PipeWire is a server and user space API to deal with multimedia pipelines. This includes:
- Making available sources of video (such as from a capture devices or application provided streams) and multiplexing this with clients.
- Accessing sources of video for consumption.
- Generating graphs for audio and video processing.
Nodes in the graph can be implemented as separate processes, communicating with sockets and exchanging multimedia content using fd passing.
Building and installation
The preferred way to install PipeWire is to install it with your distribution package system. This ensures PipeWire is integrated into the rest of your system for the best experience.
If you want to build and install PipeWire yourself, refer to install for instructions.
The most important purpose of PipeWire is to run your favorite apps.
Some applications use the native PipeWire API, such as most compositors (gnome-shell, wayland, ...) to implement screen sharing. These apps will just work automatically.
Most audio applications can use either ALSA, JACK or PulseAudio as a backend. PipeWire provides support for all 3 backends. Depending on how your distribution has configured things this should just work automatically or with the provided scripts shown below.
PipeWire can use environment variables to control the behaviour of applications:
PIPEWIRE_DEBUG=<level>to increase the debug level (or use one of
XEWIDTfor none, error, warnings, info, debug, or trace, respectively).
PIPEWIRE_LOG=<filename>to redirect log to filename
PIPEWIRE_LOG_SYSTEMD=falseto disable logging to systemd journal
PIPEWIRE_LATENCY=<num/denom>to configure latency as a fraction. 10/1000 configures a 10ms latency. Usually this is expressed as a fraction of the samplerate, like 256/48000, which uses 256 samples at a samplerate of 48KHz for a latency of 5.33ms. This function does not attempt to configure the samplerate.
PIPEWIRE_RATE=<num/denom>to configure a rate for the graph.
PIPEWIRE_QUANTUM=<num/denom>to configure latency as a fraction and a samplerate. This function will attempt to change the graph samplerate to
denomand use the specified
numas the buffer size.
PIPEWIRE_NODE=<id>to request a link to the specified node
pw-cat can be used to play and record audio and midi. Use
pw-cat -h to get
some more help. There are some aliases like
pw-record to make
$ pw-play /home/wim/data/01.\ Firepower.wav
Running JACK applications
Depending on how the system was configured, you can either run PipeWire and JACK side-by-side or have PipeWire take over the functionality of JACK completely.
In dual mode, JACK apps will by default use the JACK server. To direct a JACK
app to PipeWire, you can use the
pw-jack script like this:
$ pw-jack <appname>
If you replaced JACK with PipeWire completely,
pw-jack does not have any
effect and can be omitted.
JACK applications will automatically use the buffer-size chosen by the
server. You can force a maximum buffer size (latency) by setting the
PIPEWIRE_LATENCY environment variable like so:
jack_simple_client to run with a buffer of 128 or
Running PulseAudio applications
PipeWire can run a PulseAudio compatible replacement server. You can't use both servers at the same time. Usually your package manager will make the server conflict so that you can only install one or the other.
PulseAudio applications still use the regular PulseAudio client libraries and you don't need to do anything else than change the server implementation.
A successful swap of the server can be verified by checking the output of
It should include the string:
... Server Name: PulseAudio (on PipeWire 0.3.x) ...
You can use pavucontrol to change profiles and ports, change volumes or redirect streams, just like with PulseAudio.
Running ALSA applications
If the PipeWire alsa module is installed, it can be seen with
$ aplay -L
ALSA applications can then use the
pipewire: device to use PipeWire
as the audio system.
Running GStreamer applications
PipeWire includes 2 GStreamer elements called
pipewiresink. They can be used in pipelines such as this:
$ gst-launch-1.0 pipewiresrc ! videoconvert ! autovideosink
Or to play a beeping sound:
$ gst-launch-1.0 audiotestsrc ! pipewiresink
PipeWire provides a device monitor as well so that
shows the PipeWire devices and applications like cheese will automatically use the PipeWire video source when possible.
Inspecting the PipeWire state
To inspect and manipulate the PipeWire graph via GUI, you can use Helvum.
Alternatively, you can use use one of the excellent JACK tools, such as
However, you will not be able to see all features like the video
pw-mon dumps and monitors the state of the PipeWire daemon.
pw-dot can dump a graph of the pipeline, check out the help for
how to do this.
pw-top monitors the real-time status of the graph. This is handy to
find out what clients are running and how much DSP resources they
pw-dump dumps the state of the PipeWire daemon in JSON format. This
can be used to find out the properties and parameters of the objects
in the PipeWire daemon.
There is a more complicated tool to inspect the state of the server
pw-cli. This tool can be used interactively or it can execute
single commands like this to get the server information:
$ pw-cli info 0
Find tutorials and design documentation here.
The (incomplete) autogenerated API docs are here.
The Wiki can be found here
Contributors are encouraged to submit merge requests or file bugs on gitlab.
Join us on IRC at #pipewire on OFTC.
We adhere to the Contributor Covenant for our code of conduct.