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Install Steps

See the various requirements and suggested system configurations at Requirements

Install Using Docker

docker hub: openbmp/aio

All-in-one (aio) includes everything needed to run the collector and store the data in MySQL. You can use this container to test/evaluate OpenBMP as well as run smaller deployments. Production deployments normally would have distributed collectors and a redundant pair of MySQL/MariaDB servers.

Container Includes

  • Openbmpd - Latest collector (listening port is TCP 5000)
  • MariaDB 10.0 - MySQL server (listening port TCP 3306)
  • Apache Kafka 0.8.x - High performing message bus (listening ports are TCP 2181 and 9092)
  • Tomcat/DB_REST - Latest Rest interface into MySQL/MariaDB (listening port TCP 8001)
  • Openbmp MySQL Consumer - Latest Consumer that puts all data into MySQL

Recommended Current Linux Distributions

  1. Ubuntu 14.04/Trusty
  2. CentOS 7/RHEL 7

1) Install docker

Docker host should be Linux x86_64. Follow the Docker Instructions to install docker.


2) Download the docker image

docker pull openbmp/aio

3) Create MySQL volumes

MySQL/MariaDB uses a shared container (host) volume so that if you upgrade, restart, change the container it doesn't loose the DB contents. The DB will be initialized if the volume is empty. If the volume is not empty, the DB will be left unchanged. This can be an issue when the schemas need to change. Therefore, to reinit the DB and apply the latest schema use docker run with the -e REINIT_DB=1

When starting the container you will need to map a host file system to /data/mysql for the container. You do this using the -v <host path>:/data/mysql. The below examples default to the host path of /var/openbmp/mysql

(Optional) MySQL Temporary Table Space

Large queries or queries that involve sorting/counting/... will use a temporary table on disk. It is recommended that you use a tmpfs memory mount point for this. Docker will not allow the container to mount tmpfs without having CAP_SYS_ADMIN capability (-privileged). To work around this limitation, the container will not create the tmpfs. Instead the container will use /var/mysqltmp which can be a volume to the host system tmpfs mount point. The host system should create a tmpfs and then map that as a volume in docker using -v /var/openbmp/mysqltmp:/var/mysqltmp

On host create mysql shared dir

mkdir -p /var/openbmp/mysql
chmod 777 /var/openbmp/mysql 

The mode of 777 can be changed to chown but you'll have to get that ID by looking at the file owner after starting the container.

On host create tmpfs (as root)

mkdir -p /var/openbmp/mysqltmp
echo "tmpfs /var/openbmp/mysqltmp tmpfs defaults,gid=nogroup,uid=nobody,size=2400M,mode=0777 0 0" >> /etc/fstab
mount /var/openbmp/mysqltmp

4) Run docker container

Memory for MySQL

Mysql requires a lot of memory in order to run well. Currently there is not a consistent way to check on the container memory limit. The ```-e MEM=size_in_GB`` should be specified in gigabytes (e.g. 16 for 16GB of RAM). If you fail to supply this variable, the default will use /proc/meminfo . In other words, the default is to assume no memory limit.

Environment Variables

Below table lists the environment variables that can be used with docker -e <name=value>

NAME Value Details
API_FQDN hostname required Fully qualified hostname for the docker host of this container, will be used for API and Kafka. It is also the collector Admin Id
MEM RAM in GB The size of RAM allowed for container in gigabytes. (e.g. -e MEM=15)
OPENBMP_BUFFER Size in MB Defines the openbmpd buffer per router for BMP messages. Default is 16 MB.
REINIT_DB 1 If set to 1 the DB will be reinitialized, which is needed to load the new schema sometimes. This will wipe out the old data and start from scratch. When this is not set, the old DB is reused. (e.g. -e REINIT_DB=1)
MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD password MySQL root user password. The default is OpenBMP. The root password can be changed using standard MySQL instructions. If you do change the password, you will need to run the container with this env set.
MYSQL_OPENBMP_PASSWORD password MySQL openbmp user password. The default is openbmp. You can change the default openbmp user password using standard mysql instructions. If you change the openbmp user password you MUST use this env.

