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from machine import I2C
import time
# BME280 default address.
BME280_I2CADDR = 0x76
# Operating Modes
BME280_OSAMPLE_1 = 1
BME280_OSAMPLE_2 = 2
BME280_OSAMPLE_4 = 3
BME280_OSAMPLE_8 = 4
BME280_OSAMPLE_16 = 5
# BME280 Registers
BME280_REGISTER_DIG_T1 = 0x88 # Trimming parameter registers
BME280_REGISTER_DIG_T2 = 0x8A
BME280_REGISTER_DIG_T3 = 0x8C
BME280_REGISTER_DIG_P1 = 0x8E
BME280_REGISTER_DIG_P2 = 0x90
BME280_REGISTER_DIG_P3 = 0x92
BME280_REGISTER_DIG_P4 = 0x94
BME280_REGISTER_DIG_P5 = 0x96
BME280_REGISTER_DIG_P6 = 0x98
BME280_REGISTER_DIG_P7 = 0x9A
BME280_REGISTER_DIG_P8 = 0x9C
BME280_REGISTER_DIG_P9 = 0x9E
BME280_REGISTER_DIG_H1 = 0xA1
BME280_REGISTER_DIG_H2 = 0xE1
BME280_REGISTER_DIG_H3 = 0xE3
BME280_REGISTER_DIG_H4 = 0xE4
BME280_REGISTER_DIG_H5 = 0xE5
BME280_REGISTER_DIG_H6 = 0xE6
BME280_REGISTER_DIG_H7 = 0xE7
BME280_REGISTER_CHIPID = 0xD0
BME280_REGISTER_VERSION = 0xD1
BME280_REGISTER_SOFTRESET = 0xE0
BME280_REGISTER_CONTROL_HUM = 0xF2
BME280_REGISTER_CONTROL = 0xF4
BME280_REGISTER_CONFIG = 0xF5
BME280_REGISTER_PRESSURE_DATA = 0xF7
BME280_REGISTER_TEMP_DATA = 0xFA
BME280_REGISTER_HUMIDITY_DATA = 0xFD
class Device:
"""Class for communicating with an I2C device.
Allows reading and writing 8-bit, 16-bit, and byte array values to
registers on the device."""
def __init__(self, address, i2c):
"""Create an instance of the I2C device at the specified address using
the specified I2C interface object."""
self._address = address
self._i2c = i2c
def writeRaw8(self, value):
"""Write an 8-bit value on the bus (without register)."""
value = value & 0xFF
self._i2c.writeto(self._address, value)
def write8(self, register, value):
"""Write an 8-bit value to the specified register."""
b=bytearray(1)
b[0]=value & 0xFF
self._i2c.writeto_mem(self._address, register, b)
def write16(self, register, value):
"""Write a 16-bit value to the specified register."""
value = value & 0xFFFF
b=bytearray(2)
b[0]= value & 0xFF
b[1]= (value>>8) & 0xFF
self.i2c.writeto_mem(self._address, register, value)
def readRaw8(self):
"""Read an 8-bit value on the bus (without register)."""
return int.from_bytes(self._i2c.readfrom(self._address, 1),'little') & 0xFF
def readU8(self, register):
"""Read an unsigned byte from the specified register."""
return int.from_bytes(
self._i2c.readfrom_mem(self._address, register, 1),'little') & 0xFF
def readS8(self, register):
"""Read a signed byte from the specified register."""
result = self.readU8(register)
if result > 127:
result -= 256
return result
def readU16(self, register, little_endian=True):
"""Read an unsigned 16-bit value from the specified register, with the
specified endianness (default little endian, or least significant byte
first)."""
result = int.from_bytes(
self._i2c.readfrom_mem(self._address, register, 2),'little') & 0xFFFF
if not little_endian:
result = ((result << 8) & 0xFF00) + (result >> 8)
return result
def readS16(self, register, little_endian=True):
"""Read a signed 16-bit value from the specified register, with the
specified endianness (default little endian, or least significant byte
first)."""
