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rocPRIM is a header-only library that provides HIP parallel primitives. You can use this library to develop performant GPU-accelerated code on AMD ROCm platforms.


  • Git
  • CMake (3.16 or later)
  • AMD ROCm platform (1.8.2 or later)
  • C++14
  • Python 3.6 or higher (HIP on Windows only, required only for install script)
  • Visual Studio 2019 with Clang support (HIP on Windows only)
  • Strawberry Perl (HIP on Windows only)


  • GoogleTest
    • Required only for tests. Building tests is on by default.
    • This is automatically downloaded and built by the CMake script.
  • Google Benchmark
    • Required only for benchmarks. Building benchmarks is off by default.
    • This is automatically downloaded and built by the CMake script.


Documentation for rocPRIM is available at

To build our documentation locally, use the following code:

# Go to rocPRIM docs directory
cd rocPRIM; cd docs

# Install Python dependencies
python3 -m pip install -r sphinx/requirements.txt

# Build the documentation
python3 -m sphinx -T -E -b html -d _build/doctrees -D language=en . _build/html

# For local HTML version
cd _build/html
python3 -m http.server

Build and install

You can build and install rocPRIM on Linux or Windows.

  • Linux:

    git clone
    # Go to rocPRIM directory, create and go to the build directory.
    cd rocPRIM; mkdir build; cd build
    # Configure rocPRIM, setup options for your system.
    # Build options:
    #   ONLY_INSTALL - OFF by default, If this flag is on, the build ignore the BUILD_* flags
    #   BUILD_TEST - OFF by default,
    #   BUILD_EXAMPLE - OFF by default,
    #   BUILD_BENCHMARK - OFF by default.
    #   BENCHMARK_CONFIG_TUNING - OFF by default. The purpose of this flag to find the best kernel config parameters.
    #     At ON the compilation time can be increased significantly.
    #   AMDGPU_TARGETS - list of AMD architectures, default: gfx803;gfx900;gfx906;gfx908.
    #     You can make compilation faster if you want to test/benchmark only on one architecture,
    #     for example, add -DAMDGPU_TARGETS=gfx906 to 'cmake' parameters.
    #   AMDGPU_TEST_TARGETS - list of AMD architectures, default: "" (default system device)
    #     If you want to detect failures on a per GFX IP basis, setting it to some set of ips will create
    #     separate tests with the ip name embedded into the test name. Building for all, but selecting
    #     tests only of a specific architecture is possible for eg: ctest -R gfx803|gfx900
    # ! IMPORTANT !
    # Set C++ compiler to HIP-clang. You can do it by adding 'CXX=<path-to-compiler>'
    # before 'cmake' or setting cmake option 'CMAKE_CXX_COMPILER' to path to the compiler.
    # Using HIP-clang:
    [CXX=hipcc] cmake -DBUILD_BENCHMARK=ON ../.
    # Alternatively one may build using the experimental (and highly incomplete) HIP-CPU back-end for host-side
    # execution using any C++17 conforming compiler (supported by HIP-CPU). AMDGPU_* options are unavailable in this case. 
    #   USE_HIP_CPU - OFF by default
    # Build
    make -j4
    # Optionally, run tests if they're enabled.
    ctest --output-on-failure
    # Install
    [sudo] make install
  • Windows:

    We've added initial support for HIP on Windows; to install, use the provided python script:

    git clone
    cd rocPRIM
    # the -i option will install rocPRIM to C:\hipSDK by default
    python -i
    # the -c option will build all clients including unit tests
    python -c

Using rocPRIM

Include the <rocprim/rocprim.hpp> header:

#include <rocprim/rocprim.hpp>

We recommended including rocPRIM into a CMake project by using the package configuration files. The rocPRIM package name is rocprim.

# "/opt/rocm" - default install prefix
find_package(rocprim REQUIRED CONFIG PATHS "/opt/rocm/rocprim")


# Includes only rocPRIM headers, HIP libraries have
# to be linked manually by user
target_link_libraries(<your_target> roc::rocprim)

# Includes rocPRIM headers and required HIP dependencies
target_link_libraries(<your_target> roc::rocprim_hip)

Running unit tests

Unit tests are implemented in terms of GoogleTest. Collections of tests are wrapped and invoked from CTest.

