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#
# irb.rb - irb main module
# $Release Version: 0.9.6 $
# $Revision$
# by Keiju ISHITSUKA(keiju@ruby-lang.org)
#
# --
#
#
#
require "e2mmap"

require "irb/init"
require "irb/context"
require "irb/extend-command"
#require "irb/workspace"

require "irb/ruby-lex"
require "irb/input-method"
require "irb/locale"

STDOUT.sync = true

# IRB stands for "interactive Ruby" and is a tool to interactively execute Ruby
# expressions read from the standard input.
#
# The +irb+ command from your shell will start the interpreter.
#
# == Usage
#
# Use of irb is easy if you know Ruby.
#
# When executing irb, prompts are displayed as follows. Then, enter the Ruby
# expression. An input is executed when it is syntactically complete.
#
# $ irb
# irb(main):001:0> 1+2
# #=> 3
# irb(main):002:0> class Foo
# irb(main):003:1> def foo
# irb(main):004:2> print 1
# irb(main):005:2> end
# irb(main):006:1> end
# #=> nil
#
# The Readline extension module can be used with irb. Use of Readline is
# default if it's installed.
#
# == Command line options
#
# Usage: irb.rb [options] [programfile] [arguments]
# -f Suppress read of ~/.irbrc
# -m Bc mode (load mathn, fraction or matrix are available)
# -d Set $DEBUG to true (same as `ruby -d')
# -r load-module Same as `ruby -r'
# -I path Specify $LOAD_PATH directory
# -U Same as `ruby -U`
# -E enc Same as `ruby -E`
# -w Same as `ruby -w`
# -W[level=2] Same as `ruby -W`
# --inspect Use `inspect' for output (default except for bc mode)
# --noinspect Don't use inspect for output
# --readline Use Readline extension module
# --noreadline Don't use Readline extension module
# --prompt prompt-mode
# --prompt-mode prompt-mode
# Switch prompt mode. Pre-defined prompt modes are
# `default', `simple', `xmp' and `inf-ruby'
# --inf-ruby-mode Use prompt appropriate for inf-ruby-mode on emacs.
# Suppresses --readline.
# --simple-prompt Simple prompt mode
# --noprompt No prompt mode
# --tracer Display trace for each execution of commands.
# --back-trace-limit n
# Display backtrace top n and tail n. The default
# value is 16.
# --irb_debug n Set internal debug level to n (not for popular use)
# -v, --version Print the version of irb
#
# == Configuration
#
# IRB reads from <code>~/.irbrc</code> when it's invoked.
#
# If <code>~/.irbrc</code> doesn't exist, +irb+ will try to read in the following order:
#
# * +.irbrc+
# * +irb.rc+
# * +_irbrc+
# * <code>$irbrc</code>
#
# The following are alternatives to the command line options. To use them type
# as follows in an +irb+ session:
#
# IRB.conf[:IRB_NAME]="irb"
# IRB.conf[:MATH_MODE]=false
# IRB.conf[:INSPECT_MODE]=nil
# IRB.conf[:IRB_RC] = nil
# IRB.conf[:BACK_TRACE_LIMIT]=16
# IRB.conf[:USE_LOADER] = false
# IRB.conf[:USE_READLINE] = nil
# IRB.conf[:USE_TRACER] = false
# IRB.conf[:IGNORE_SIGINT] = true
# IRB.conf[:IGNORE_EOF] = false
# IRB.conf[:PROMPT_MODE] = :DEFAULT
# IRB.conf[:PROMPT] = {...}
# IRB.conf[:DEBUG_LEVEL]=0
#
# === Auto indentation
#
# To enable auto-indent mode in irb, add the following to your +.irbrc+:
#
# IRB.conf[:AUTO_INDENT] = true
#
# === Autocompletion
#
# To enable autocompletion for irb, add the following to your +.irbrc+:
#
# require 'irb/completion'
#
# === History
#
# By default, irb disables history and will not store any commands you used.