result = self.readU16(register, little_endian)
if result > 32767:
result -= 65536
return result
def readU16LE(self, register):
"""Read an unsigned 16-bit value from the specified register, in little
endian byte order."""
return self.readU16(register, little_endian=True)
def readU16BE(self, register):
"""Read an unsigned 16-bit value from the specified register, in big
endian byte order."""
return self.readU16(register, little_endian=False)
def readS16LE(self, register):
"""Read a signed 16-bit value from the specified register, in little
endian byte order."""
return self.readS16(register, little_endian=True)
def readS16BE(self, register):
"""Read a signed 16-bit value from the specified register, in big
endian byte order."""
return self.readS16(register, little_endian=False)
class BME280:
def __init__(self, mode=BME280_OSAMPLE_1, address=BME280_I2CADDR, i2c=None,
**kwargs):
# Check that mode is valid.
if mode not in [BME280_OSAMPLE_1, BME280_OSAMPLE_2, BME280_OSAMPLE_4,
BME280_OSAMPLE_8, BME280_OSAMPLE_16]:
raise ValueError(
'Unexpected mode value {0}. Set mode to one of '
'BME280_ULTRALOWPOWER, BME280_STANDARD, BME280_HIGHRES, or '
'BME280_ULTRAHIGHRES'.format(mode))
self._mode = mode
# Create I2C device.
if i2c is None:
raise ValueError('An I2C object is required.')
self._device = Device(address, i2c)
# Load calibration values.
self._load_calibration()
self._device.write8(BME280_REGISTER_CONTROL, 0x3F)
self.t_fine = 0
def _load_calibration(self):
self.dig_T1 = self._device.readU16LE(BME280_REGISTER_DIG_T1)
self.dig_T2 = self._device.readS16LE(BME280_REGISTER_DIG_T2)
self.dig_T3 = self._device.readS16LE(BME280_REGISTER_DIG_T3)
self.dig_P1 = self._device.readU16LE(BME280_REGISTER_DIG_P1)
self.dig_P2 = self._device.readS16LE(BME280_REGISTER_DIG_P2)
self.dig_P3 = self._device.readS16LE(BME280_REGISTER_DIG_P3)
self.dig_P4 = self._device.readS16LE(BME280_REGISTER_DIG_P4)
self.dig_P5 = self._device.readS16LE(BME280_REGISTER_DIG_P5)
self.dig_P6 = self._device.readS16LE(BME280_REGISTER_DIG_P6)
self.dig_P7 = self._device.readS16LE(BME280_REGISTER_DIG_P7)
self.dig_P8 = self._device.readS16LE(BME280_REGISTER_DIG_P8)
self.dig_P9 = self._device.readS16LE(BME280_REGISTER_DIG_P9)
self.dig_H1 = self._device.readU8(BME280_REGISTER_DIG_H1)
self.dig_H2 = self._device.readS16LE(BME280_REGISTER_DIG_H2)
self.dig_H3 = self._device.readU8(BME280_REGISTER_DIG_H3)
self.dig_H6 = self._device.readS8(BME280_REGISTER_DIG_H7)
h4 = self._device.readS8(BME280_REGISTER_DIG_H4)
h4 = (h4 << 24) >> 20
self.dig_H4 = h4 | (self._device.readU8(BME280_REGISTER_DIG_H5) & 0x0F)
h5 = self._device.readS8(BME280_REGISTER_DIG_H6)
h5 = (h5 << 24) >> 20
self.dig_H5 = h5 | (
self._device.readU8(BME280_REGISTER_DIG_H5) >> 4 & 0x0F)
def read_raw_temp(self):
"""Reads the raw (uncompensated) temperature from the sensor."""
meas = self._mode
self._device.write8(BME280_REGISTER_CONTROL_HUM, meas)
meas = self._mode << 5 | self._mode << 2 | 1
self._device.write8(BME280_REGISTER_CONTROL, meas)
sleep_time = 1250 + 2300 * (1 << self._mode)
sleep_time = sleep_time + 2300 * (1 << self._mode) + 575
sleep_time = sleep_time + 2300 * (1 << self._mode) + 575
time.sleep_us(sleep_time) # Wait the required time
msb = self._device.readU8(BME280_REGISTER_TEMP_DATA)
lsb = self._device.readU8(BME280_REGISTER_TEMP_DATA + 1)
xlsb = self._device.readU8(BME280_REGISTER_TEMP_DATA + 2)
raw = ((msb << 16) | (lsb << 8) | xlsb) >> 4
return raw
def read_raw_pressure(self):
"""Reads the raw (uncompensated) pressure level from the sensor."""
