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ambiguity regarding "x" operator in perlop #16253

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p5pRT opened this issue Nov 17, 2017 · 6 comments
Closed

ambiguity regarding "x" operator in perlop #16253

p5pRT opened this issue Nov 17, 2017 · 6 comments
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@p5pRT
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@p5pRT p5pRT commented Nov 17, 2017

Migrated from rt.perl.org#132460 (status was 'resolved')

Searchable as RT132460$

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@p5pRT p5pRT commented Nov 17, 2017

From calestyo@scientia.net

This is a bug report for perl from calestyo@​scientia.net,
generated with the help of perlbug 1.40 running under perl 5.26.1.


In perlop it says​:

Binary "x" is the repetition operator. In scalar
context or if the left operand is not enclosed in
parentheses, it returns a string consisting of the
left operand repeated the number of times specified
by the right operand.

In list context, if the left operand is enclosed
in parentheses or is a list formed by qw/STRING/,
it repeats the list.

The last one seems to be wrong or ambiguous, AFAIU.
The list context alone (WITHOUT "()"), doesn't make
it repeat/create a list.
E.g.
@​a=5x3;
seems to give an array with one element being the string
"555".

So the sentence should rather read​:

In list context _AND_ if the left operand is enclosed
in parentheses or is a list formed by qw/STRING/,
it repeats the list.

Cheers,
Chris.



Flags​:
  category=docs
  severity=low


Site configuration information for perl 5.26.1​:

Configured by Debian Project at Wed Oct 25 15​:19​:46 UTC 2017.

Summary of my perl5 (revision 5 version 26 subversion 1) configuration​:
 
  Platform​:
  osname=linux
  osvers=4.9.0
  archname=x86_64-linux-gnu-thread-multi
  uname='linux localhost 4.9.0 #1 smp debian 4.9.0 x86_64 gnulinux '
  config_args='-Dusethreads -Duselargefiles -Dcc=x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc -Dcpp=x86_64-linux-gnu-cpp -Dld=x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc -Dccflags=-DDEBIAN -Wdate-time -D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2 -g -O2 -fdebug-prefix-map=/build/perl-UQ756g/perl-5.26.1=. -fstack-protector-strong -Wformat -Werror=format-security -Dldflags= -Wl,-z,relro -Dlddlflags=-shared -Wl,-z,relro -Dcccdlflags=-fPIC -Darchname=x86_64-linux-gnu -Dprefix=/usr -Dprivlib=/usr/share/perl/5.26 -Darchlib=/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/perl/5.26 -Dvendorprefix=/usr -Dvendorlib=/usr/share/perl5 -Dvendorarch=/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/perl5/5.26 -Dsiteprefix=/usr/local -Dsitelib=/usr/local/share/perl/5.26.1 -Dsitearch=/usr/local/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/perl/5.26.1 -Dman1dir=/usr/share/man/man1 -Dman3dir=/usr/share/man/man3 -Dsiteman1dir=/usr/local/man/man1 -Dsiteman3dir=/usr/local/man/man3 -Duse64bitint -Dman1ext=1 -Dman3ext=3perl
-Dpager=/usr/bin/sensible-pager -Uafs -Ud_csh -Ud_ualarm -Uusesfio -Uusenm -Ui_libutil -Uversiononly -DDEBUGGING=-g -Doptimize=-O2 -dEs -Duseshrplib -Dlibperl=libperl.so.5.26.1'
  hint=recommended
  useposix=true
  d_sigaction=define
  useithreads=define
  usemultiplicity=define
  use64bitint=define
  use64bitall=define
  uselongdouble=undef
  usemymalloc=n
  default_inc_excludes_dot=define
  bincompat5005=undef
  Compiler​:
  cc='x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc'
  ccflags ='-D_REENTRANT -D_GNU_SOURCE -DDEBIAN -fwrapv -fno-strict-aliasing -pipe -I/usr/local/include -D_LARGEFILE_SOURCE -D_FILE_OFFSET_BITS=64'
  optimize='-O2 -g'
  cppflags='-D_REENTRANT -D_GNU_SOURCE -DDEBIAN -fwrapv -fno-strict-aliasing -pipe -I/usr/local/include'
  ccversion=''
  gccversion='7.2.0'
  gccosandvers=''
  intsize=4
  longsize=8
  ptrsize=8
  doublesize=8
  byteorder=12345678
  doublekind=3
  d_longlong=define
  longlongsize=8
  d_longdbl=define
  longdblsize=16
  longdblkind=3
  ivtype='long'
  ivsize=8
  nvtype='double'
  nvsize=8
  Off_t='off_t'
  lseeksize=8
  alignbytes=8
  prototype=define
  Linker and Libraries​:
  ld='x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc'
  ldflags =' -fstack-protector-strong -L/usr/local/lib'
  libpth=/usr/local/lib /usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/7/include-fixed /usr/include/x86_64-linux-gnu /usr/lib /lib/x86_64-linux-gnu /lib/../lib /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu /usr/lib/../lib /lib
  libs=-lgdbm -lgdbm_compat -ldb -ldl -lm -lpthread -lc -lcrypt
  perllibs=-ldl -lm -lpthread -lc -lcrypt
  libc=libc-2.24.so
  so=so
  useshrplib=true
  libperl=libperl.so.5.26
  gnulibc_version='2.24'
  Dynamic Linking​:
  dlsrc=dl_dlopen.xs
  dlext=so
  d_dlsymun=undef
  ccdlflags='-Wl,-E'
  cccdlflags='-fPIC'
  lddlflags='-shared -L/usr/local/lib -fstack-protector-strong'