Run normally

IMPORTANT

Make sure to define API_FQDN as a hostname (or fqdn) and not by IP. The hostname should resolve to the docker host (host that runs docker containers) IP address, which is normally eth0.

If you do not plan to connect to the docker container via Kafka consumers, then you can use any hostname, such as openbmp.localdomain

docker run -d -e API_FQDN=<hostname> --name=openbmp_aio -e MEM=15 \
     -v /var/openbmp/mysql:/data/mysql \
     -p 3306:3306 -p 2181:2181 -p 9092:9092 -p 5000:5000 -p 8001:8001 \
     openbmp/aio

Allow at least a few minutes for mysql to init the DB on first start

Monitoring/Troubleshooting

Once the container is running you can run a HTTP GET http://docker_host:8001/db_rest/v1/routers to test that the API interface is working.

You can use standard docker exec commands to monitor the log files. To monitor openbmp, use docker exec openbmp_aio tail -f /var/log/openbmpd.log

Alternatively, it can be easier at times to navigate all the log files from within the container. You can do so using:

docker exec -it openbmp_aio bash

System Start/Restart Config (ubuntu 14.04)

By default, the containers will not start automatically on system boot/startup. You can use the below example to instruct the openbmp/aio container to start automatically.

You can read more at Docker Host Integration on how to start containers automatically.

IMPORTANT

The --name=openbmp_aio parameter given to the docker run command is used with the -a openbmp_aio parameter below to start the container by name instead of container ID. You can use whatever name you want, but make sure to use the same name used in docker run.

cat <<END > /etc/init/aio-openbmp.conf
description "OpenBMP All-In-One container"
author "tim@openbmp.org"
start on filesystem and started docker
stop on runlevel [!2345]
respawn
script
  /usr/bin/docker start -a openbmp_aio
end script
END

Install on Ubuntu 14.04

Use these instructions if you are not using Docker.

First install either the Server or Cloud standard Ubuntu image available from Ubuntu Download

Required Steps

  1. Update the apt get repo
  2. Install openbmpd using package or from source
  3. Install openbmp MySQL consumer
  4. Install Apache Kafka
  5. Install mysql DB server
  6. Create mysql database and user
  7. Configure mysql settings
  8. Restart Mysql
  9. Create/update the database schema
  10. Run openbmpd
  11. Run openbmp-mysql-consumer

NOTE

Our builds of openbmpd statically links librdkafka so that you do not have to compile/install that. If needed, see BUILD for details on how to build/install librdkafka.

Before using 'apt-get' do the following to make sure the repositories are up-to-date

sudo apt-get update

Install openbmp via package

  1. Download the openbmp

    package for Ubuntu 14.04

  2. Install the package - You should have the depends already installed if you applied the above step.

    dpkg -i openbmp-VERSION.deb

ubuntu@demo:~# sudo dpkg -i openbmp-0.11.0-pre3.deb 
(Reading database ... 57165 files and directories currently installed.)
Preparing to unpack openbmp-0.11.0-pre3.deb ...
Unpacking openbmp (0.11.0-pre3-pre3) over (0.10.0-pre3-pre3) ...
Setting up openbmp (0.11.0-pre3-pre3) ...
Processing triggers for ureadahead (0.100.0-16) ...

If installing from source

Follow the steps in BUILD to install via source from github.

Install openbmp mysql consumer

  1. Download the openbmp-mysql-consumer

    Download Page

    wget http://www.openbmp.org/packages/openbmp-mysql-consumer-0.1.0-081315.jar
    

NOTE

The consumer is a JAR file that is runnable using java -jar [filename]. In the near future this will be packaged in a DEB package so that you start it using 'service openbmp-mysql-consumer start'. For now, you will need to run this JAR file via shell command. See the last step regarding running the consumer for how to run it.

Install Apache Kafka

Follow the Kafka Quick Start guide in order to install and configure Apache Kafka. You should have it up in running within minutes.

note: Edit the config/server.properties file and make sure to define a valid FQDN for the variable advertised.host.name .

