Skip to content


Racket v5.3
* Submodules are nested module declarations that can be loaded and
  run independently from the enclosing module.  For an overview of
  submodules, see

* The futures visualizer is a graphical profiling tool for parallel
  programs using futures.  The tool shows a detailed execution
  timeline depicting the migration of futures between threads, and
  gives detailed information about each runtime synchronization that
  occurred during program execution.  In addition, `would-be-future'
  is a special type of future that always executes sequentially and
  records all potential barricades a regular future would encounter.

* Optimization Coach (formerly Performance Report) reports
  information about Racket's inlining optimizations.  Optimization
  Coach can be launched in any language through the View menu.

* The new `images/flomap' library defines floating-point bitmaps and
  fast image processing operations on them.  It is written in Typed
  Racket, so Typed Racket code may use it without the cost of
  contract checks.

* The new `json' library supports parsing and generating JSON.
  (Originally based on Dave Herman's planet library.)

* `racket/string' is extended with a set of simplified string
  manipulation functions that are more convenient than using
  regexps.  `regexp-match*' and friends can now be used with new
  keyword arguments to return specific matched regexp group/s and
  gaps between matches.

* The new `racket/generic' library allows generic function
  definitions, which dispatch to methods added to a structure type
  via the new `#:methods' keyword.

* The `class' form supports declaring a method abstract.  An
  abstract method prevents a class from being instantiated unless it
  is overridden.

* The contract library comes with support for interfaces, generics,
  prompts, continuation-marks, and structs.

* Most error messages use a new multi-line format that is more
  consistent with contract errors and accommodates more information.

* Typed Racket supports function definitions with keyword arguments;
  the startup time of Typed Racket programs has been sharply

* The new `ffi/com' library replaces MysterX; a compatibility
  `mysterx' library remains, but without ActiveX support.  The new
  `ffi/unsafe/com' library offers a more primitive and direct way to
  use COM classes and methods.

* There is now a very complete completion code for zsh.  It is not
  included in the distribution though; get it at
  (This script and the bash completions will be included in the
  standard installers in future versions.)

--- DEPRECATION ----------------------------------------------------

Effective this release:

  - The `tex2page' and `combinator-parser' libraries have been moved
    from the Racket distribution to PLaneT:

     (require (planet plt/tex2page))
     (require (planet plt/combinator-parser))

The following has been deprecated and will be removed in the
January 2013 release:

  - the `planet' command-line tool; use `raco planet' instead.

The following has been deprecated and will be removed in the
August 2013 release:

  - the `mzlib/class100' library; use `racket/class' instead.


Racket v5.2.1
* Performance improvements include the use of epoll()/kqueue() instead
  of select() for the Racket thread scheduler, cross-module inlining of
  small functions, and the use of SSE instead of x87 for JIT-compiled
  floating-point operations on platforms where SSE is always available
  (including x86_64 platforms).  A related change is the interning of
  literal numbers, strings, byte strings, characters, and regexps that
  appear in code and syntax objects.

* DrRacket uses a set of composable ray-traced icons available from the
  new `images' library collection.

* Typed Racket's `typecheck-fail' form allows macro creators to
  customize the error messages that Typed Racket produces.  This is
  especially useful when creating pattern matching macros.

* The performance of Redex's matcher has been substantially improved;
  depending on the model you should see improvements between 2x and 50x
  in the time it takes to reduce terms.

* Plots look nicer and are more correct at very small and very large
  scales.  New features include customizable dual axis ticks and
  transforms (e.g., log axes, date and currency ticks, axis interval
  collapse and stretch), stacked histograms, and 3D vector fields.  The
  legacy `fit' function and libfit have been removed.

* The `2htdp/universe' library's `big-bang' form supports an
  experimental game pad key handler.

* The `db' library now supports nested transactions and PostgreSQL
  arrays.  Bugs involving MySQL authentication and memory corruption in
  the SQLite bindings have been fixed.

* The Macro Stepper tool in DrRacket no longer executes a program after
  expanding it.

* In the DMdA teaching languages, infinite recursive signatures
  ("streams", for example) with no intervening `mixed' are now
  supported, and the signatures of record definitions without fields now
  have generators for use with `property'.

* MysterX's ActiveX support is deprecated and will be removed in the
  next release.  MysterX's core COM functionality will become deprecated
  in the next release, but COM functionality will be supported for the
  foreseeable future as a compatibility layer over a forthcoming
  `ffi/com' library.


