Mathematical and Aggregate Operators

akarnokd edited this page Oct 9, 2018 · 35 revisions

This page shows operators that perform mathematical or other operations over an entire sequence of items emitted by an Observable or Flowable. Because these operations must wait for the source Observable/Flowable to complete emitting items before they can construct their own emissions (and must usually buffer these items), these operators are dangerous to use on Observables and Flowables that may have very long or infinite sequences.

Outline

Mathematical Operators

The operators in this section are part of the RxJava2Extensions project. You have to add the rxjava2-extensions module as a dependency to your project. It can be found at http://search.maven.org.

Note that unlike the standard RxJava aggregator operators, these mathematical operators return Observable and Flowable instead of the Single or Maybe.

The examples below assume that the MathObservable and MathFlowable classes are imported from the rxjava2-extensions module:

import hu.akarnokd.rxjava2.math.MathObservable;
import hu.akarnokd.rxjava2.math.MathFlowable;

averageDouble

Available in: image Flowable, image Observable, image Maybe, image Single, image Completable

ReactiveX documentation: http://reactivex.io/documentation/operators/average.html

Calculates the average of Numbers emitted by an Observable and emits this average as a Double.

averageDouble example

Observable<Integer> numbers = Observable.just(1, 2, 3);
MathObservable.averageDouble(numbers).subscribe((Double avg) -> System.out.println(avg));

// prints 2.0

averageFloat

Available in: image Flowable, image Observable, image Maybe, image Single, image Completable

ReactiveX documentation: http://reactivex.io/documentation/operators/average.html

Calculates the average of Numbers emitted by an Observable and emits this average as a Float.

averageFloat example

Observable<Integer> numbers = Observable.just(1, 2, 3);
MathObservable.averageFloat(numbers).subscribe((Float avg) -> System.out.println(avg));

// prints 2.0

max

Available in: image Flowable, image Observable, image Maybe, image Single, image Completable

ReactiveX documentation: http://reactivex.io/documentation/operators/max.html

Emits the maximum value emitted by a source Observable. A Comparator can be specified that will be used to compare the elements emitted by the Observable.

max example

Observable<Integer> numbers = Observable.just(4, 9, 5);
MathObservable.max(numbers).subscribe(System.out::println);

// prints 9

The following example specifies a Comparator to find the longest String in the source Observable:

final Observable<String> names = Observable.just("Kirk", "Spock", "Chekov", "Sulu");
MathObservable.max(names, Comparator.comparingInt(String::length))
        .subscribe(System.out::println);

// prints Chekov

min

Available in: image Flowable, image Observable, image Maybe, image Single, image Completable

ReactiveX documentation: http://reactivex.io/documentation/operators/min.html

Emits the minimum value emitted by a source Observable. A Comparator can be specified that will be used to compare the elements emitted by the Observable.

min example

Observable<Integer> numbers = Observable.just(4, 9, 5);
MathObservable.min(numbers).subscribe(System.out::println);

// prints 4

sumDouble

Available in: image Flowable, image Observable, image Maybe, image Single, image Completable

ReactiveX documentation: http://reactivex.io/documentation/operators/sum.html

Adds the Doubles emitted by an Observable and emits this sum.

sumDouble example

Observable<Double> numbers = Observable.just(1.0, 2.0, 3.0);
MathObservable.sumDouble(numbers).subscribe((Double sum) -> System.out.println(sum));

// prints 6.0

sumFloat

Available in: image Flowable, image Observable, image Maybe, image Single, image Completable

ReactiveX documentation: http://reactivex.io/documentation/operators/sum.html

Adds the Floats emitted by an Observable and emits this sum.

sumFloat example

Observable<Float> numbers = Observable.just(1.0F, 2.0F, 3.0F);
MathObservable.sumFloat(numbers).subscribe((Float sum) -> System.out.println(sum));

// prints 6.0

sumInt

Available in: image Flowable, image Observable, image Maybe, image Single, image Completable

ReactiveX documentation: http://reactivex.io/documentation/operators/sum.html

Adds the Integers emitted by an Observable and emits this sum.

sumInt example

Observable<Integer> numbers = Observable.range(1, 100);
MathObservable.sumInt(numbers).subscribe((Integer sum) -> System.out.println(sum));

// prints 5050

sumLong

Available in: image Flowable, image Observable, image Maybe, image Single, image Completable

ReactiveX documentation: http://reactivex.io/documentation/operators/sum.html

Adds the Longs emitted by an Observable and emits this sum.

sumLong example

Observable<Long> numbers = Observable.rangeLong(1L, 100L);
MathObservable.sumLong(numbers).subscribe((Long sum) -> System.out.println(sum));

