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Intro for new developers

This is a quick introduction to get new developers up to speed on Publiq.

Building Publiq Build Status

Installing prerequisites in Linux

For Ubuntu 16.04 LTS (for extra actions needed for 14.04 LTS, 14.10, or 16.10 see notes below), execute in console:

 sudo apt-get update
 sudo apt-get install build-essential autotools-dev automake autoconf libtool make cmake checkinstall realpath gcc g++ clang flex bison doxygen gettext git qt5-default libqt5svg5-dev libreadline-dev libcrypto++-dev libgmp-dev libdb-dev libdb++-dev libssl-dev libncurses5-dev libboost-all-dev libcurl4-openssl-dev python-dev libicu-dev libbz2-dev

(Ubuntu 16.10 only) Note, that the default version of Boost installed in Ubuntu 16.10 is too high and not supported. In order to install a supported one, in addition to the common commands above, execute the following in console:

# Uninstall the default Boost and install Boost 1.60.0
 sudo apt-get remove libboost-all-dev
 sudo apt-get autoremove
 sudo apt-get install libboost1.60-all-dev

(Ubuntu 14.04 LTS and 14.10 only; and only boost part for Ubuntu 16.04 LTS case) Note, that the default versions of GCC, CMake, and Boost installed in Ubuntu 14.04 LTS or 14.10 are too old and not supported. In order to install and use the supported ones, in addition to the common commands above, execute the following in console (in the same shell session, where you are going to build Publiq itself):

# Install GCC 5 and Clang 3.5
 sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ubuntu-toolchain-r/test
 sudo apt-get update
 sudo apt-get install gcc-5 g++-5 clang-3.5
# Now use either gcc-5 and g++-5, or clang-3.5 and clang++-3.5 as C and C++ compilers.
 export CC=gcc-5
 export CXX=g++-5

# Download and build CMake 3.7.2
 mkdir -p ~/dev/PUBLIQ/third-party
 cd ~/dev/PUBLIQ/third-party
 rm -rf cmake-3.7.2*
 tar xvf cmake-3.7.2.tar.gz
 mkdir cmake-3.7.2_prefix
 cd cmake-3.7.2
 CMAKE_ROOT=$(realpath ../cmake-3.7.2_prefix)
 ./configure --prefix=$CMAKE_ROOT
 make install
 cd ..
 rm -rf cmake-3.7.2 cmake-3.7.2.tar.gz
 export PATH=$CMAKE_ROOT/bin:$PATH

# Download and build Boost 1.60.0
 mkdir -p ~/dev/PUBLIQ/third-party
 cd ~/dev/PUBLIQ/third-party
 rm -rf boost_1_60_0* boost-1.60.0*
 tar xvf boost_1_60_0.tar.gz
 mkdir boost-1.60.0_prefix
 cd boost_1_60_0
 export BOOST_ROOT=$(realpath ../boost-1.60.0_prefix)
 ./ --prefix=$BOOST_ROOT
 ./b2 install
 cd ..
 rm -rf boost_1_60_0 boost_1_60_0.tar.gz

At this point, $CC and $CXX should be set to your compilers, cmake command should be picked up from $CMAKE_ROOT/bin, and CMake configure should find the Boost distribution in the exported $BOOST_ROOT.

For Fedora 24 or later, execute in console:

 sudo dnf clean metadata
 sudo dnf install automake autoconf libtool make cmake gcc clang flex bison doxygen gettext-devel git qt5-qtbase-devel qt5-qtsvg-devel readline-devel cryptopp-devel gmp-devel libdb-devel libdb-cxx-devel openssl-devel libcurl-devel ncurses-devel boost-devel boost-static python-devel libicu-devel bzip2-devel

Installing prerequisites in macOS

Then, execute in console:

$ brew doctor
$ brew tap homebrew/versions
$ brew update
$ brew install automake autoconf libtool cmake berkeley-db boost@1.60 qt5 cryptopp doxygen byacc flex gettext git pbc gmp ipfs openssl readline

Obtaining the sources, building, and installing Publiq in Unix (macOS or Linux)

After all the prerequisites are installed, execute the following commands in console, in order to clone the repo, build, and install/stage Publiq:

# Clone the repo.
 cd ~/
 git clone
 cd PUBLIQ-Initial
 git submodule update --init --recursive

# Build and install Publiq.
 mkdir -p ~/PUBLIQ-Initial/build
 cd ~/PUBLIQ-Initial/build
 cmake -G "Unix Makefiles" -D CMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Debug ..
 cmake --build . --target all -- -j -l 3.0
 cmake --build . --target install

Note that, in case of "Unix Makefiles" CMake generator, the last two commands are equivalent to:

$ make -j -l 3.0
$ make install

By this time you should have PUBLIQ files installed at ~/PUBLIQ-Initial/build/artifacts/prefix directory. You can specify any other custom install prefix for cmake during the initial configuration, for example, by adding -D CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=~/PUBLIQ/prefix to the command line.

