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<?php
namespace PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\Calculation;
class Database
{
/**
* fieldExtract.
*
* Extracts the column ID to use for the data field.
*
* @param mixed[] $database The range of cells that makes up the list or database.
* A database is a list of related data in which rows of related
* information are records, and columns of data are fields. The
* first row of the list contains labels for each column.
* @param mixed $field Indicates which column is used in the function. Enter the
* column label enclosed between double quotation marks, such as
* "Age" or "Yield," or a number (without quotation marks) that
* represents the position of the column within the list: 1 for
* the first column, 2 for the second column, and so on.
*
* @return null|string
*/
private static function fieldExtract($database, $field)
{
$field = strtoupper(Functions::flattenSingleValue($field));
$fieldNames = array_map('strtoupper', array_shift($database));
if (is_numeric($field)) {
$keys = array_keys($fieldNames);
return $keys[$field - 1];
}
$key = array_search($field, $fieldNames);
return ($key) ? $key : null;
}
/**
* filter.
*
* Parses the selection criteria, extracts the database rows that match those criteria, and
* returns that subset of rows.
*
* @param mixed[] $database The range of cells that makes up the list or database.
* A database is a list of related data in which rows of related
* information are records, and columns of data are fields. The
* first row of the list contains labels for each column.
* @param mixed[] $criteria The range of cells that contains the conditions you specify.
* You can use any range for the criteria argument, as long as it
* includes at least one column label and at least one cell below
* the column label in which you specify a condition for the
* column.
*
* @return array of mixed
*/
private static function filter($database, $criteria)
{
$fieldNames = array_shift($database);
$criteriaNames = array_shift($criteria);
// Convert the criteria into a set of AND/OR conditions with [:placeholders]
$testConditions = $testValues = [];
$testConditionsCount = 0;
foreach ($criteriaNames as $key => $criteriaName) {
$testCondition = [];
$testConditionCount = 0;
foreach ($criteria as $row => $criterion) {
if ($criterion[$key] > '') {
$testCondition[] = '[:' . $criteriaName . ']' . Functions::ifCondition($criterion[$key]);
++$testConditionCount;
}
}
if ($testConditionCount > 1) {
$testConditions[] = 'OR(' . implode(',', $testCondition) . ')';
++$testConditionsCount;
} elseif ($testConditionCount == 1) {
$testConditions[] = $testCondition[0];
++$testConditionsCount;
}
}
if ($testConditionsCount > 1) {
$testConditionSet = 'AND(' . implode(',', $testConditions) . ')';
} elseif ($testConditionsCount == 1) {
$testConditionSet = $testConditions[0];
}
// Loop through each row of the database
foreach ($database as $dataRow => $dataValues) {
// Substitute actual values from the database row for our [:placeholders]
$testConditionList = $testConditionSet;
foreach ($criteriaNames as $key => $criteriaName) {
$k = array_search($criteriaName, $fieldNames);
if (isset($dataValues[$k])) {
$dataValue = $dataValues[$k];
$dataValue = (is_string($dataValue)) ? Calculation::wrapResult(strtoupper($dataValue)) : $dataValue;
$testConditionList = str_replace('[:' . $criteriaName . ']', $dataValue, $testConditionList);
}
}
// evaluate the criteria against the row data
$result = Calculation::getInstance()->_calculateFormulaValue('=' . $testConditionList);
// If the row failed to meet the criteria, remove it from the database
if (!$result) {
unset($database[$dataRow]);
}
}
return $database;
}
private static function getFilteredColumn($database, $field, $criteria)
{
// reduce the database to a set of rows that match all the criteria
$database = self::filter($database, $criteria);
// extract an array of values for the requested column
$colData = [];
foreach ($database as $row) {
$colData[] = $row[$field];
}
return $colData;
}
/**
* DAVERAGE.
*
* Averages the values in a column of a list or database that match conditions you specify.
*
* Excel Function:
* DAVERAGE(database,field,criteria)
*
* @category Database Functions
*
* @param mixed[] $database The range of cells that makes up the list or database.
* A database is a list of related data in which rows of related
* information are records, and columns of data are fields. The
* first row of the list contains labels for each column.
* @param int|string $field Indicates which column is used in the function. Enter the
* column label enclosed between double quotation marks, such as
* "Age" or "Yield," or a number (without quotation marks) that
* represents the position of the column within the list: 1 for
* the first column, 2 for the second column, and so on.
* @param mixed[] $criteria The range of cells that contains the conditions you specify.
