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*> \brief \b DLARFG generates an elementary reflector (Householder matrix).
*
* =========== DOCUMENTATION ===========
*
* Online html documentation available at
* http://www.netlib.org/lapack/explore-html/
*
*> \htmlonly
*> Download DLARFG + dependencies
*> <a href="http://www.netlib.org/cgi-bin/netlibfiles.tgz?format=tgz&filename=/lapack/lapack_routine/dlarfg.f">
*> [TGZ]</a>
*> <a href="http://www.netlib.org/cgi-bin/netlibfiles.zip?format=zip&filename=/lapack/lapack_routine/dlarfg.f">
*> [ZIP]</a>
*> <a href="http://www.netlib.org/cgi-bin/netlibfiles.txt?format=txt&filename=/lapack/lapack_routine/dlarfg.f">
*> [TXT]</a>
*> \endhtmlonly
*
* Definition:
* ===========
*
* SUBROUTINE DLARFG( N, ALPHA, X, INCX, TAU )
*
* .. Scalar Arguments ..
* INTEGER INCX, N
* DOUBLE PRECISION ALPHA, TAU
* ..
* .. Array Arguments ..
* DOUBLE PRECISION X( * )
* ..
*
*
*> \par Purpose:
* =============
*>
*> \verbatim
*>
*> DLARFG generates a real elementary reflector H of order n, such
*> that
*>
*> H * ( alpha ) = ( beta ), H**T * H = I.
*> ( x ) ( 0 )
*>
*> where alpha and beta are scalars, and x is an (n-1)-element real
*> vector. H is represented in the form
*>
*> H = I - tau * ( 1 ) * ( 1 v**T ) ,
*> ( v )
*>
*> where tau is a real scalar and v is a real (n-1)-element
*> vector.
*>
*> If the elements of x are all zero, then tau = 0 and H is taken to be
*> the unit matrix.
*>
*> Otherwise 1 <= tau <= 2.
*> \endverbatim
*
* Arguments:
* ==========
*
*> \param[in] N
*> \verbatim
*> N is INTEGER
*> The order of the elementary reflector.
*> \endverbatim
*>
*> \param[in,out] ALPHA
*> \verbatim
*> ALPHA is DOUBLE PRECISION
*> On entry, the value alpha.
*> On exit, it is overwritten with the value beta.
*> \endverbatim
*>
*> \param[in,out] X
*> \verbatim
*> X is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension
*> (1+(N-2)*abs(INCX))
*> On entry, the vector x.
*> On exit, it is overwritten with the vector v.
*> \endverbatim
*>
*> \param[in] INCX
*> \verbatim
*> INCX is INTEGER
*> The increment between elements of X. INCX > 0.
*> \endverbatim
*>
*> \param[out] TAU
*> \verbatim
*> TAU is DOUBLE PRECISION
*> The value tau.
*> \endverbatim
*
* Authors:
* ========
*
*> \author Univ. of Tennessee
*> \author Univ. of California Berkeley
*> \author Univ. of Colorado Denver
*> \author NAG Ltd.
*
*> \date November 2017
*
*> \ingroup doubleOTHERauxiliary
*
* =====================================================================
SUBROUTINE DLARFG( N, ALPHA, X, INCX, TAU )
*
* -- LAPACK auxiliary routine (version 3.8.0) --
* -- LAPACK is a software package provided by Univ. of Tennessee, --
* -- Univ. of California Berkeley, Univ. of Colorado Denver and NAG Ltd..--
* November 2017
*
* .. Scalar Arguments ..
INTEGER INCX, N
DOUBLE PRECISION ALPHA, TAU
* ..
* .. Array Arguments ..
DOUBLE PRECISION X( * )
* ..
*
* =====================================================================
*
* .. Parameters ..
DOUBLE PRECISION ONE, ZERO
PARAMETER ( ONE = 1.0D+0, ZERO = 0.0D+0 )
* ..
* .. Local Scalars ..
INTEGER J, KNT
DOUBLE PRECISION BETA, RSAFMN, SAFMIN, XNORM
* ..
* .. External Functions ..
DOUBLE PRECISION DLAMCH, DLAPY2, DNRM2
EXTERNAL DLAMCH, DLAPY2, DNRM2
* ..
* .. Intrinsic Functions ..
INTRINSIC ABS, SIGN
* ..
* .. External Subroutines ..
EXTERNAL DSCAL
* ..
* .. Executable Statements ..
*
IF( N.LE.1 ) THEN
TAU = ZERO
RETURN
END IF
*
XNORM = DNRM2( N-1, X, INCX )
*
IF( XNORM.EQ.ZERO ) THEN
*
* H = I
*
TAU = ZERO
ELSE
*
* general case
*
BETA = -SIGN( DLAPY2( ALPHA, XNORM ), ALPHA )
SAFMIN = DLAMCH( 'S' ) / DLAMCH( 'E' )
KNT = 0
IF( ABS( BETA ).LT.SAFMIN ) THEN
*
* XNORM, BETA may be inaccurate; scale X and recompute them
*
RSAFMN = ONE / SAFMIN
10 CONTINUE
KNT = KNT + 1
CALL DSCAL( N-1, RSAFMN, X, INCX )
BETA = BETA*RSAFMN
ALPHA = ALPHA*RSAFMN
IF( (ABS( BETA ).LT.SAFMIN) .AND. (KNT .LT. 20) )
$ GO TO 10
*
* New BETA is at most 1, at least SAFMIN
*
XNORM = DNRM2( N-1, X, INCX )
BETA = -SIGN( DLAPY2( ALPHA, XNORM ), ALPHA )
END IF
TAU = ( BETA-ALPHA ) / BETA
CALL DSCAL( N-1, ONE / ( ALPHA-BETA ), X, INCX )
*
* If ALPHA is subnormal, it may lose relative accuracy
*
DO 20 J = 1, KNT
BETA = BETA*SAFMIN
20 CONTINUE
ALPHA = BETA
END IF
*
RETURN
*
* End of DLARFG
*
END