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<!-- ============================================================= -->
<!-- MODULE: Journal Publishing DTD -->
<!-- VERSION: ANSI/NISO JATS Version 1.0 (Z39.96-2012) -->
<!-- DATE: March 2012 -->
<!-- -->
<!-- ============================================================= -->
<!-- ============================================================= -->
<!-- PUBLIC DOCUMENT TYPE DEFINITION -->
<!-- TYPICAL INVOCATION -->
<!--
"-//NLM//DTD JATS (Z39.96) Journal Publishing DTD v1.0 20120330//EN"
Delivered as file "JATS-journalpublishing1.dtd"
Available at:
http://jats.nlm.nih.gov/publishing/1.0/JATS-journalpublishing1.dtd
-->
<!-- ============================================================= -->
<!-- ============================================================= -->
<!-- SYSTEM: Journal Publishing DTD of the JATS DTD Suite -->
<!-- -->
<!-- PURPOSE: DTD for creation of new journal articles -->
<!-- -->
<!-- The Journal Publishing DTD is an application of -->
<!-- the ANSI/NISO Z39.96 Journal Publishing Tag Set. -->
<!-- IT is a subset of the Journal Archiving and -->
<!-- Interchange DTD that is optimized for the -->
<!-- creation or publishing of existing journal -->
<!-- articles and some non-article material such as -->
<!-- product and book reviews in XML. It describes -->
<!-- both the metadata for a journal article and -->
<!-- the full content of the article. -->
<!-- -->
<!-- This DTD was constructed using the modules in the -->
<!-- JATS DTD Suite. -->
<!-- -->
<!-- TAG SET SPONSOR -->
<!-- National Center for Biotechnology -->
<!-- Information (NCBI) -->
<!-- National Library of Medicine (NLM) -->
<!-- -->
<!-- CREATED FOR: -->
<!-- This DTD was created from the JATS DTD Suite. -->
<!-- Digital archives and publishers may use the -->
<!-- DTD as is for markup of journal literature or -->
<!-- related material for archiving and transferring -->
<!-- such material between archives or create a -->
<!-- custom XML DTD from the Suite for -->
<!-- these purposes. -->
<!-- -->
<!-- This DTD is in the public domain. An organization -->
<!-- that wishes to create its own DTD from the suite -->
<!-- may do so without permission from NLM. -->
<!-- -->
<!-- The suite has been set up to be extended using a -->
<!-- new DTD file and a new DTD-specific customization -->
<!-- module to redefine the many Parameter Entities. -->
<!-- Do not modify the suite directly or redistribute -->
<!-- modified versions of the suite. -->
<!-- -->
<!-- In the interest of maintaining consistency and -->
<!-- clarity for potential users, NLM requests: -->
<!-- -->
<!-- 1. If you create a DTD from the JATS DTD Suite -->
<!-- and intend to stay compatible with the suite, -->
<!-- then please include the following statement -->
<!-- as a comment in all of your DTD modules: -->
<!-- "Created from, and fully compatible with, -->
<!-- the ANSI/NISO Z39.96 Journal Article Tag -->
<!-- Suite (JATS)." -->
<!-- -->
<!-- 2. If you alter one or more modules of the suite, -->
<!-- then please rename your version and all its -->
<!-- modules to avoid any confusion with the -->
<!-- original suite. Also, please include the -->
<!-- following statement as a comment in all your -->
<!-- DTD modules: -->
<!-- "Based in part on, but not fully compatible -->
<!-- with, the ANSI/NISO Z39.96 Journal Article -->
<!-- Tag Suite (JATS)." -->
<!-- -->
<!-- ORIGINAL CREATION DATE: -->
<!-- February 2003 -->
<!-- -->
<!-- CREATED BY: Mulberry Technologies, Inc. for the NISO Z39.96 -->
<!-- Working Group. Mulberry Technologies was -->
<!-- supported by National Center for Biotechnology -->
<!-- Information (NCBI), a center of the US National -->
<!-- Library of Medicine (NLM). -->
<!-- -->
<!-- The Journal Publishing DTD is built from the -->
<!-- Archiving and Interchange DTD Suite. -->
<!-- -->
<!-- Suggestions for refinements and enhancements to -->
<!-- this DTD should be sent in email to: -->
<!-- jats@ncbi.nlm.nih.gov -->
<!-- ============================================================= -->
<!-- ============================================================= -->
<!-- DTD VERSION/CHANGE HISTORY -->
<!-- ============================================================= -->
<!--
Version Reason/Occasion (who) vx.x (yyyy-mm-dd)
=============================================================
NISO JATS Version 1.0 (DAL/BTU) v1.0 (2012-xx-xx)
ANSI/NISO Z39.96-2012 (Version 1.0)
Details concerning ANSI/NISO Z39.96-2012 JATS-based DTDs, XSDs,
RNGs and supporting documentation are available at
http://jats.nlm.nih.gov/1.0/
11. RELATED OBJECT - Added <related-object> everywhere
<related-article> was used, including inside
<front-stub> using front-stub-model.