* You can use any range for the criteria argument, as long as it
* includes at least one column label and at least one cell below
* the column label in which you specify a condition for the
* column.
*
* @return float|string
*/
public static function DAVERAGE($database, $field, $criteria)
{
$field = self::fieldExtract($database, $field);
if ($field === null) {
return null;
}
// Return
return Statistical::AVERAGE(
self::getFilteredColumn($database, $field, $criteria)
);
}
/**
* DCOUNT.
*
* Counts the cells that contain numbers in a column of a list or database that match conditions
* that you specify.
*
* Excel Function:
* DCOUNT(database,[field],criteria)
*
* Excel Function:
* DAVERAGE(database,field,criteria)
*
* @category Database Functions
*
* @param mixed[] $database The range of cells that makes up the list or database.
* A database is a list of related data in which rows of related
* information are records, and columns of data are fields. The
* first row of the list contains labels for each column.
* @param int|string $field Indicates which column is used in the function. Enter the
* column label enclosed between double quotation marks, such as
* "Age" or "Yield," or a number (without quotation marks) that
* represents the position of the column within the list: 1 for
* the first column, 2 for the second column, and so on.
* @param mixed[] $criteria The range of cells that contains the conditions you specify.
* You can use any range for the criteria argument, as long as it
* includes at least one column label and at least one cell below
* the column label in which you specify a condition for the
* column.
*
* @return int
*
* @TODO The field argument is optional. If field is omitted, DCOUNT counts all records in the
* database that match the criteria.
*/
public static function DCOUNT($database, $field, $criteria)
{
$field = self::fieldExtract($database, $field);
if ($field === null) {
return null;
}
// Return
return Statistical::COUNT(
self::getFilteredColumn($database, $field, $criteria)
);
}
/**
* DCOUNTA.
*
* Counts the nonblank cells in a column of a list or database that match conditions that you specify.
*
* Excel Function:
* DCOUNTA(database,[field],criteria)
*
* @category Database Functions
*
* @param mixed[] $database The range of cells that makes up the list or database.
* A database is a list of related data in which rows of related
* information are records, and columns of data are fields. The
* first row of the list contains labels for each column.
* @param int|string $field Indicates which column is used in the function. Enter the
* column label enclosed between double quotation marks, such as
* "Age" or "Yield," or a number (without quotation marks) that
* represents the position of the column within the list: 1 for
* the first column, 2 for the second column, and so on.
* @param mixed[] $criteria The range of cells that contains the conditions you specify.
* You can use any range for the criteria argument, as long as it
* includes at least one column label and at least one cell below
* the column label in which you specify a condition for the
* column.
*
* @return int
*
* @TODO The field argument is optional. If field is omitted, DCOUNTA counts all records in the
* database that match the criteria.
*/
public static function DCOUNTA($database, $field, $criteria)
{
$field = self::fieldExtract($database, $field);
if ($field === null) {
return null;
}
// reduce the database to a set of rows that match all the criteria
$database = self::filter($database, $criteria);
// extract an array of values for the requested column
$colData = [];
foreach ($database as $row) {
$colData[] = $row[$field];
}
// Return
return Statistical::COUNTA(
self::getFilteredColumn($database, $field, $criteria)
);
}
/**
* DGET.
*
* Extracts a single value from a column of a list or database that matches conditions that you
* specify.
*
* Excel Function:
* DGET(database,field,criteria)
*
* @category Database Functions
*
* @param mixed[] $database The range of cells that makes up the list or database.
* A database is a list of related data in which rows of related
* information are records, and columns of data are fields. The
* first row of the list contains labels for each column.
* @param int|string $field Indicates which column is used in the function. Enter the
* column label enclosed between double quotation marks, such as
* "Age" or "Yield," or a number (without quotation marks) that
* represents the position of the column within the list: 1 for
* the first column, 2 for the second column, and so on.
* @param mixed[] $criteria The range of cells that contains the conditions you specify.
* You can use any range for the criteria argument, as long as it
* includes at least one column label and at least one cell below
* the column label in which you specify a condition for the
* column.
*
* @return mixed
*/
public static function DGET($database, $field, $criteria)
{
$field = self::fieldExtract($database, $field);
if ($field === null) {
return null;
}
// Return
$colData = self::getFilteredColumn($database, $field, $criteria);
if (count($colData) > 1) {
return Functions::NAN();
}
return $colData[0];
}
/**
* DMAX.
*
* Returns the largest number in a column of a list or database that matches conditions you that
* specify.
