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errbag - An error throttler for Go

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Is your Go (golang) application running for long period of times or as a daemon? If the answer is yes, chances are that you might find errbag useful.

Errbag is a Go package that allows Go programs to pause for a predefined amount of time when too many errors happen.

Errors are usually unavoidable for programs or applications which are supposed to run continuously for long period of times. In these case, errors are dealt with and eventually logged. What if, all of a sudden, tens or hundreds of errors are raised each second? This usually indicates something troublesome is happening to the machine running the application. It could be the network being down or a disk partition being full but this obviously depends on the application. Anyway, in this case it would be advised not to log errors like crazy and keep on going but pause the application in order to let the sysadmin deal with the underlying problem. This is exactly to solve this problem that errbag has been created.

Installation and usage

Get the package first: go get And import it into your project.

First thing needed is to create a new Errbag by invoking New() and then inflate it using Inflate(). From this point, you can record errors using Record(). This method optionally takes a callback function as argument. When too many errors are recorded, it will block for a defined amount of time before returning. When done, do not forget to Deflate() the Errbag (I would advise to call Deflate() in a defer statement).

Here is a full (stupid) example:

package main

import (


func main() {
	var waitTime, errBagSize, leakInterval uint
	waitTime, errBagSize, leakInterval = 5, 60, 1000

	bag, err := errbag.New(waitTime, errBagSize, leakInterval)
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Fprintln(os.Stderr, "impossible to create a new errbag:", err)
	defer bag.Deflate()

	// some function which potentially returns a non nil error
	// (use your imagination...)
	foo := func() error {
		var err error
		return err

	// we do a lots of calls to foo() later on...
	for i := 0; i < 10000; i++ {
		bag.Record(foo(), func(status errbag.Status) {
			if status.State != errbag.StatusOK {
				// Damn, we are throttling for status.WaitTime time.
				// Take the appropriate action, like sending an email to the
				// sysadmin or whatever :)
				// This is obviously optional. If you don't care, simply pass
				// nil as a second argument to Record().


A Go package which implements an error throttler





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