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*> \brief \b DGEBD2 reduces a general matrix to bidiagonal form using an unblocked algorithm.
*
* =========== DOCUMENTATION ===========
*
* Online html documentation available at
* http://www.netlib.org/lapack/explore-html/
*
*> \htmlonly
*> Download DGEBD2 + dependencies
*> <a href="http://www.netlib.org/cgi-bin/netlibfiles.tgz?format=tgz&filename=/lapack/lapack_routine/dgebd2.f">
*> [TGZ]</a>
*> <a href="http://www.netlib.org/cgi-bin/netlibfiles.zip?format=zip&filename=/lapack/lapack_routine/dgebd2.f">
*> [ZIP]</a>
*> <a href="http://www.netlib.org/cgi-bin/netlibfiles.txt?format=txt&filename=/lapack/lapack_routine/dgebd2.f">
*> [TXT]</a>
*> \endhtmlonly
*
* Definition:
* ===========
*
* SUBROUTINE DGEBD2( M, N, A, LDA, D, E, TAUQ, TAUP, WORK, INFO )
*
* .. Scalar Arguments ..
* INTEGER INFO, LDA, M, N
* ..
* .. Array Arguments ..
* DOUBLE PRECISION A( LDA, * ), D( * ), E( * ), TAUP( * ),
* $ TAUQ( * ), WORK( * )
* ..
*
*
*> \par Purpose:
* =============
*>
*> \verbatim
*>
*> DGEBD2 reduces a real general m by n matrix A to upper or lower
*> bidiagonal form B by an orthogonal transformation: Q**T * A * P = B.
*>
*> If m >= n, B is upper bidiagonal; if m < n, B is lower bidiagonal.
*> \endverbatim
*
* Arguments:
* ==========
*
*> \param[in] M
*> \verbatim
*> M is INTEGER
*> The number of rows in the matrix A. M >= 0.
*> \endverbatim
*>
*> \param[in] N
*> \verbatim
*> N is INTEGER
*> The number of columns in the matrix A. N >= 0.
*> \endverbatim
*>
*> \param[in,out] A
*> \verbatim
*> A is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDA,N)
*> On entry, the m by n general matrix to be reduced.
*> On exit,
*> if m >= n, the diagonal and the first superdiagonal are
*> overwritten with the upper bidiagonal matrix B; the
*> elements below the diagonal, with the array TAUQ, represent
*> the orthogonal matrix Q as a product of elementary
*> reflectors, and the elements above the first superdiagonal,
*> with the array TAUP, represent the orthogonal matrix P as
*> a product of elementary reflectors;
*> if m < n, the diagonal and the first subdiagonal are
*> overwritten with the lower bidiagonal matrix B; the
*> elements below the first subdiagonal, with the array TAUQ,
*> represent the orthogonal matrix Q as a product of
*> elementary reflectors, and the elements above the diagonal,
*> with the array TAUP, represent the orthogonal matrix P as
*> a product of elementary reflectors.
*> See Further Details.
*> \endverbatim
*>
*> \param[in] LDA
*> \verbatim
*> LDA is INTEGER
*> The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,M).
*> \endverbatim
*>
*> \param[out] D
*> \verbatim
*> D is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (min(M,N))
*> The diagonal elements of the bidiagonal matrix B:
*> D(i) = A(i,i).
*> \endverbatim
*>
*> \param[out] E
*> \verbatim
*> E is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (min(M,N)-1)
*> The off-diagonal elements of the bidiagonal matrix B:
*> if m >= n, E(i) = A(i,i+1) for i = 1,2,...,n-1;
*> if m < n, E(i) = A(i+1,i) for i = 1,2,...,m-1.
*> \endverbatim
*>
*> \param[out] TAUQ
*> \verbatim
*> TAUQ is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (min(M,N))
*> The scalar factors of the elementary reflectors which
*> represent the orthogonal matrix Q. See Further Details.
*> \endverbatim
*>
*> \param[out] TAUP
*> \verbatim
*> TAUP is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (min(M,N))
*> The scalar factors of the elementary reflectors which
*> represent the orthogonal matrix P. See Further Details.
*> \endverbatim
*>
*> \param[out] WORK
*> \verbatim
*> WORK is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (max(M,N))
*> \endverbatim
*>
*> \param[out] INFO
*> \verbatim
*> INFO is INTEGER
*> = 0: successful exit.
*> < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value.
*> \endverbatim
*
* Authors:
* ========
*
*> \author Univ. of Tennessee
*> \author Univ. of California Berkeley
*> \author Univ. of Colorado Denver
*> \author NAG Ltd.
*
*> \date June 2017
*
*> \ingroup doubleGEcomputational
*
*> \par Further Details:
* =====================
*>
*> \verbatim
*>
*> The matrices Q and P are represented as products of elementary
*> reflectors:
*>
*> If m >= n,
*>
*> Q = H(1) H(2) . . . H(n) and P = G(1) G(2) . . . G(n-1)
*>
*> Each H(i) and G(i) has the form:
*>
*> H(i) = I - tauq * v * v**T and G(i) = I - taup * u * u**T
*>
*> where tauq and taup are real scalars, and v and u are real vectors;
*> v(1:i-1) = 0, v(i) = 1, and v(i+1:m) is stored on exit in A(i+1:m,i);
*> u(1:i) = 0, u(i+1) = 1, and u(i+2:n) is stored on exit in A(i,i+2:n);
*> tauq is stored in TAUQ(i) and taup in TAUP(i).