*
* Excel Function:
* DMAX(database,field,criteria)
*
* @category Database Functions
*
* @param mixed[] $database The range of cells that makes up the list or database.
* A database is a list of related data in which rows of related
* information are records, and columns of data are fields. The
* first row of the list contains labels for each column.
* @param int|string $field Indicates which column is used in the function. Enter the
* column label enclosed between double quotation marks, such as
* "Age" or "Yield," or a number (without quotation marks) that
* represents the position of the column within the list: 1 for
* the first column, 2 for the second column, and so on.
* @param mixed[] $criteria The range of cells that contains the conditions you specify.
* You can use any range for the criteria argument, as long as it
* includes at least one column label and at least one cell below
* the column label in which you specify a condition for the
* column.
*
* @return float
*/
public static function DMAX($database, $field, $criteria)
{
$field = self::fieldExtract($database, $field);
if ($field === null) {
return null;
}
// Return
return Statistical::MAX(
self::getFilteredColumn($database, $field, $criteria)
);
}
/**
* DMIN.
*
* Returns the smallest number in a column of a list or database that matches conditions you that
* specify.
*
* Excel Function:
* DMIN(database,field,criteria)
*
* @category Database Functions
*
* @param mixed[] $database The range of cells that makes up the list or database.
* A database is a list of related data in which rows of related
* information are records, and columns of data are fields. The
* first row of the list contains labels for each column.
* @param int|string $field Indicates which column is used in the function. Enter the
* column label enclosed between double quotation marks, such as
* "Age" or "Yield," or a number (without quotation marks) that
* represents the position of the column within the list: 1 for
* the first column, 2 for the second column, and so on.
* @param mixed[] $criteria The range of cells that contains the conditions you specify.
* You can use any range for the criteria argument, as long as it
* includes at least one column label and at least one cell below
* the column label in which you specify a condition for the
* column.
*
* @return float
*/
public static function DMIN($database, $field, $criteria)
{
$field = self::fieldExtract($database, $field);
if ($field === null) {
return null;
}
// Return
return Statistical::MIN(
self::getFilteredColumn($database, $field, $criteria)
);
}
/**
* DPRODUCT.
*
* Multiplies the values in a column of a list or database that match conditions that you specify.
*
* Excel Function:
* DPRODUCT(database,field,criteria)
*
* @category Database Functions
*
* @param mixed[] $database The range of cells that makes up the list or database.
* A database is a list of related data in which rows of related
* information are records, and columns of data are fields. The
* first row of the list contains labels for each column.
* @param int|string $field Indicates which column is used in the function. Enter the
* column label enclosed between double quotation marks, such as
* "Age" or "Yield," or a number (without quotation marks) that
* represents the position of the column within the list: 1 for
* the first column, 2 for the second column, and so on.
* @param mixed[] $criteria The range of cells that contains the conditions you specify.
* You can use any range for the criteria argument, as long as it
* includes at least one column label and at least one cell below
* the column label in which you specify a condition for the
* column.
*
* @return float
*/
public static function DPRODUCT($database, $field, $criteria)
{
$field = self::fieldExtract($database, $field);
if ($field === null) {
return null;
}
// Return
return MathTrig::PRODUCT(
self::getFilteredColumn($database, $field, $criteria)
);
}
/**
* DSTDEV.
*
* Estimates the standard deviation of a population based on a sample by using the numbers in a
* column of a list or database that match conditions that you specify.
*
* Excel Function:
* DSTDEV(database,field,criteria)
*
* @category Database Functions
*
* @param mixed[] $database The range of cells that makes up the list or database.
* A database is a list of related data in which rows of related
* information are records, and columns of data are fields. The
* first row of the list contains labels for each column.
* @param int|string $field Indicates which column is used in the function. Enter the
* column label enclosed between double quotation marks, such as
* "Age" or "Yield," or a number (without quotation marks) that
* represents the position of the column within the list: 1 for
* the first column, 2 for the second column, and so on.
* @param mixed[] $criteria The range of cells that contains the conditions you specify.
* You can use any range for the criteria argument, as long as it
* includes at least one column label and at least one cell below
* the column label in which you specify a condition for the
* column.
*
* @return float|string
*/
public static function DSTDEV($database, $field, $criteria)
{
$field = self::fieldExtract($database, $field);
if ($field === null) {
return null;
}
// Return
return Statistical::STDEV(
self::getFilteredColumn($database, $field, $criteria)
);
}
/**
* DSTDEVP.
*
* Calculates the standard deviation of a population based on the entire population by using the
* numbers in a column of a list or database that match conditions that you specify.
