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(ns me.raynes.fs
"File system utilities in Clojure"
(:refer-clojure :exclude [name parents])
(:require [clojure.zip :as zip]
[clojure.java.io :as io]
[clojure.string :as string]
[clojure.java.shell :as sh])
(:import [java.io File FilenameFilter]))
;; Once you've started a JVM, that JVM's working directory is set in stone
;; and cannot be changed. This library will provide a way to simulate a
;; working directory change. `cwd` is considered to be the current working
;; directory for functions in this library. Unfortunately, this will only
;; apply to functions inside this library since we can't change the JVM's
;; actual working directory.
(def ^{:doc "Current working directory. This cannot be changed in the JVM.
Changing this will only change the working directory for functions
in this library."
:dynamic true}
*cwd* (.getCanonicalFile (io/file ".")))
(let [homedir (io/file (System/getProperty "user.home"))
usersdir (.getParent homedir)]
(defn home
"With no arguments, returns the current value of the `user.home` system
property. If a `user` is passed, returns that user's home directory. It
is naively assumed to be a directory with the same name as the `user`
located relative to the parent of the current value of `user.home`."
([] homedir)
([user] (if (empty? user) homedir (io/file usersdir user)))))
(defn expand-home
"If `path` begins with a tilde (`~`), expand the tilde to the value
of the `user.home` system property. If the `path` begins with a
tilde immediately followed by some characters, they are assumed to
be a username. This is expanded to the path to that user's home
directory. This is (naively) assumed to be a directory with the same
name as the user relative to the parent of the current value of
`user.home`."
[path]
(let [path (str path)]
(if (.startsWith path "~")
(let [sep (.indexOf path File/separator)]
(if (neg? sep)
(home (subs path 1))
(io/file (home (subs path 1 sep)) (subs path (inc sep)))))
(io/file path))))
;; Library functions will call this function on paths/files so that
;; we get the cwd effect on them.
(defn ^File file
"If `path` is a period, replaces it with cwd and creates a new File object
out of it and `paths`. Or, if the resulting File object does not constitute
an absolute path, makes it absolutely by creating a new File object out of
the `paths` and cwd."
[path & paths]
(when-let [path (apply
io/file (if (= path ".")
*cwd*
path)
paths)]
(if (.isAbsolute ^File path)
path
(io/file *cwd* path))))
(defn list-dir
"List files and directories under `path`."
[path]
(seq (.listFiles (file path))))
(defmacro ^:private predicate [s path]
`(if ~path
(. ~path ~s)
false))
(defn absolute?
"Return true if `path` is absolute."
[path]
(predicate isAbsolute (io/file path)))
(defn executable?
"Return true if `path` is executable."
[path]
(predicate canExecute (file path)))
(defn readable?
"Return true if `path` is readable."
[path]
(predicate canRead (file path)))
(defn writeable?
"Return true if `path` is writeable."
[path]
(predicate canWrite (file path)))
(defn delete
"Delete `path`."
[path]
(predicate delete (file path)))
(defn exists?
"Return true if `path` exists."
[path]
(predicate exists (file path)))
(defn absolute
"Return absolute file."
[path]
(.getAbsoluteFile (file path)))
(defn normalized
"Return normalized (canonical) file."
[path]
(.getCanonicalFile (file path)))
(defn ^String base-name
"Return the base name (final segment/file part) of a `path`.
If optional `trim-ext` is a string and the `path` ends with that
string, it is trimmed.
If `trim-ext` is true, any extension is trimmed."
([path] (.getName (file path)))
([path trim-ext]
(let [base (.getName (file path))]
(cond (string? trim-ext) (if (.endsWith base trim-ext)
(subs base 0 (- (count base) (count trim-ext)))
base)
trim-ext (let [dot (.lastIndexOf base ".")]
(if (pos? dot) (subs base 0 dot) base))
:else base))))
(defn directory?
"Return true if `path` is a directory."
[path]
(predicate isDirectory (file path)))
(defn file?
"Return true if `path` is a file."
[path]
(predicate isFile (file path)))
(defn ^Boolean hidden?
"Return true if `path` is hidden."
[path]
(predicate isHidden (file path)))
(defn delete-dir
"Delete a directory tree."
[root]
(when (directory? root)
(doseq [path (.listFiles (file root))]
(delete-dir path)))
(delete root))
(defmacro ^:private include-java-7-fns []
(when (try (import '[java.nio.file Files Path LinkOption CopyOption]
'[java.nio.file.attribute FileAttribute])
(catch Exception _ nil))
'(do
(extend-protocol io/Coercions
Path
(as-file [this] (.toFile this))
(as-url [this] (.. this (toFile) (toURL))))
(defn- ^Path as-path
"Convert `path` to a `java.nio.file.Path`.
