.10-gc0a661b)
real	2m25.543s
user	2m25.410s
sys	0m0.097s

dumps/linuxubuntu.bin

Volatility Foundation Volatility Framework 2.5
Found OS: LINUX - Launching LinuxGetProfile
Informations found:
   Kernel version: 3.5.0-23-generic
   Compiled by   : (buildd@komainu)
   Compiler      : (gcc version 4.6.3 (Ubuntu/Linaro 4.6.3-1ubuntu5) )
Profile: Ubuntu (3.5.0-23-generic)
real	0m23.214s
user	0m23.160s
sys	0m0.050s

dumps/mac-sample-1.bin

Volatility Foundation Volatility Framework 2.5
Found OS: OSX - Launching mac_get_profile
Profile                                            Shift Address
-------------------------------------------------- -------------
MacMavericks_10_9_3_AMDx64                         0x0000d400000

real	0m16.896s
user	0m16.770s
sys	0m0.103s

dumps/mac-sample-2.bin

Volatility Foundation Volatility Framework 2.5
Found OS: OSX - Launching mac_get_profile
Profile                                            Shift Address
-------------------------------------------------- -------------
MacMavericks_10_9_3_AMDx64                         0x0002d200000

real	0m14.751s
user	0m14.590s
sys	0m0.157s

dumps/mac-sample-3.bin

Volatility Foundation Volatility Framework 2.5
Found OS: OSX - Launching mac_get_profile
Profile                                            Shift Address
-------------------------------------------------- -------------
MacMavericks_10_9_3_AMDx64                         0x0000fa00000

real	0m31.445s
user	0m31.340s
sys	0m0.100s

dumps/mac-sample-4.bin

Volatility Foundation Volatility Framework 2.5
Found OS: OSX - Launching mac_get_profile
Profile                                            Shift Address
-------------------------------------------------- -------------
MacMavericks_10_9_3_AMDx64                         0x00027600000

real	0m8.057s
user	0m7.910s
sys	0m0.143s

dumps/sample001.bin

Volatility Foundation Volatility Framework 2.5
INFO    : volatility.debug    : Determining profile based on KDBG search...
Found OS: WINDOWS - Launching ImageInfo
         Suggested Profile(s) : WinXPSP2x86, WinXPSP3x86 (Instantiated with WinXPSP2x86)
                    AS Layer1 : IA32PagedMemory (Kernel AS)
                    AS Layer2 : FileAddressSpace (dumps/sample001.bin)
                     PAE type : No PAE
                          DTB : 0x39000L
                         KDBG : 0x8054cde0L
         Number of Processors : 1
    Image Type (Service Pack) : 3
               KPCR for CPU 0 : 0xffdff000L
            KUSER_SHARED_DATA : 0xffdf0000L
          Image date and time : 2012-11-27 01:57:28 UTC+0000
    Image local date and time : 2012-11-26 19:57:28 -0600

real	0m41.623s
user	0m41.370s
sys	0m0.250s

dumps/sample002.bin

Volatility Foundation Volatility Framework 2.5
INFO    : volatility.debug    : Determining profile based on KDBG search...
Found OS: WINDOWS - Launching ImageInfo
         Suggested Profile(s) : Win7SP0x86, Win7SP1x86
                    AS Layer1 : IA32PagedMemoryPae (Kernel AS)
                    AS Layer2 : FileAddressSpace (dumps/sample002.bin)
                     PAE type : PAE
                          DTB : 0x185000L
                         KDBG : 0x8292dc28L
         Number of Processors : 1
    Image Type (Service Pack) : 1
               KPCR for CPU 0 : 0x8292ec00L
            KUSER_SHARED_DATA : 0xffdf0000L
          Image date and time : 2013-10-15 18:49:01 UTC+0000
    Image local date and time : 2013-10-15 14:49:01 -0400

real	0m39.201s
user	0m38.057s
sys	0m1.140s

dumps/sample003.bin

Volatility Foundation Volatility Framework 2.5
INFO    : volatility.debug    : Determining profile based on KDBG search...
Found OS: WINDOWS - Launching ImageInfo
         Suggested Profile(s) : WinXPSP2x86, WinXPSP3x86 (Instantiated with WinXPSP2x86)
                    AS Layer1 : IA32PagedMemoryPae (Kernel AS)
                    AS Layer2 : FileAddressSpace (dumps/sample003.bin)
                     PAE type : PAE
                          DTB : 0x319000L
                         KDBG : 0x80545b60L
         Number of Processors : 1
    Image Type (Service Pack) : 3
               KPCR for CPU 0 : 0xffdff000L
            KUSER_SHARED_DATA : 0xffdf0000L
          Image date and time : 2008-11-26 07:46:02 UTC+0000
    Image local date and time : 2008-11-26 02:46:02 -0500

real	0m29.398s
user	0m29.143s
sys	0m0.253s

dumps/sample004.bin

Volatility Foundation Volatility Framework 2.5
INFO    : volatility.debug    : Determining profile based on KDBG search...
Found OS: WINDOWS - Launching ImageInfo
         Suggested Profile(s) : WinXPSP2x86, WinXPSP3x86 (Instantiated with WinXPSP2x86)
                    AS Layer1 : IA32PagedMemory (Kernel AS)
                    AS Layer2 : FileAddressSpace (dumps/sample004.bin)
                     PAE type : No PAE
                          DTB : 0x39000L
                         KDBG : 0x8054cde0L
         Number of Processors : 1
    Image Type (Service Pack) : 3
               KPCR for CPU 0 : 0xffdff000L
            KUSER_SHARED_DATA : 0xffdf0000L
          Image date and time : 2012-04-28 02:23:21 UTC+0000
    Image local date and time : 2012-04-27 22:23:21 -0400

