Permalink
Branch: master
Find file Copy path
executable file 1986 lines (1671 sloc) 88.5 KB
#!/usr/bin/env python
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
#
# Author: Shiva Manne <manneshiva@gmail.com>
# Copyright (C) 2018 RaRe Technologies s.r.o.
# Licensed under the GNU LGPL v2.1 - http://www.gnu.org/licenses/lgpl.html
"""This module implements the word2vec family of algorithms, using highly optimized C routines,
data streaming and Pythonic interfaces.
The word2vec algorithms include skip-gram and CBOW models, using either
hierarchical softmax or negative sampling: `Tomas Mikolov et al: Efficient Estimation of Word Representations
in Vector Space <https://arxiv.org/pdf/1301.3781.pdf>`_, `Tomas Mikolov et al: Distributed Representations of Words
and Phrases and their Compositionality <https://arxiv.org/abs/1310.4546>`_.
Other embeddings
================
There are more ways to train word vectors in Gensim than just Word2Vec.
See also :class:`~gensim.models.doc2vec.Doc2Vec`, :class:`~gensim.models.fasttext.FastText` and
wrappers for :class:`~gensim.models.wrappers.VarEmbed` and :class:`~gensim.models.wrappers.WordRank`.
The training algorithms were originally ported from the C package https://code.google.com/p/word2vec/
and extended with additional functionality and optimizations over the years.
For a tutorial on Gensim word2vec, with an interactive web app trained on GoogleNews,
visit https://rare-technologies.com/word2vec-tutorial/.
**Make sure you have a C compiler before installing Gensim, to use the optimized word2vec routines**
(70x speedup compared to plain NumPy implementation, https://rare-technologies.com/parallelizing-word2vec-in-python/).
Usage examples
==============
Initialize a model with e.g.:
.. sourcecode:: pycon
>>> from gensim.test.utils import common_texts, get_tmpfile
>>> from gensim.models import Word2Vec
>>>
>>> path = get_tmpfile("word2vec.model")
>>>
>>> model = Word2Vec(common_texts, size=100, window=5, min_count=1, workers=4)
>>> model.save("word2vec.model")
The training is streamed, meaning `sentences` can be a generator, reading input data
from disk on-the-fly, without loading the entire corpus into RAM.
It also means you can continue training the model later:
.. sourcecode:: pycon
>>> model = Word2Vec.load("word2vec.model")
>>> model.train([["hello", "world"]], total_examples=1, epochs=1)
(0, 2)
The trained word vectors are stored in a :class:`~gensim.models.keyedvectors.KeyedVectors` instance in `model.wv`:
.. sourcecode:: pycon
>>> vector = model.wv['computer'] # numpy vector of a word
The reason for separating the trained vectors into `KeyedVectors` is that if you don't
need the full model state any more (don't need to continue training), the state can discarded,
resulting in a much smaller and faster object that can be mmapped for lightning
fast loading and sharing the vectors in RAM between processes:
.. sourcecode:: pycon
>>> from gensim.models import KeyedVectors
>>>
>>> path = get_tmpfile("wordvectors.kv")
>>>
>>> model.wv.save(path)
>>> wv = KeyedVectors.load("model.wv", mmap='r')
>>> vector = wv['computer'] # numpy vector of a word
Gensim can also load word vectors in the "word2vec C format", as a
:class:`~gensim.models.keyedvectors.KeyedVectors` instance:
.. sourcecode:: pycon
>>> from gensim.test.utils import datapath
>>>
>>> wv_from_text = KeyedVectors.load_word2vec_format(datapath('word2vec_pre_kv_c'), binary=False) # C text format
>>> wv_from_bin = KeyedVectors.load_word2vec_format(datapath("euclidean_vectors.bin"), binary=True) # C bin format
It is impossible to continue training the vectors loaded from the C format because the hidden weights,
vocabulary frequencies and the binary tree are missing. To continue training, you'll need the
full :class:`~gensim.models.word2vec.Word2Vec` object state, as stored by :meth:`~gensim.models.word2vec.Word2Vec.save`,
not just the :class:`~gensim.models.keyedvectors.KeyedVectors`.
You can perform various NLP word tasks with a trained model. Some of them
are already built-in - you can see it in :mod:`gensim.models.keyedvectors`.
If you're finished training a model (i.e. no more updates, only querying),
you can switch to the :class:`~gensim.models.keyedvectors.KeyedVectors` instance:
.. sourcecode:: pycon
>>> word_vectors = model.wv
>>> del model
to trim unneeded model state = use much less RAM and allow fast loading and memory sharing (mmap).
Note that there is a :mod:`gensim.models.phrases` module which lets you automatically
detect phrases longer than one word. Using phrases, you can learn a word2vec model
where "words" are actually multiword expressions, such as `new_york_times` or `financial_crisis`:
.. sourcecode:: pycon
>>> from gensim.test.utils import common_texts
>>> from gensim.models import Phrases
>>>
>>> bigram_transformer = Phrases(common_texts)
>>> model = Word2Vec(bigram_transformer[common_texts], min_count=1)
"""
from __future__ import division # py3 "true division"
import logging
import sys
import os
import heapq
from timeit import default_timer
from copy import deepcopy
from collections import defaultdict
import threading
import itertools
import warnings
from gensim.utils import keep_vocab_item, call_on_class_only
from gensim.models.keyedvectors import Vocab, Word2VecKeyedVectors
from gensim.models.base_any2vec import BaseWordEmbeddingsModel
try:
from queue import Queue, Empty
except ImportError:
from Queue import Queue, Empty
from numpy import exp, dot, zeros, random, dtype, float32 as REAL,\
uint32, seterr, array, uint8, vstack, fromstring, sqrt,\
empty, sum as np_sum, ones, logaddexp, log, outer
from scipy.special import expit
from gensim import utils, matutils # utility fnc for pickling, common scipy operations etc
from gensim.utils import deprecated
from six import iteritems, itervalues, string_types
from six.moves import range
logger = logging.getLogger(__name__)
try:
from gensim.models.word2vec_inner import train_batch_sg, train_batch_cbow
from gensim.models.word2vec_inner import score_sentence_sg, score_sentence_cbow
from gensim.models.word2vec_inner import FAST_VERSION, MAX_WORDS_IN_BATCH
except ImportError:
# failed... fall back to plain numpy (20-80x slower training than the above)
FAST_VERSION = -1
MAX_WORDS_IN_BATCH = 10000
def train_batch_sg(model, sentences, alpha, work=None, compute_loss=False):
"""Update skip-gram model by training on a sequence of sentences.
Called internally from :meth:`~gensim.models.word2vec.Word2Vec.train`.
Warnings
--------
This is the non-optimized, pure Python version. If you have a C compiler, Gensim
will use an optimized code path from :mod:`gensim.models.word2vec_inner` instead.
Parameters
----------
model : :class:`~gensim.models.word2Vec.Word2Vec`
The Word2Vec model instance to train.
sentences : iterable of list of str
The corpus used to train the model.
alpha : float
The learning rate
work : object, optional
Unused.
compute_loss : bool, optional
Whether or not the training loss should be computed in this batch.
Returns
-------
int
Number of words in the vocabulary actually used for training (that already existed in the vocabulary
and were not discarded by negative sampling).
"""
result = 0
for sentence in sentences:
word_vocabs = [model.wv.vocab[w] for w in sentence if w in model.wv.vocab
and model.wv.vocab[w].sample_int > model.random.rand() * 2 ** 32]
for pos, word in enumerate(word_vocabs):
reduced_window = model.random.randint(model.window) # `b` in the original word2vec code
# now go over all words from the (reduced) window, predicting each one in turn
start = max(0, pos - model.window + reduced_window)
for pos2, word2 in enumerate(word_vocabs[start:(pos + model.window + 1 - reduced_window)], start):
# don't train on the `word` itself
if pos2 != pos:
train_sg_pair(
model, model.wv.index2word[word.index], word2.index, alpha, compute_loss=compute_loss
)
result += len(word_vocabs)
return result
def train_batch_cbow(model, sentences, alpha, work=None, neu1=None, compute_loss=False):
"""Update CBOW model by training on a sequence of sentences.
Called internally from :meth:`~gensim.models.word2vec.Word2Vec.train`.
Warnings
--------
This is the non-optimized, pure Python version. If you have a C compiler, Gensim
will use an optimized code path from :mod:`gensim.models.word2vec_inner` instead.
Parameters
----------
model : :class:`~gensim.models.word2vec.Word2Vec`
The Word2Vec model instance to train.
sentences : iterable of list of str
The corpus used to train the model.
alpha : float
The learning rate
work : object, optional
Unused.
neu1 : object, optional
Unused.
compute_loss : bool, optional
Whether or not the training loss should be computed in this batch.
Returns
-------
int
Number of words in the vocabulary actually used for training (that already existed in the vocabulary
and were not discarded by negative sampling).
"""
result = 0
for sentence in sentences:
word_vocabs = [
model.wv.vocab[w] for w in sentence if w in model.wv.vocab
and model.wv.vocab[w].sample_int > model.random.rand() * 2 ** 32
]
for pos, word in enumerate(word_vocabs):
reduced_window = model.random.randint(model.window) # `b` in the original word2vec code
start = max(0, pos - model.window + reduced_window)
window_pos = enumerate(word_vocabs[start:(pos + model.window + 1 - reduced_window)], start)
word2_indices = [word2.index for pos2, word2 in window_pos if (word2 is not None and pos2 != pos)]
l1 = np_sum(model.wv.syn0[word2_indices], axis=0) # 1 x vector_size
if word2_indices and model.cbow_mean:
l1 /= len(word2_indices)
train_cbow_pair(model, word, word2_indices, l1, alpha, compute_loss=compute_loss)
result += len(word_vocabs)
return result
def score_sentence_sg(model, sentence, work=None):
"""Obtain likelihood score for a single sentence in a fitted skip-gram representation.
