Skip to content
Permalink
Branch: master
Find file Copy path
Fetching contributors…
Cannot retrieve contributors at this time
331 lines (235 sloc) 14.2 KB

Build Status

ReMPI logo

Introduction

  • ReMPI is a record-and-replay tool for MPI+OpenMP applications written in C/C++ and/or fortra
    • In a broad sense, "ReMPI" means a record-and-replay tool for MPI+OpenMP applications
    • In a narrow sense, "ReMPI" means MPI record-and-replay and "ReOMP" means OpenMP record-and-replay
  • (Optional) ReMPI implements Clock Delta Compression (CDC) for compressing records.

Quick Start

1. Building ReMPI

From Spack

$ git clone https://github.com/LLNL/spack
$ ./spack/bin/spack install rempi

From git repository

$ git clone git@github.com:PRUNERS/ReMPI.git
$ cd ReMPI
$ ./autogen.sh
$ ./configure --prefix=<path to installation directory> 
$ make 
$ make install

From tarball

$ tar zxvf ./rempi_xxxxx.tar.bz
$ cd <rempi directory>
$ ./configure --prefix=<path to installation directory> 
$ make 
$ make install

Note on building for BG/Q

To build on the IBM BG/Q platform, you will need to add the --with-blugene option and specify the path to zlib with the --with-zlib-static flag. You may also need to specify the MPICC and MPIFC variables. For example:

$ ./configure --prefix=<path to installation directory> --with-bluegene --with-zlib-static=/usr/local/tools/zlib-1.2.6/ MPICC=/usr/local/tools/compilers/ibm/mpicxx-fastmpi-mpich-312 MPIFC=/usr/local/tools/compilers/ibm/mpif90-fastmpi-mpich-312
$ make 
$ make install

2. Running with ReMPI

$ cd test/rempi
$ mkdir rempi_record

Record mode (REMPI_MODE=0)

$ REMPI_MODE=0 REMPI_DIR=./rempi_record LD_PRELOAD=<path to installation directory>/lib/librempi.so srun(or mpirun) -n 4 ./rempi_test_units matching

For its convenience, ReMPI also provides a wapper script which execute the same command as the above. If you install ReMPI to a custom directory, you need to add "/bin/" path to the PATH environment variable.

$ rempi_record srun(or mpirun) -n 4 ./rempi_test_units matching

ReMPI produces one file per MPI process.

Replay mode (REMPI_MODE=1)

$ REMPI_MODE=1 REMPI_DIR=./rempi_record LD_PRELOAD=<path to installation directory>/lib/librempi.so srun(or mpirun) -n 4 ./rempi_test_units matching

For its convenience, ReMPI also provides a wapper script which execute the same command as the above

$ rempi_replay srun(or mpirun) -n 4 ./rempi_test_units matching

"REMPI::: 0: Global validation code: 1939202000" is a hash value computed based on the order of MPI events (e.g., Message receive order, message test results and etc.). If you run this example code several times with REMPI_MODE=0, you will see that this hash value changes from run to run. This means this example code is MPI non-deterministic. Once you run this example code and record MPI events with REMPI_MODE=0, you can reproduce this hash value with REMPI_MODE=1. This means MPI events are reproduced.

3. Running other examples

The following example script assumes the resource manager is SLURM and that ReMPI is installed in /usr/local. You must edit the example_x86.sh file othewise.

 cd example
 sh ./example_x86.sh 16
 ls -ltr .rempi # lists record files

4. Running with ReOMP

Let us take the program below and follow the steps to compile, run the proram, record and replay. This example code is in test/reomp/reomp_example.cpp and the seriease of the steps are scripted in test/reomp/build_run_reomp_example.sh

#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <omp.h>
#include <stdint.h>
 
static int reomp_example_omp_critical(int nth)
{ 
  	uint64_t i;
  	volatile int sum;
#pragma omp parallel for private(i)
	for (i = 0; i < 10000000L / nth; i++) {
#pragma omp critical
		{ 
  			sum = sum * omp_get_thread_num() + 1;
			}
	}
	return sum;
}
 
static int reomp_example_data_race(int nth)
{ 
uint64_t i;
volatile int sum = 1;
#pragma omp parallel for private(i)
	for (i = 0; i < 3000000L / nth ; i++) {
		sum += nth;
	}
	return sum;
}
 
int main(int argc, char **argv)
{ 
	int nth = atoi(argv[1]);
	omp_set_num_threads(nth);
	int ret1 = reomp_example_omp_critical(nth);
	int ret2 = reomp_example_data_race(nth);
	fprintf(stderr, "omp_critical: ret = %15d\n", ret1);
	fprintf(stderr, "data_race:    ret = %15d\n", ret2);
	return 0;
}

First let's compile and run without ReOMP. Note that two functions, reomp_example_omp_critical and reomp_example_data_race, return non-deterministic values (i.e., sum). If you run the program several times, you will see the different numerical results from run to run. In reomp_example_omp_critical, the numerical resutls changes depending on the order of threads entering the critical section. In reomp_example_data_race, the non-deterministic numerical reuslts are produceds due to data races.