10. Updated the DTD-version attribute to "1.0" and the formal
public identifier to the date: "v1.0 20120330//EN".
=============================================================
Version 0.4 (DAL/BTU) v0.4 (2011-01-31)
This Tag Set is in the process of becoming a NISO standard.
The version numbers are starting over from 0.4", as a Trial
Use Draft, to be made into "Version 1.0" when the Tag Suite
becomes a NISO standard. Thus, the version number that would
have been "NLM Version 3.1 Draft" has become NISO JATS
"Version 0.4".
Details on NISO Trial Use Draft Version 0.4 are available at
http://jats.nlm.nih.gov/JATS-0.4.
9. Updated the public identifier to "v0.4 20110131",
modified the formal public identifier to include "JATS (Z39.96)",
and the filename as delivered to include "JATS" and the
new version number "0".
8. BODY ATTRIBUTES - Added attribute list and new PE %body-atts;
to the model of <body>. The only current attribute is
@specific-use, which indicates, for example, not a real
tagged XML body, but a 'bag of words" for indexing purposes.
7. I18N - Changed the default for @xml:lang from "en" to
#IMPLIED, so that the @xml:lang would inherit properly and
not need to be over-ridden in
- <sub-article> through %sub-article-atts;
- <response> through %response-atts;
6. XML:LANG - Added @xml:lang to the following elements:
Added to facilitate multiple languages.
- article
5. AFFILIATION ALTERNATIVES - Added the element <aff-alternatives>
to <front-stub> through %front-stub-model;. This element
will hold multiple <aff>s that are a representation of a
single affiliation, for example, the name of an institution
in two languages or two scripts.
4. LANGUAGE CODES - Codes for languages as well as variants,
transliterations, regions, scripts, and combinations
such as "Jpan"(Han + Hiragana + Katakana). These values should be
taken from RFC 5646/W3C/IANA Subtag Registry recommendations
and can be found online at:
http://www.iana.org/assignments/language-subtag-registry
3. Updated the DTD-version attribute to "0.4"
=============================================================
Version 3.0 (DAL/BTU) v3.0 (2007-10-31)
Version 3.0 is the first non-backward-compatible release.
In addition to the usual incremental changes, some
elements and attributes have been renamed and/or remodeled
to better meet user needs and to increase tag set consistency.
All module change histories are available through the Tag Suite
web site at http://dtd.nlm.nih.gov.
Details on version 3.0 are available at
http://dtd.nlm.nih.gov/3.0.
2. Changed default @xml:lang from "EN" from "en" to match latest
RFC 4646/W3C/IANA Subtag Registry recommendations
1. Updated public identifier to "v3.0 20071031//EN" -->
<!-- ============================================================= -->
<!-- DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS -->
<!-- ============================================================= -->
<!-- MODULAR DTD LIBRARY
A set of journal archiving and interchange
DTD modules was written as the basis for
publishing, interchange, and repository
DTDs, with the intention that DTDs for
specific purposes, such as this publishing
DTD, would be developed based on them.
This publishing DTD has been optimized for
the creation of new journal articles. This
means that it is far smaller (fewer elements,
and fewer choices in many contexts) than was
the interchange DTD. Where in the interchange
DTD there may have been several ways to
express the same information, only one is
provided for authoring. It was not the
intention to limit the expressive power
licensed by the DTD, but rather to limit the
meaningless choices needed in a full
archiving and interchange DTD that make
conversion from a wide variety of formats as
easy as possible.
