Safe integer utilities for C++11
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README.md

Safe

Header only C++11 safe integer and utilities.

Provides:

  • Safe::Integer<T>, a class template which wraps an integer of any type, providing safe arithmetic, conversions, and comparisons
  • Safe::Make<T>, a function template which wraps an integer in a Safe::Integer<T>
  • Safe::Cast<B,A>, a function template which safely casts an integer of type A to type B
  • Convenience typedefs:
    • Safe::SizeType and Safe::size_t which provide a safe wrapper for std::size_t (i.e. they are typedef'd to Safe::Integer<std::size_t>)
    • Safe::PointerDifferenceType, Safe::SignedSizeType, Safe::ptrdiff_t, and Safe::ssize_t which provide a safe wrapper for std::ptrdiff_t (i.e. they are typedef'd to Safe::Integer<std::ptrdiff_t>)

Any unsafe (i.e. lossy) operation causes a std::overflow_error to be thrown.

Installation

If you just want to use Safe and aren't concerned with building/running the unit tests, just #include <safe/safe.hpp>.

Dependencies

  • C++11 standard library
  • Catch (for unit tests only)

Compiler Support

  • Clang 3.4 (perhaps earlier, untested)
  • GCC 4.8.1 (definitely uses language features not supported in GCC 4.8)

MSVC++ untested. I wouldn't hold your breath.

Examples

Safe addition:

#include <safe/safe.hpp>
#include <iostream>
#include <limits>

int main (void) {

    auto i=std::numeric_limits<int>::max();
    i=Safe::Make(i)+1;  //  Throws std::overflow_error
    std::cout << i << std::endl;

}

Safe conversion:

#include <safe/safe.hpp>
#include <cstddef>
#include <cstdint>
#include <iostream>
#include <limits>
#include <vector>

//  Poorly chosen parameter type
void print (std::uint8_t s) {

    std::cout << static_cast<std::uint16_t>(s) << std::endl;

}

int main (void) {

    std::vector<std::size_t> vec;
    
    std::size_t i=0;
    for (;i<100;++i) vec.push_back(i);
    
    print(Safe::Make(vec.size()));   //  Fine
    
    for (;i<1024;++i) vec.push_back(i);
    
    print(Safe::Make(vec.size()));   //  Throws std::overflow_error

}