PipeWire is a server and user space API to deal with multimedia pipelines. This includes:
- Making available sources of video (such as from a capture devices or application provided streams) and multiplexing this with clients.
- Accessing sources of video for consumption.
- Generating graphs for audio and video processing.
Nodes in the graph can be implemented as separate processes, communicating with sockets and exchanging multimedia content using fd passing.
Building and installation
The prefered way to install PipeWire is to install it with your distribution package system. This ensures PipeWire is integrated into the rest of your system for the best experience.
If you want to build and install PipeWire yourself, refer to install for instructions.
The most important purpose of PipeWire is to run your favorite apps.
Some application use the native PipeWire API, such as most compositors (gnome-shell, wayland, ..) to implement screen sharing. These apps will just work automatically.
Most audio applications can use either ALSA, JACK or PulseAudio as a backend. PipeWire provides support for all 3 backends. Depending on how your distribution has configured things this should just work automatically or with the provided scripts shown below.
PipeWire can use environment variables to control the behaviour of applications:
PIPEWIRE_DEBUG=<level>to increase the debug level
PIPEWIRE_LOG=<filename>to redirect log to filename
PIPEWIRE_LATENCY=<num/denom>to configure latency as a fraction. 10/1000 configures a 10ms latency. Usually this is expressed with a denom of the samplerate, like 256/48000, which uses 256 samples at a samplerate of 48KHz for a latency of 5.33ms.
PIPEWIRE_NODE=<id>to request link to specified node
pw-cat can be used to play and record audio and midi. Use
pw-cat -h to get
some more help. There are some aliases like
pw-record to make
$ pw-play /home/wim/data/01.\ Firepower.wav
Running JACK applications
Depending on how the system was configured, your can either run PipeWire and JACK side-by-side or have PipeWire take over the functionality of JACK completely.
In dual mode, JACK apps will by default use the JACK server. To direct a JACK
app to PipeWire, you can use the
pw-jack script like this:
$ pw-jack <appname>
If you replaced JACK with PipeWire completely,
pw-jack does not have any
effect and can be ommited.
Running PulseAudio applications
Depending on how the system was configured, your can either run PipeWire and PulseAudio side-by-side or have PipeWire take over the functionality of PulseAudio completely. We don't recommend to completely replace PulseAudio at this point.
pw-pulse script to launch a PulseAudio application on PipeWire, like:
$ pw-pulse <appname>
Running ALSA applications
If the PipeWire alsa module is installed, it can be seen with
$ aplay -L
Alsa application can then use the
pipewire: device to use PipeWire
as the audio system.
Running GStreamer applications
PipeWire includes 2 GStreamer elements called
pipewiresink. They can be used in pipelines like this:
$ gst-launch-1.0 pipewiresrc ! videoconvert ! autovideosink
Or to play a beeping sound:
$ gst-launch-1.0 audiotestsrc ! pipewiresink
PipeWire provides a device monitor as well so that:
Shows the PipeWire devices and applications like cheese will automatically use the PipeWire video source when possible.
Inspecting the PipeWire state
There is currently no native graphical tool to inspect the PipeWire graph
but we recommend to use one of the excellent JACK tools, such as
qjackctl,... You will not be able to see all features like the video
ports but it is a good start.
pw-mon dumps and monitors the state of the PipeWire daemon.
pw-dot can dump a graph of the pipeline, checkout out the help for
how to do this.
There is a more complicated tools to inspect the state of the server
pw-cli. This tools can be used interactively or it can execute
single commands like this to get the server information:
$ pw-cli info 0
Find tutorials and design documentation here.
The autogenerated API docs are here.
PipeWire is Free Software and is developed in the open. It is licensed under the MIT license.
Contributors are encouraged to submit merge requests or file bugs on gitlab.
Join us on IRC at #pipewire on Freenode.
We adhere to the Contributor Covenant for our code of conduct.