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A Python library for manipulating indices of ndarrays.

The documentation for ndindex can be found at

ndindex is a library that allows representing and manipulating objects that can be valid indices to numpy arrays, i.e., slices, integers, ellipses, None, integer and boolean arrays, and tuples thereof. The goals of the library are

  • Provide a uniform API to manipulate these objects. Unlike the standard index objects themselves like slice, int, and tuple, which do not share any methods in common related to being indices, ndindex classes can all be manipulated uniformly. For example, idx.args always gives the arguments used to construct idx.

  • Give 100% correct semantics as defined by numpy's ndarray. This means that ndindex will not make a transformation on an index object unless it is correct for all possible input array shapes. The only exception to this rule is that ndindex assumes that any given index will not raise IndexError (for instance, from an out of bounds integer index or from too few dimensions). For those operations where the array shape is known, there is a reduce() method to reduce an index to a simpler index that is equivalent for the given shape.

  • Enable useful transformation and manipulation functions on index objects.


Canonicalize a slice (over a given shape, or independent of array shape)

>>> from ndindex import *
>>> Slice(-2, 10, 3).reduce()
Slice(-2, 10, 2)
>>> Slice(-2, 10, 3).reduce(5)
Slice(3, 4, 1)

Compute the maximum length of a sliced axis

>>> import numpy as np
>>> len(Slice(2, 10, 3))
>>> len(np.arange(10)[2:10:3])

Compute the shape of an array of shape (10, 20) indexed by [0, 0:10]

>>> Tuple(0, slice(0, 10)).newshape((10, 20))
>>> np.ones((10, 20))[0, 0:10].shape

Check if an indexed array would be empty

>>> Tuple(0, ..., Slice(10, 20)).isempty((3, 4, 5))
>>> np.ones((3, 4, 5))[0,...,10:20]
array([], shape=(4, 0), dtype=float64)

See the documentation for full details on what ndindex can do.


MIT License


ndindex development is supported by Quansight Labs and is sponsored in part by the D. E. Shaw group. The D. E. Shaw group collaborates with Quansight on numerous open source projects, including Numba, Dask and Project Jupyter.


A Python library for manipulating indices of ndarrays