The collector (producer) and consumers will connect to Kafka and receive the advertised.host.name as where it should contact the server. If this is set to localhost the producer/consumer will not be able to connect successfully to Kafka, unless of course everything is running on a single node.

# Hostname the broker will advertise to producers and consumers. If not set, it uses the
# value for "host.name" if configured.  Otherwise, it will use the value returned from
# java.net.InetAddress.getCanonicalHostName().

advertised.host.name=bmp-dev.openbmp.org

Example Install Steps

# Install JRE
sudo apt-get install openjdk-7-jre-headless

sudo mkdir /usr/local/kafka
sudo chown $(id -u) /usr/local/kafka

wget http://supergsego.com/apache/kafka/0.8.2.1/kafka_2.10-0.8.2.1.tgz
tar xzf kafka_2.10-0.8.2.1.tgz
cd kafka_2.10-0.8.2.1
sudo mv * /usr/local/kafka/
cd /usr/local/kafka/

# Update the Kafka config
#    USE FQDN for this host that is reachable by the collectors
sed -i -r 's/^[#]*advertised.host.name=.*/advertised.host.name=collector.openbmp.org/' \
 config/server.properties
sed -i -r 's/^[#]*log.dirs=.*/log.dirs=\/var\/kafka/' config/server.properties

# Create the logs dir for Kafka topics
sudo mkdir -m 0750 /var/kafka
sudo chown $(id -u) /var/kafka

nohup bin/zookeeper-server-start.sh config/zookeeper.properties > zookeeper.log &
sleep 1
nohup bin/kafka-server-start.sh config/server.properties > kafka.log &

On DB server install mysql

Note on MariaDB

You can use MariaDB 10.0 or greater as well. We have tested and validated that the schema and settings work with MariaDB >= 10.0

You can get instructions for installing MariaDB at MariaDB Repositories. Make sure you select 10.0

sudo apt-get install mysql-server-5.6
  • Install will prompt for a mysql root password, use one for the primary mysql user 'root'

NOTE The root password in mysql is the MYSQL root user account. This can be any password you would like to use. It is not related to the platform/system root user or any other user. This password is only the primary "root" password used when using 'mysql -u root -p'

  • After install, mysql should be running

Login to mysql and create the openbmp database and user account

Apply the below to create the database and user that will be used by the openbmp daemon

NOTE The below defaults the openbmp username to use 'openbmp' as the password. Change the
identified by 'openbmp' to something else.

mysql -u root -p

   create database openBMP;
   create user 'openbmp'@'localhost' identified by 'openbmp';
   create user 'openbmp'@'%' identified by 'openbmp';
   grant all on openBMP.* to 'openbmp'@'localhost';
   grant all on openBMP.* to 'openbmp'@'%';

MySQL Temporary Table Space

Large queries or queries that involve sorting/counting/... will use a temporary table on disk. We have found that using a tmpfs will improve performance.

Create tmpfs (as root)

The below will also configure the tmpfs to be mounted upon restart/boot.

mkdir -p /var/mysqltmp
echo "tmpfs /var/mysqltmp tmpfs defaults,gid=mysql,uid=mysql,size=2400M,mode=0777 0 0" >> /etc/fstab
mount /var/mysqltmp

Update the /etc/my.cnf file to enable InnoDB and tune memory

The below MUST but adjusted based on your memory available. Ideally it should be set as high as possible. Below is for a system that has 16G of RAM and 8vCPU.

IMPORTANT

You must define max_allowed_packet to 384M or greater to support the bulk inserts/updates, otherwise you will get errors that indicate packet is is too large or that the server connection has gone away.