real	0m46.398s
user	0m46.110s
sys	0m0.283s

dumps/sample005.bin

Called plugins can fail, but generally the output is sufficient

Volatility Foundation Volatility Framework 2.5
INFO    : volatility.debug    : Determining profile based on KDBG search...
Found OS: WINDOWS - Launching ImageInfo
         Suggested Profile(s) : Win2003SP0x86, Win2003SP1x86, Win2003SP2x86 (Instantiated with LinuxDebian40r9x86)
                    AS Layer1 : FileAddressSpace (dumps/sample005.bin)
                     PAE type : No PAE
                          DTB : -0x1L
Traceback (most recent call last):
 File "/usr/bin/volatility", line 192, in <module>
   main()
 File "/usr/bin/volatility", line 183, in main
   command.execute()
 File "/usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages/volatility/commands.py", line 145, in execute
   func(outfd, data)
 File "/usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages/volatility/plugins/profilescan.py", line 178, in render_text
   image.render_text(outfd, image.calculate())
 File "/usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages/volatility/plugins/imageinfo.py", line 45, in render_text
   for k, t, v in data:
 File "/usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages/volatility/plugins/imageinfo.py", line 103, in calculate
   kdbg = volmagic.KDBG.v()
 File "/usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages/volatility/obj.py", line 748, in __getattr__
   return self.m(attr)
 File "/usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages/volatility/obj.py", line 730, in m
   raise AttributeError("Struct {0} has no member {1}".format(self.obj_name, attr))
AttributeError: Struct VOLATILITY_MAGIC has no member KDBG

real	1m3.432s
user	1m0.697s
sys	0m2.730s

dumps/sample006.bin

Volatility Foundation Volatility Framework 2.5
INFO    : volatility.debug    : Determining profile based on KDBG search...
Found OS: WINDOWS - Launching ImageInfo
         Suggested Profile(s) : WinXPSP2x86, WinXPSP3x86 (Instantiated with WinXPSP2x86)
                    AS Layer1 : IA32PagedMemory (Kernel AS)
                    AS Layer2 : FileAddressSpace (dumps/sample006.bin)
                     PAE type : No PAE
                          DTB : 0x39000L
                         KDBG : 0x8054cde0L
         Number of Processors : 1
    Image Type (Service Pack) : 3
               KPCR for CPU 0 : 0xffdff000L
            KUSER_SHARED_DATA : 0xffdf0000L
          Image date and time : 2010-09-09 19:56:54 UTC+0000
    Image local date and time : 2010-09-09 15:56:54 -0400

real	0m17.102s
user	0m16.773s
sys	0m0.300s

dumps/sample007.bin

Volatility Foundation Volatility Framework 2.5
INFO    : volatility.debug    : Determining profile based on KDBG search...
Found OS: WINDOWS - Launching ImageInfo
         Suggested Profile(s) : WinXPSP2x86, WinXPSP3x86 (Instantiated with WinXPSP2x86)
                    AS Layer1 : IA32PagedMemoryPae (Kernel AS)
                    AS Layer2 : FileAddressSpace (dumps/sample007.bin)
                     PAE type : PAE
                          DTB : 0x319000L
                         KDBG : 0x80545ae0L
         Number of Processors : 1
    Image Type (Service Pack) : 3
               KPCR for CPU 0 : 0xffdff000L
            KUSER_SHARED_DATA : 0xffdf0000L
          Image date and time : 2011-06-03 04:31:36 UTC+0000
    Image local date and time : 2011-06-03 00:31:36 -0400

real	0m40.003s
user	0m39.680s
sys	0m0.320s

dumps/sample008.bin

Volatility Foundation Volatility Framework 2.5
INFO    : volatility.debug    : Determining profile based on KDBG search...
Found OS: WINDOWS - Launching ImageInfo
         Suggested Profile(s) : WinXPSP2x86, WinXPSP3x86 (Instantiated with WinXPSP2x86)
                    AS Layer1 : IA32PagedMemoryPae (Kernel AS)
                    AS Layer2 : FileAddressSpace (dumps/sample008.bin)
                     PAE type : PAE
                          DTB : 0x319000L
                         KDBG : 0x80544ce0L
         Number of Processors : 1
    Image Type (Service Pack) : 2
               KPCR for CPU 0 : 0xffdff000L
            KUSER_SHARED_DATA : 0xffdf0000L
          Image date and time : 2010-08-15 19:26:50 UTC+0000
    Image local date and time : 2010-08-15 15:26:50 -0400

real	0m15.566s
user	0m15.263s
sys	0m0.300s

dumps/sample009.bin

Volatility Foundation Volatility Framework 2.5
INFO    : volatility.debug    : Determining profile based on KDBG search...
Found OS: WINDOWS - Launching ImageInfo
         Suggested Profile(s) : WinXPSP2x86, WinXPSP3x86 (Instantiated with WinXPSP2x86)
                    AS Layer1 : IA32PagedMemoryPae (Kernel AS)
                    AS Layer2 : FileAddressSpace (dumps/sample009.bin)
                     PAE type : PAE
                          DTB : 0x339000L
                         KDBG : 0x80545ae0L
         Number of Processors : 1
    Image Type (Service Pack) : 3
               KPCR for CPU 0 : 0xffdff000L
            KUSER_SHARED_DATA : 0xffdf0000L
          Image date and time : 2014-11-29 15:33:20 UTC+0000
    Image local date and time : 2014-11-30 02:33:20 +1100

real	1m6.902s
user	0m21.073s
sys	0m0.767s
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