$ clang++ -O3 -fopenmp -o reomp_example_without_reomp reomp_example.cpp
$ ./reomp_example_without_reomp 16   # 16 is the number of threads
omp_critical: ret =           17116
data_race:    ret =          191889	
$ ./reomp_example_without_reomp 16   
omp_critical: ret =      -456407940
data_race:    ret =          188801

To reproduce the numerical results, compile the program with the ReOMP IR pass shared library. Now, we can reproduce the numerical reuslt in reomp_example_omp_critical since ReOMP find the critical sections and record the order of threads entering the critical sections. However, we still see inconsistent numerical results in reomp_example_data_race sicne ReOMP itself cannnot find where the data races occur.

$ clang++ -Xclang -load -Xclang ../../src/reomp/.libs/libreompir.so -L../../src/reomp/.libs/ -lreomp -O3 -fopenmp -o reomp_example_with_reomp reomp_example.cpp
$ export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=../../src/reomp/.libs/
$ REOMP_MODE=0 ./reomp_example_with_reomp 16   # REOMP_MODE=0 means the ReOMP record mode.
omp_critical: ret =     -2116977392
data_race:    ret =          198769
$ REOMP_MODE=1 ./reomp_example_with_reomp 16   # REOMP_MODE=0 means the ReOMP record mode.
omp_critical: ret =     -2116977392
data_race:    ret =          187489

ReOMP replys on a data race detector to find data races. Let's detect the data races with Thread Sanitizer (or Archer).

$ clang++ -g -fomit-frame-pointer -fsanitize=thread -O3 -fopenmp -o reomp_example_with_tsan reomp_example.cpp
$ export 'TSAN_OPTIONS=log_path=reomp_tsan.log history_size=7'
$ ./reomp_example_with_tsan 2

Let's re-compile the probram with ReOMP IR pass and the report file (reomp_tsan.log.xxxxx) from Thread Sanitizer and run. Now, you will see the consistent numerical resutls from run to run.

$ export TSAN_OPTIONS=log_path=reomp_tsan.log  # To let the ReOMP IR pass know where the TSAN report file is.
$ clang++ -Xclang -load -Xclang ../../src/reomp/.libs/libreompir.so -L../../src/reomp/.libs/ -lreomp -L/usr/tce/packages/clang/clang-4.0.0/lib -O3 -fopenmp -o reomp_example_with_reomp_data_race reomp_example.cpp
$ REOMP_MODE=0 ./reomp_example_with_reomp_data_race 16
omp_critical: ret =     -1833974251
data_race:    ret =          191793
$ REOMP_MODE=1 ./reomp_example_with_reomp_data_race 16
omp_critical: ret =     -1833974251
data_race:    ret =          191793
$ REOMP_MODE=1 ./reomp_example_with_reomp_data_race 16
omp_critical: ret =     -1833974251
data_race:    ret =          191793	

Environment variables

ReMPI

  • REMPI_MODE: Record mode OR Replay mode
    • 0: Record mode
    • 1: Replay mode
  • REMPI_DIR: Directory path for record files
  • REMPI_ENCODE: Encoding mode
    • 0: Simple recording
    • 1: 0 + record format optimization
    • 2 and 3: (Experimental encoding)
    • 4: Clock Delta Compression (only when built with --enable-cdc option)
    • 5: Same as 4 (only when built with --enable-cdc option)
  • REMPI_GZIP: Enable gzip compression
    • 0: Disable zlib
    • 1: Enable zlib
  • REMPI_TEST_ID: Enable Matching Function (MF) Identification
    • 0: Disable MF Identification
    • 1: Enable MF Identification

By default, ReMPI stores record files to the current working directory. If you want to change the record directory (e.g., /tmp), use the REMPI_DIR environment variable.

$ rempi_record REMPI_DIR=/tmp srun(or mpirun) -n 4 ./rempi_test_units matching
$ rempi_replay REMPI_DIR=/tmp srun(or mpirun) -n 4 ./rempi_test_units matching

Record data is all interger values. If you enables gzip compression capability via REMPI_GZIP, you can reduce the record size while a certain runtime overhead due to compression engine.

$ rempi_record REMPI_DIR=/tmp REMPI_GZIP=1 srun(or mpirun) -n 4 ./rempi_test_units matching
$ rempi_replay REMPI_DIR=/tmp REMPI_GZIP=1 srun(or mpirun) -n 4 ./rempi_test_units matching

ReOMP

  • REOMP_MODE: Record mode OR Replay mode
    • 0 or record: Record mode
    • 1 or replay: Replay mode
    • 2 or diable: Disable ReOMP (Run your applicaiton with instrumented binary but ReOMP doest not record adn replay anything)
  • REOMP_DIR: Directory path for record files (Default is current directory)
  • REOMP_METHOD: Record-and-Replay method
    • 0: Distributed epoch reocrding (default)
    • 1: Distributed clock recording
    • 2: Serialized thread ID recording

Non-determinism that ReMPI records and relays

ReMPI record and replay results of following MPI functions.