*
* Excel Function:
* DSTDEVP(database,field,criteria)
*
* @category Database Functions
*
* @param mixed[] $database The range of cells that makes up the list or database.
* A database is a list of related data in which rows of related
* information are records, and columns of data are fields. The
* first row of the list contains labels for each column.
* @param int|string $field Indicates which column is used in the function. Enter the
* column label enclosed between double quotation marks, such as
* "Age" or "Yield," or a number (without quotation marks) that
* represents the position of the column within the list: 1 for
* the first column, 2 for the second column, and so on.
* @param mixed[] $criteria The range of cells that contains the conditions you specify.
* You can use any range for the criteria argument, as long as it
* includes at least one column label and at least one cell below
* the column label in which you specify a condition for the
* column.
*
* @return float|string
*/
public static function DSTDEVP($database, $field, $criteria)
{
$field = self::fieldExtract($database, $field);
if ($field === null) {
return null;
}
// Return
return Statistical::STDEVP(
self::getFilteredColumn($database, $field, $criteria)
);
}
/**
* DSUM.
*
* Adds the numbers in a column of a list or database that match conditions that you specify.
*
* Excel Function:
* DSUM(database,field,criteria)
*
* @category Database Functions
*
* @param mixed[] $database The range of cells that makes up the list or database.
* A database is a list of related data in which rows of related
* information are records, and columns of data are fields. The
* first row of the list contains labels for each column.
* @param int|string $field Indicates which column is used in the function. Enter the
* column label enclosed between double quotation marks, such as
* "Age" or "Yield," or a number (without quotation marks) that
* represents the position of the column within the list: 1 for
* the first column, 2 for the second column, and so on.
* @param mixed[] $criteria The range of cells that contains the conditions you specify.
* You can use any range for the criteria argument, as long as it
* includes at least one column label and at least one cell below
* the column label in which you specify a condition for the
* column.
*
* @return float
*/
public static function DSUM($database, $field, $criteria)
{
$field = self::fieldExtract($database, $field);
if ($field === null) {
return null;
}
// Return
return MathTrig::SUM(
self::getFilteredColumn($database, $field, $criteria)
);
}
/**
* DVAR.
*
* Estimates the variance of a population based on a sample by using the numbers in a column
* of a list or database that match conditions that you specify.
*
* Excel Function:
* DVAR(database,field,criteria)
*
* @category Database Functions
*
* @param mixed[] $database The range of cells that makes up the list or database.
* A database is a list of related data in which rows of related
* information are records, and columns of data are fields. The
* first row of the list contains labels for each column.
* @param int|string $field Indicates which column is used in the function. Enter the
* column label enclosed between double quotation marks, such as
* "Age" or "Yield," or a number (without quotation marks) that
* represents the position of the column within the list: 1 for
* the first column, 2 for the second column, and so on.
* @param mixed[] $criteria The range of cells that contains the conditions you specify.
* You can use any range for the criteria argument, as long as it
* includes at least one column label and at least one cell below
* the column label in which you specify a condition for the
* column.
*
* @return float
*/
public static function DVAR($database, $field, $criteria)
{
$field = self::fieldExtract($database, $field);
if ($field === null) {
return null;
}
// Return
return Statistical::VARFunc(
self::getFilteredColumn($database, $field, $criteria)
);
}
/**
* DVARP.
*
* Calculates the variance of a population based on the entire population by using the numbers
* in a column of a list or database that match conditions that you specify.
*
* Excel Function:
* DVARP(database,field,criteria)
*
* @category Database Functions
*
* @param mixed[] $database The range of cells that makes up the list or database.
* A database is a list of related data in which rows of related
* information are records, and columns of data are fields. The
* first row of the list contains labels for each column.
* @param int|string $field Indicates which column is used in the function. Enter the
* column label enclosed between double quotation marks, such as
* "Age" or "Yield," or a number (without quotation marks) that
* represents the position of the column within the list: 1 for
* the first column, 2 for the second column, and so on.
* @param mixed[] $criteria The range of cells that contains the conditions you specify.
* You can use any range for the criteria argument, as long as it
* includes at least one column label and at least one cell below
* the column label in which you specify a condition for the
* column.
*
* @return float
*/
public static function DVARP($database, $field, $criteria)
{
$field = self::fieldExtract($database, $field);
if ($field === null) {
return null;
}
// Return
return Statistical::VARP(
self::getFilteredColumn($database, $field, $criteria)
);
}
}
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