You can use any path instead of ~/PUBLIQ-Initial in the steps above.

You can use Xcode, or any other CMake generator, and then, if it is an IDE generator, instead of building and installing via cmake in terminal, open the generated project/solution file in the corresponding IDE and perform ALL_BUILD and INSTALL (or install) actions from there.

Installing prerequisites, obtaining the sources, building, and installing Publiq in Windows


Starting Publiq

In the commands below, change ~/dev/PUBLIQNetwork/PUBLIQ-Initial/build/artifacts/prefix to ~/dev/PUBLIQNetwork/PUBLIQ-Network-prefix or to any other install location, that you specified during initial configuration.

On first run publiqd will create .publiq in the home directory, if doesn't exist already.

$ ~/dev/PUBLIQNetwork/PUBLIQ-Network-build/artifacts/prefix/bin/publiqd

Optionally, now press Ctrl-C to stop publiqd. You can edit configuration in ~/.publiq/data/publiqd/config.ini.

Then, run the publiq daemon again:

$ ~/dev/PUBLIQNetwork/PUBLIQ-Network-build/artifacts/prefix/bin/publiqd 

This will launch the publiq daemon node with the default genesis.

Then, in a separate console, start the command-line wallet by executing:

$ cd ~/dev/PUBLIQNetwork/PUBLIQ-Network-working-dir
$ ~/dev/PUBLIQNetwork/PUBLIQ-Network-build/artifacts/prefix/bin/cli_wallet

To set your initial password to mypassword, execute:

>>> set_password mypassword
>>> unlock mypassword

To import your account keys, execute:

>>> import_key [name] [private_wif_key]

Publiq daemon

The role of the publiq daemon is to broadcast transactions, download blocks, and optionally sign them.

$ ~/dev/PUBLIQNetwork/PUBLIQ-Network-build/artifacts/prefix/bin/publiqd --rpc-endpoint --enable-stale-production -w '"1.4.0"' 

Testing Publiq

Seeder plugin is responsible for automatically announce seeder's capablity, downloading content, seeding it and distributing keys. In order to enable it follow these steps:

  1. Generarate El-Gamal keys using cli_wallet command (first one is private, second one is public)

  2. Add parameters to the publiq daemon

     --seeder [account-id] --seeder-private-key [private_wif_key] --content-private-key [el_gamal_private_key] --packages-path [path] --seeding-price [price] --free-space [free-space]

    where [account-id] is one of your accounts, [private_wif_key] corresponding active key, [el_gamal_private_key] is the generated El-Gamal key, [path] is a filesystem location with at least [space] Megabytes available, and [price] is publishing price per MB per day, in satoshis.

Using the API

We provide several different API's. Each API has its own ID. When running publiqd, initially two API's are available: API 0 provides read-only access to the database, while API 1 is used to login and gain access to additional, restricted API's.

Here is an example using wscat package from npm for websockets:

$ npm install -g wscat
$ wscat -c ws://
> {"id":1, "method":"call", "params":[0,"get_accounts",[["1.2.0"]]]}
< {"id":1,"result":[{"id":"1.2.0","annotations":[],"membership_expiration_date":"1969-12-31T23:59:59","registrar":"1.2.0","referrer":"1.2.0","lifetime_referrer":"1.2.0","network_fee_percentage":2000,"lifetime_referrer_fee_percentage":8000,"referrer_rewards_percentage":0,"name":"committee-account","owner":{"weight_threshold":1,"account_auths":[],"key_auths":[],"address_auths":[]},"active":{"weight_threshold":6,"account_auths":[["1.2.5",1],["1.2.6",1],["1.2.7",1],["1.2.8",1],["1.2.9",1],["1.2.10",1],["1.2.11",1],["1.2.12",1],["1.2.13",1],["1.2.14",1]],"key_auths":[],"address_auths":[]},"options":{"memo_key":"GPH1111111111111111111111111111111114T1Anm","voting_account":"1.2.0","num_miner":0,"num_committee":0,"votes":[],"extensions":[]},"statistics":"2.7.0","whitelisting_accounts":[],"blacklisting_accounts":[]}]}

We can do the same thing using an HTTP client such as curl for API's which do not require login or other session state:

$ curl --data '{"jsonrpc": "2.0", "method": "call", "params": [0, "get_accounts", [["1.2.0"]]], "id": 1}'