#
# If you want to enable history, add the following to your +.irbrc+:
#
# IRB.conf[:SAVE_HISTORY] = 1000
#
# This will now store the last 1000 commands in <code>~/.irb_history</code>.
#
# See IRB::Context#save_history= for more information.
#
# == Customizing the IRB Prompt
#
# In order to customize the prompt, you can change the following Hash:
#
# IRB.conf[:PROMPT]
#
# This example can be used in your +.irbrc+
#
# IRB.conf[:PROMPT][:MY_PROMPT] = { # name of prompt mode
# :AUTO_INDENT => true # enables auto-indent mode
# :PROMPT_I => nil, # normal prompt
# :PROMPT_S => nil, # prompt for continuated strings
# :PROMPT_C => nil, # prompt for continuated statement
# :RETURN => " ==>%s\n" # format to return value
# }
#
# IRB.conf[:PROMPT_MODE] = :MY_PROMPT
#
# Or, invoke irb with the above prompt mode by:
#
# irb --prompt my-prompt
#
# Constants +PROMPT_I+, +PROMPT_S+ and +PROMPT_C+ specify the format. In the
# prompt specification, some special strings are available:
#
# %N # command name which is running
# %m # to_s of main object (self)
# %M # inspect of main object (self)
# %l # type of string(", ', /, ]), `]' is inner %w[...]
# %NNi # indent level. NN is digits and means as same as printf("%NNd").
# # It can be ommited
# %NNn # line number.
# %% # %
#
# For instance, the default prompt mode is defined as follows:
#
# IRB.conf[:PROMPT_MODE][:DEFAULT] = {
# :PROMPT_I => "%N(%m):%03n:%i> ",
# :PROMPT_S => "%N(%m):%03n:%i%l ",
# :PROMPT_C => "%N(%m):%03n:%i* ",
# :RETURN => "%s\n" # used to printf
# }
#
# irb comes with a number of available modes:
#
# # :NULL:
# # :PROMPT_I:
# # :PROMPT_N:
# # :PROMPT_S:
# # :PROMPT_C:
# # :RETURN: |
# # %s
# # :DEFAULT:
# # :PROMPT_I: ! '%N(%m):%03n:%i> '
# # :PROMPT_N: ! '%N(%m):%03n:%i> '
# # :PROMPT_S: ! '%N(%m):%03n:%i%l '
# # :PROMPT_C: ! '%N(%m):%03n:%i* '
# # :RETURN: |
# # => %s
# # :CLASSIC:
# # :PROMPT_I: ! '%N(%m):%03n:%i> '
# # :PROMPT_N: ! '%N(%m):%03n:%i> '
# # :PROMPT_S: ! '%N(%m):%03n:%i%l '
# # :PROMPT_C: ! '%N(%m):%03n:%i* '
# # :RETURN: |
# # %s
# # :SIMPLE:
# # :PROMPT_I: ! '>> '
# # :PROMPT_N: ! '>> '
# # :PROMPT_S:
# # :PROMPT_C: ! '?> '
# # :RETURN: |
# # => %s
# # :INF_RUBY:
# # :PROMPT_I: ! '%N(%m):%03n:%i> '
# # :PROMPT_N:
# # :PROMPT_S:
# # :PROMPT_C:
# # :RETURN: |
# # %s
# # :AUTO_INDENT: true
# # :XMP:
# # :PROMPT_I:
# # :PROMPT_N:
# # :PROMPT_S:
# # :PROMPT_C:
# # :RETURN: |2
# # ==>%s
#
# == Restrictions
#
# Because irb evaluates input immediately after it is syntactically complete,
# the results may be slightly different than directly using Ruby.
#
# == IRB Sessions
#
# IRB has a special feature, that allows you to manage many sessions at once.
#
# You can create new sessions with Irb.irb, and get a list of current sessions
# with the +jobs+ command in the prompt.
#
# === Commands
#
# JobManager provides commands to handle the current sessions:
#
# jobs # List of current sessions
# fg # Switches to the session of the given number
# kill # Kills the session with the given number
#
# The +exit+ command, or ::irb_exit, will quit the current session and call any
# exit hooks with IRB.irb_at_exit.