Notes
-----
This is the non-optimized, pure Python version. If you have a C compiler, Gensim
will use an optimized code path from :mod:`gensim.models.word2vec_inner` instead.
Parameters
----------
model : :class:`~gensim.models.word2vec.Word2Vec`
The trained model. It **MUST** have been trained using hierarchical softmax and the skip-gram algorithm.
sentence : list of str
The words comprising the sentence to be scored.
work : object, optional
Unused. For interface compatibility only.
Returns
-------
float
The probability assigned to this sentence by the Skip-Gram model.
"""
log_prob_sentence = 0.0
if model.negative:
raise RuntimeError("scoring is only available for HS=True")
word_vocabs = [model.wv.vocab[w] for w in sentence if w in model.wv.vocab]
for pos, word in enumerate(word_vocabs):
if word is None:
continue # OOV word in the input sentence => skip
# now go over all words from the window, predicting each one in turn
start = max(0, pos - model.window)
for pos2, word2 in enumerate(word_vocabs[start: pos + model.window + 1], start):
# don't train on OOV words and on the `word` itself
if word2 is not None and pos2 != pos:
log_prob_sentence += score_sg_pair(model, word, word2)
return log_prob_sentence
def score_sentence_cbow(model, sentence, work=None, neu1=None):
"""Obtain likelihood score for a single sentence in a fitted CBOW representation.
Notes
-----
This is the non-optimized, pure Python version. If you have a C compiler, Gensim
will use an optimized code path from :mod:`gensim.models.word2vec_inner` instead.
Parameters
----------
model : :class:`~gensim.models.word2vec.Word2Vec`
The trained model. It **MUST** have been trained using hierarchical softmax and the CBOW algorithm.
sentence : list of str
The words comprising the sentence to be scored.
work : object, optional
Unused. For interface compatibility only.
neu1 : object, optional
Unused. For interface compatibility only.
Returns
-------
float
The probability assigned to this sentence by the CBOW model.
"""
log_prob_sentence = 0.0
if model.negative:
raise RuntimeError("scoring is only available for HS=True")
word_vocabs = [model.wv.vocab[w] for w in sentence if w in model.wv.vocab]
for pos, word in enumerate(word_vocabs):
if word is None:
continue # OOV word in the input sentence => skip
start = max(0, pos - model.window)
window_pos = enumerate(word_vocabs[start:(pos + model.window + 1)], start)
word2_indices = [word2.index for pos2, word2 in window_pos if (word2 is not None and pos2 != pos)]
l1 = np_sum(model.wv.syn0[word2_indices], axis=0) # 1 x layer1_size
if word2_indices and model.cbow_mean:
l1 /= len(word2_indices)
log_prob_sentence += score_cbow_pair(model, word, l1)
return log_prob_sentence
try:
from gensim.models.word2vec_corpusfile import train_epoch_sg, train_epoch_cbow, CORPUSFILE_VERSION
except ImportError:
# file-based word2vec is not supported
CORPUSFILE_VERSION = -1
def train_epoch_sg(model, corpus_file, offset, _cython_vocab, _cur_epoch, _expected_examples, _expected_words,
_work, _neu1, compute_loss):
raise RuntimeError("Training with corpus_file argument is not supported")
def train_epoch_cbow(model, corpus_file, offset, _cython_vocab, _cur_epoch, _expected_examples, _expected_words,
_work, _neu1, compute_loss):
raise RuntimeError("Training with corpus_file argument is not supported")
def train_sg_pair(model, word, context_index, alpha, learn_vectors=True, learn_hidden=True,
context_vectors=None, context_locks=None, compute_loss=False, is_ft=False):
"""Train the passed model instance on a word and its context, using the Skip-gram algorithm.
Parameters
----------
model : :class:`~gensim.models.word2vec.Word2Vec`
The model to be trained.
word : str
The label (predicted) word.
context_index : list of int
The vocabulary indices of the words in the context.
alpha : float
Learning rate.
learn_vectors : bool, optional
Whether the vectors should be updated.
learn_hidden : bool, optional
Whether the weights of the hidden layer should be updated.
context_vectors : list of list of float, optional
Vector representations of the words in the context. If None, these will be retrieved from the model.
context_locks : list of float, optional
The lock factors for each word in the context.
compute_loss : bool, optional
Whether or not the training loss should be computed.
is_ft : bool, optional
If True, weights will be computed using `model.wv.syn0_vocab` and `model.wv.syn0_ngrams`
instead of `model.wv.syn0`.
Returns
-------
numpy.ndarray
Error vector to be back-propagated.
"""
if context_vectors is None:
if is_ft:
context_vectors_vocab = model.wv.syn0_vocab
context_vectors_ngrams = model.wv.syn0_ngrams
else:
context_vectors = model.wv.syn0
if context_locks is None:
if is_ft:
context_locks_vocab = model.syn0_vocab_lockf
context_locks_ngrams = model.syn0_ngrams_lockf
else:
context_locks = model.syn0_lockf
if word not in model.wv.vocab:
return
predict_word = model.wv.vocab[word] # target word (NN output)
if is_ft:
l1_vocab = context_vectors_vocab[context_index[0]]
l1_ngrams = np_sum(context_vectors_ngrams[context_index[1:]], axis=0)
if context_index:
l1 = np_sum([l1_vocab, l1_ngrams], axis=0) / len(context_index)
else:
l1 = context_vectors[context_index] # input word (NN input/projection layer)
lock_factor = context_locks[context_index]
neu1e = zeros(l1.shape)
if model.hs:
# work on the entire tree at once, to push as much work into numpy's C routines as possible (performance)
l2a = deepcopy(model.syn1[predict_word.point]) # 2d matrix, codelen x layer1_size
prod_term = dot(l1, l2a.T)
fa = expit(prod_term) # propagate hidden -> output
ga = (1 - predict_word.code - fa) * alpha # vector of error gradients multiplied by the learning rate
if learn_hidden:
model.syn1[predict_word.point] += outer(ga, l1) # learn hidden -> output
neu1e += dot(ga, l2a) # save error
# loss component corresponding to hierarchical softmax
if compute_loss:
sgn = (-1.0) ** predict_word.code # `ch` function, 0 -> 1, 1 -> -1
lprob = -log(expit(-sgn * prod_term))
model.running_training_loss += sum(lprob)
if model.negative:
# use this word (label = 1) + `negative` other random words not from this sentence (label = 0)
word_indices = [predict_word.index]
while len(word_indices) < model.negative + 1:
w = model.cum_table.searchsorted(model.random.randint(model.cum_table[-1]))
if w != predict_word.index:
word_indices.append(w)
l2b = model.syn1neg[word_indices] # 2d matrix, k+1 x layer1_size
prod_term = dot(l1, l2b.T)
fb = expit(prod_term) # propagate hidden -> output
gb = (model.neg_labels - fb) * alpha # vector of error gradients multiplied by the learning rate
if learn_hidden:
model.syn1neg[word_indices] += outer(gb, l1) # learn hidden -> output
neu1e += dot(gb, l2b) # save error
# loss component corresponding to negative sampling
if compute_loss:
model.running_training_loss -= sum(log(expit(-1 * prod_term[1:]))) # for the sampled words
model.running_training_loss -= log(expit(prod_term[0])) # for the output word
if learn_vectors:
if is_ft:
model.wv.syn0_vocab[context_index[0]] += neu1e * context_locks_vocab[context_index[0]]
for i in context_index[1:]:
model.wv.syn0_ngrams[i] += neu1e * context_locks_ngrams[i]
else:
l1 += neu1e * lock_factor # learn input -> hidden (mutates model.wv.syn0[word2.index], if that is l1)
return neu1e
def train_cbow_pair(model, word, input_word_indices, l1, alpha, learn_vectors=True, learn_hidden=True,
compute_loss=False, context_vectors=None, context_locks=None, is_ft=False):
"""Train the passed model instance on a word and its context, using the CBOW algorithm.
Parameters
----------
model : :class:`~gensim.models.word2vec.Word2Vec`
The model to be trained.
word : str
The label (predicted) word.
input_word_indices : list of int
The vocabulary indices of the words in the context.
l1 : list of float
Vector representation of the label word.
alpha : float
Learning rate.
learn_vectors : bool, optional
Whether the vectors should be updated.
learn_hidden : bool, optional
Whether the weights of the hidden layer should be updated.
compute_loss : bool, optional
Whether or not the training loss should be computed.
context_vectors : list of list of float, optional
Vector representations of the words in the context. If None, these will be retrieved from the model.
context_locks : list of float, optional
The lock factors for each word in the context.
is_ft : bool, optional
If True, weights will be computed using `model.wv.syn0_vocab` and `model.wv.syn0_ngrams`
instead of `model.wv.syn0`.
Returns
-------
numpy.ndarray
Error vector to be back-propagated.