This Publishing DTD has been developed from
the JATS DTD Suite modules, in the approved
manner, making changes to the declarations
in those modules by overriding Parameter
Entity defined in the over-ride
(customization) modules:
%journalpubcustom-classes.ent;
%journalpubcustom-mixes.ent;
%journalpubcustom-models.ent;
which are all declared in the module:
%journalpubcustom-modules.ent;
Additional Publishing-DTD-Specific material
is defined in the module(s):
%nlmcitation.ent;
No changes to any of the original JATS DTD
Suite modules are required in order to
use this DTD. -->
<!-- ============================================================= -->
<!-- MODULES OF MODULES INVOKED -->
<!-- ============================================================= -->
<!-- MODULE TO NAME DTD-SPECIFIC MODULES -->
<!-- Names all DTD-specific external modules -->
<!ENTITY % journalpubcustom-modules.ent
PUBLIC
"-//NLM//DTD JATS (Z39.96) Journal Publishing DTD-Specific Modules v1.0 20120330//EN"
"JATS-journalpubcustom-modules1.ent" >
%journalpubcustom-modules.ent;
<!-- MODULE TO NAME THE MODULES -->
<!-- Declares all the external modules that are
part of the modular Journal Archiving and
Interchange DTD Suite library. Thus it does
NOT declare itself; the DTD-specific
module-of-modules; or the DTD-specific class,
mix, or model over-ride modules. Those are
declared in the DTD-specific module of modules.
Since this module declares but does not
invoke modules, this DTD invokes any modules
it uses by referencing the external
Parameter Entities defined in the Module of
Modules. To include a set of elements (such
as all the lists or the MathML elements) this
module defines the external Parameter Entity
for the module(s) that contains the MathML
declarations and the DTD references that
entity. -->
<!ENTITY % modules.ent PUBLIC
"-//NLM//DTD JATS (Z39.96) JATS DTD Suite Module of Modules v1.0 20120330//EN"
"JATS-modules1.ent" >
%modules.ent;
<!-- ============================================================= -->
<!-- CUSTOMIZATION MODULES INVOKED -->
<!-- Note: These modules must be called after -->
<!-- all Module of Modules but before any other -->
<!-- modules. Unlike any other grouping, order -->
<!-- of these modules matters. -->
<!-- ============================================================= -->
<!-- DTD-SPECIFIC CLASS CUSTOMIZATIONS MODULE -->
<!-- Names the module that holds the DTD-specific
class definitions for the Journal Publishing
DTD that will over-ride classes in the Suite.
(Defined in %journalpubcustom-modules.ent;)-->
%journalpubcustom-classes.ent;
<!-- DEFAULT ELEMENT CLASSES MODULE -->
<!-- Names the module that holds the standard
class definitions for the JATS DTD Suite. -->
%default-classes.ent;
<!-- DTD-SPECIFIC MIX CUSTOMIZATIONS MODULE -->
<!-- Set up the Parameter Entities and element
class definitions that will be used to
over-ride some element mixes in this DTD.
(Defined in %journalpubcustom-modules.ent;)-->
%journalpubcustom-mixes.ent;
<!-- DEFAULT MIX CUSTOMIZATIONS MODULE -->
<!-- Names the module that holds the standard
mix definitions for the JATS DTD Suite. -->
%default-mixes.ent;
<!-- DTD-SPECIFIC MODELS/ATTRIBUTES CUSTOMIZATIONS
MODULE -->
<!-- Names the module that holds the over-rides
of content models, attribute lists, elements
lists to be used in content models, and
attribute values. These are DTD-specific.