Racket v5.2
Release Highlights:

* DrRacket comes with an experimental, on-line check syntax tool,
  although this new tool is disabled default.  See below for more

* The new `db' library offers a high-level, functional interface to
  popular relational database systems, including PostgreSQL, MySQL,
  and SQLite, as well as other systems via ODBC.

* A new XREPL collection provides convenient commands for a plain
  racket REPL.  It is particularly convenient for people who prefer
  console-based work and alternative editors.  See also the new
  chapter on command-line tools and other editors at the end of the
  Racket Guide.

* The `plot' collection has been reimplemented in Racket.  It now
  offers PDF output, log axes, histograms, and more.  Some code that
  uses `plot' will still work, and some will need light porting.
  The `plot/compat' module offers expedient backward compatibility.

* DrRacket uses more conventional key bindings: `C-t' creates a new
  tab, `C-w' closes the current one, and `C-r' runs the definitions.
  On Mac OS X, the Command key is used.  See "Defining Custom
  Shortcuts" in the DrRacket manual for an example that uses the old
  key bindings.

* The new `raco link' command registers a directory as a collection,
  which allows the collection directory to reside outside the
  "collects" tree and without changing the PLTCOLLECTS environment

* Typed Racket:
  - Typed Racket provides static performance debugging support to
    show which code gets optimized and point out code that does not.
    Use the "Performance Report" button in DrRacket.
  - More intuitive types in printouts in the REPL and in error
    messages.  Use `:query-result-type' to explore types, or
    `:print-type' for a full printout.
  - Typed Racket now supports defining function with optional
    arguments using the same syntax as Racket.

* Redex now supports specifying (and testing and automatically
  typesetting) judgment forms including type systems and SOS-style
  operational semantics.

* Fixed several GUI problems, including problems on Ubuntu 11.10
  (GTK+ 3) and 64-bit Mac OS X.

* Internal-definition expansion has changed to use `let*' semantics
  for sequences that contain no back references.  This change
  removes a performance penalty for using internal definitions
  instead of `let' in common cases, and it only changes the meaning
  of programs that capture continuations in internal definitions.
  Internal definitions are now considered preferable in style to

* Support for `begin-for-syntax' has been generalized; modules may
  now define and export both value bindings and syntax bindings
  (macros) at phase 1 and higher.

  Due to a bug, phase 1 syntax (or higher) is not available in
  DrRacket's `#lang'-based REPL.  A simple workaround is to disable
  debugging in DrRacket (see "no debugging" radio button in detailed
  language dialog).

Additional Items:

* The `racket/gui' library (and Slideshow) provides more support for
  multiple-screen displays.

* DrRacket remembers whether an opened file used LF or CRLF line
  endings, and will continue using the same.  When creating a new
  file, a preference determines how it is saved.

* `net/url' can now follow HTTP redirections.

* The LNCS and JFP class files are no longer distributed with
  Racket.  Instead, they are downloaded on demand.

* The Algol language implementation is now available as a plain
  language using `#lang algol60'.

* The Racket-to-C compiler (as accessed via `raco ctool' or `mzc')
  has been removed; Racket's JIT has long provided better
  performance, and the FFI provides better access to C libraries.

* Contracts can be applied to exports with the new `contract-out'
  form within `provide', instead of a separate `provide/contract'
  form.  (The new `contract-out' form is implemented as a new kind
  of "provide pre-transformer".)

* The `date*' structure type is an extension of `date' with
  `nanosecond' and `time-zone-name' fields.

* New looping constructs: `for/sum' and `for/product'.

* Direct calls to keyword-accepting functions are now optimized to
  eliminate the overhead of keywords.  In addition, the compiler
  detects and logs warnings for keyword-argument mismatches.

* The libfit interface is available from `plot/deprecated/fit', and
  will be removed in the near future.

* The Unix installer has been re-done, and it is now more robust.

* The built-in reader and printer support for Honu is removed.
  (This functionality is re-implemented in Racket.)

On-line Check Syntax:

DrRacket now provides an on-line version of the syntax check tool,
which means that syntax checking runs automatically while you
continue to edit a program.  With this tool enabled, its annotations
(e.g., binding arrows) and actions (e.g., the renaming refactoring
and direct documentation links) are almost always available.

We have noticed that on-line syntax checking renders DrRacket
unstable on occasion, perhaps because it relies on relatively new
support for parallelism.  Occurrences of the problem are rare, but
they are not rare enough, which is why we have disabled the tool by
default.  At the same time, current users of the tool find it so
valuable that we felt it should be included in the release.  We
expect to track down the remaining problems and enable the tool by
default in near-future release.

