DCAT-AP SHACL constraint definitions
The Application Profiles (AP) offered here represent a set of integrity constraints used to check the physical and logical correctness or rationality of a certain dataset. The SHACL specifications for DCAT Application Profile.
The rules of thumb page offers insights into how the shapes were created.
The Source Structure
- ./shacl folder contains the latest version of the official DCAT-AP shacl expression
- ./resources folder contains the latest version of the controlled vocabularies required by dcat-ap-mdr-vocabularies.shapes.rdf. Note that in order to validate for controlled vocabularies, all of them need to be loaded as part of the data graph.
- ./test folder contsins rdf unit tests that can be executed with Free version of TopBraid Composer. Currently they offer partial coverage for DCAT-AP and more unit tests shall be created from real data.
- ./dev folder contains experiemntal in progress work or other sources. For example shapeview.ui.ttlx can be used to generate the DCAT-AP HTML documentation from its SHACL implementation.
- ./documentation folder contains the static HTML generated automatically using the SWP technology. The source code for generating this document is in ./dev/shapeview.app
The scope of the current release
dcat-ap.shapes.ttl validates instance shapes with respect to:
- o cardinality constraints, both for properties that have a minimum occurrence greater or equal to than 1 (for example, there needs to be at least one occurrence of the mandatory property title of a Dataset) and properties that have an explicit maximum occurrence (for example, there can be a maximum of one licence for a Distribution)
- o restrictions concerning ranges (expressed as sh:nodeKind) of properties to avoid that properties, irrespective of whether they are mandatory, recommended or optional, are provided that violate range declarations.
dcat-ap-mandatory-classes.shapes.ttl validates that data includes the mandatory classes.
dcat-ap-mdr-vocabularies.shapes.ttl validates that values of a property are taken from the mandatory controlled vocabularies