#
# A few commands for loading files within the session are also available:
#
# +source+::
# Loads a given file in the current session and displays the source lines,
# see IrbLoader#source_file
# +irb_load+::
# Loads the given file similarly to Kernel#load, see IrbLoader#irb_load
# +irb_require+::
# Loads the given file similarly to Kernel#require
#
# === Configuration
#
# The command line options, or IRB.conf, specify the default behavior of
# Irb.irb.
#
# On the other hand, each conf in IRB@Command+line+options is used to
# individually configure IRB.irb.
#
# If a proc is set for IRB.conf[:IRB_RC], its will be invoked after execution
# of that proc with the context of the current session as its argument. Each
# session can be configured using this mechanism.
#
# === Session variables
#
# There are a few variables in every Irb session that can come in handy:
#
# <code>_</code>::
# The value command executed, as a local variable
# <code>__</code>::
# The history of evaluated commands
# <code>__[line_no]</code>::
# Returns the evaluation value at the given line number, +line_no+.
# If +line_no+ is a negative, the return value +line_no+ many lines before
# the most recent return value.
#
# === Example using IRB Sessions
#
# # invoke a new session
# irb(main):001:0> irb
# # list open sessions
# irb.1(main):001:0> jobs
# #0->irb on main (#<Thread:0x400fb7e4> : stop)
# #1->irb#1 on main (#<Thread:0x40125d64> : running)
#
# # change the active session
# irb.1(main):002:0> fg 0
# # define class Foo in top-level session
# irb(main):002:0> class Foo;end
# # invoke a new session with the context of Foo
# irb(main):003:0> irb Foo
# # define Foo#foo
# irb.2(Foo):001:0> def foo
# irb.2(Foo):002:1> print 1
# irb.2(Foo):003:1> end
#
# # change the active session
# irb.2(Foo):004:0> fg 0
# # list open sessions
# irb(main):004:0> jobs
# #0->irb on main (#<Thread:0x400fb7e4> : running)
# #1->irb#1 on main (#<Thread:0x40125d64> : stop)
# #2->irb#2 on Foo (#<Thread:0x4011d54c> : stop)
# # check if Foo#foo is available
# irb(main):005:0> Foo.instance_methods #=> [:foo, ...]
#
# # change the active sesssion
# irb(main):006:0> fg 2
# # define Foo#bar in the context of Foo
# irb.2(Foo):005:0> def bar
# irb.2(Foo):006:1> print "bar"
# irb.2(Foo):007:1> end
# irb.2(Foo):010:0> Foo.instance_methods #=> [:bar, :foo, ...]
#
# # change the active session
# irb.2(Foo):011:0> fg 0
# irb(main):007:0> f = Foo.new #=> #<Foo:0x4010af3c>
# # invoke a new session with the context of f (instance of Foo)
# irb(main):008:0> irb f
# # list open sessions
# irb.3(<Foo:0x4010af3c>):001:0> jobs
# #0->irb on main (#<Thread:0x400fb7e4> : stop)
# #1->irb#1 on main (#<Thread:0x40125d64> : stop)
# #2->irb#2 on Foo (#<Thread:0x4011d54c> : stop)
# #3->irb#3 on #<Foo:0x4010af3c> (#<Thread:0x4010a1e0> : running)
# # evaluate f.foo
# irb.3(<Foo:0x4010af3c>):002:0> foo #=> 1 => nil
# # evaluate f.bar
# irb.3(<Foo:0x4010af3c>):003:0> bar #=> bar => nil
# # kill jobs 1, 2, and 3
# irb.3(<Foo:0x4010af3c>):004:0> kill 1, 2, 3
# # list open sesssions, should only include main session
# irb(main):009:0> jobs
# #0->irb on main (#<Thread:0x400fb7e4> : running)
# # quit irb
# irb(main):010:0> exit
module IRB
  @RCS_ID='-$Id$-'