MPI: Blocking Receive

  • MPI_Recv

MPI: Message Completion Wait/Test

  • MPI_{Wait|Waitany|Waitsome|Waitall}
  • MPI_{Test|Testany|Testsome|Testall}

In current ReMPI, MPI_Request must be initialized by following "Supported" MPI functions. Wait/Test Message Completion functions using MPI_Request initializaed by "Unsupported" MPI functions are not recorded and replayed (Unsupported MPI functions will be supporeted in future).

  • Supported
    • MPI_Irecv
    • MPI_{Isend|Ibsend|Irsend|Issend}
  • Unsupported
    • MPI_Recv_init
    • MPI_{Send|Ssend|Rsend|Bsend}_init
    • MPI_{Start|Startall}
    • All non-blocking collectives (e.g., MPI_Ibarrier)

MPI: Message Arrival Probe

  • MPI_{Probe|Iprobe}

MPI: Other sources of non-determinism

Current ReMPI version record and replay only MPI and does not record and repaly other sources of non-determinism suca as OpenMP and other non-deterministic libc functions (e.g., gettimeofday(), clock() and etc.).

OpenMP:

ReOMP records and replays

  • OpenMP clauses
    • Critical Section (#omp critical)
    • Reduction (#omp reduction)
    • Master (#omp master)
    • Single (#omp single)
  • OpenMP runtime
    • omp_set_lock() and omp_unset_lock()
    • omp_set_nest_lock() and omp_unset_nest_lock()
  • Atomic instructions
    • Atomic load/store
    • Atomic operations (cmpxchg and atomicrmw)
  • Data-racy load/store instructions (If TSAN data-race report files are provided when compiling)

Using ReMPI with TotalView

Since ReMPI is implemented via a PMPI wrapper, ReMPI works with Totalvew (Parallel debugger). The common use case is that you first record a buggy behavior in ReMPI record mode without TotalView and then replay this buggy behavior with TotalView in ReMPI replay mode. There are two methods to use ReMPI with TotalView.

Method 1: Command line

You can simply launch the TotalVew GUI with the "totalview -args" command. (LD_PRELOAD must be set thorught a TotalView command line option: -env variable=value)

$ REMPI_MODE=1 REMPI_DIR=./rempi_record totalview -env LD_PRELOAD=<path to installation directory>/lib/librempi.so -args srun(or mpirun) -n 4 ./rempi_test_units matching

or

$ export REMPI_MODE=1
$ export REMPI_DIR=./rempi_record
$ totalview -env LD_PRELOAD=<path to installation directory>/lib/librempi.so -args srun(or mpirun) -n 4 ./rempi_test_units matching

For its convenience, ReMPI provides a wapper script to lunch Totaiveiw with ReMPI.

Firs, record a particular execution that you want to diagnose with Totaiview

$ rempi_record srun -n 4 ./rempi_test_units matching 

Then, diagnose this recorded execution with Totalview under ReMPI replay

$ rempi_replay totalview -args srun -n 4 ./rempi_test_units matching

Method 2: GUI

You can also set the REMPI_MODE, REMPI_DIR and LD_PRELOAD variable after launching TotalView. (Step 0) Record a particular execution that you want to diagnose with Totalview (Step 1) Run your application with TotalView

$ REMPI_MODE=1 totalview -args srun(or mpirun) -n 4 ./rempi_test_units matching

(Step 2) Select [Process] => [Startup Parameters] in the GUI menu, and then select [Arguments] tab

(Step 3) Specify the environment variables in the "Environment variables" textbox (One environment variable per line)

LD_PRELOAD=<path to installation directory>/lib/librempi.so

(Step 4) Press "Run" button to execute

Configuration Options

For more details, run ./configure -h

  • --enable-cdc: (Optional) enables CDC (clock delta compression), and output librempix.a and .so. When CDC is enabled, ReMPI requires MPI3 and below two software
    • --with-stack-pmpi: (Required when --enable-cdc is specified) path to stack_pmpi directory (STACKP)
    • --with-clmpi: (Required when --enable-cdc is specified) path to CLMPI directory
  • --with-bluegene: (Required in BG/Q) build codes with static library for BG/Q system
  • --with-zlib-static: (Required in BG/Q) path to installation directory for libz.a

When the --enable-cdc option is specified, ReMPI require dependent software below:

References

  • Kento Sato, Dong H. Ahn, Ignacio Laguna, Gregory L. Lee, and Martin Schulz. 2015. Clock delta compression for scalable order-replay of non-deterministic parallel applications. In Proceedings of the International Conference for High Performance Computing, Networking, Storage and Analysis (SC '15). ACM, New York, NY, USA, , Article 62 , 12 pages. DOI=http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2807591.2807642
You can’t perform that action at this time.