Requires Java version 7 or greater."
[path]
(.toPath (file path)))
(defn ^Boolean link?
"Return true if `path` is a link.
Requires Java version 7 or greater."
[path]
(Files/isSymbolicLink (as-path path)))
(defn ^File link
"Create a \"hard\" link from path to target.
Requires Java version 7 or greater. The arguments
are in the opposite order from the link(2) system
call."
[new-file existing-file]
(file (Files/createLink (as-path new-file) (as-path existing-file))))
(defn ^File sym-link
"Create a \"soft\" link from `path` to `target`.
Requires Java version 7 or greater."
[path target]
(file (Files/createSymbolicLink
(as-path path)
(as-path target)
(make-array FileAttribute 0))))
(defn ^File read-sym-link
"Return the target of a 'soft' link.
Requires Java version 7 or greater."
[path]
(file (Files/readSymbolicLink (as-path path))))
;; Rewrite directory? and delete-dir to include LinkOptions.
(defn directory?
"Return true if `path` is a directory, false otherwise.
Optional
[link-options](http://docs.oracle.com/javase/7/docs/api/java/nio/file/LinkOption.html)
may be provided to determine whether or not to follow symbolic
links."
[path & link-options]
(Files/isDirectory (as-path path)
(into-array LinkOption link-options)))
(defn delete-dir
"Delete a directory tree. Optional
[link-options](http://docs.oracle.com/javase/7/docs/api/java/nio/file/LinkOption.html)
may be provided to determine whether or not to follow symbolic
links."
[root & link-options]
(when (apply directory? root link-options)
(doseq [path (.listFiles (file root))]
(apply delete-dir path link-options)))
(delete root))
(defn move
"Move or rename a file to a target file. Requires Java version 7 or greater. Optional
[copy-options](http://docs.oracle.com/javase/7/docs/api/java/nio/file/CopyOption.html)
may be provided."
[source target & copy-options]
(Files/move (as-path source) (as-path target) (into-array CopyOption copy-options))))))
(include-java-7-fns)
(defn split-ext
"Returns a vector of `[name extension]`."
[path]
(let [base (base-name path)
i (.lastIndexOf base ".")]
(if (pos? i)
[(subs base 0 i) (subs base i)]
[base nil])))
(defn extension
"Return the extension part of a file."
[path] (last (split-ext path)))
(defn name
"Return the name part of a file."
[path] (first (split-ext path)))
(defn parent
"Return the parent path."
[path]
(.getParentFile (file path)))
(defn mod-time
"Return file modification time."
[path]
(.lastModified (file path)))
(defn size
"Return size (in bytes) of file."
[path]
(.length (file path)))
(defn mkdir
"Create a directory."
[path]
(.mkdir (file path)))
(defn mkdirs
"Make directory tree."
[path]
(.mkdirs (file path)))
(def ^{:doc "The root of a unix system is `/`, `nil` on Windows"}
unix-root (when (= File/separator "/") File/separator))
(defn split
"Split `path` to components."
[path]
(let [pathstr (str path)
jregx (str "\\Q" File/separator "\\E")]
(cond (= pathstr unix-root) (list unix-root)
(and unix-root (.startsWith pathstr unix-root))
;; unix absolute path
(cons unix-root (seq (.split (subs pathstr 1) jregx)))
:else (seq (.split pathstr jregx)))))
(defn rename
"Rename `old-path` to `new-path`. Only works on files."
[old-path new-path]
(.renameTo (file old-path) (file new-path)))
(defn create
"Create a new file."
[^File f]
(.createNewFile f))
(defn- assert-exists [path]
(when-not (exists? path)
(throw (IllegalArgumentException. (str path " not found")))))
(defn copy
"Copy a file from `from` to `to`. Return `to`."
[from to]
(assert-exists from)
(io/copy (file from) (file to))
to)
(defn tmpdir
"The temporary file directory looked up via the `java.io.tmpdir`
system property. Does not create a temporary directory."
[]
(System/getProperty "java.io.tmpdir"))
(defn temp-name
"Create a temporary file name like what is created for [[temp-file]]
and [[temp-dir]]."
([prefix] (temp-name prefix ""))
([prefix suffix]
(format "%s%s-%s%s" prefix (System/currentTimeMillis)
(long (rand 0x100000000)) suffix)))
(defn- temp-create
"Create a temporary file or dir, trying n times before giving up."
