"Qt without the ugly"
The Alpha Release Version 0.21.0
----- ## Getting Started with PySimpleGUIQt
Welcome to the Alpha Release of PySimpleGUI for Qt!
You can use the exact same code that you are running on the older, tkinter, version of PySimpleGUI.
PySimpleGUIQt uses PySide2 OR PyQt5 for access to Qt. PyQt5 has been having a number of problems recently however so tread lightly.
Porting your PySimpleGUI code to PySimpleGUIQt
To "port" your code from the tkinter implementation. Follow these steps:
That's it! OK, maybe I should have said step instead of steps.
Differences between PySimpleGUI and PySimpleGUIQt
While you can use "Character-based" sizes like you did in tkinter, it's best to use pixel based sizes as that is what Qt uses. PySimpleGUIQt does some very rough / basic conversions from the character sizes to pixel sizes. It's enough that your elements will at least be visible. But the conversion is likely to not be ideal.
Fonts should be in the format (font family, size). You can use the older string based too, but it will not work with setting like bold and italics. PySimpleGUIQt converts from the string 'Courier 20' to the tuple ('Courier', 20) for you.
Installing PySimpleGUIQt for Python 3
pip install --upgrade PySimpleGUIQt
On Linux systems you need to run pip3.
pip3 install --upgrade PySimpleGUIQt
Installing PySide2 for Python 3
It is recommended that you use PySide2, however, if that cannot be found, then PyQt5 will be attempted. To install either of these:
pip install PySide2
Nov 26th - There has been a number of problems found using PyQt5 recently. Unclear how if it can be supported after all.
Testing your installation
Once you have installed, or copied the .py file to your app folder, you can test the installation using python. At the command prompt start up Python.
python3 >>> import PySimpleGUIQt >>> PySimpleGUIQt.main()
You will see a sample window in the center of your screen. If it's not installed correctly you are likely to get an error message during one of those commands
Here is the window you should see:
Prerequisites Python 3
PySide2 or PyQt5 (experimental)
Using - Python 3
To use in your code, simply import....
import PySimpleGUIQt as sg
Then use the exact same code as any other PySimpleGUI program that runs on tkinter.
All of the major features are DONE. They may not have all of their options working, but they can be added to your windows. It's been an amazing week to get here.
I hope you enjoy this ALPHA release! Please post a screenshot on the GitHub site. There is an Issue where users have been posting their applications. It's a place for you to show-off and a place for others to learn from your designs. Your window does not have to be complex.... all GUIs, no matter how simple, are something we can learn from.
Features are being added daily to this Qt port of PySimpleGUI.
These Elements are "complete" (a relative term... more are more complete than others):
- Input single line
- Input multiline
- Output multiline (new)
- Dial (new)
- Output - reroute stdout
- Buttons - RButtons, CButtons, Short-cut Buttons
- Radio Buttons
- Labeled Frames
- Columns - enables you to make pretty much any layout!
- Alpha channel for windows
- No Title Bar setting
- Enter submits for multiline
- Colors for text and background
- Timeouts for Read calls
- Change Submits parameters for most Elements
- Basic display
- Read selected rows
- change_submits events
- Image as a background (new feature)
- Graph - Draw line, draw circle, draw text
- Image Element
- Tree Element
- Menu Button Element
Notable MISSING features at the moment include:
- Graphs Element Methods - erasing, draw arc, etc
New PySimpleGUI Features only in Qt (or first introduced in Qt)
There are a number of new features that are only available in PySimpleGUIQt. These include:
- ButtonMenu Element
- Dial Element
- Stretcher Element
- SystemTray feature
- "Dynamic" windows that grow and shrink (uses invisible elements)
This is a PySimpleGUIQt only feature. Don't know of a way to do it using tkinter. It looks likely to work on WxPython however.
In addition to running normal windows, it's now also possible to have an icon down in the system tray that you can read to get menu events. There is a new SystemTray object that is used much like a Window object. You first get one, then you perform Reads in order to get events.
Here is the definition of the SystemTray object.
SystemTray(menu=None, filename=None, data=None, data_base64=None, tooltip=None): ''' SystemTray - create an icon in the system tray :param menu: Menu definition :param filename: filename for icon :param data: in-ram image for icon :param data_base64: basee-64 data for icon :param tooltip: tooltip string '''
You'll notice that there are 3 different ways to specify the icon image. The base-64 parameter allows you to define a variable in your .py code that is the encoded image so that you do not need any additional files. Very handy feature.