"""
if context_vectors is None:
if is_ft:
context_vectors_vocab = model.wv.syn0_vocab
context_vectors_ngrams = model.wv.syn0_ngrams
else:
context_vectors = model.wv.syn0
if context_locks is None:
if is_ft:
context_locks_vocab = model.syn0_vocab_lockf
context_locks_ngrams = model.syn0_ngrams_lockf
else:
context_locks = model.syn0_lockf
neu1e = zeros(l1.shape)
if model.hs:
l2a = model.syn1[word.point] # 2d matrix, codelen x layer1_size
prod_term = dot(l1, l2a.T)
fa = expit(prod_term) # propagate hidden -> output
ga = (1. - word.code - fa) * alpha # vector of error gradients multiplied by the learning rate
if learn_hidden:
model.syn1[word.point] += outer(ga, l1) # learn hidden -> output
neu1e += dot(ga, l2a) # save error
# loss component corresponding to hierarchical softmax
if compute_loss:
sgn = (-1.0) ** word.code # ch function, 0-> 1, 1 -> -1
model.running_training_loss += sum(-log(expit(-sgn * prod_term)))
if model.negative:
# use this word (label = 1) + `negative` other random words not from this sentence (label = 0)
word_indices = [word.index]
while len(word_indices) < model.negative + 1:
w = model.cum_table.searchsorted(model.random.randint(model.cum_table[-1]))
if w != word.index:
word_indices.append(w)
l2b = model.syn1neg[word_indices] # 2d matrix, k+1 x layer1_size
prod_term = dot(l1, l2b.T)
fb = expit(prod_term) # propagate hidden -> output
gb = (model.neg_labels - fb) * alpha # vector of error gradients multiplied by the learning rate
if learn_hidden:
model.syn1neg[word_indices] += outer(gb, l1) # learn hidden -> output
neu1e += dot(gb, l2b) # save error
# loss component corresponding to negative sampling
if compute_loss:
model.running_training_loss -= sum(log(expit(-1 * prod_term[1:]))) # for the sampled words
model.running_training_loss -= log(expit(prod_term[0])) # for the output word
if learn_vectors:
# learn input -> hidden, here for all words in the window separately
if is_ft:
if not model.cbow_mean and input_word_indices:
neu1e /= (len(input_word_indices[0]) + len(input_word_indices[1]))
for i in input_word_indices[0]:
context_vectors_vocab[i] += neu1e * context_locks_vocab[i]
for i in input_word_indices[1]:
context_vectors_ngrams[i] += neu1e * context_locks_ngrams[i]
else:
if not model.cbow_mean and input_word_indices:
neu1e /= len(input_word_indices)
for i in input_word_indices:
context_vectors[i] += neu1e * context_locks[i]
return neu1e
def score_sg_pair(model, word, word2):
"""Score the trained Skip-gram model on a pair of words.
Parameters
----------
model : :class:`~gensim.models.word2vec.Word2Vec`
The trained model.
word : :class:`~gensim.models.keyedvectors.Vocab`
Vocabulary representation of the first word.
word2 : :class:`~gensim.models.keyedvectors.Vocab`
Vocabulary representation of the second word.
Returns
-------
float
Logarithm of the sum of exponentiations of input words.
"""
l1 = model.wv.syn0[word2.index]
l2a = deepcopy(model.syn1[word.point]) # 2d matrix, codelen x layer1_size
sgn = (-1.0) ** word.code # ch function, 0-> 1, 1 -> -1
lprob = -logaddexp(0, -sgn * dot(l1, l2a.T))
return sum(lprob)
def score_cbow_pair(model, word, l1):
"""Score the trained CBOW model on a pair of words.
Parameters
----------
model : :class:`~gensim.models.word2vec.Word2Vec`
The trained model.
word : :class:`~gensim.models.keyedvectors.Vocab`
Vocabulary representation of the first word.
l1 : list of float
Vector representation of the second word.
Returns
-------
float
Logarithm of the sum of exponentiations of input words.
"""
l2a = model.syn1[word.point] # 2d matrix, codelen x layer1_size
sgn = (-1.0) ** word.code # ch function, 0-> 1, 1 -> -1
lprob = -logaddexp(0, -sgn * dot(l1, l2a.T))
return sum(lprob)
class Word2Vec(BaseWordEmbeddingsModel):
"""Train, use and evaluate neural networks described in https://code.google.com/p/word2vec/.
Once you're finished training a model (=no more updates, only querying)
store and use only the :class:`~gensim.models.keyedvectors.KeyedVectors` instance in `self.wv` to reduce memory.
The model can be stored/loaded via its :meth:`~gensim.models.word2vec.Word2Vec.save` and
:meth:`~gensim.models.word2vec.Word2Vec.load` methods.
The trained word vectors can also be stored/loaded from a format compatible with the
original word2vec implementation via `self.wv.save_word2vec_format`
and :meth:`gensim.models.keyedvectors.KeyedVectors.load_word2vec_format`.
Some important attributes are the following:
Attributes
----------
wv : :class:`~gensim.models.keyedvectors.Word2VecKeyedVectors`
This object essentially contains the mapping between words and embeddings. After training, it can be used
directly to query those embeddings in various ways. See the module level docstring for examples.
vocabulary : :class:`~gensim.models.word2vec.Word2VecVocab`
This object represents the vocabulary (sometimes called Dictionary in gensim) of the model.
Besides keeping track of all unique words, this object provides extra functionality, such as
constructing a huffman tree (frequent words are closer to the root), or discarding extremely rare words.
trainables : :class:`~gensim.models.word2vec.Word2VecTrainables`
This object represents the inner shallow neural network used to train the embeddings. The semantics of the
network differ slightly in the two available training modes (CBOW or SG) but you can think of it as a NN with
a single projection and hidden layer which we train on the corpus. The weights are then used as our embeddings
(which means that the size of the hidden layer is equal to the number of features `self.size`).
"""
def __init__(self, sentences=None, corpus_file=None, size=100, alpha=0.025, window=5, min_count=5,
max_vocab_size=None, sample=1e-3, seed=1, workers=3, min_alpha=0.0001,
sg=0, hs=0, negative=5, ns_exponent=0.75, cbow_mean=1, hashfxn=hash, iter=5, null_word=0,
trim_rule=None, sorted_vocab=1, batch_words=MAX_WORDS_IN_BATCH, compute_loss=False, callbacks=(),
max_final_vocab=None):
"""
Parameters
----------
sentences : iterable of iterables, optional
The `sentences` iterable can be simply a list of lists of tokens, but for larger corpora,
consider an iterable that streams the sentences directly from disk/network.
See :class:`~gensim.models.word2vec.BrownCorpus`, :class:`~gensim.models.word2vec.Text8Corpus`
or :class:`~gensim.models.word2vec.LineSentence` in :mod:`~gensim.models.word2vec` module for such examples.
See also the `tutorial on data streaming in Python
<https://rare-technologies.com/data-streaming-in-python-generators-iterators-iterables/>`_.
If you don't supply `sentences`, the model is left uninitialized -- use if you plan to initialize it
in some other way.
corpus_file : str, optional
Path to a corpus file in :class:`~gensim.models.word2vec.LineSentence` format.
You may use this argument instead of `sentences` to get performance boost. Only one of `sentences` or
`corpus_file` arguments need to be passed (or none of them, in that case, the model is left uninitialized).
size : int, optional
Dimensionality of the word vectors.
window : int, optional
Maximum distance between the current and predicted word within a sentence.
min_count : int, optional
Ignores all words with total frequency lower than this.
workers : int, optional
Use these many worker threads to train the model (=faster training with multicore machines).
sg : {0, 1}, optional
Training algorithm: 1 for skip-gram; otherwise CBOW.
hs : {0, 1}, optional
If 1, hierarchical softmax will be used for model training.
If 0, and `negative` is non-zero, negative sampling will be used.
negative : int, optional
If > 0, negative sampling will be used, the int for negative specifies how many "noise words"
should be drawn (usually between 5-20).
If set to 0, no negative sampling is used.
ns_exponent : float, optional
The exponent used to shape the negative sampling distribution. A value of 1.0 samples exactly in proportion
to the frequencies, 0.0 samples all words equally, while a negative value samples low-frequency words more
than high-frequency words. The popular default value of 0.75 was chosen by the original Word2Vec paper.
More recently, in https://arxiv.org/abs/1804.04212, Caselles-Dupré, Lesaint, & Royo-Letelier suggest that
other values may perform better for recommendation applications.
cbow_mean : {0, 1}, optional
If 0, use the sum of the context word vectors. If 1, use the mean, only applies when cbow is used.
alpha : float, optional
The initial learning rate.
min_alpha : float, optional
Learning rate will linearly drop to `min_alpha` as training progresses.
seed : int, optional
Seed for the random number generator. Initial vectors for each word are seeded with a hash of
the concatenation of word + `str(seed)`. Note that for a fully deterministically-reproducible run,
you must also limit the model to a single worker thread (`workers=1`), to eliminate ordering jitter
from OS thread scheduling. (In Python 3, reproducibility between interpreter launches also requires
use of the `PYTHONHASHSEED` environment variable to control hash randomization).
max_vocab_size : int, optional
Limits the RAM during vocabulary building; if there are more unique
words than this, then prune the infrequent ones. Every 10 million word types need about 1GB of RAM.
Set to `None` for no limit.
max_final_vocab : int, optional
Limits the vocab to a target vocab size by automatically picking a matching min_count. If the specified
min_count is more than the calculated min_count, the specified min_count will be used.
Set to `None` if not required.
sample : float, optional
The threshold for configuring which higher-frequency words are randomly downsampled,
useful range is (0, 1e-5).
hashfxn : function, optional
Hash function to use to randomly initialize weights, for increased training reproducibility.
iter : int, optional
Number of iterations (epochs) over the corpus.
trim_rule : function, optional
Vocabulary trimming rule, specifies whether certain words should remain in the vocabulary,
be trimmed away, or handled using the default (discard if word count < min_count).