# Go to rocPRIM build directory
cd rocPRIM; cd build

# List available tests
ctest --show-only

# To run all tests

# Run specific test(s)
ctest -R <regex>

# To run the Google Test manually

Using multiple GPUs concurrently for testing

This feature requires using CMake 3.16+ for building and testing.

Prior versions of CMake can't assign IDs to tests when running in parallel. Assigning tests to distinct
devices could only be done at the cost of extreme complexity.

Unit tests can make use of the CTest resource allocation feature, which you can use to distribute tests across multiple GPUs in an intelligent manner. This feature can accelerate testing when multiple GPUs of the same family are in a system. It can also test multiple product families from one invocation without having to use the HIP_VISIBLE_DEVICES environment variable. The feature relies on the presence of a resource specifications file.

Trying to use `RESOURCE_GROUPS` and `--resource-spec-file` with CMake and CTest for versions prior
to 3.16 silently omits the feature. No warnings are issued about unknown properties or command-line
arguments. Make sure that the `cmake` and `ctest` versions you invoke are sufficiently recent.

Auto resource specification generation

You can independently call the utility script located in the repository using the following code:

# Go to rocPRIM build directory
cd rocPRIM; cd build

# Invoke directly or use CMake script mode via cmake -P

# Assuming you have 2 compatible GPUs in the system
ctest --resource-spec-file ./resources.json --parallel 2


Assuming you have two GPUs from the gfx900 family and they are the first devices enumerated by the system, you can use -D AMDGPU_TEST_TARGETS=gfx900 during configuration to specify that only one family will be tested. Leaving this var empty (default) results in targeting the default device in the system. To let CMake know there are two GPUs that should be targeted, you have to provide a JSON file to CTest via the --resource-spec-file <path_to_file> flag. For example:

  "version": {
    "major": 1,
    "minor": 0
  "local": [
      "gfx900": [
          "id": "0"
          "id": "1"

Invoking CTest as ctest --resource-spec-file <path_to_file> --parallel 2 allows two tests to run concurrently, distributed between the two GPUs.

Using custom seeds for the tests

Modify the rocPRIM/test/rocprim/test_seed.hpp file.

static constexpr int random_seeds_count = 10;

static constexpr unsigned int seeds [] = {0, 2, 10, 1000};

static constexpr size_t seed_size = sizeof(seeds) / sizeof(seeds[0]);

(1) Defines a constant that sets how many passes over the tests will be done with runtime-generated seeds. Modify at will.

(2) Defines the user-generated seeds. Each of the array elements will be used as seed for all tests. Modify at will. If you don't want any static seeds, leave the array empty.

static constexpr unsigned int seeds [] = {};

(3) Never modify this line.

Running benchmarks

# Go to rocPRIM build directory
cd rocPRIM; cd build

# To run benchmark for warp functions:
# Further option can be found using --help
# [] Fields are optional
./benchmark/benchmark_warp_<function_name> [--size <size>] [--trials <trials>]

# To run benchmark for block functions:
# Further option can be found using --help
# [] Fields are optional
./benchmark/benchmark_block_<function_name> [--size <size>] [--trials <trials>]

# To run benchmark for device functions:
# Further option can be found using --help
# [] Fields are optional
./benchmark/benchmark_device_<function_name> [--size <size>] [--trials <trials>]

Performance configuration

Most device-specific primitives provided by rocPRIM can be tuned for other AMD devices, and different types and operations, by passing compile-time configuration structures as a template parameter. The main "knobs" are usually the size of the block and the number of items processed by a single thread.

rocPRIM has built-in default configurations for each of its primitives. In order to use the included configurations, you need to define the macro ROCPRIM_TARGET_ARCH as 803 if you want the algorithms optimized for gfx803 GCN version, or to 900 for gfx900.


hipCUB is a thin wrapper library on top of rocPRIM or CUB. You can use it to port projects that use the CUB library to the HIP layer and run them on AMD hardware. In the ROCm environment, hipCUB uses the rocPRIM library as a backend; on CUDA platforms, it uses CUB as a backend.


You can report bugs and feature requests through our GitHub issue tracker.

Contributions and license

Contributions of any kind are most welcome! Contribution instructions are in CONTRIBUTING.

Licensing information is in LICENSE.