System Tray Design Pattern
Here is a design pattern you can use to get a jump-start.
This program will create a system tray icon and perform a blocking Read. If the item "Open" is chosen from the system tray, then a popup is shown.
import PySimpleGUIQt as sg menu_def = ['BLANK', ['&Open', '---', '&Save', ['1', '2', ['a', 'b']], '&Properties', 'E&xit']] tray = sg.SystemTray(menu=menu_def, filename=r'default_icon.ico') while True: # The event loop menu_item = tray.Read() print(menu_item) if menu_item == 'Exit': break elif menu_item == 'Open': sg.Popup('Menu item chosen', menu_item)
When specifying "icons", you can use 3 different formats.
data_base64- base64 byte string
data- in-ram bitmap or other "raw" image
You will find 3 parameters used to specify these 3 options on both the initialize statement and on the Update method.
menu_def = ['BLANK', ['&Open', '&Save', ['1', '2', ['a', 'b']], '!&Properties', 'E&xit']]
A menu is defined using a list. A "Menu entry" is a string that specifies:
- text shown
- keyboard shortcut
See section on Menu Keys for more information on using keys with menus.
An entry without a key and keyboard shortcut is a simple string
If you want to make the "M" be a keyboard shortcut, place an
& in front of the letter that is the shortcut.
You can add "keys" to make menu items unique or as another way of identifying a menu item than the text shown. The key is added to the text portion by placing
:: after the text.
The first entry can be ignored.
'BLANK' was chosen for this example. It's this way because normally you would specify these menus under some heading on a menu-bar. But here there is no heading so it's filled in with any value you want.
If you want a separator between 2 items, add the entry
'---' and it will add a separator item at that place in your menu.
Disabled menu entries
If you want to disable a menu entry, place a
! before the menu entry
Read - Read the context menu or check for events
def Read(timeout=None) ''' Reads the context menu :param timeout: Optional. Any value other than None indicates a non-blocking read :return: String representing meny item chosen. None if nothing read. '''
timeout parameter specifies how long to wait for an event to take place. If nothing happens within the timeout period, then a "timeout event" is returned. These types of reads make it possible to run asynchronously. To run non-blocked, specify
timeout=0on the Read call.
Read returns the menu text, complete with key, for the menu item chosen. If you specified
Open::key as the menu entry, and the user clicked on
Open, then you will receive the string
Open::key upon completion of the Read.
Read special return values
In addition to Menu Items, the Read call can return several special values. They include:
EVENT_SYSTEM_TRAY_ICON_DOUBLE_CLICKED - Tray icon was double clicked EVENT_SYSTEM_TRAY_ICON_ACTIVATED - Tray icon was single clicked EVENT_SYSTEM_TRAY_MESSAGE_CLICKED - a message balloon was clicked TIMEOUT_KEY is returned if no events are available if the timeout value is set in the Read call
Hides the icon. Note that no message balloons are shown while an icon is hidden.
Does the same thing as hide
Shows a previously hidden icon
Shows a balloon above the icon in the system tray area. You can specify your own icon to be shown in the balloon, or you can set
messageicon to one of the preset values.
This message has a custom icon.
messageicon values are:
SYSTEM_TRAY_MESSAGE_ICON_INFORMATION SYSTEM_TRAY_MESSAGE_ICON_WARNING SYSTEM_TRAY_MESSAGE_ICON_CRITICAL SYSTEM_TRAY_MESSAGE_ICON_NOICON
ShowMessage(title, message, filename=None, data=None, data_base64=None, messageicon=None, time=10000): ''' Shows a balloon above icon in system tray :param title: Title shown in balloon :param message: Message to be displayed :param filename: Optional icon filename :param data: Optional in-ram icon :param data_base64: Optional base64 icon :param time: How long to display message in milliseconds :return: '''
Note, on windows it may be necessary to make a registry change to enable message balloons to be seen. To fix this, you must create the DWORD you see in this screenshot.
You can update any of these items within a SystemTray object
- Menu definition
Change them all or just 1.