Can be None (min_count will be used, look to :func:`~gensim.utils.keep_vocab_item`),
or a callable that accepts parameters (word, count, min_count) and returns either
:attr:`gensim.utils.RULE_DISCARD`, :attr:`gensim.utils.RULE_KEEP` or :attr:`gensim.utils.RULE_DEFAULT`.
The rule, if given, is only used to prune vocabulary during build_vocab() and is not stored as part of the
model.
The input parameters are of the following types:
* `word` (str) - the word we are examining
* `count` (int) - the word's frequency count in the corpus
* `min_count` (int) - the minimum count threshold.
sorted_vocab : {0, 1}, optional
If 1, sort the vocabulary by descending frequency before assigning word indexes.
See :meth:`~gensim.models.word2vec.Word2VecVocab.sort_vocab()`.
batch_words : int, optional
Target size (in words) for batches of examples passed to worker threads (and
thus cython routines).(Larger batches will be passed if individual
texts are longer than 10000 words, but the standard cython code truncates to that maximum.)
compute_loss: bool, optional
If True, computes and stores loss value which can be retrieved using
:meth:`~gensim.models.word2vec.Word2Vec.get_latest_training_loss`.
callbacks : iterable of :class:`~gensim.models.callbacks.CallbackAny2Vec`, optional
Sequence of callbacks to be executed at specific stages during training.
Examples
--------
Initialize and train a :class:`~gensim.models.word2vec.Word2Vec` model
.. sourcecode:: pycon
>>> from gensim.models import Word2Vec
>>> sentences = [["cat", "say", "meow"], ["dog", "say", "woof"]]
>>> model = Word2Vec(sentences, min_count=1)
"""
self.max_final_vocab = max_final_vocab
self.callbacks = callbacks
self.load = call_on_class_only
self.wv = Word2VecKeyedVectors(size)
self.vocabulary = Word2VecVocab(
max_vocab_size=max_vocab_size, min_count=min_count, sample=sample, sorted_vocab=bool(sorted_vocab),
null_word=null_word, max_final_vocab=max_final_vocab, ns_exponent=ns_exponent)
self.trainables = Word2VecTrainables(seed=seed, vector_size=size, hashfxn=hashfxn)
super(Word2Vec, self).__init__(
sentences=sentences, corpus_file=corpus_file, workers=workers, vector_size=size, epochs=iter,
callbacks=callbacks, batch_words=batch_words, trim_rule=trim_rule, sg=sg, alpha=alpha, window=window,
seed=seed, hs=hs, negative=negative, cbow_mean=cbow_mean, min_alpha=min_alpha, compute_loss=compute_loss,
fast_version=FAST_VERSION)
def _do_train_epoch(self, corpus_file, thread_id, offset, cython_vocab, thread_private_mem, cur_epoch,
total_examples=None, total_words=None, **kwargs):
work, neu1 = thread_private_mem
if self.sg:
examples, tally, raw_tally = train_epoch_sg(self, corpus_file, offset, cython_vocab, cur_epoch,
total_examples, total_words, work, neu1, self.compute_loss)
else:
examples, tally, raw_tally = train_epoch_cbow(self, corpus_file, offset, cython_vocab, cur_epoch,
total_examples, total_words, work, neu1, self.compute_loss)
return examples, tally, raw_tally
def _do_train_job(self, sentences, alpha, inits):
"""Train the model on a single batch of sentences.
Parameters
----------
sentences : iterable of list of str
Corpus chunk to be used in this training batch.
alpha : float
The learning rate used in this batch.
inits : (np.ndarray, np.ndarray)
Each worker threads private work memory.
Returns
-------
(int, int)
2-tuple (effective word count after ignoring unknown words and sentence length trimming, total word count).
"""
work, neu1 = inits
tally = 0
if self.sg:
tally += train_batch_sg(self, sentences, alpha, work, self.compute_loss)
else:
tally += train_batch_cbow(self, sentences, alpha, work, neu1, self.compute_loss)
return tally, self._raw_word_count(sentences)
def _clear_post_train(self):
"""Remove all L2-normalized word vectors from the model."""
self.wv.vectors_norm = None
def _set_train_params(self, **kwargs):
if 'compute_loss' in kwargs:
self.compute_loss = kwargs['compute_loss']
self.running_training_loss = 0
def train(self, sentences=None, corpus_file=None, total_examples=None, total_words=None,
epochs=None, start_alpha=None, end_alpha=None, word_count=0,
queue_factor=2, report_delay=1.0, compute_loss=False, callbacks=()):
"""Update the model's neural weights from a sequence of sentences.
Notes
-----
To support linear learning-rate decay from (initial) `alpha` to `min_alpha`, and accurate
progress-percentage logging, either `total_examples` (count of sentences) or `total_words` (count of
raw words in sentences) **MUST** be provided. If `sentences` is the same corpus
that was provided to :meth:`~gensim.models.word2vec.Word2Vec.build_vocab` earlier,
you can simply use `total_examples=self.corpus_count`.
Warnings
--------
To avoid common mistakes around the model's ability to do multiple training passes itself, an
explicit `epochs` argument **MUST** be provided. In the common and recommended case
where :meth:`~gensim.models.word2vec.Word2Vec.train` is only called once, you can set `epochs=self.iter`.
Parameters
----------
sentences : iterable of list of str
The `sentences` iterable can be simply a list of lists of tokens, but for larger corpora,
consider an iterable that streams the sentences directly from disk/network.
See :class:`~gensim.models.word2vec.BrownCorpus`, :class:`~gensim.models.word2vec.Text8Corpus`
or :class:`~gensim.models.word2vec.LineSentence` in :mod:`~gensim.models.word2vec` module for such examples.
See also the `tutorial on data streaming in Python
<https://rare-technologies.com/data-streaming-in-python-generators-iterators-iterables/>`_.
corpus_file : str, optional
Path to a corpus file in :class:`~gensim.models.word2vec.LineSentence` format.
You may use this argument instead of `sentences` to get performance boost. Only one of `sentences` or
`corpus_file` arguments need to be passed (not both of them).
total_examples : int
Count of sentences.
total_words : int
Count of raw words in sentences.
epochs : int
Number of iterations (epochs) over the corpus.
start_alpha : float, optional
Initial learning rate. If supplied, replaces the starting `alpha` from the constructor,
for this one call to`train()`.
Use only if making multiple calls to `train()`, when you want to manage the alpha learning-rate yourself
(not recommended).
end_alpha : float, optional
Final learning rate. Drops linearly from `start_alpha`.
If supplied, this replaces the final `min_alpha` from the constructor, for this one call to `train()`.
Use only if making multiple calls to `train()`, when you want to manage the alpha learning-rate yourself
(not recommended).
word_count : int, optional
Count of words already trained. Set this to 0 for the usual
case of training on all words in sentences.
queue_factor : int, optional
Multiplier for size of queue (number of workers * queue_factor).
report_delay : float, optional
Seconds to wait before reporting progress.
compute_loss: bool, optional
If True, computes and stores loss value which can be retrieved using
:meth:`~gensim.models.word2vec.Word2Vec.get_latest_training_loss`.
callbacks : iterable of :class:`~gensim.models.callbacks.CallbackAny2Vec`, optional
Sequence of callbacks to be executed at specific stages during training.
Examples
--------
.. sourcecode:: pycon
>>> from gensim.models import Word2Vec
>>> sentences = [["cat", "say", "meow"], ["dog", "say", "woof"]]
>>>
>>> model = Word2Vec(min_count=1)
>>> model.build_vocab(sentences) # prepare the model vocabulary
>>> model.train(sentences, total_examples=model.corpus_count, epochs=model.iter) # train word vectors
(1, 30)
"""
return super(Word2Vec, self).train(
sentences=sentences, corpus_file=corpus_file, total_examples=total_examples, total_words=total_words,
epochs=epochs, start_alpha=start_alpha, end_alpha=end_alpha, word_count=word_count,
queue_factor=queue_factor, report_delay=report_delay, compute_loss=compute_loss, callbacks=callbacks)
def score(self, sentences, total_sentences=int(1e6), chunksize=100, queue_factor=2, report_delay=1):
"""Score the log probability for a sequence of sentences.
This does not change the fitted model in any way (see :meth:`~gensim.models.word2vec.Word2Vec.train` for that).
Gensim has currently only implemented score for the hierarchical softmax scheme,
so you need to have run word2vec with `hs=1` and `negative=0` for this to work.
Note that you should specify `total_sentences`; you'll run into problems if you ask to
score more than this number of sentences but it is inefficient to set the value too high.
See the `article by Matt Taddy: "Document Classification by Inversion of Distributed Language Representations"
<https://arxiv.org/pdf/1504.07295.pdf>`_ and the
`gensim demo <https://github.com/piskvorky/gensim/blob/develop/docs/notebooks/deepir.ipynb>`_ for examples of
how to use such scores in document classification.
Parameters
----------
sentences : iterable of list of str
The `sentences` iterable can be simply a list of lists of tokens, but for larger corpora,
consider an iterable that streams the sentences directly from disk/network.
See :class:`~gensim.models.word2vec.BrownCorpus`, :class:`~gensim.models.word2vec.Text8Corpus`
or :class:`~gensim.models.word2vec.LineSentence` in :mod:`~gensim.models.word2vec` module for such examples.
total_sentences : int, optional
Count of sentences.
chunksize : int, optional
Chunksize of jobs
queue_factor : int, optional
Multiplier for size of queue (number of workers * queue_factor).
report_delay : float, optional
Seconds to wait before reporting progress.