To enable on-line syntax checking (for `#lang'-based programs only),
click on the red dot in the bottom right of DrRacket's window.  To
turn it off, click there again.


Racket v5.1.3
This is a bugfix release, resolving the DrRacket issue with the contour
view.  In addition, two tex files with problematic licensing were


Racket v5.1.2
* The download page includes 64-bit installers for Mac OS X,
  Windows, and two Debian flavors.  Racket now supports OS X Lion.

* Racket now includes a new `racket/place' library to support
  parallelism, complementing `racket/future'.  Racket's parallel
  build process is now based on places instead of multiple OS

  Places support share-nothing parallelism and message-passing
  communication.  Compared to futures, places are heavyweight, but
  they have a simpler performance model.

* The syntax-certificate system has been replaced by a syntax-taint
  system.  Both certificates and taints were designed to protect
  otherwise inaccessible bindings from abuse when they appear in
  macro expansions.  Taints are simpler and lighter, and the switch
  closes known holes in the certificate system.  Macros that are not
  implemented with `syntax-rules' or `define-syntax-rule', however,
  must explicitly use `syntax-protect' to protect their expansions
  from abuse.

* The `net/url' library supports HTTPS connections, but beware that
  by default all sites are accepted (equivalent to ignoring a
  browser's warnings about untrusted certificates).

* Error messages in the student languages use a simplified
  vocabulary and consistent phrasings.  If you maintain curriculum
  material or teachpacks then please consider updating.  See the
  "Error Message Composition Guidelines" section in the
  documentation for details.

* Typed Racket: almost all core Racket data structures and
  operations are now accessible in Typed Racket (most of this work
  is due to prolific contributor Eric Dobson).  The performance of
  the typechecker has been significantly improved.

* The `scriblib/bibtex' library supports BibTeX-formatted citation
  databases in Scribble documents.  BibTeX can be tricky to parse,
  so please report failed entries as bug reports.

* The `for' forms now support an `#:unless' clause, and a
  nonnegative integer can be used as a sequence.  The new `compose1'
  function creates single-valued composition functions.  The
  `racket/function' library now provides `identity', `thunk', and

* The license has been clarified: we now use LGPLv2.1 uniformly.
  (The license file used to specify LGPLv2, contrary to the download


Racket v5.1.1
* The new `racket/stream' library provides `stream-first',
  `stream-rest', a lazy `stream-cons', and so on.  Streams are a
  subtype of sequences, so they work in `for' forms.  Some sequence
  generators, such as `in-range', now produce streams.  A
  `racket/sequence' library replaces the old `racket/stream'

* The new `racket/syntax' library contains facilities useful for
  writing macros.  The new `syntax/srcloc' and `syntax/location'
  libraries provide support for manipulating source locations.

* The `racket/gui' library now supports multi-column list boxes and
  scrolling panels.

* The new `ffi/file' library is useful for writing foreign library
  bindings that cooperate with Racket's security guard mechanism.

* Generators from the `racket/generator' library can now have formal
  arguments that are used when the generator is fired up.

* Single-precision floating-point support is now enabled by default.
  Single-precision floats print differently from their default
  double-precision counterparts, new primitives convert between the
  two precisions, and new reader syntax supports single-precision

* JIT improvements include a small change to aid x86 branch
  prediction on function-call returns, which can speed up some
  programs significantly.

* Typed Racket:
  - The numeric tower has been entirely overhauled.  TR programs can
    now use more precise types than before, and check more numeric
    properties, such as sign or range properties.
  - Fixnum optimizations have been improved and should apply more
  - The performance of the typechecker has been improved.  In
    particular, dispatch on large union types should typecheck much
    faster than before.

* The Stepper can now step through Lazy Racket programs.

* The `racket/future' library includes `fsemaphore' values, the
  `future' primitive no longer freezes futures (so a future can
  spawn new futures), and `future' log messages are more

* PLaneT development links are now version-specific.

* The `2htdp/image' library now includes `overlay/align',
  `underlay/align', `overlay/align/offset' and

* The network protocol for universes in `2htdp/universe' has
  changed, so that v5.1.1 is incompatible with earlier versions.