  • sudo vi /etc/mysql/my.cnf

Under [mysqld] section

# use the tmpfs mount point
tmpdir      = /var/mysqltmp

key_buffer_size     = 128M

# This is very IMPORTANT, must be high to handle bulk inserts/updates
max_allowed_packet  = 384M

net_read_timeout    = 45
thread_stack        = 192K
thread_cache_size   = 8

# This value should be roughly 80% of system memory
innodb_buffer_pool_size = 12G

# This value should be the GB value of the innodb_buffer_pool_size
#   Ideally one instance per GB
innodb_buffer_pool_instances =  12

transaction-isolation        = READ-UNCOMMITTED
innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit  = 0
innodb_random_read_ahead        = 1
innodb_read_ahead_threshold     = 10
innodb_log_buffer_size    = 16M
innodb_log_file_size      = 2G
query_cache_limit         = 1G
query_cache_size          = 1G
query_cache_type          = ON
join_buffer_size          = 128M
sort_buffer_size          = 128M
innodb_sort_buffer_size   = 16M
myisam_sort_buffer_size   = 128M
read_rnd_buffer_size      = 128M
innodb_thread_concurrency = 0

max_heap_table_size       = 2M
tmp_table_size            = 2M
innodb_file_per_table     = ON
innodb_doublewrite        = OFF
innodb_spin_wait_delay    = 24
innodb_io_capacity        = 2000

# Adjust the below to roughly the number of vCPU's times 2
innodb_read_io_threads    = 16
innodb_write_io_threads   = 16

Restart Mysql so that the changes to config take effect

  • sudo service mysql restart

Load the schema

Load the openbmp DB schema by downloading it from www.openbmp.org. You can also get the latest from GitHub OpenBMP

Choose the right schema

See the download page for details on which schema to use for which package.

Latest/Current DEB package uses the current schema as below

curl -O https://raw.githubusercontent.com/OpenBMP/openbmp-mysql-consumer/master/database/mysql-openbmp-current.db

mysql -u root -p openBMP < mysql-openbmp-current.db 

Use the password for root user that was created when mysql was installed.

Run the openbmp server

MySQL should be installed now and it should be running. OpenBMP is ready to run.

openbmpd (normally installed in /usr/bin)

  REQUIRED OPTIONS:
     -c <filename>     Config filename.
          OR
     -a <string>       Admin ID for collector, this must be unique for this collector.  hostname or IP is good to use


  OPTIONAL OPTIONS:
     -pid <filename>   PID filename, default is no pid file
     -l <filename>     Log filename, default is STDOUT
     -d <filename>     Debug filename, default is log filename
     -f                Run in foreground instead of daemon (use for upstart)

  OTHER OPTIONS:
     -v                   Version
     -h                   Help

  DEBUG OPTIONS:
     -debugDebug general items
     -dbgp             Debug BGP parser
     -dbmp             Debug BMP parser
     -dmsgbus          Debug message bus

  DEPRECATED OPTIONS:

       These options will be removed in a future release. You should switch to use the config file.
     -k <host:port>    Kafka broker list format: host:port[,...]
                       Default is 127.0.0.1:9092
     -m <mode>         Mode can be 'v4, v6, or v4v6'
                       Default is v4.  Enables IPv4 and/or IPv6 BMP listening port

     -p <port>         BMP listening port (default is 5000)
     -b <MB>           BMP read buffer per router size in MB (default is 15), range is 2 - 128
     -hi <minutes>     Collector message heartbeat interval in minutes (default is 5 minutes)

Below starts openbmp on port 5555 for inbound BMP connections using Kafka server localhost:9092 and buffer of 16MB per router.

sudo openbmpd -a $(uname -n) -k localhost -b 16 -p 5555 -l /var/log/openbmpd.log -pid /var/run/openbmpd.pid

NOTE The above command uses 'sudo' because openbmp is creating the log file /var/log/openbmp.log and updating the pid file /var/run/openbmp.pid, which normally are not writable to normal users. If the log and pid files are writable by the user running openbmpd, then sudo is not required.

Run openbmp-mysql-consumer

You can unpack the JAR file if you want to modify the logging config. Otherwise, you can run as follows:

Consumer can run on any platform

  nohup java -Xmx512M -Xms512M -XX:+UseParNewGC -XX:+UseConcMarkSweepGC -XX:+DisableExplicitGC \
        -jar openbmp-mysql-consumer-0.1.0-081315.jar  -dh db.openbmp.org \
        -dn openBMP -du openbmp -dp openbmpNow -zk localhost > mysql-consumer.log &     
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