"""
if FAST_VERSION < 0:
warnings.warn(
"C extension compilation failed, scoring will be slow. "
"Install a C compiler and reinstall gensim for fastness."
)
logger.info(
"scoring sentences with %i workers on %i vocabulary and %i features, "
"using sg=%s hs=%s sample=%s and negative=%s",
self.workers, len(self.wv.vocab), self.trainables.layer1_size, self.sg, self.hs,
self.vocabulary.sample, self.negative
)
if not self.wv.vocab:
raise RuntimeError("you must first build vocabulary before scoring new data")
if not self.hs:
raise RuntimeError(
"We have currently only implemented score for the hierarchical softmax scheme, "
"so you need to have run word2vec with hs=1 and negative=0 for this to work."
)
def worker_loop():
"""Compute log probability for each sentence, lifting lists of sentences from the jobs queue."""
work = zeros(1, dtype=REAL) # for sg hs, we actually only need one memory loc (running sum)
neu1 = matutils.zeros_aligned(self.trainables.layer1_size, dtype=REAL)
while True:
job = job_queue.get()
if job is None: # signal to finish
break
ns = 0
for sentence_id, sentence in job:
if sentence_id >= total_sentences:
break
if self.sg:
score = score_sentence_sg(self, sentence, work)
else:
score = score_sentence_cbow(self, sentence, work, neu1)
sentence_scores[sentence_id] = score
ns += 1
progress_queue.put(ns) # report progress
start, next_report = default_timer(), 1.0
# buffer ahead only a limited number of jobs.. this is the reason we can't simply use ThreadPool :(
job_queue = Queue(maxsize=queue_factor * self.workers)
progress_queue = Queue(maxsize=(queue_factor + 1) * self.workers)
workers = [threading.Thread(target=worker_loop) for _ in range(self.workers)]
for thread in workers:
thread.daemon = True # make interrupting the process with ctrl+c easier
thread.start()
sentence_count = 0
sentence_scores = matutils.zeros_aligned(total_sentences, dtype=REAL)
push_done = False
done_jobs = 0
jobs_source = enumerate(utils.grouper(enumerate(sentences), chunksize))
# fill jobs queue with (id, sentence) job items
while True:
try:
job_no, items = next(jobs_source)
if (job_no - 1) * chunksize > total_sentences:
logger.warning(
"terminating after %i sentences (set higher total_sentences if you want more).",
total_sentences
)
job_no -= 1
raise StopIteration()
logger.debug("putting job #%i in the queue", job_no)
job_queue.put(items)
except StopIteration:
logger.info("reached end of input; waiting to finish %i outstanding jobs", job_no - done_jobs + 1)
for _ in range(self.workers):
job_queue.put(None) # give the workers heads up that they can finish -- no more work!
push_done = True
try:
while done_jobs < (job_no + 1) or not push_done:
ns = progress_queue.get(push_done) # only block after all jobs pushed
sentence_count += ns
done_jobs += 1
elapsed = default_timer() - start
if elapsed >= next_report:
logger.info(
"PROGRESS: at %.2f%% sentences, %.0f sentences/s",
100.0 * sentence_count, sentence_count / elapsed
)
next_report = elapsed + report_delay # don't flood log, wait report_delay seconds
else:
# loop ended by job count; really done
break
except Empty:
pass # already out of loop; continue to next push
elapsed = default_timer() - start
self.clear_sims()
logger.info(
"scoring %i sentences took %.1fs, %.0f sentences/s",
sentence_count, elapsed, sentence_count / elapsed
)
return sentence_scores[:sentence_count]
def clear_sims(self):
"""Remove all L2-normalized word vectors from the model, to free up memory.
You can recompute them later again using the :meth:`~gensim.models.word2vec.Word2Vec.init_sims` method.
"""
self.wv.vectors_norm = None
def intersect_word2vec_format(self, fname, lockf=0.0, binary=False, encoding='utf8', unicode_errors='strict'):
"""Merge in an input-hidden weight matrix loaded from the original C word2vec-tool format,
where it intersects with the current vocabulary.
No words are added to the existing vocabulary, but intersecting words adopt the file's weights, and
non-intersecting words are left alone.
Parameters
----------
fname : str
The file path to load the vectors from.
lockf : float, optional
Lock-factor value to be set for any imported word-vectors; the
default value of 0.0 prevents further updating of the vector during subsequent
training. Use 1.0 to allow further training updates of merged vectors.
binary : bool, optional
If True, `fname` is in the binary word2vec C format.
encoding : str, optional
Encoding of `text` for `unicode` function (python2 only).
unicode_errors : str, optional
Error handling behaviour, used as parameter for `unicode` function (python2 only).
"""
overlap_count = 0
logger.info("loading projection weights from %s", fname)
with utils.smart_open(fname) as fin:
header = utils.to_unicode(fin.readline(), encoding=encoding)
vocab_size, vector_size = (int(x) for x in header.split()) # throws for invalid file format
if not vector_size == self.wv.vector_size:
raise ValueError("incompatible vector size %d in file %s" % (vector_size, fname))
# TOCONSIDER: maybe mismatched vectors still useful enough to merge (truncating/padding)?
if binary:
binary_len = dtype(REAL).itemsize * vector_size
for _ in range(vocab_size):
# mixed text and binary: read text first, then binary
word = []
while True:
ch = fin.read(1)
if ch == b' ':
break
if ch != b'\n': # ignore newlines in front of words (some binary files have)
word.append(ch)
word = utils.to_unicode(b''.join(word), encoding=encoding, errors=unicode_errors)
weights = fromstring(fin.read(binary_len), dtype=REAL)
if word in self.wv.vocab:
overlap_count += 1
self.wv.vectors[self.wv.vocab[word].index] = weights
self.trainables.vectors_lockf[self.wv.vocab[word].index] = lockf # lock-factor: 0.0=no changes
else:
for line_no, line in enumerate(fin):
parts = utils.to_unicode(line.rstrip(), encoding=encoding, errors=unicode_errors).split(" ")
if len(parts) != vector_size + 1:
raise ValueError("invalid vector on line %s (is this really the text format?)" % line_no)
word, weights = parts[0], [REAL(x) for x in parts[1:]]
if word in self.wv.vocab:
overlap_count += 1
self.wv.vectors[self.wv.vocab[word].index] = weights
self.trainables.vectors_lockf[self.wv.vocab[word].index] = lockf # lock-factor: 0.0=no changes
logger.info("merged %d vectors into %s matrix from %s", overlap_count, self.wv.vectors.shape, fname)
@deprecated("Method will be removed in 4.0.0, use self.wv.__getitem__() instead")
def __getitem__(self, words):
"""Deprecated. Use `self.wv.__getitem__` instead.
Refer to the documentation for :meth:`~gensim.models.keyedvectors.Word2VecKeyedVectors.__getitem__`.
"""
return self.wv.__getitem__(words)
@deprecated("Method will be removed in 4.0.0, use self.wv.__contains__() instead")
def __contains__(self, word):
"""Deprecated. Use `self.wv.__contains__` instead.
Refer to the documentation for :meth:`~gensim.models.keyedvectors.Word2VecKeyedVectors.__contains__`.
"""
return self.wv.__contains__(word)
def predict_output_word(self, context_words_list, topn=10):
"""Get the probability distribution of the center word given context words.
Parameters
----------
context_words_list : list of str
List of context words.
topn : int, optional
Return `topn` words and their probabilities.
Returns
-------
list of (str, float)
`topn` length list of tuples of (word, probability).
"""
if not self.negative:
raise RuntimeError(
"We have currently only implemented predict_output_word for the negative sampling scheme, "
"so you need to have run word2vec with negative > 0 for this to work."
)
if not hasattr(self.wv, 'vectors') or not hasattr(self.trainables, 'syn1neg'):
raise RuntimeError("Parameters required for predicting the output words not found.")
word_vocabs = [self.wv.vocab[w] for w in context_words_list if w in self.wv.vocab]
if not word_vocabs:
warnings.warn("All the input context words are out-of-vocabulary for the current model.")
return None
word2_indices = [word.index for word in word_vocabs]
l1 = np_sum(self.wv.vectors[word2_indices], axis=0)
if word2_indices and self.cbow_mean:
l1 /= len(word2_indices)
# propagate hidden -> output and take softmax to get probabilities
prob_values = exp(dot(l1, self.trainables.syn1neg.T))
prob_values /= sum(prob_values)
top_indices = matutils.argsort(prob_values, topn=topn, reverse=True)
# returning the most probable output words with their probabilities
return [(self.wv.index2word[index1], prob_values[index1]) for index1 in top_indices]
def init_sims(self, replace=False):
"""Deprecated. Use `self.wv.init_sims` instead.
See :meth:`~gensim.models.keyedvectors.Word2VecKeyedVectors.init_sims`.
"""
if replace and hasattr(self.trainables, 'syn1'):
del self.trainables.syn1
return self.wv.init_sims(replace)
def reset_from(self, other_model):
"""Borrow shareable pre-built structures from `other_model` and reset hidden layer weights.
Structures copied are:
* Vocabulary
* Index to word mapping
* Cumulative frequency table (used for negative sampling)
* Cached corpus length
Useful when testing multiple models on the same corpus in parallel.
Parameters
----------
other_model : :class:`~gensim.models.word2vec.Word2Vec`
Another model to copy the internal structures from.
