Catastrophic backtracking in regex allows Denial of Service
When waitress receives a header that contains invalid characters it will cause the regular expression engine to catastrophically backtrack causing the process to use 100% CPU time and blocking any other interactions.
This would allow an attacker to send a single request with an invalid header and take the service offline.
Invalid header example:
Increasing the number of
x's in the header will increase the amount of time Waitress spends in the regular expression engine.
This issue was introduced in version 1.4.2 when the regular expression was updated to attempt to match the behaviour required by errata associated with RFC7230.
The regular expression that is used to validate incoming headers has been updated in version 1.4.3, it is recommended that people upgrade to the new version of Waitress as soon as possible.
If you have deployed a reverse proxy in front of Waitress it may already be rejecting requests that include invalid headers.
The Pylons Project would like to thank Fil Zembowicz for reaching out and disclosing this vulnerability!
Catastrophic backtracking explained: https://www.regular-expressions.info/catastrophic.html
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