  # An exception raised by IRB.irb_abort
  class Abort < Exception;end

  @CONF = {}


  # Displays current configuration.
  #
  # Modifing the configuration is achieved by sending a message to IRB.conf.
  #
  # See IRB@Configuration for more information.
  def IRB.conf
    @CONF
  end

  # Returns the current version of IRB, including release version and last
  # updated date.
  def IRB.version
    if v = @CONF[:VERSION] then return v end

    require "irb/version"
    rv = @RELEASE_VERSION.sub(/\.0/, "")
    @CONF[:VERSION] = format("irb %s(%s)", rv, @LAST_UPDATE_DATE)
  end

  # The current IRB::Context of the session, see IRB.conf
  #
  # irb
  # irb(main):001:0> IRB.CurrentContext.irb_name = "foo"
  # foo(main):002:0> IRB.conf[:MAIN_CONTEXT].irb_name #=> "foo"
  def IRB.CurrentContext
    IRB.conf[:MAIN_CONTEXT]
  end

  # Initializes IRB and creates a new Irb.irb object at the +TOPLEVEL_BINDING+
  def IRB.start(ap_path = nil)
    $0 = File::basename(ap_path, ".rb") if ap_path

    IRB.setup(ap_path)

    if @CONF[:SCRIPT]
      irb = Irb.new(nil, @CONF[:SCRIPT])
    else
      irb = Irb.new
    end

    @CONF[:IRB_RC].call(irb.context) if @CONF[:IRB_RC]
    @CONF[:MAIN_CONTEXT] = irb.context

    trap("SIGINT") do
      irb.signal_handle
    end

    begin
      catch(:IRB_EXIT) do
        irb.eval_input
      end
    ensure
      irb_at_exit
    end
# print "\n"
  end

  # Calls each event hook of IRB.conf[:AT_EXIT] when the current session quits.
  def IRB.irb_at_exit
    @CONF[:AT_EXIT].each{|hook| hook.call}
  end

  # Quits irb
  def IRB.irb_exit(irb, ret)
    throw :IRB_EXIT, ret
  end

  # Aborts then interrupts irb.
  #
  # Will raise an Abort exception, or the given +exception+.
  def IRB.irb_abort(irb, exception = Abort)
    if defined? Thread
      irb.context.thread.raise exception, "abort then interrupt!"
    else
      raise exception, "abort then interrupt!"
    end
  end

  class Irb
    # Creates a new irb session
    def initialize(workspace = nil, input_method = nil, output_method = nil)
      @context = Context.new(self, workspace, input_method, output_method)
      @context.main.extend ExtendCommandBundle
      @signal_status = :IN_IRB

      @scanner = RubyLex.new
      @scanner.exception_on_syntax_error = false
    end
    # Returns the current context of this irb session
    attr_reader :context
    # The lexer used by this irb session
    attr_accessor :scanner

    # Evaluates input for this session.
    def eval_input
      @scanner.set_prompt do
        |ltype, indent, continue, line_no|
        if ltype
          f = @context.prompt_s
        elsif continue
          f = @context.prompt_c
        elsif indent > 0
          f = @context.prompt_n
        else
          f = @context.prompt_i
        end
        f = "" unless f
        if @context.prompting?
          @context.io.prompt = p = prompt(f, ltype, indent, line_no)
        else
          @context.io.prompt = p = ""
        end
        if @context.auto_indent_mode
          unless ltype
            ind = prompt(@context.prompt_i, ltype, indent, line_no)[/.*\z/].size +
              indent * 2 - p.size
            ind += 2 if continue
            @context.io.prompt = p + " " * ind if ind > 0
          end
        end
      end

      @scanner.set_input(@context.io) do
        signal_status(:IN_INPUT) do
          if l = @context.io.gets
            print l if @context.verbose?
          else
            if @context.ignore_eof? and @context.io.readable_after_eof?
              l = "\n"
              if @context.verbose?
                printf "Use \"exit\" to leave %s\n", @context.ap_name
              end
            else
              print "\n"
            end
          end
          l
        end
      end

      @scanner.each_top_level_statement do |line, line_no|
        signal_status(:IN_EVAL) do
          begin
            line.untaint
            @context.evaluate(line, line_no)
            output_value if @context.echo?
            exc = nil
          rescue Interrupt => exc
          rescue SystemExit, SignalException
            raise
          rescue Exception => exc
          end
          if exc
            print exc.class, ": ", exc, "\n"
            if exc.backtrace[0] =~ /irb(2)?(\/.*|-.*|\.rb)?:/ && exc.class.to_s !~ /^IRB/ &&
                !(SyntaxError === exc)
              irb_bug = true
            else
              irb_bug = false
            end

            messages = []
            lasts = []
            levels = 0
            for m in exc.backtrace
              m = @context.workspace.filter_backtrace(m) unless irb_bug
              if m
                if messages.size < @context.back_trace_limit
                  messages.push "\tfrom "+m
                else
                  lasts.push "\tfrom "+m
                  if lasts.size > @context.back_trace_limit
                    lasts.shift
                    levels += 1
                  end
                end
              end
            end
            print messages.join("\n"), "\n"
            unless lasts.empty?
              printf "... %d levels...\n", levels if levels > 0
              print lasts.join("\n")
            end
            print "Maybe IRB bug!\n" if irb_bug
          end
          if $SAFE > 2
            abort "Error: irb does not work for $SAFE level higher than 2"
          end
        end
      end
    end