*>
*> If m < n,
*>
*> Q = H(1) H(2) . . . H(m-1) and P = G(1) G(2) . . . G(m)
*>
*> Each H(i) and G(i) has the form:
*>
*> H(i) = I - tauq * v * v**T and G(i) = I - taup * u * u**T
*>
*> where tauq and taup are real scalars, and v and u are real vectors;
*> v(1:i) = 0, v(i+1) = 1, and v(i+2:m) is stored on exit in A(i+2:m,i);
*> u(1:i-1) = 0, u(i) = 1, and u(i+1:n) is stored on exit in A(i,i+1:n);
*> tauq is stored in TAUQ(i) and taup in TAUP(i).
*>
*> The contents of A on exit are illustrated by the following examples:
*>
*> m = 6 and n = 5 (m > n): m = 5 and n = 6 (m < n):
*>
*> ( d e u1 u1 u1 ) ( d u1 u1 u1 u1 u1 )
*> ( v1 d e u2 u2 ) ( e d u2 u2 u2 u2 )
*> ( v1 v2 d e u3 ) ( v1 e d u3 u3 u3 )
*> ( v1 v2 v3 d e ) ( v1 v2 e d u4 u4 )
*> ( v1 v2 v3 v4 d ) ( v1 v2 v3 e d u5 )
*> ( v1 v2 v3 v4 v5 )
*>
*> where d and e denote diagonal and off-diagonal elements of B, vi
*> denotes an element of the vector defining H(i), and ui an element of
*> the vector defining G(i).
*> \endverbatim
*>
* =====================================================================
SUBROUTINE DGEBD2( M, N, A, LDA, D, E, TAUQ, TAUP, WORK, INFO )
*
* -- LAPACK computational routine (version 3.7.1) --
* -- LAPACK is a software package provided by Univ. of Tennessee, --
* -- Univ. of California Berkeley, Univ. of Colorado Denver and NAG Ltd..--
* June 2017
*
* .. Scalar Arguments ..
INTEGER INFO, LDA, M, N
* ..
* .. Array Arguments ..
DOUBLE PRECISION A( LDA, * ), D( * ), E( * ), TAUP( * ),
$ TAUQ( * ), WORK( * )
* ..
*
* =====================================================================
*
* .. Parameters ..
DOUBLE PRECISION ZERO, ONE
PARAMETER ( ZERO = 0.0D+0, ONE = 1.0D+0 )
* ..
* .. Local Scalars ..
INTEGER I
* ..
* .. External Subroutines ..
EXTERNAL DLARF, DLARFG, XERBLA
* ..
* .. Intrinsic Functions ..
INTRINSIC MAX, MIN
* ..
* .. Executable Statements ..
*
* Test the input parameters
*
INFO = 0
IF( M.LT.0 ) THEN
INFO = -1
ELSE IF( N.LT.0 ) THEN
INFO = -2
ELSE IF( LDA.LT.MAX( 1, M ) ) THEN
INFO = -4
END IF
IF( INFO.LT.0 ) THEN
CALL XERBLA( 'DGEBD2', -INFO )
RETURN
END IF
*
IF( M.GE.N ) THEN
*
* Reduce to upper bidiagonal form
*
DO 10 I = 1, N
*
* Generate elementary reflector H(i) to annihilate A(i+1:m,i)
*
CALL DLARFG( M-I+1, A( I, I ), A( MIN( I+1, M ), I ), 1,
$ TAUQ( I ) )
D( I ) = A( I, I )
A( I, I ) = ONE
*
* Apply H(i) to A(i:m,i+1:n) from the left
*
IF( I.LT.N )
$ CALL DLARF( 'Left', M-I+1, N-I, A( I, I ), 1, TAUQ( I ),
$ A( I, I+1 ), LDA, WORK )
A( I, I ) = D( I )
*
IF( I.LT.N ) THEN
*
* Generate elementary reflector G(i) to annihilate
* A(i,i+2:n)
*
CALL DLARFG( N-I, A( I, I+1 ), A( I, MIN( I+2, N ) ),
$ LDA, TAUP( I ) )
E( I ) = A( I, I+1 )
A( I, I+1 ) = ONE
*
* Apply G(i) to A(i+1:m,i+1:n) from the right
*
CALL DLARF( 'Right', M-I, N-I, A( I, I+1 ), LDA,
$ TAUP( I ), A( I+1, I+1 ), LDA, WORK )
A( I, I+1 ) = E( I )
ELSE
TAUP( I ) = ZERO
END IF
10 CONTINUE
ELSE
*
* Reduce to lower bidiagonal form
*
DO 20 I = 1, M
*
* Generate elementary reflector G(i) to annihilate A(i,i+1:n)
*
CALL DLARFG( N-I+1, A( I, I ), A( I, MIN( I+1, N ) ), LDA,
$ TAUP( I ) )
D( I ) = A( I, I )
A( I, I ) = ONE
*
* Apply G(i) to A(i+1:m,i:n) from the right
*
IF( I.LT.M )
$ CALL DLARF( 'Right', M-I, N-I+1, A( I, I ), LDA,
$ TAUP( I ), A( I+1, I ), LDA, WORK )
A( I, I ) = D( I )
*
IF( I.LT.M ) THEN
*
* Generate elementary reflector H(i) to annihilate
* A(i+2:m,i)
*
CALL DLARFG( M-I, A( I+1, I ), A( MIN( I+2, M ), I ), 1,
$ TAUQ( I ) )
E( I ) = A( I+1, I )
A( I+1, I ) = ONE
*
* Apply H(i) to A(i+1:m,i+1:n) from the left
*
CALL DLARF( 'Left', M-I, N-I, A( I+1, I ), 1, TAUQ( I ),
$ A( I+1, I+1 ), LDA, WORK )
A( I+1, I ) = E( I )
ELSE
TAUQ( I ) = ZERO
END IF
20 CONTINUE
END IF
RETURN
*
* End of DGEBD2
*
END
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