"""Assumes that the temperature has already been read """
"""i.e. that enough delay has been provided"""
msb = self._device.readU8(BME280_REGISTER_PRESSURE_DATA)
lsb = self._device.readU8(BME280_REGISTER_PRESSURE_DATA + 1)
xlsb = self._device.readU8(BME280_REGISTER_PRESSURE_DATA + 2)
raw = ((msb << 16) | (lsb << 8) | xlsb) >> 4
return raw
def read_raw_humidity(self):
"""Assumes that the temperature has already been read """
"""i.e. that enough delay has been provided"""
msb = self._device.readU8(BME280_REGISTER_HUMIDITY_DATA)
lsb = self._device.readU8(BME280_REGISTER_HUMIDITY_DATA + 1)
raw = (msb << 8) | lsb
return raw
def read_temperature(self):
"""Get the compensated temperature in 0.01 of a degree celsius."""
adc = self.read_raw_temp()
var1 = ((adc >> 3) - (self.dig_T1 << 1)) * (self.dig_T2 >> 11)
var2 = ((
(((adc >> 4) - self.dig_T1) * ((adc >> 4) - self.dig_T1)) >> 12) *
self.dig_T3) >> 14
self.t_fine = var1 + var2
return (self.t_fine * 5 + 128) >> 8
def read_pressure(self):
"""Gets the compensated pressure in Pascals."""
adc = self.read_raw_pressure()
var1 = self.t_fine - 128000
var2 = var1 * var1 * self.dig_P6
var2 = var2 + ((var1 * self.dig_P5) << 17)
var2 = var2 + (self.dig_P4 << 35)
var1 = (((var1 * var1 * self.dig_P3) >> 8) +
((var1 * self.dig_P2) >> 12))
var1 = (((1 << 47) + var1) * self.dig_P1) >> 33
if var1 == 0:
return 0
p = 1048576 - adc
p = (((p << 31) - var2) * 3125) // var1
var1 = (self.dig_P9 * (p >> 13) * (p >> 13)) >> 25
var2 = (self.dig_P8 * p) >> 19
return ((p + var1 + var2) >> 8) + (self.dig_P7 << 4)
def read_humidity(self):
adc = self.read_raw_humidity()
# print 'Raw humidity = {0:d}'.format (adc)
h = self.t_fine - 76800
h = (((((adc << 14) - (self.dig_H4 << 20) - (self.dig_H5 * h)) +
16384) >> 15) * (((((((h * self.dig_H6) >> 10) * (((h *
self.dig_H3) >> 11) + 32768)) >> 10) + 2097152) *
self.dig_H2 + 8192) >> 14))
h = h - (((((h >> 15) * (h >> 15)) >> 7) * self.dig_H1) >> 4)
h = 0 if h < 0 else h
h = 419430400 if h > 419430400 else h
return h >> 12
@property
def temperature(self):
"Return the temperature in degrees."
t = self.read_temperature()
ti = t // 100
td = t - ti * 100
return "{}.{:02d}C".format(ti, td)
@property
def pressure(self):
"Return the temperature in hPa."
p = self.read_pressure() // 256
pi = p // 100
pd = p - pi * 100
return "{}.{:02d}hPa".format(pi, pd)
@property
def humidity(self):
"Return the humidity in percent."
h = self.read_humidity()
hi = h // 1024
hd = h * 100 // 1024 - hi * 100
return "{}.{:02d}%".format(hi, hd)
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