Locally applied patches​:
  DEBPKG​:debian/cpan_definstalldirs - Provide a sensible INSTALLDIRS default for modules installed from CPAN.
  DEBPKG​:debian/db_file_ver - https://bugs.debian.org/340047 Remove overly restrictive DB_File version check.
  DEBPKG​:debian/doc_info - Replace generic man(1) instructions with Debian-specific information.
  DEBPKG​:debian/enc2xs_inc - https://bugs.debian.org/290336 Tweak enc2xs to follow symlinks and ignore missing @​INC directories.
  DEBPKG​:debian/errno_ver - https://bugs.debian.org/343351 Remove Errno version check due to upgrade problems with long-running processes.
  DEBPKG​:debian/libperl_embed_doc - https://bugs.debian.org/186778 Note that libperl-dev package is required for embedded linking
  DEBPKG​:fixes/respect_umask - Respect umask during installation
  DEBPKG​:debian/writable_site_dirs - Set umask approproately for site install directories
  DEBPKG​:debian/extutils_set_libperl_path - EU​:MM​: set location of libperl.a under /usr/lib
  DEBPKG​:debian/no_packlist_perllocal - Don't install .packlist or perllocal.pod for perl or vendor
  DEBPKG​:debian/fakeroot - Postpone LD_LIBRARY_PATH evaluation to the binary targets.
  DEBPKG​:debian/instmodsh_doc - Debian policy doesn't install .packlist files for core or vendor.
  DEBPKG​:debian/ld_run_path - Remove standard libs from LD_RUN_PATH as per Debian policy.
  DEBPKG​:debian/libnet_config_path - Set location of libnet.cfg to /etc/perl/Net as /usr may not be writable.
  DEBPKG​:debian/mod_paths - Tweak @​INC ordering for Debian
  DEBPKG​:debian/perlivp - https://bugs.debian.org/510895 Make perlivp skip include directories in /usr/local
  DEBPKG​:debian/deprecate-with-apt - https://bugs.debian.org/747628 Point users to Debian packages of deprecated core modules
  DEBPKG​:debian/squelch-locale-warnings - https://bugs.debian.org/508764 Squelch locale warnings in Debian package maintainer scripts
  DEBPKG​:debian/patchlevel - https://bugs.debian.org/567489 List packaged patches for 5.26.1-2 in patchlevel.h
  DEBPKG​:fixes/document_makemaker_ccflags - https://bugs.debian.org/628522 [rt.cpan.org #68613] Document that CCFLAGS should include $Config{ccflags}
  DEBPKG​:debian/find_html2text - https://bugs.debian.org/640479 Configure CPAN​::Distribution with correct name of html2text
  DEBPKG​:debian/perl5db-x-terminal-emulator.patch - https://bugs.debian.org/668490 Invoke x-terminal-emulator rather than xterm in perl5db.pl
  DEBPKG​:debian/cpan-missing-site-dirs - https://bugs.debian.org/688842 Fix CPAN​::FirstTime defaults with nonexisting site dirs if a parent is writable
  DEBPKG​:fixes/memoize_storable_nstore - [rt.cpan.org #77790] https://bugs.debian.org/587650 Memoize​::Storable​: respect 'nstore' option not respected
  DEBPKG​:debian/makemaker-pasthru - https://bugs.debian.org/758471 Pass LD settings through to subdirectories
  DEBPKG​:debian/makemaker-manext - https://bugs.debian.org/247370 Make EU​::MakeMaker honour MANnEXT settings in generated manpage headers
  DEBPKG​:debian/kfreebsd-softupdates - https://bugs.debian.org/796798 Work around Debian Bug#796798
  DEBPKG​:fixes/autodie-scope - https://bugs.debian.org/798096 Fix a scoping issue with "no autodie" and the "system" sub
  DEBPKG​:fixes/memoize-pod - [rt.cpan.org #89441] Fix POD errors in Memoize
  DEBPKG​:debian/hurd-softupdates - https://bugs.debian.org/822735 Fix t/op/stat.t failures on hurd
  DEBPKG​:fixes/math_complex_doc_great_circle - https://bugs.debian.org/697567 [rt.cpan.org #114104] Math​::Trig​: clarify definition of great_circle_midpoint
  DEBPKG​:fixes/math_complex_doc_see_also - https://bugs.debian.org/697568 [rt.cpan.org #114105] Math​::Trig​: add missing SEE ALSO
  DEBPKG​:fixes/math_complex_doc_angle_units - https://bugs.debian.org/731505 [rt.cpan.org #114106] Math​::Trig​: document angle units
  DEBPKG​:fixes/cpan_web_link - https://bugs.debian.org/367291 CPAN​: Add link to main CPAN web site
  DEBPKG​:fixes/time_piece_doc - https://bugs.debian.org/817925 Time​::Piece​: Improve documentation for add_months and add_years
  DEBPKG​:fixes/extutils_makemaker_reproducible - https​://bugs.debian.org/835815 https://bugs.debian.org/834190 Make perllocal.pod files reproducible
  DEBPKG​:fixes/file_path_hurd_errno - File-Path​: Fix test failure in Hurd due to hard-coded ENOENT
  DEBPKG​:debian/hppa_op_optimize_workaround - https://bugs.debian.org/838613 Temporarily lower the optimization of op.c on hppa due to gcc-6 problems
  DEBPKG​:debian/installman-utf8 - https://bugs.debian.org/840211 Generate man pages with UTF-8 characters
  DEBPKG​:fixes/file_path_chmod_race - https://bugs.debian.org/863870 [rt.cpan.org #121951] Prevent directory chmod race attack.
  DEBPKG​:fixes/extutils_file_path_compat - Correct the order of tests of chmod(). (#294)
  DEBPKG​:fixes/getopt-long-2 - [rt.cpan.org #120300] Withdraw part of commit 5d9947fb445327c7299d8beb009d609bc70066c0, which tries to implement more GNU getopt_long campatibility. GNU
  DEBPKG​:fixes/getopt-long-3 - provide a default value for optional arguments
  DEBPKG​:fixes/getopt-long-4 - https://bugs.debian.org/864544 [rt.cpan.org #122068] Fix issue #122068.
  DEBPKG​:fixes/test-builder-reset - https://bugs.debian.org/865894 Reset inside subtest maintains parent
  DEBPKG​:debian/hppa_opmini_optimize_workaround - https://bugs.debian.org/869122 Lower the optimization level of opmini.c on hppa
  DEBPKG​:debian/sh4_op_optimize_workaround - https://bugs.debian.org/869373 Also lower the optimization level of op.c and opmini.c on sh4
  DEBPKG​:fixes/json-pp-example - [rt.cpan.org #92793] https://bugs.debian.org/871837 fix RT-92793​: bug in SYNOPSIS
  DEBPKG​:debian/perldoc-pager - https://bugs.debian.org/870340 [rt.cpan.org #120229] Fix perldoc terminal escapes when sensible-pager is less
  DEBPKG​:debian/prune_libs - https://bugs.debian.org/128355 Prune the list of libraries wanted to what we actually need.
  DEBPKG​:debian/configure-regen - https://bugs.debian.org/762638 Regenerate Configure et al. after probe unit changes
  DEBPKG​:fixes/rename-filexp.U-phase1 - regen-configure​: rename filexp.U to filexp_path.U, phase 1
  DEBPKG​:fixes/rename-filexp.U-phase2 - regen-configure​: rename filexp.U to filexp_path.U, phase 2
  DEBPKG​:fixes/packaging_test_skips - Skip various tests if PERL_BUILD_PACKAGING is set