[prefix suffix tries f]
(let [tmp (file (tmpdir) (temp-name prefix suffix))]
(when (pos? tries)
(if (f tmp)
tmp
(recur prefix suffix (dec tries) f)))))
(defn temp-file
"Create a temporary file. Returns nil if file could not be created
even after n tries (default 10)."
([prefix] (temp-file prefix "" 10))
([prefix suffix] (temp-file prefix suffix 10))
([prefix suffix tries] (temp-create prefix suffix tries create)))
(defn temp-dir
"Create a temporary directory. Returns nil if dir could not be created
even after n tries (default 10)."
([prefix] (temp-dir prefix "" 10))
([prefix suffix] (temp-dir prefix suffix 10))
([prefix suffix tries] (temp-create prefix suffix tries mkdirs)))
(defn ephemeral-file
"Create an ephemeral file (will be deleted on JVM exit).
Returns nil if file could not be created even after n tries
(default 10)."
([prefix] (ephemeral-file prefix "" 10))
([prefix suffix] (ephemeral-file prefix suffix 10))
([prefix suffix tries] (when-let [created (temp-create prefix suffix tries create)]
(doto created .deleteOnExit))))
(defn ephemeral-dir
"Create an ephemeral directory (will be deleted on JVM exit).
Returns nil if dir could not be created even after n tries
(default 10)."
([prefix] (ephemeral-dir prefix "" 10))
([prefix suffix] (ephemeral-dir prefix suffix 10))
([prefix suffix tries] (when-let [created (temp-create prefix suffix tries mkdirs)]
(doto created .deleteOnExit))))
; Taken from https://github.com/jkk/clj-glob. (thanks Justin!)
(defn- glob->regex
"Takes a glob-format string and returns a regex."
[s]
(loop [stream s
re ""
curly-depth 0]
(let [[c j] stream]
(cond
(nil? c) (re-pattern
; We add ^ and $ since we check only for file names
(str "^" (if (= \. (first s)) "" "(?=[^\\.])") re "$"))
(= c \\) (recur (nnext stream) (str re c c) curly-depth)
(= c \/) (recur (next stream) (str re (if (= \. j) c "/(?=[^\\.])"))
curly-depth)
(= c \*) (recur (next stream) (str re "[^/]*") curly-depth)
(= c \?) (recur (next stream) (str re "[^/]") curly-depth)
(= c \{) (recur (next stream) (str re \() (inc curly-depth))
(= c \}) (recur (next stream) (str re \)) (dec curly-depth))
(and (= c \,) (< 0 curly-depth)) (recur (next stream) (str re \|)
curly-depth)
(#{\. \( \) \| \+ \^ \$ \@ \%} c) (recur (next stream) (str re \\ c)
curly-depth)
:else (recur (next stream) (str re c) curly-depth)))))
(defn glob
"Returns files matching glob pattern."
([pattern]
(let [parts (split pattern)
root (apply file (if (= (count parts) 1) ["."] (butlast parts)))]
(glob root (last parts))))
([^File root pattern]
(let [regex (glob->regex pattern)]
(seq (.listFiles
root
(reify FilenameFilter
(accept [_ _ filename]
(boolean (re-find regex filename)))))))))
(defn- iterzip
"Iterate over a zip, returns a sequence of the nodes with a nil suffix"
[z]
(when-not (zip/end? z)
(cons (zip/node z) (lazy-seq (iterzip (zip/next z))))))
(defn- f-dir? [^File f]
(when f (.isDirectory f)))
(defn- f-children [^File f]
(.listFiles f))
(defn- iterate-dir* [path]
(let [root (file path)
nodes (butlast (iterzip (zip/zipper f-dir? f-children nil root)))]
(filter f-dir? nodes)))
(defn- walk-map-fn [root]
(let [kids (f-children root)
dirs (set (map base-name (filter f-dir? kids)))
files (set (map base-name (filter (complement f-dir?) kids)))]
[root dirs files]))
(defn iterate-dir
"Return a sequence `[root dirs files]`, starting from `path` in depth-first order"
[path]
(map walk-map-fn (iterate-dir* path)))
(defn walk
"Lazily walk depth-first over the directory structure starting at
`path` calling `func` with three arguments `[root dirs files]`.
Returns a sequence of the results."
[func path]
(map #(apply func %) (iterate-dir path)))
(defn touch
"Set file modification time (default to now). Returns `path`."
[path & [time]]
(let [f (file path)]
(when-not (create f)
(.setLastModified f (or time (System/currentTimeMillis))))
f))
(defn- char-to-int
[c]
(- (int c) 48))
(defn- chmod-octal-digit
[f i user?]
(if (> i 7)
(throw (IllegalArgumentException. "Bad mode"))
(do (.setReadable f (pos? (bit-and i 4)) user?)