    # Evaluates the given block using the given +path+ as the Context#irb_path
    # and +name+ as the Context#irb_name.
    #
    # Used by the irb command +source+, see IRB@IRB+Sessions for more
    # information.
    def suspend_name(path = nil, name = nil)
      @context.irb_path, back_path = path, @context.irb_path if path
      @context.irb_name, back_name = name, @context.irb_name if name
      begin
        yield back_path, back_name
      ensure
        @context.irb_path = back_path if path
        @context.irb_name = back_name if name
      end
    end

    # Evaluates the given block using the given +workspace+ as the
    # Context#workspace.
    #
    # Used by the irb command +irb_load+, see IRB@IRB+Sessions for more
    # information.
    def suspend_workspace(workspace)
      @context.workspace, back_workspace = workspace, @context.workspace
      begin
        yield back_workspace
      ensure
        @context.workspace = back_workspace
      end
    end

    # Evaluates the given block using the given +input_method+ as the
    # Context#io.
    #
    # Used by the irb commands +source+ and +irb_load+, see IRB@IRB+Sessions
    # for more information.
    def suspend_input_method(input_method)
      back_io = @context.io
      @context.instance_eval{@io = input_method}
      begin
        yield back_io
      ensure
        @context.instance_eval{@io = back_io}
      end
    end

    # Evaluates the given block using the given +context+ as the Context.
    def suspend_context(context)
      @context, back_context = context, @context
      begin
        yield back_context
      ensure
        @context = back_context
      end
    end

    # Handler for the signal SIGINT, see Kernel#trap for more information.
    def signal_handle
      unless @context.ignore_sigint?
        print "\nabort!\n" if @context.verbose?
        exit
      end

      case @signal_status
      when :IN_INPUT
        print "^C\n"
        raise RubyLex::TerminateLineInput
      when :IN_EVAL
        IRB.irb_abort(self)
      when :IN_LOAD
        IRB.irb_abort(self, LoadAbort)
      when :IN_IRB
        # ignore
      else
        # ignore other cases as well
      end
    end

    # Evaluates the given block using the given +status+.
    def signal_status(status)
      return yield if @signal_status == :IN_LOAD

      signal_status_back = @signal_status
      @signal_status = status
      begin
        yield
      ensure
        @signal_status = signal_status_back
      end
    end

    def prompt(prompt, ltype, indent, line_no) # :nodoc:
      p = prompt.dup
      p.gsub!(/%([0-9]+)?([a-zA-Z])/) do
        case $2
        when "N"
          @context.irb_name
        when "m"
          @context.main.to_s
        when "M"
          @context.main.inspect
        when "l"
          ltype
        when "i"
          if $1
            format("%" + $1 + "d", indent)
          else
            indent.to_s
          end
        when "n"
          if $1
            format("%" + $1 + "d", line_no)
          else
            line_no.to_s
          end
        when "%"
          "%"
        end
      end
      p
    end

    def output_value # :nodoc:
      printf @context.return_format, @context.inspect_last_value
    end

    # Outputs the local variables to this current session, including
    # #signal_status and #context, using IRB::Locale.
    def inspect
      ary = []
      for iv in instance_variables
        case (iv = iv.to_s)
        when "@signal_status"
          ary.push format("%s=:%s", iv, @signal_status.id2name)
        when "@context"
          ary.push format("%s=%s", iv, eval(iv).__to_s__)
        else
          ary.push format("%s=%s", iv, eval(iv))
        end
      end
      format("#<%s: %s>", self.class, ary.join(", "))
    end
  end

  def @CONF.inspect
    IRB.version unless self[:VERSION]

    array = []
    for k, v in sort{|a1, a2| a1[0].id2name <=> a2[0].id2name}
      case k
      when :MAIN_CONTEXT, :__TMP__EHV__
        array.push format("CONF[:%s]=...myself...", k.id2name)
      when :PROMPT
        s = v.collect{
          |kk, vv|
          ss = vv.collect{|kkk, vvv| ":#{kkk.id2name}=>#{vvv.inspect}"}
          format(":%s=>{%s}", kk.id2name, ss.join(", "))
        }
        array.push format("CONF[:%s]={%s}", k.id2name, s.join(", "))
      else
        array.push format("CONF[:%s]=%s", k.id2name, v.inspect)
      end
    end
    array.join("\n")
  end
end
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