"""
self.wv.vocab = other_model.wv.vocab
self.wv.index2word = other_model.wv.index2word
self.vocabulary.cum_table = other_model.vocabulary.cum_table
self.corpus_count = other_model.corpus_count
self.trainables.reset_weights(self.hs, self.negative, self.wv)
@staticmethod
def log_accuracy(section):
"""Deprecated. Use `self.wv.log_accuracy` instead.
See :meth:`~gensim.models.word2vec.Word2VecKeyedVectors.log_accuracy`.
"""
return Word2VecKeyedVectors.log_accuracy(section)
@deprecated("Method will be removed in 4.0.0, use self.wv.evaluate_word_analogies() instead")
def accuracy(self, questions, restrict_vocab=30000, most_similar=None, case_insensitive=True):
"""Deprecated. Use `self.wv.accuracy` instead.
See :meth:`~gensim.models.word2vec.Word2VecKeyedVectors.accuracy`.
"""
most_similar = most_similar or Word2VecKeyedVectors.most_similar
return self.wv.accuracy(questions, restrict_vocab, most_similar, case_insensitive)
def __str__(self):
"""Human readable representation of the model's state.
Returns
-------
str
Human readable representation of the model's state, including the vocabulary size, vector size
and learning rate.
"""
return "%s(vocab=%s, size=%s, alpha=%s)" % (
self.__class__.__name__, len(self.wv.index2word), self.wv.vector_size, self.alpha
)
def delete_temporary_training_data(self, replace_word_vectors_with_normalized=False):
"""Discard parameters that are used in training and scoring, to save memory.
Warnings
--------
Use only if you're sure you're done training a model.
Parameters
----------
replace_word_vectors_with_normalized : bool, optional
If True, forget the original (not normalized) word vectors and only keep
the L2-normalized word vectors, to save even more memory.
"""
if replace_word_vectors_with_normalized:
self.init_sims(replace=True)
self._minimize_model()
def save(self, *args, **kwargs):
"""Save the model.
This saved model can be loaded again using :func:`~gensim.models.word2vec.Word2Vec.load`, which supports
online training and getting vectors for vocabulary words.
Parameters
----------
fname : str
Path to the file.
"""
# don't bother storing the cached normalized vectors, recalculable table
kwargs['ignore'] = kwargs.get('ignore', ['vectors_norm', 'cum_table'])
super(Word2Vec, self).save(*args, **kwargs)
def get_latest_training_loss(self):
"""Get current value of the training loss.
Returns
-------
float
Current training loss.
"""
return self.running_training_loss
@deprecated(
"Method will be removed in 4.0.0, keep just_word_vectors = model.wv to retain just the KeyedVectors instance"
)
def _minimize_model(self, save_syn1=False, save_syn1neg=False, save_vectors_lockf=False):
if save_syn1 and save_syn1neg and save_vectors_lockf:
return
if hasattr(self.trainables, 'syn1') and not save_syn1:
del self.trainables.syn1
if hasattr(self.trainables, 'syn1neg') and not save_syn1neg:
del self.trainables.syn1neg
if hasattr(self.trainables, 'vectors_lockf') and not save_vectors_lockf:
del self.trainables.vectors_lockf
self.model_trimmed_post_training = True
@classmethod
def load_word2vec_format(
cls, fname, fvocab=None, binary=False, encoding='utf8', unicode_errors='strict',
limit=None, datatype=REAL):
"""Deprecated. Use :meth:`gensim.models.KeyedVectors.load_word2vec_format` instead."""
raise DeprecationWarning("Deprecated. Use gensim.models.KeyedVectors.load_word2vec_format instead.")
def save_word2vec_format(self, fname, fvocab=None, binary=False):
"""Deprecated. Use `model.wv.save_word2vec_format` instead.
See :meth:`gensim.models.KeyedVectors.save_word2vec_format`.
"""
raise DeprecationWarning("Deprecated. Use model.wv.save_word2vec_format instead.")
@classmethod
def load(cls, *args, **kwargs):
"""Load a previously saved :class:`~gensim.models.word2vec.Word2Vec` model.
See Also
--------
:meth:`~gensim.models.word2vec.Word2Vec.save`
Save model.
Parameters
----------
fname : str
Path to the saved file.
Returns
-------
:class:`~gensim.models.word2vec.Word2Vec`
Loaded model.
"""
try:
model = super(Word2Vec, cls).load(*args, **kwargs)
# for backward compatibility for `max_final_vocab` feature
if not hasattr(model, 'max_final_vocab'):
model.max_final_vocab = None
model.vocabulary.max_final_vocab = None
return model
except AttributeError:
logger.info('Model saved using code from earlier Gensim Version. Re-loading old model in a compatible way.')
from gensim.models.deprecated.word2vec import load_old_word2vec
return load_old_word2vec(*args, **kwargs)
class BrownCorpus(object):
"""Iterate over sentences from the `Brown corpus <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brown_Corpus>`_
(part of `NLTK data <https://www.nltk.org/data.html>`_).
"""
def __init__(self, dirname):
self.dirname = dirname
def __iter__(self):
for fname in os.listdir(self.dirname):
fname = os.path.join(self.dirname, fname)
if not os.path.isfile(fname):
continue
for line in utils.smart_open(fname):
line = utils.to_unicode(line)
# each file line is a single sentence in the Brown corpus
# each token is WORD/POS_TAG
token_tags = [t.split('/') for t in line.split() if len(t.split('/')) == 2]
# ignore words with non-alphabetic tags like ",", "!" etc (punctuation, weird stuff)
words = ["%s/%s" % (token.lower(), tag[:2]) for token, tag in token_tags if tag[:2].isalpha()]
if not words: # don't bother sending out empty sentences
continue
yield words
class Text8Corpus(object):
"""Iterate over sentences from the "text8" corpus, unzipped from http://mattmahoney.net/dc/text8.zip."""
def __init__(self, fname, max_sentence_length=MAX_WORDS_IN_BATCH):
self.fname = fname
self.max_sentence_length = max_sentence_length
def __iter__(self):
# the entire corpus is one gigantic line -- there are no sentence marks at all
# so just split the sequence of tokens arbitrarily: 1 sentence = 1000 tokens
sentence, rest = [], b''
with utils.smart_open(self.fname) as fin:
while True:
text = rest + fin.read(8192) # avoid loading the entire file (=1 line) into RAM
if text == rest: # EOF
words = utils.to_unicode(text).split()
sentence.extend(words) # return the last chunk of words, too (may be shorter/longer)
if sentence:
yield sentence
break
last_token = text.rfind(b' ') # last token may have been split in two... keep for next iteration
words, rest = (utils.to_unicode(text[:last_token]).split(),
text[last_token:].strip()) if last_token >= 0 else ([], text)
sentence.extend(words)
while len(sentence) >= self.max_sentence_length:
yield sentence[:self.max_sentence_length]
sentence = sentence[self.max_sentence_length:]
class LineSentence(object):
"""Iterate over a file that contains sentences: one line = one sentence.
Words must be already preprocessed and separated by whitespace.
"""
def __init__(self, source, max_sentence_length=MAX_WORDS_IN_BATCH, limit=None):
"""
Parameters
----------
source : string or a file-like object
Path to the file on disk, or an already-open file object (must support `seek(0)`).
limit : int or None
Clip the file to the first `limit` lines. Do no clipping if `limit is None` (the default).
Examples
--------
.. sourcecode:: pycon
>>> from gensim.test.utils import datapath
>>> sentences = LineSentence(datapath('lee_background.cor'))
>>> for sentence in sentences:
... pass
"""
self.source = source
self.max_sentence_length = max_sentence_length
self.limit = limit
def __iter__(self):
"""Iterate through the lines in the source."""
try:
# Assume it is a file-like object and try treating it as such
# Things that don't have seek will trigger an exception
self.source.seek(0)
for line in itertools.islice(self.source, self.limit):
line = utils.to_unicode(line).split()
i = 0
while i < len(line):
yield line[i: i + self.max_sentence_length]
i += self.max_sentence_length
except AttributeError:
# If it didn't work like a file, use it as a string filename
with utils.smart_open(self.source) as fin:
for line in itertools.islice(fin, self.limit):
line = utils.to_unicode(line).split()
i = 0
while i < len(line):
yield line[i: i + self.max_sentence_length]
i += self.max_sentence_length
class PathLineSentences(object):
"""Like :class:`~gensim.models.word2vec.LineSentence`, but process all files in a directory
in alphabetical order by filename.
The directory must only contain files that can be read by :class:`gensim.models.word2vec.LineSentence`:
.bz2, .gz, and text files. Any file not ending with .bz2 or .gz is assumed to be a text file.
The format of files (either text, or compressed text files) in the path is one sentence = one line,
with words already preprocessed and separated by whitespace.
Warnings
--------
Does **not recurse** into subdirectories.
"""
def __init__(self, source, max_sentence_length=MAX_WORDS_IN_BATCH, limit=None):
"""
Parameters
----------
source : str
Path to the directory.
limit : int or None
Read only the first `limit` lines from each file. Read all if limit is None (the default).