* The "DrScheme" application (which simply ran DrRacket in the last
  few releases) has been removed.  The "MrEd" GUI executables for
  Windows and Mac OS X have also been removed, although the "mred"
  console executable remains for Unix and Mac OS X to support old


Racket v5.1
The most significant change in version 5.1 is a rewrite of the GUI

Unix/X users will see the biggest difference with this change,
because DrRacket and all Racket GUI programs now take on the desktop
theme for menus, buttons, and other GUI widgets.

In the long run, Racket GUI programs on all platforms will improve
as a result of the library rewrite.  In the short run, beware that
this first release of a new library will inevitably include a new
set of bugs.

Version 5.1 changes in more detail:

* The `racket/draw' library -- which implements the drawing half the
  GUI toolkit -- can be used independent of the `racket/gui/base'
  library and without a graphics display (e.g., without an X11

  The new library has one small incompatibility with the old GUI
  toolbox: 'xor drawing is no longer supported.  The new library has
  many additional features: rotation and general affine
  transformations, PDF and SVG drawing contexts, gradients, and
  alpha-channel bitmaps.

* The GRacket executable is no longer strictly necessary for running
  GUI programs, because the `racket/gui/base' library can be used
  from Racket.  To the degree that a platform distinguishes GUI and
  console applications, however, the GRacket executable still offers
  some additional GUI-specific functionality (e.g., single-instance

  The new `racket/gui/base' library includes small incompatibilities
  with the old GUI toolbox: the `send-event',
  `current-ps-afm-file-paths', and `current-ps-cmap-file-paths'
  functions have been removed.  The `racket/gui/base' library
  re-exports `racket/draw', so it includes the same drawing
  functionality as before (except for 'xor drawing).

* The new `racket/snip' library can be used independently of
  `racket/gui/base' to work with graphical editor content (e.g.,
  images in student programs).  Like `racket/draw', the
  `racket/snip' library is re-exported by `racket/gui/base'.

* The Web Server includes a backwards incompatible change that
  prevents X-expressions and lists of bytes from being directly
  returned from servlets.  This change will increase performance for
  those types of responses and allow easier experimentation with
  response types.  Please see "collects/web-server/compat/0/README"
  in the installation to learn about porting your servlets forward.
  Don't worry.  It's easy.

* The new `raco demodularize' tool collapses a module's dependencies
  into a single module comprising the whole program.  This
  transformation currently provides no performance improvement, but
  is the basis for cross-module optimization and dead-code
  elimination tools to come.  The transformation is currently useful
  for static analysis of whole Racket programs.

* The picturing-programs teachpack, formerly installed via PLaneT,
  is now bundled with the standard distribution.  Use the teachpack
  with `(require picturing-programs)' instead of `(require
  installed-teachpacks/picturing-programs)'.  The old PLaneT-based
  installation procedure still works, but it now merely installs a
  stub that invokes the bundled version.

* Slideshow picts, `racket/draw' bitmaps, and images created with
  `2htdp/image' can now be used directly in Scribble documents.
  More generally, the new `file/convertible' protocol enables any
  value that is convertible to a PNG and/or PDF stream to be used as
  an image in a Scribble document.

* The Same game sports a new look and an improved scoring system.
  (The current known high score is 12,429; can you beat that?)


Racket v5.0.2
* Typed Racket's optimizer is now turned on by default; error
  messages have been simplified and clarified.

* Contracts: contracts on mutable containers allow functions or
  other higher order values, and contracts are checked when updating
  or dereferencing the containers.  The new contracts are slower
  than the old ones, so the old check-once functionality is still

  A new dependent function contract combinator, `->i', properly
  assigns blame for contracts that violate themselves and the
  generated wrappers are more efficient than `->d'.  (Although it
  does more checking so your contracts may be faster or slower).

  See the docs for `box/c', `hash/c', `vector/c', `vectorof' and
  `->i' for more details.

* The `when', `unless', `cond', `case', and `match' forms (in
  `racket/base' and derived languages) now allow immediate internal

* Web server: the formlets library provides more HTML form elements;
  `make-xexpr-response' supports a preamble for DTD declarations;
  `serve/servlet' supports stateless servlets.

* New WebSocket implementation, see `net/websocket' for details.

* The new `data' collection contains implementations of several data
  structures, including growable vectors and order-based

* `racket/match' is now significantly faster

* The Racket documentations are built in parallel by default.

* The stepper is now compatible with programs using the Universe

* `2htdp/image': pinholes are now supported in the library (if you
  don't use pinhole primitives you will not see them); a number of
  new triangle functions added; supports conversion of images to
  color lists and back.  Also, cropping has been improved for
  scenes; see the documentation section on the nitty-gritty of
  pixels for details.