API 0 is accessible using regular JSON-RPC:

$ curl --data '{"jsonrpc": "2.0", "method": "get_accounts", "params": [["1.2.0"]], "id": 1}'

Accessing restricted API's

You can restrict API's to particular users by specifying an apiaccess file in config.ini. Here is an example apiaccess file which allows user bytemaster with password supersecret to access four different API's, while allowing any other user to access the three public API's necessary to use the wallet:

   "permission_map" :
            "password_hash_b64" : "9e9GF7ooXVb9k4BoSfNIPTelXeGOZ5DrgOYMj94elaY=",
            "password_salt_b64" : "INDdM6iCi/8=",
            "allowed_apis" : ["database_api", "network_broadcast_api", "history_api", "network_node_api"]
            "password_hash_b64" : "*",
            "password_salt_b64" : "*",
            "allowed_apis" : ["database_api", "network_broadcast_api", "history_api"]

Passwords are stored in base64 as salted sha256 hashes. A simple Python script, is avaliable to obtain hash and salt values from a password. A single asterisk "*" may be specified as username or password hash to accept any value.

With the above configuration, here is an example of how to call add_node from the network_node API:

{"id":1, "method":"call", "params":[1,"login",["bytemaster", "supersecret"]]}
{"id":2, "method":"call", "params":[1,"network_node",[]]}
{"id":3, "method":"call", "params":[2,"add_node",[""]]}

Note, the call to network_node is necessary to obtain the correct API identifier for the network API. It is not guaranteed that the network API identifier will always be 2.


  • Is there a way to generate help with parameter names and method descriptions?

    Yes. Documentation of the code base, including APIs, can be generated using Doxygen. Simply run doxygen in this directory.

    If both Doxygen and perl are available in your build environment, the CLI wallet's help and gethelp commands will display help generated from the doxygen documentation.

    If your CLI wallet's help command displays descriptions without parameter names like signed_transaction transfer(string, string, string, string, string, bool) it means CMake was unable to find Doxygen or perl during configuration. If found, the output should look like this: signed_transaction transfer(string from, string to, string amount, string asset_symbol, string memo, bool broadcast)

  • Is there a way to allow external program to drive cli_wallet via websocket, JSONRPC, or HTTP?

    Yes. External programs may connect to the CLI wallet and make its calls over a websockets API. To do this, run the wallet in server mode, i.e. cli_wallet -s "" and then have the external program connect to it over the specified port (in this example, port 9999).

  • Is there a way to access methods which require login over HTTP?

    No. Login is inherently a stateful process (logging in changes what the server will do for certain requests, that's kind of the point of having it). If you need to track state across HTTP RPC calls, you must maintain a session across multiple connections. This is a famous source of security vulnerabilities for HTTP applications. Additionally, HTTP is not really designed for "server push" notifications, and we would have to figure out a way to queue notifications for a polling client.

    Websockets solves all these problems. If you need to access Graphene's stateful methods, you need to use Websockets.

  • What is the meaning of a.b.c numbers?

    The first number specifies the space. Space 1 is for protocol objects, 2 is for implementation objects. Protocol space objects can appear on the wire, for example in the binary form of transactions. Implementation space objects cannot appear on the wire and solely exist for implementation purposes, such as optimization or internal bookkeeping.

    The second number specifies the type. The type of the object determines what fields it has. For a complete list of type ID's, see enum object_type and enum impl_object_type in types.hpp.

    The third number specifies the instance. The instance of the object is different for each individual object.

  • The answer to the previous question was really confusing. Can you make it clearer?

    All account ID's are of the form 1.2.x. If you were the 9735th account to be registered, your account's ID will be 1.2.9735. Account 0 is special (it's the "committee account," which is controlled by the committee members and has a few abilities and restrictions other accounts do not).

    All asset ID's are of the form 1.3.x. If you were the 29th asset to be registered, your asset's ID will be 1.3.29. Asset 0 is special (it's BTS, which is considered the "core asset").

    The first and second number together identify the kind of thing you're talking about (1.2 for accounts, 1.3 for assets). The third number identifies the particular thing.

  • How do I get the network_add_nodes command to work? Why is it so complicated?

    You need to follow the instructions in the "Accessing restricted API's" section to allow a username/password access to the network_node API. Then you need to pass the username/password to the cli_wallet on the command line or in a config file.

    It's set up this way so that the default configuration is secure even if the RPC port is publicly accessible. It's fine if your publiqd allows the general public to query the database or broadcast transactions (in fact, this is how the hosted web UI works). It's less fine if your publiq allows the general public to control which p2p nodes it's connecting to. Therefore the API to add p2p connections needs to be set up with proper access controls.