"""
self.source = source
self.max_sentence_length = max_sentence_length
self.limit = limit
if os.path.isfile(self.source):
logger.debug('single file given as source, rather than a directory of files')
logger.debug('consider using models.word2vec.LineSentence for a single file')
self.input_files = [self.source] # force code compatibility with list of files
elif os.path.isdir(self.source):
self.source = os.path.join(self.source, '') # ensures os-specific slash at end of path
logger.info('reading directory %s', self.source)
self.input_files = os.listdir(self.source)
self.input_files = [self.source + filename for filename in self.input_files] # make full paths
self.input_files.sort() # makes sure it happens in filename order
else: # not a file or a directory, then we can't do anything with it
raise ValueError('input is neither a file nor a path')
logger.info('files read into PathLineSentences:%s', '\n'.join(self.input_files))
def __iter__(self):
"""iterate through the files"""
for file_name in self.input_files:
logger.info('reading file %s', file_name)
with utils.smart_open(file_name) as fin:
for line in itertools.islice(fin, self.limit):
line = utils.to_unicode(line).split()
i = 0
while i < len(line):
yield line[i:i + self.max_sentence_length]
i += self.max_sentence_length
def _scan_vocab_worker(stream, progress_queue, max_vocab_size=None, trim_rule=None):
"""Do an initial scan of all words appearing in stream.
Note: This function can not be Word2VecVocab's method because
of multiprocessing synchronization specifics in Python.
"""
min_reduce = 1
vocab = defaultdict(int)
checked_string_types = 0
sentence_no = -1
total_words = 0
for sentence_no, sentence in enumerate(stream):
if not checked_string_types:
if isinstance(sentence, string_types):
log_msg = "Each 'sentences' item should be a list of words (usually unicode strings). " \
"First item here is instead plain %s." % type(sentence)
progress_queue.put(log_msg)
checked_string_types += 1
for word in sentence:
vocab[word] += 1
if max_vocab_size and len(vocab) > max_vocab_size:
utils.prune_vocab(vocab, min_reduce, trim_rule=trim_rule)
min_reduce += 1
total_words += len(sentence)
progress_queue.put((total_words, sentence_no + 1))
progress_queue.put(None)
return vocab
class Word2VecVocab(utils.SaveLoad):
"""Vocabulary used by :class:`~gensim.models.word2vec.Word2Vec`."""
def __init__(
self, max_vocab_size=None, min_count=5, sample=1e-3, sorted_vocab=True, null_word=0,
max_final_vocab=None, ns_exponent=0.75):
self.max_vocab_size = max_vocab_size
self.min_count = min_count
self.sample = sample
self.sorted_vocab = sorted_vocab
self.null_word = null_word
self.cum_table = None # for negative sampling
self.raw_vocab = None
self.max_final_vocab = max_final_vocab
self.ns_exponent = ns_exponent
def _scan_vocab(self, sentences, progress_per, trim_rule):
sentence_no = -1
total_words = 0
min_reduce = 1
vocab = defaultdict(int)
checked_string_types = 0
for sentence_no, sentence in enumerate(sentences):
if not checked_string_types:
if isinstance(sentence, string_types):
logger.warning(
"Each 'sentences' item should be a list of words (usually unicode strings). "
"First item here is instead plain %s.",
type(sentence)
)
checked_string_types += 1
if sentence_no % progress_per == 0:
logger.info(
"PROGRESS: at sentence #%i, processed %i words, keeping %i word types",
sentence_no, total_words, len(vocab)
)
for word in sentence:
vocab[word] += 1
total_words += len(sentence)
if self.max_vocab_size and len(vocab) > self.max_vocab_size:
utils.prune_vocab(vocab, min_reduce, trim_rule=trim_rule)
min_reduce += 1
corpus_count = sentence_no + 1
self.raw_vocab = vocab
return total_words, corpus_count
def scan_vocab(self, sentences=None, corpus_file=None, progress_per=10000, workers=None, trim_rule=None):
logger.info("collecting all words and their counts")
if corpus_file:
sentences = LineSentence(corpus_file)
total_words, corpus_count = self._scan_vocab(sentences, progress_per, trim_rule)
logger.info(
"collected %i word types from a corpus of %i raw words and %i sentences",
len(self.raw_vocab), total_words, corpus_count
)
return total_words, corpus_count
def sort_vocab(self, wv):
"""Sort the vocabulary so the most frequent words have the lowest indexes."""
if len(wv.vectors):
raise RuntimeError("cannot sort vocabulary after model weights already initialized.")
wv.index2word.sort(key=lambda word: wv.vocab[word].count, reverse=True)
for i, word in enumerate(wv.index2word):
wv.vocab[word].index = i
def prepare_vocab(
self, hs, negative, wv, update=False, keep_raw_vocab=False, trim_rule=None,
min_count=None, sample=None, dry_run=False):
"""Apply vocabulary settings for `min_count` (discarding less-frequent words)
and `sample` (controlling the downsampling of more-frequent words).
Calling with `dry_run=True` will only simulate the provided settings and
report the size of the retained vocabulary, effective corpus length, and
estimated memory requirements. Results are both printed via logging and
returned as a dict.
Delete the raw vocabulary after the scaling is done to free up RAM,
unless `keep_raw_vocab` is set.
"""
min_count = min_count or self.min_count
sample = sample or self.sample
drop_total = drop_unique = 0
# set effective_min_count to min_count in case max_final_vocab isn't set
self.effective_min_count = min_count
# if max_final_vocab is specified instead of min_count
# pick a min_count which satisfies max_final_vocab as well as possible
if self.max_final_vocab is not None:
sorted_vocab = sorted(self.raw_vocab.keys(), key=lambda word: self.raw_vocab[word], reverse=True)
calc_min_count = 1
if self.max_final_vocab < len(sorted_vocab):
calc_min_count = self.raw_vocab[sorted_vocab[self.max_final_vocab]] + 1
self.effective_min_count = max(calc_min_count, min_count)
logger.info(
"max_final_vocab=%d and min_count=%d resulted in calc_min_count=%d, effective_min_count=%d",
self.max_final_vocab, min_count, calc_min_count, self.effective_min_count
)
if not update:
logger.info("Loading a fresh vocabulary")
retain_total, retain_words = 0, []
# Discard words less-frequent than min_count
if not dry_run:
wv.index2word = []
# make stored settings match these applied settings
self.min_count = min_count
self.sample = sample
wv.vocab = {}
for word, v in iteritems(self.raw_vocab):
if keep_vocab_item(word, v, self.effective_min_count, trim_rule=trim_rule):
retain_words.append(word)
retain_total += v
if not dry_run:
wv.vocab[word] = Vocab(count=v, index=len(wv.index2word))
wv.index2word.append(word)
else:
drop_unique += 1
drop_total += v
original_unique_total = len(retain_words) + drop_unique
retain_unique_pct = len(retain_words) * 100 / max(original_unique_total, 1)
logger.info(
"effective_min_count=%d retains %i unique words (%i%% of original %i, drops %i)",
self.effective_min_count, len(retain_words), retain_unique_pct, original_unique_total, drop_unique
)
original_total = retain_total + drop_total
retain_pct = retain_total * 100 / max(original_total, 1)
logger.info(
"effective_min_count=%d leaves %i word corpus (%i%% of original %i, drops %i)",
self.effective_min_count, retain_total, retain_pct, original_total, drop_total
)
else:
logger.info("Updating model with new vocabulary")
new_total = pre_exist_total = 0
new_words = pre_exist_words = []
for word, v in iteritems(self.raw_vocab):
if keep_vocab_item(word, v, self.effective_min_count, trim_rule=trim_rule):
if word in wv.vocab:
pre_exist_words.append(word)
pre_exist_total += v
if not dry_run:
wv.vocab[word].count += v
else:
new_words.append(word)
new_total += v
if not dry_run:
wv.vocab[word] = Vocab(count=v, index=len(wv.index2word))
wv.index2word.append(word)
else:
drop_unique += 1
drop_total += v
original_unique_total = len(pre_exist_words) + len(new_words) + drop_unique
pre_exist_unique_pct = len(pre_exist_words) * 100 / max(original_unique_total, 1)
new_unique_pct = len(new_words) * 100 / max(original_unique_total, 1)
logger.info(
"New added %i unique words (%i%% of original %i) "
"and increased the count of %i pre-existing words (%i%% of original %i)",
len(new_words), new_unique_pct, original_unique_total, len(pre_exist_words),
pre_exist_unique_pct, original_unique_total
)
retain_words = new_words + pre_exist_words
retain_total = new_total + pre_exist_total
# Precalculate each vocabulary item's threshold for sampling
if not sample:
# no words downsampled
threshold_count = retain_total
elif sample < 1.0:
# traditional meaning: set parameter as proportion of total
threshold_count = sample * retain_total
else:
# new shorthand: sample >= 1 means downsample all words with higher count than sample
threshold_count = int(sample * (3 + sqrt(5)) / 2)
downsample_total, downsample_unique = 0, 0
for w in retain_words:
v = self.raw_vocab[w]
word_probability = (sqrt(v / threshold_count) + 1) * (threshold_count / v)
if word_probability < 1.0:
downsample_unique += 1
downsample_total += word_probability * v
else:
word_probability = 1.0
downsample_total += v
if not dry_run:
wv.vocab[w].sample_int = int(round(word_probability * 2**32))
if not dry_run and not keep_raw_vocab:
logger.info("deleting the raw counts dictionary of %i items", len(self.raw_vocab))
self.raw_vocab = defaultdict(int)
logger.info("sample=%g downsamples %i most-common words", sample, downsample_unique)
logger.info(
"downsampling leaves estimated %i word corpus (%.1f%% of prior %i)",
downsample_total, downsample_total * 100.0 / max(retain_total, 1), retain_total
)
# return from each step: words-affected, resulting-corpus-size, extra memory estimates
report_values = {
'drop_unique': drop_unique, 'retain_total': retain_total, 'downsample_unique': downsample_unique,
'downsample_total': int(downsample_total), 'num_retained_words': len(retain_words)
}
if self.null_word:
# create null pseudo-word for padding when using concatenative L1 (run-of-words)
# this word is only ever input – never predicted – so count, huffman-point, etc doesn't matter
self.add_null_word(wv)
if self.sorted_vocab and not update:
self.sort_vocab(wv)
if hs:
# add info about each word's Huffman encoding
self.create_binary_tree(wv)
if negative:
# build the table for drawing random words (for negative sampling)
self.make_cum_table(wv)
return report_values
def add_null_word(self, wv):
word, v = '\0', Vocab(count=1, sample_int=0)
v.index = len(wv.vocab)
wv.index2word.append(word)
wv.vocab[word] = v
def create_binary_tree(self, wv):
"""Create a `binary Huffman tree <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Huffman_coding>`_ using stored vocabulary
word counts. Frequent words will have shorter binary codes.