(Defined in %journalpubcustom-modules.ent;)-->
%journalpubcustom-models.ent;
<!-- ============================================================= -->
<!-- COMMON (SHARED) ELEMENTS MODULE INVOKED -->
<!-- ============================================================= -->
<!-- COMMON (SHARED) DECLARATIONS -->
<!-- Declarations for elements, attributes,
entities, and Notations that are shared by
more than one class module. Note: Must be
called before any of the class modules. -->
%common.ent;
<!-- ============================================================= -->
<!-- JOURNAL ARTICLE CLASS ELEMENTS (alpha) -->
<!-- ============================================================= -->
<!-- ARTICLE METADATA ELEMENTS -->
%articlemeta.ent;
<!-- BACK MATTER ELEMENTS -->
%backmatter.ent;
<!-- DISPLAY (GRAPHICAL) ELEMENTS -->
%display.ent;
<!-- FORMATTING ELEMENT CLASSES -->
<!-- Elements that change rendition/display. -->
%format.ent;
<!-- FUNDING ELEMENTS -->
<!-- Elements that describe the sponsorship or
open access -->
%funding.ent;
<!-- JOURNAL METADATA ELEMENTS -->
%journalmeta.ent;
<!-- LINK CLASS ELEMENTS -->
%link.ent;
<!-- LIST CLASS ELEMENTS -->
%list.ent;
<!-- MATH ELEMENTS -->
%math.ent;
<!-- NLM CITATION ELEMENT -->
%nlmcitation.ent;
<!-- PARAGRAPH-LEVEL ELEMENTS -->
%para.ent;
<!-- PHRASE-LEVEL ELEMENTS -->
%phrase.ent;
<!-- BIBLIOGRAPHIC REFERENCE (CITATION)
CLASS ELEMENTS -->
%references.ent;
<!-- RELATED OBJECT ELEMENT -->
<!-- Defines the <related-object> element to
describe a related object such as a
related book or a dataset. -->
%related-object.ent;
<!-- SECTION ELEMENTS -->
%section.ent;
<!-- ============================================================= -->
<!-- THE REST OF THE EXTERNAL MODULES INVOKED -->
<!-- ============================================================= -->
<!-- MATHML SETUP MODULE -->
<!-- Invoke the MathML modules -->
%mathmlsetup.ent;
<!-- XHTML TABLE SETUP MODULE -->
<!-- Set up the necessary Parameter Entity values
and then invoke XHTML (HTML 4.0) table
module -->
%XHTMLtablesetup.ent;
<!-- SPECIAL CHARACTERS DECLARATIONS -->
<!-- Standard XML special character entities
used in this DTD -->
%xmlspecchars.ent;
<!-- CUSTOM SPECIAL CHARACTERS DECLARATIONS -->
<!-- Custom special character entities created
specifically for use in this DTD Suite -->
%chars.ent;
<!-- NOTATION DECLARATIONS MODULE -->
%notat.ent;
<!-- ============================================================= -->
<!-- PARAMETER ENTITIES FOR ATTRIBUTE LISTS -->
<!-- ============================================================= -->
<!-- DTD VERSION -->
<!-- What version of this DTD was used to make
the document instance under consideration.
Note that this is a fixed value that should
change every time the DTD changes versions or
revisions. -->
<!ENTITY % dtd-version
"dtd-version
CDATA #FIXED '1.0'" >
<!-- ARTICLE ATTRIBUTES -->
<!-- Attributes for the top-level element
<article> -->
<!ENTITY % article-atts
"article-type
CDATA #IMPLIED
%dtd-version;
specific-use
CDATA #IMPLIED
xml:lang NMTOKEN 'en'
%XLINK.xmlns.attrib;
%MATHML.xmlns.attrib;
%Schema.xmlns.attrib;" >
<!-- BODY ATTRIBUTES -->
<!-- Attributes for the <body> element -->
<!ENTITY % body-atts
"specific-use
CDATA #IMPLIED" >
<!-- SUB-ARTICLE ATTRIBUTES -->
<!-- Attributes for the <sub-article> element -->
<!ENTITY % sub-article-atts
"article-type
CDATA #IMPLIED
id ID #IMPLIED
specific-use
CDATA #IMPLIED
xml:lang NMTOKEN #IMPLIED" >
<!-- RESPONSE ATTRIBUTES -->
<!-- Attributes for the <response> element -->
<!ENTITY % response-atts
"response-type
CDATA #IMPLIED
id ID #IMPLIED
specific-use
CDATA #IMPLIED
xml:lang NMTOKEN #IMPLIED" >
<!-- ============================================================= -->
<!-- JOURNAL ARTICLE ELEMENTS -->
<!-- ============================================================= -->
<!-- ARTICLE MODEL (LIMITED) -->
<!-- Article-like model used for, for example,
a short sub-article such as a news brief that
is contained in side a journal article.
-->
<!ENTITY % article-short-model
"((front | front-stub), body?, back?,
floats-group?)" >
<!-- ARTICLE MODEL WITH SUBARTICLE OR RESPONSE -->
<!-- Typical journal article model, which may
contain extended components, such as
sub-articles or responses, but which usually
contains neither.
-->
<!ENTITY % article-full-model
"(front, body?, back?, floats-group?,
(sub-article* | response*) )" >
<!-- ARTICLE -->
<!-- The complete content of a journal article.