* Signatures have been moved to ASL, BSL, BSL+, ISL, and ISL+ (HtDP
  teaching languages) no longer support checked signatures.

* Student languages: one-armed `check-error' in all levels; ASL is
  extended with hash operations, and `define-datatype'.

* DMdA languages: Checking for parametric signatures is now eager.
  This catches errors earlier, but retains the asymptotic complexity
  properties; signatures for record types now have generators;
  `list-of' and `any' signatures are now provided.


Racket v5.0.1
* Datalog is a lightweight deductive database system with Racket
  integration.  It is now available in the `datalog' collection and
  with `#lang datalog'.

* Racklog provides Prolog-style logic programming in Racket, adapted
  from Dorai Sitaram's Schelog package.  It is available in the
  `racklog' collection and now as `#lang racklog'.

* By default `make install' and `raco setup' compile collections in
  parallel on all available processors.  (Use `raco setup -j 1' to
  disable, if necessary.)

* Changes (as part of 5.0) in the `racket' language compared to the
  `scheme' language: constructor-style printing, a `struct'
  alternative to `define-struct' that fits more naturally with
  `match' and constructor-style printing, bytecode-dependency
  management via SHA-1 hashes instead of just timestamps (where the
  `openssl/sha1' library provides the SHA-1 hash function), a
  reorganization of `scheme/foreign' into `ffi/unsafe' and
  associated libraries, and new printing functions `eprintf' and
  `displayln'.  Also, a generator from `racket/generator' is
  required to have the form `(generator () body ...)', which
  supports a planned extension to let a generator accept arguments.

* Changes to the `racket' language (since 5.0): internal-definition
  positions allow mixing expressions with definitions, full
  continuations can escape past a continuation barrier, custodians
  can attempt to terminate subprocesses and subprocess groups (see
  `current-subprocess-custodian-mode', `subprocess-group-enabled'),
  the JIT supports additional unboxing flonum operations and unsafe
  variants, `ffi/unsafe' provides an asychronous-call mechanism to
  deal with foreign threads, a new "." modifier for format string
  directives (e.g., "~.s" and "~.a") limits the respective output to
  `(error-print-width)' characters.

* The core type system of Typed Racket has been substantially
  revised.  In particular, Typed Racket can now follow significantly
  more sophisticated reasoning about the relationships between
  predicates.  Additionally, Typed Racket now allows variable arity
  types in more places, allowing programmers to specify
  variable-arity lists.

* We are working on an optimizing version of Typed Racket that takes
  advantage of type information for certain classes of programs.
  This project is a work in progress.  For those interested, see the
  documentation for `#:optimized'.

* The `web-server/formlets' library adds a `formlet*' form that
  allows dynamic formlet construction, as opposed to `formlet' which
  requires syntactic Xexprs and static formlets.  Several new
  library formlets are added.

* The `syntax/parse' library has new support for matching literals
  at different phases using the `#:phase' argument for literals and
  literal sets.

* RackUnit now includes a GUI test runner as `rackunit/gui'.

* The `2htdp/image' library now includes `flip-vertical' and
  `flip-horizontal' operations that mirror images (vertically and


PLT is happy to announce the release of Racket, available from

With Racket, you can script command shells and web servers; you can
quickly prototype animations and complex GUIs; regexps and threads are
here to serve you.  To organize your systems, you can mix and match
classes, modules or components.  Best of all, you start without writing
down types.  If you later wish to turn your script into a program, equip
your Racket modules with explicit type declarations as you wish.  And
Racket doesn't just come as a typed variant; you can also write your
modules in a purely functional and lazy dialect.

Racket comes in so many flavors because Racket is much more than a
standard scripting language or a plain programming language.  Racket
supports language extensibility to an unequaled degree.  A Racket
programmer knows that making up a new language is as easy as writing a
new library.

To help you start quickly, Racket includes batteries in all shapes and
sizes, most importantly, extensive documentation and all kinds of

Racket occupies a unique position between research and practice.  It
inherits many major ideas from language research, among them type safety
(when the type system says that x is a number, then at runtime it always
is a number) and memory safety (when some memory is reclaimed by the
garbage collector it is impossible to still have a reference to it).  At
the same time, user demand governs rigid adherence to purely theoretical

Racket, formerly PLT Scheme, is a product of over 15 years of
development.  Although Racket starts with a mature software base and an
established user community, its new name reflects our view that this is
just the beginning of Racket's evolution.
Something went wrong with that request. Please try again.