Called internally from :meth:`~gensim.models.word2vec.Word2VecVocab.build_vocab`.
"""
logger.info("constructing a huffman tree from %i words", len(wv.vocab))
# build the huffman tree
heap = list(itervalues(wv.vocab))
heapq.heapify(heap)
for i in range(len(wv.vocab) - 1):
min1, min2 = heapq.heappop(heap), heapq.heappop(heap)
heapq.heappush(
heap, Vocab(count=min1.count + min2.count, index=i + len(wv.vocab), left=min1, right=min2)
)
# recurse over the tree, assigning a binary code to each vocabulary word
if heap:
max_depth, stack = 0, [(heap[0], [], [])]
while stack:
node, codes, points = stack.pop()
if node.index < len(wv.vocab):
# leaf node => store its path from the root
node.code, node.point = codes, points
max_depth = max(len(codes), max_depth)
else:
# inner node => continue recursion
points = array(list(points) + [node.index - len(wv.vocab)], dtype=uint32)
stack.append((node.left, array(list(codes) + [0], dtype=uint8), points))
stack.append((node.right, array(list(codes) + [1], dtype=uint8), points))
logger.info("built huffman tree with maximum node depth %i", max_depth)
def make_cum_table(self, wv, domain=2**31 - 1):
"""Create a cumulative-distribution table using stored vocabulary word counts for
drawing random words in the negative-sampling training routines.
To draw a word index, choose a random integer up to the maximum value in the table (cum_table[-1]),
then finding that integer's sorted insertion point (as if by `bisect_left` or `ndarray.searchsorted()`).
That insertion point is the drawn index, coming up in proportion equal to the increment at that slot.
Called internally from :meth:`~gensim.models.word2vec.Word2VecVocab.build_vocab`.
"""
vocab_size = len(wv.index2word)
self.cum_table = zeros(vocab_size, dtype=uint32)
# compute sum of all power (Z in paper)
train_words_pow = 0.0
for word_index in range(vocab_size):
train_words_pow += wv.vocab[wv.index2word[word_index]].count**self.ns_exponent
cumulative = 0.0
for word_index in range(vocab_size):
cumulative += wv.vocab[wv.index2word[word_index]].count**self.ns_exponent
self.cum_table[word_index] = round(cumulative / train_words_pow * domain)
if len(self.cum_table) > 0:
assert self.cum_table[-1] == domain
class Word2VecTrainables(utils.SaveLoad):
"""Represents the inner shallow neural network used to train :class:`~gensim.models.word2vec.Word2Vec`."""
def __init__(self, vector_size=100, seed=1, hashfxn=hash):
self.hashfxn = hashfxn
self.layer1_size = vector_size
self.seed = seed
def prepare_weights(self, hs, negative, wv, update=False, vocabulary=None):
"""Build tables and model weights based on final vocabulary settings."""
# set initial input/projection and hidden weights
if not update:
self.reset_weights(hs, negative, wv)
else:
self.update_weights(hs, negative, wv)
def seeded_vector(self, seed_string, vector_size):
"""Get a random vector (but deterministic by seed_string)."""
# Note: built-in hash() may vary by Python version or even (in Py3.x) per launch
once = random.RandomState(self.hashfxn(seed_string) & 0xffffffff)
return (once.rand(vector_size) - 0.5) / vector_size
def reset_weights(self, hs, negative, wv):
"""Reset all projection weights to an initial (untrained) state, but keep the existing vocabulary."""
logger.info("resetting layer weights")
wv.vectors = empty((len(wv.vocab), wv.vector_size), dtype=REAL)
# randomize weights vector by vector, rather than materializing a huge random matrix in RAM at once
for i in range(len(wv.vocab)):
# construct deterministic seed from word AND seed argument
wv.vectors[i] = self.seeded_vector(wv.index2word[i] + str(self.seed), wv.vector_size)
if hs:
self.syn1 = zeros((len(wv.vocab), self.layer1_size), dtype=REAL)
if negative:
self.syn1neg = zeros((len(wv.vocab), self.layer1_size), dtype=REAL)
wv.vectors_norm = None
self.vectors_lockf = ones(len(wv.vocab), dtype=REAL) # zeros suppress learning
def update_weights(self, hs, negative, wv):
"""Copy all the existing weights, and reset the weights for the newly added vocabulary."""
logger.info("updating layer weights")
gained_vocab = len(wv.vocab) - len(wv.vectors)
newvectors = empty((gained_vocab, wv.vector_size), dtype=REAL)
# randomize the remaining words
for i in range(len(wv.vectors), len(wv.vocab)):
# construct deterministic seed from word AND seed argument
newvectors[i - len(wv.vectors)] = self.seeded_vector(wv.index2word[i] + str(self.seed), wv.vector_size)
# Raise an error if an online update is run before initial training on a corpus
if not len(wv.vectors):
raise RuntimeError(
"You cannot do an online vocabulary-update of a model which has no prior vocabulary. "
"First build the vocabulary of your model with a corpus before doing an online update."
)
wv.vectors = vstack([wv.vectors, newvectors])
if hs:
self.syn1 = vstack([self.syn1, zeros((gained_vocab, self.layer1_size), dtype=REAL)])
if negative:
pad = zeros((gained_vocab, self.layer1_size), dtype=REAL)
self.syn1neg = vstack([self.syn1neg, pad])
wv.vectors_norm = None
# do not suppress learning for already learned words
self.vectors_lockf = ones(len(wv.vocab), dtype=REAL) # zeros suppress learning
# Example: ./word2vec.py -train data.txt -output vec.txt -size 200 -window 5 -sample 1e-4 \
# -negative 5 -hs 0 -binary 0 -cbow 1 -iter 3
if __name__ == "__main__":
import argparse
logging.basicConfig(
format='%(asctime)s : %(threadName)s : %(levelname)s : %(message)s',
level=logging.INFO
)
logger.info("running %s", " ".join(sys.argv))
logger.info("using optimization %s", FAST_VERSION)
# check and process cmdline input
program = os.path.basename(sys.argv[0])
if len(sys.argv) < 2:
print(globals()['__doc__'] % locals())
sys.exit(1)
from gensim.models.word2vec import Word2Vec # noqa:F811 avoid referencing __main__ in pickle
seterr(all='raise') # don't ignore numpy errors
parser = argparse.ArgumentParser()
parser.add_argument("-train", help="Use text data from file TRAIN to train the model", required=True)
parser.add_argument("-output", help="Use file OUTPUT to save the resulting word vectors")
parser.add_argument("-window", help="Set max skip length WINDOW between words; default is 5", type=int, default=5)
parser.add_argument("-size", help="Set size of word vectors; default is 100", type=int, default=100)
parser.add_argument(
"-sample",
help="Set threshold for occurrence of words. "
"Those that appear with higher frequency in the training data will be randomly down-sampled;"
" default is 1e-3, useful range is (0, 1e-5)",
type=float, default=1e-3
)
parser.add_argument(
"-hs", help="Use Hierarchical Softmax; default is 0 (not used)",
type=int, default=0, choices=[0, 1]
)
parser.add_argument(
"-negative", help="Number of negative examples; default is 5, common values are 3 - 10 (0 = not used)",
type=int, default=5
)
parser.add_argument("-threads", help="Use THREADS threads (default 12)", type=int, default=12)
parser.add_argument("-iter", help="Run more training iterations (default 5)", type=int, default=5)
parser.add_argument(
"-min_count", help="This will discard words that appear less than MIN_COUNT times; default is 5",
type=int, default=5
)
parser.add_argument(
"-cbow", help="Use the continuous bag of words model; default is 1 (use 0 for skip-gram model)",
type=int, default=1, choices=[0, 1]
)
parser.add_argument(
"-binary", help="Save the resulting vectors in binary mode; default is 0 (off)",
type=int, default=0, choices=[0, 1]
)
parser.add_argument("-accuracy", help="Use questions from file ACCURACY to evaluate the model")
args = parser.parse_args()
if args.cbow == 0:
skipgram = 1
else:
skipgram = 0
corpus = LineSentence(args.train)
model = Word2Vec(
corpus, size=args.size, min_count=args.min_count, workers=args.threads,
window=args.window, sample=args.sample, sg=skipgram, hs=args.hs,
negative=args.negative, cbow_mean=1, iter=args.iter
)
if args.output:
outfile = args.output
model.wv.save_word2vec_format(outfile, binary=args.binary)
else:
outfile = args.train
model.save(outfile + '.model')
if args.binary == 1:
model.wv.save_word2vec_format(outfile + '.model.bin', binary=True)
else:
model.wv.save_word2vec_format(outfile + '.model.txt', binary=False)
if args.accuracy:
model.accuracy(args.accuracy)
logger.info("finished running %s", program)