@​INC for perl 5.26.1​:
  /etc/perl
  /usr/local/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/perl/5.26.1
  /usr/local/share/perl/5.26.1
  /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/perl5/5.26
  /usr/share/perl5
  /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/perl/5.26
  /usr/share/perl/5.26
  /usr/local/lib/site_perl
  /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/perl-base


Environment for perl 5.26.1​:
  HOME=/home/calestyo
  LANG=en_DE.UTF-8
  LANGUAGE (unset)
  LD_LIBRARY_PATH (unset)
  LOGDIR (unset)
  PATH=/usr/local/bin​:/usr/bin​:/bin​:/usr/local/games​:/usr/games
  PERL_BADLANG (unset)
  SHELL=/bin/bash

@p5pRT
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@p5pRT p5pRT commented Nov 17, 2017

From zefram@fysh.org

The last one seems to be wrong or ambiguous, AFAIU.

I agree that it's unclear. Improved in commit
e509fc3.

-zefram

@p5pRT
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@p5pRT p5pRT commented Nov 17, 2017

The RT System itself - Status changed from 'new' to 'open'

@p5pRT
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@p5pRT p5pRT commented Nov 19, 2017

@cpansprout - Status changed from 'open' to 'pending release'

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@p5pRT p5pRT commented Jun 23, 2018

From @khwilliamson

Thank you for filing this report. You have helped make Perl better.

With the release yesterday of Perl 5.28.0, this and 185 other issues have been
resolved.

Perl 5.28.0 may be downloaded via​:
https://metacpan.org/release/XSAWYERX/perl-5.28.0

If you find that the problem persists, feel free to reopen this ticket.

@p5pRT
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@p5pRT p5pRT commented Jun 23, 2018

@khwilliamson - Status changed from 'pending release' to 'resolved'

@p5pRT p5pRT closed this Jun 23, 2018
@p5pRT p5pRT added the Severity Low label Oct 19, 2019
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