(.setWritable f (pos? (bit-and i 2)) user?)
(.setExecutable f (pos? (bit-and i 1)) user?))))
(defn- chmod-octal
[mode path]
(let [[user group world] (map char-to-int mode)
f (file path)]
(if (not= group world)
(throw (IllegalArgumentException.
"Bad mode. Group permissions must be equal to world permissions"))
(do (chmod-octal-digit f world false)
(chmod-octal-digit f user true)
path))))
(defn chmod
"Change file permissions. Returns path.
`mode` can be a permissions string in octal or symbolic format.
Symbolic: any combination of `r` (readable) `w` (writable) and
`x` (executable). It should be prefixed with `+` to set or `-` to
unset. And optional prefix of `u` causes the permissions to be set
for the owner only.
Octal: a string of three octal digits representing user, group, and
world permissions. The three bits of each digit signify read, write,
and execute permissions (in order of significance). Note that group
and world permissions must be equal.
Examples:
```
(chmod \"+x\" \"/tmp/foo\") ; Sets executable for everyone
(chmod \"u-wx\" \"/tmp/foo\") ; Unsets owner write and executable
```"
[mode path]
(assert-exists path)
(if (re-matches #"^\d{3}$" mode)
(chmod-octal mode path)
(let [[_ u op permissions] (re-find #"^(u?)([+-])([rwx]{1,3})$" mode)]
(when (nil? op) (throw (IllegalArgumentException. "Bad mode")))
(let [perm-set (set permissions)
f (file path)
flag (= op "+")
user (not (empty? u))]
(when (perm-set \r) (.setReadable f flag user))
(when (perm-set \w) (.setWritable f flag user))
(when (perm-set \x) (.setExecutable f flag user)))
path)))
(defn copy+
"Copy `src` to `dest`, create directories if needed."
[src dest]
(mkdirs (parent dest))
(copy src dest))
(defn copy-dir
"Copy a directory from `from` to `to`. If `to` already exists, copy the directory
to a directory with the same name as `from` within the `to` directory."
[from to]
(when (exists? from)
(if (file? to)
(throw (IllegalArgumentException. (str to " is a file")))
(let [from (file from)
to (if (exists? to)
(file to (base-name from))
(file to))
trim-size (-> from str count inc)
dest #(file to (subs (str %) trim-size))]
(mkdirs to)
(dorun
(walk (fn [root dirs files]
(doseq [dir dirs]
(when-not (directory? dir)
(-> root (file dir) dest mkdirs)))
(doseq [f files]
(copy+ (file root f) (dest (file root f)))))
from))
to))))
(defn copy-dir-into
"Copy directory into another directory if destination already exists."
[from to]
(if-not (exists? to)
(copy-dir from to)
(doseq [file (list-dir from)]
(if (directory? file)
(copy-dir file to)
(copy file (io/file to (base-name file)))))))
(defn parents
"Get all the parent directories of a path."
[f]
(when-let [parent (parent (file f))]
(cons parent (lazy-seq (parents parent)))))
(defn child-of?
"Takes two paths and checks to see if the first path is a parent
of the second."
[p c] (some #{(file p)} (parents c)))
(defn ns-path
"Takes a namespace symbol and creates a path to it. Replaces hyphens with
underscores. Assumes the path should be relative to cwd."
[n]
(file
(str (.. (str n)
(replace \- \_)
(replace \. \/))
".clj")))
(defn path-ns
"Takes a `path` to a Clojure file and constructs a namespace symbol
out of the path."
[path]
(symbol
(.. (.replaceAll (str path) "\\.clj" "")
(replace \_ \-)
(replace \/ \.))))
(defn find-files*
"Find files in `path` by `pred`."
[path pred]
(filter pred (-> path file file-seq)))
(defn find-files
"Find files matching given `pattern`."
[path pattern]
(find-files* path #(re-matches pattern (.getName ^File %))))
(defn exec
"Execute a shell command in the current directory"
[& body]
(sh/with-sh-dir *cwd* (apply sh/sh body)))
(defmacro with-cwd
"Execute `body` with a changed working directory."
[cwd & body]
`(binding [*cwd* (file ~cwd)]
~@body))
(defmacro with-mutable-cwd
"Execute the `body` in a binding with `*cwd*` bound to `*cwd*`.
This allows you to change `*cwd*` with `set!`."
[& body]
`(binding [*cwd* *cwd*]
~@body))
(defn chdir
"set!s the value of `*cwd*` to `path`. Only works inside of
[[with-mutable-cwd]]"
[path]
(set! *cwd* (file path)))
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