Details at:
http://jats.nlm.nih.gov/publishing/tag-library/1.0/index.html?elem=article
-->
<!ELEMENT article %article-full-model; >
<!ATTLIST article
%article-atts; >
<!-- ============================================================= -->
<!-- FRONT MATTER ELEMENTS -->
<!-- ============================================================= -->
<!-- FRONT MATTER MODEL -->
<!-- Model for the <front> matter (the header
metadata) of a journal article) -->
<!ENTITY % front-model "(journal-meta, article-meta,
(%front-back.class;)? )" >
<!-- FRONT MATTER -->
<!-- The metadata concerning an article, such as
the name and issue of the journal in which it
appears and the name and author(s) of the
article.
Details at:
http://jats.nlm.nih.gov/publishing/tag-library/1.0/index.html?elem=front
-->
<!ELEMENT front %front-model; >
<!-- ============================================================= -->
<!-- BODY ELEMENTS -->
<!-- ============================================================= -->
<!-- BODY MODEL -->
<!-- Content model for the Body (main textual
content) of a journal article. -->
<!ENTITY % body-model "((%para-level;)*, (%sec-level;)*,
sig-block?)" >
<!-- BODY OF THE ARTICLE -->
<!-- The main textual portion of the article that
conveys the content.
Details at:
http://jats.nlm.nih.gov/publishing/tag-library/1.0/index.html?elem=body
-->
<!ELEMENT body %body-model; >
<!ATTLIST body
%body-atts; >
<!-- ============================================================= -->
<!-- BACK MATTER ELEMENTS -->
<!-- ============================================================= -->
<!-- BACK MATTER MODEL -->
<!-- Content model for the Back Matter (ancillary
material such as appendices) of a journal
article. -->
<!ENTITY % back-model "(label?, title*, (%doc-back-matter-mix;)* )">
<!-- BACK MATTER -->
<!-- Ancillary or supporting material not included
as part of the main textual content of a
journal article, for example appendices and
acknowledgments.
Details at:
http://jats.nlm.nih.gov/publishing/tag-library/1.0/index.html?elem=back
-->
<!ELEMENT back %back-model; >
<!-- ============================================================= -->
<!-- SUBARTICLE -->
<!-- ============================================================= -->
<!-- SUBARTICLE MODEL -->
<!-- Content model for the <sub-article> element
-->
<!ENTITY % sub-article-model
"((front | front-stub), body?, back?,
floats-group?,
(sub-article* | response*) )" >
<!-- SUBARTICLE -->
<!-- An article that is completely contained
inside another article. Both the article and
the sub-article have their own metadata.
Details at:
http://jats.nlm.nih.gov/publishing/tag-library/1.0/index.html?elem=sub-article
-->
<!ELEMENT sub-article %sub-article-model; >
<!ATTLIST sub-article
%sub-article-atts; >
<!-- FRONT MODEL STUB -->
<!-- Content model for the <front-stub> element,
a reduced metadata set for use in
sub-articles and responses -->
<!ENTITY % front-stub-model
"(article-id*, article-categories?,
title-group?,
(%contrib-group.class; |
%aff-alternatives.class;)*,
author-notes?, pub-date*,
volume?, volume-id*, volume-series?,
issue?, issue-id*, issue-title*,
issue-sponsor*, issue-part?, isbn*,
supplement?,
((fpage, lpage?, page-range?) |
elocation-id)?,
(%address-link.class; | product |
supplementary-material)*, history?,
permissions?, self-uri*,
(%related-article.class;)*,
abstract*, trans-abstract*, kwd-group*,
funding-group*, conference*, counts?,
custom-meta-group?)" >
<!-- STUB FRONT METADATA -->
<!-- A reduced metadata set for use in
sub-articles and responses, which will
inherit metadata not defined in the stub
from the enclosing article
Details at:
http://jats.nlm.nih.gov/publishing/tag-library/1.0/index.html?elem=front-stub
-->
<!ELEMENT front-stub %front-stub-model; >
<!-- ============================================================= -->
<!-- RESPONSE ELEMENTS -->
<!-- ============================================================= -->
<!-- RESPONSE -->
<!-- Reply, response, or commentary concerning the
journal article. In the typical case, the
response is included in the same XML package
as the original article, and thus attached
at the end of the article proper.
Details at:
http://jats.nlm.nih.gov/publishing/tag-library/1.0/index.html?elem=response
-->
<!ELEMENT response %article-short-model; >
<!ATTLIST response
%response-atts; >
<!-- ================== End Journal Publishing DTD =============== -->