Update(menu=None, tooltip=None,filename=None, data=None, data_base64=None,) ''' Updates the menu, tooltip or icon :param menu: menu defintion :param tooltip: string representing tooltip :param filename: icon filename :param data: icon raw image :param data_base64: icon base 64 image :return: '''
Menus with Keys
PySimpleGUIQt offers the ability to add a key to your menu items. To do so, you add :: and the key value to the end of your menu definition.
menu_def = ['File', ['Hide::key', '&Open::key', '&Save',['1', '2', ['a','b']], '&Properties', 'E&xit']]
The menu definition adds a key "key" to the menu entries Hide and Open.
If you want to change the separator characters from :: top something else,change the variable
When a menu item has a key and it is chosen, then entire string is returned. If Hide were selected, then Hide::key would be returned from the Read. Note that the shortcut character & is NOT returned from Reads.
Dynamic Windows (Element Visibility)
Finally, the ability to grow and shrink has been added as of release 0.20.0
While the window appears to be dynamic, the reality is that the elements are created up front, when you define the window layout. You will create these "extra" elements with the flag
visible=False. Then, when you wish to show those elements, call the element's
Update method setting
After you call the
Update method, it's important to call
window.VisibilityChanged() so that your window can change sizes. Without that call your window will not shrink. It will grow properly, but it will not shrink. While this could have been done by PySimpleGUI on the user's behalf, the thought was that perhaps the user wants the window size to remain the same and the element simply appears and disappears, leaving a blank spot. If the window automatically grew and shrank, this would not be possible. Just buck-up and make the call to
All elements that are capable of producing events now have a parameter
enable_events. This is identical to the old parameter
click_submits. The idea is to standardize on 1 name that all elements use. The old parameters will continue to work, but the documentation and sample programs will steer you away from them and towards enable_events.
0.12.0 - 20-Nov-2018
Correctly restore stdout when Output Element is deleted
Added Finalize ability
Better multi-window handling... maybe it's finally fixed!
Radio button default value
Dial element default value
Show expanded option for trees
Titles for popups
0.13.0 - 22-Nov-2018
Focus for Input Text and Multiline Input
Set focus Window.FindElementWithFocus works Multiline input
Update - disabled, append
Multiline output - Update value, append, disabled, get value Text clicked submits File types for open files Initial folder, file types, for browse buttons File types standardized on tkinter data format Find Element With Focus now works for input and multiline input Yet more multiwindow handling Relief for Text element Input text disable Correct sizing of Comboboxes using visible items parm Correct default values for input and multiline input Change submits for multiline Horizontal and Vertical separators PopupGetFile and PopupGetFolder - no_window option works
0.14.0 - 24-Nov-2018
Slider tick positions set using relief parm ButtonMenu Element Multiline.Update font parm Text.Update color and font now work Button.Update font support Window.Element = Window.FindElement Better font support for all elements - underline, bold Element padding - complete rework Text element padding Button padding Input Text padding Input Text password char Listbox padding Combobox padding Multiline padding Checkbox padding Radio padding Progress Bar padding Output padding Image padding Graph padding Slider - set tick marks using relief parm Dial - set tick information using resolution and tick interval Table padding Tree padding Separator padding Force window sizing should mean windows are better sized Popup - better layout
New SystemTray feature! margin paramter for Text Element. Takes 4 ints Corrected button colors when disabled. For now am restoring them to original colors Border Depth for all elements that support it (inputs, slider, table, tree, etc) Fix for Element padding done incorrectly!! Sorry about this one
Easier forcing to use PyQt5 for testing Predefined events for Tray Icons
- Double Clicked
- Icon Activated
- Message Clicked
- Timeout key for polling
Tray icon tooltip Menu keys with programmable separator Better element padding hierarchy Menubar now returns values as does the ButtonMenu
Window.Hide and UnHide methods
Tooltips for all elements Completion of all SystemTray features Read with or without timeout Specify icons from 3 sources Show message with custom or preset icons Update
- Icon PopupScrolled - new location parameter, fixed bug that wasn't closing window when completed
Ability to disable menu items by adding ! to the front Disable menu works for menus, button menus, system tray menus Combo - Update Method - Value, values, disabled, font Listbox - Update Method - Values, disabled Listbox - SetValue Method - sets the selected items Radio Button - Update Method - value, disabled Checkbox - Update Method - value, disabled Spinner - Update Method - value, values, disabled Spinner - change_submits works Image - New feature! click_submits option (acts like a button in a way) Window - Get screen dimensions Slider - disable Dial - disable
