Permalink
Switch branches/tags
Nothing to show
Find file Copy path
49add59 Oct 13, 2018
1 contributor

Users who have contributed to this file

127 lines (108 sloc) 4.24 KB
layout title date tags author comments
post
How to serve websites with Apache on CentOS 7
2018-10-13 14:30:00 +0100
linux web apache
Daniel Rabanser
true

Since I want to make a post about phpMyAdmin, I'm splitting the requirements part into multiple posts. Apache stuff out right now.

In this post I want to go through this:

  • Install Apache on CentOS 7
  • Set up Apache
  • Serve a simple HTML site
    -- with a Virtual Hosts configuration (accessible with a FQDN)

Update your system

Get the latest updates for your server

[root@centos ~]# yum update

Install Apache

Install the Apache version that comes with CentOS 7

[root@centos ~]# yum install httpd

Start Apache

Now you can start the web server and enable it to start automatically at boot time

[root@centos ~]# systemctl start httpd
[root@centos ~]# systemctl enable httpd

Set firewall rules

In order to access the websites hosted on the web server you'll need to allow HTTP/s communications

[root@centos ~]# firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=http
[root@centos ~]# firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=https
[root@centos ~]# firewall-cmd --reload

Test your setup

If you followed everything correctly, you should see "The Testing 123..." when navigating to your Servers IP address Testing 123...

Initial Apache setup

So, your server could now serve a website in the root path /var/www/html/*, but you might want to use the web server to serve multiple sites which accessible by different FQDNS (at least that's how I use my servers). In order to do that you firstly want to disable the Apache Welcome page by placing a sample index.html file in the /var/www/html folder.
I prefer a simple index.html file that redirects users to my main website (in case someone tries to access the Servers IP address / FQDN ecc.)

[root@centos ~]# vi /var/www/html/index.html

Tweak to your needs, and insert that into the file:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
   <head>
      <title>Redirecting</title>
      <meta http-equiv="refresh" content="0; URL='https://www.rabanser.tech'" />
   </head>
   <body>
      <p><a href="https://www.rabanser.tech">If you are not being redirected automatically click on this link</a></p>
   </body>
</html>

Create a website

Now you're all set to deploy websites on your server, I'll start by setting up a demo site accessible at http://simple-demo.rabanser.tech
Let's start by creating the required folder structure and provide it with a small index.html file:

[root@centos ~]# mkdir /var/www/html/simple-demo.rabanser.tech
[root@centos ~]# vi /var/www/html/simple-demo.rabanser.tech/index.html
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
   <head>
      <title>Demo Site</title>
   </head>
   <body>
      <h1>This is a demo site</h1>
   </body>
</html>

Let's continue with the Apache config file for our demo website, config files are located in /etc/httpd/conf.d/ and have a .conf extension.
I create a config file per web:

[root@centos ~]# vi /etc/httpd/conf.d/simple-demo.rabanser.tech.conf

Tweak to your needs and then insert it in the config file

<VirtualHost *:80>
   ServerName simple-demo.rabanser.tech
   DocumentRoot "/var/www/html/simple-demo.rabanser.tech"
</VirtualHost>

Test the configuration and restart the server

[root@centos ~]# apachectl configtest
Syntax OK
[root@centos ~]# apachectl restart

Lastly you want to set your DNS configuration (I'm just running a lab environment, so I'm going to change my host file).
If you're all set with DNS you can try to navigate to your site, you should see your site at http://simple-demo.rabanser.tech Demo Site

Wrap up

That's it, that all you need to do in order to serve web sites with Apache on CentOS, if you want to host multiple sites, all you need to do is repeat the "Create a website" step and you're all sorted.

In the next post I'll go through how to secure your websites with Let's Encrypt certificates (since you ever want to serve your sites securely)