// prints 5050

Standard Aggregate Operators

Note that these standard aggregate operators return a Single or Maybe because the number of output items is always know to be at most one.

count

Available in: image Flowable, image Observable, image Maybe, image Single, image Completable

ReactiveX documentation: http://reactivex.io/documentation/operators/count.html

Counts the number of items emitted by an Observable and emits this count as a Long.

count example

Observable.just(1, 2, 3).count().subscribe(System.out::println);

// prints 3

reduce

Available in: image Flowable, image Observable, image Maybe, image Single, image Completable

ReactiveX documentation: http://reactivex.io/documentation/operators/reduce.html

Apply a function to each emitted item, sequentially, and emit only the final accumulated value.

reduce example

Observable.range(1, 5)
    .reduce((product, x) -> product * x)
    .subscribe(System.out::println);

// prints 120

reduceWith

Available in: image Flowable, image Observable, image Maybe, image Single, image Completable

ReactiveX documentation: http://reactivex.io/documentation/operators/reduce.html

Apply a function to each emitted item, sequentially, and emit only the final accumulated value.

reduceWith example

Observable.just(1, 2, 2, 3, 4, 4, 4, 5)
        .reduceWith(TreeSet::new, (set, x) -> {
            set.add(x);
            return set;
        })
        .subscribe(System.out::println);

// prints [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

collect

Available in: image Flowable, image Observable, image Maybe, image Single, image Completable

ReactiveX documentation: http://reactivex.io/documentation/operators/reduce.html

Collect items emitted by the source Observable into a single mutable data structure and return an Observable that emits this structure.

collect example

Observable.just("Kirk", "Spock", "Chekov", "Sulu")
        .collect(() -> new StringJoiner(" \uD83D\uDD96 "), StringJoiner::add)
        .map(StringJoiner::toString)
        .subscribe(System.out::println);

// prints Kirk 🖖 Spock 🖖 Chekov 🖖 Sulu

collectInto

Available in: image Flowable, image Observable, image Maybe, image Single, image Completable

ReactiveX documentation: http://reactivex.io/documentation/operators/reduce.html

Collect items emitted by the source Observable into a single mutable data structure and return an Observable that emits this structure.

collectInto example

Note: the mutable value that will collect the items (here the StringBuilder) will be shared between multiple subscribers.

Observable.just('R', 'x', 'J', 'a', 'v', 'a')
        .collectInto(new StringBuilder(), StringBuilder::append)
        .map(StringBuilder::toString)
        .subscribe(System.out::println);

// prints RxJava

toList

Available in: image Flowable, image Observable, image Maybe, image Single, image Completable

ReactiveX documentation: http://reactivex.io/documentation/operators/to.html

Collect all items from an Observable and emit them as a single List.

toList example

Observable.just(2, 1, 3)
        .toList()
        .subscribe(System.out::println);

// prints [2, 1, 3]

toSortedList

Available in: image Flowable, image Observable, image Maybe, image Single, image Completable

ReactiveX documentation: http://reactivex.io/documentation/operators/to.html

Collect all items from an Observable and emit them as a single, sorted List.

toSortedList example

Observable.just(2, 1, 3)
        .toSortedList(Comparator.reverseOrder())
        .subscribe(System.out::println);

// prints [3, 2, 1]

toMap

Available in: image Flowable, image Observable, image Maybe, image Single, image Completable

ReactiveX documentation: http://reactivex.io/documentation/operators/to.html

Convert the sequence of items emitted by an Observable into a Map keyed by a specified key function.

toMap example

Observable.just(1, 2, 3, 4)
        .toMap((x) -> {
            // defines the key in the Map
            return x;
        }, (x) -> {
            // defines the value that is mapped to the key
            return (x % 2 == 0) ? "even" : "odd";
        })
        .subscribe(System.out::println);

// prints {1=odd, 2=even, 3=odd, 4=even}

toMultimap

Available in: image Flowable, image Observable, image Maybe, image Single, image Completable

ReactiveX documentation: http://reactivex.io/documentation/operators/to.html

Convert the sequence of items emitted by an Observable into a Collection that is also a Map keyed by a specified key function.

toMultimap example

Observable.just(1, 2, 3, 4)
        .toMultimap((x) -> {
            // defines the key in the Map
            return (x % 2 == 0) ? "even" : "odd";
        }, (x) -> {
            // defines the value that is mapped to the key
            return x;
        })
        .subscribe(System.out::println);

// prints {even=[2, 4], odd=[1, 3]}
You can’t perform that action at this time.
You signed in with another tab or window. Reload to refresh your session. You signed out in another tab or window. Reload to refresh your session.
Press h to open a hovercard with more details.