- Ability to change calculations between characters and pixels
- size_px added to ALL elements that have a size parameter
- General Element.Update(widget, background_color, text_color, font, visible)
- visible parameter added to ALL elements
- enable_events flag
- Input text - enable events, visibility, size_px
- Input text update added capabilities
- ability to highlight the input string
- background, text colors and font
- Combo - enable events, visibility, size_px
- Combo - auto complete feature
- Combo - added to Update - background color, text color, font, visible
- Listbox - enable events, visibility, size_px
- Listbox - better scaling from characters to pixels
- Listbox - ability to Update with set to index, text color, font, visibility
- Radio - enable events, visibility, size_px
- Radio - Update additions - background_color, text_color, font, visibility
- Checkbox - enable events, visibility, size_px
- Checkbox - Update additions - background_color, text_color, font, visibility
- Spin - enable events, visibility, size_px
- Spin - Update additions - background_color, text_color, font, visibility
- Multiline input - enable events, visibility, size_px
- Multiline input - Update additions - background_color, text_color, font, visibility
- Multiline input better character to pixel scaling
- Multiline output - enable events, visibility, size_px
- Multiline output - Update additions - background_color, text_color, visibility
- Text - enable events, size in pixels
- Text - Update addition of visibility
- Output - visible, size_px
- Output - added update capability with new value, background_color, text_color, font, visibility
- Button - enable events, visible, size_px
- Button - Color Chooser feature completed
- Button - Color Chooser can target (None, None) which will store the value to be returned with the values from Read()
- Button - fixed bug in SaveAs button code. Bad filter variable
- Button - Updated added font, visibility
- Button - new SetFocus() method will set the focus onto the button
- ButtonMenu - Update method implemented that includes menu definition changes, text, button color, font, visibility
- ProgressBar - added visibility, size_px
- ProgressBar - added Update method for changing the visibility
- Images - events, size_pix, visibility
- Images - can now get click events for images!
- Images - Update added visibility
- Graph - visibility, size_px
- Graph - Update method for changing visibility
- Frame - visibility, size_px
- Frame - Update method added that controls visibility
- ALL elements inside of a Frame that's invisible will also be invisible
- Tab - visible parameter added, however not yet functional!
- TabGroup - enable events, visibility
- TabGroup - Update for controlling visibility
- Slider - enable events, size_px
- Slider - Update method now includes visibility
- Dial - enable events, size_px, visibility
- Dial - Update method added visibilty control
- Column - visibility added
- Column - Added Update method to control visibility
- ALL elements inside of an invisible Column Element will also be invisible
- MenuBar - added visibility
- MenuBar - Update can now change menu definitions at runtime, and control visibility
- Table - enable events, size_px, visibility
- Table - Update method can control visibility
- Tree - enable events, size_px, visibility
- Tree - Update method can control visibility
- VisibilityChanged() function that must be called when using Qt so that the window will shrink or grow
- window.GetScreenDimensions can now be called prior to window creation
- window.Size property
- enable_events added to all of the shortcut buttons and browse buttons
- Ability to set a button image from a file
- Combo - ability to set a default value
- Combo - Read only setting. Allows for user editing of value
- Menus - Ability to disable / enable any part of a menu by adding a ! before the entry name
- Tabs - ability to set tab text color, background color, background color of selected tab
- Tabs - ability to set widget area's background color
- Sliders - paging works properly (using page-up page-down or slider slider area to advance slider)
- Tree - Setting number of visible rows implemented
- Added 5 pixels to every window. Have been having issues with text being cutoff on the right side
- SetOptions - ability to change default error button color for popups
0.21.0 - 9-Dec-2018
- Removed use of global variabels - using static class variabels instead
- Listbox.Get() will return current listbox value
- Progressbar now has color support
- Progressbar can be vertical now
- Can change bar or back and background color
- (barcolor, background color - None if use default)
- Table num_rows parameter implemented
- Table.Update - can change number of visible rows
- Window resizable parm - implemented, default changed from False to True
- Window.Move - implemented
- Window.Minimize - implemented
- Window.Disable - implemented
- Window.Enable - implemented
- Window.CurrentLocation - implemented
- Fixed too small scrollbar in Combobox
- Fixed too small scrollbar in Listbox
- Changed "text" window to a complex one for quick regression testing (try running PySimpleGUIQt.py by itself)
0.22.0 - 9-Dec-2018
- Spin.Get method - get the current spinner value
Demo Code Contributors
GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL 3) +