Gopi Goteti edited this page Jan 21, 2014 · 9 revisions

There are hundreds, if not thousands, of papers on tornadoes in the literature. However, the ones relevant to this project are those that have analyzed the publicly available tornado data for the United States and other countries towards probabilistic and stochastic analysis of the tornado hazard.

  • NOAA Storm Prediction Center (SPC)
  • Ash, Cutter & Emrich, 2013, "Acceptable losses? The relative impacts of natural hazards in the United States, 1980 - 2009", International Journal of Risk Reduction, 5, pp. 61-72.
  • Boruff, Easoz, Jones, Landry, Mitchem & Cutter, 2003, "Tornado hazards in the United States", Climate Research, 24, pp. 103-117.
  • Brooks, Doswell & Kay, 2003, "Climatological Estimates of Local Daily Tornado Probability for the United States", Weather & Forecasting, 18, pp. 626-640.
  • Brooks & Doswell, 2001, "Some aspects of the international climatology of tornadoes by damage classification", Atmospheric Research, 56, pp. 191-201.
  • Coleman, Timothy A., and P. Grady Dixon. "An Objective Analysis of Tornado Risk in the United States." Weather and Forecasting 2013 (2013).
  • Concannon, Peggy R., Harold E. Brooks, and Charles A. Doswell III. "Climatological risk of strong and violent tornadoes in the United States." Preprints, 2nd Symp. on Environmental Applications, Long Beach, CA, Amer. Meteor. Soc. 2000.
  • Dixon, P. Grady, et al. "Tornado Risk Analysis: Is Dixie Alley an Extension of Tornado Alley?." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 92.4 (2011): 433-441.
  • Dotzek, Greiser & Brooks, 2003, "Statistical Modeling of Tornado Intensity Distributions", Atmospheric Research, 67-68, pp.163-187
  • Elsner, Murnane, Jagger & Widen, 2013, "A spatial point process model for violent tornado occurrence in the U.S. Great Plains", Mathematical Geosciences, 45(6), pp. 667-679. Code available at -
  • Feuerstein, Dotzek & Grieser, 2005, "Assessing a Tornado Climatology from Global Tornado Distributions", American Meteorological Society, Feb 2005, pp.585-596.
  • Grazulis, 1993, "A 110-Year Perspective of Significant Tornadoes", The Tornado: Its Structure, Dynamics, Prediction, and Hazards, Geophysical Monograph 79, pp. 467-474.
  • Meyer, Cathryn L., Harold E. Brooks, and Michael P. Kay. "J3. 6 A HAZARD MODEL FOR TORNADO OCCURRENCE IN THE UNITED STATES."
  • Simmons, Sutter & Pielke, 2013, "Normalized tornado damage in the United States: 1950 - 2011", Environmental Hazards, 12(2), pp. 132-147.
  • Verbout, Brooks, Leslie, & Schultz, 2006, "Evolution of the U.S. Tornado Database: 1954-2003", Weather and Forecasting, pp. 86-93.