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Scrape Instagram's API with Puppeteer.

Notice: Instagram's Web UI and API now requires users to be logged in to access hashtag and account endpoints through a browser. As instamancer is designed to access publicly available data, it currently does not work as intended. Given that this change is unlikely to be reversed, Instamancer will remain unsupported and unmaintained indefinitely. Please use this pinned issue to discuss.

Instamancer is a new type of scraping tool that leverages Puppeteer's ability to intercept requests made by a webpage to an API.

Read more about how Instamancer works here.


  • Scrape hashtags, users' posts, and individual posts
  • Download images, albums, and videos
  • Output JSON, CSV
  • Batch scraping
  • Search hashtags, users, and locations
  • API response validation
  • Upload files to S3 and depot
  • Plugins


Metadata that Instamancer is able to gather from posts:

  • Text
  • Timestamps
  • Tagged users
  • Accessibility captions
  • Like counts
  • Comment counts
  • Images (Thumbnails, Dimensions, URLs)
  • Videos (URL, View count, Duration)
  • Comments (Timestamp, Text, Like count, User)
  • User (Username, Full name, Profile picture, Profile privacy)
  • Location (Name, Street, Zip code, City, Region, Country)
  • Sponsored status
  • Gating information
  • Fact checking information



Enable user namespace cloning:

sysctl -w kernel.unprivileged_userns_clone=1

Or run without a sandbox:

# WARNING: unsafe
export NO_SANDBOX=true

See Puppeteer troubleshooting

Without downloading chromium

If you wish to install Instamancer without downloading chromium, enable the PUPPETEER_SKIP_CHROMIUM_DOWNLOAD environment variable before installation


From NPM

npm install -g instamancer

If you're using root to install globally, use the following command to install the Puppeteer dependency

sudo npm install -g instamancer --unsafe-perm=true

From NPX

npx instamancer

From this repository

git clone
cd instamancer
npm install
npm run build
npm install -g


Command Line

$ instamancer
Usage: instamancer <command> [options]

  instamancer hashtag [id]       Scrape a hashtag
  instamancer user [id]          Scrape a users posts
  instamancer post [ids]         Scrape a comma-separated list of posts
  instamancer search [query]     Perform a search of users, tags and places
  instamancer batch [batchfile]  Read newline-separated arguments from a file

  --count, -c    Number of posts to download (0 for all)   [number] [default: 0]
  --full, -f     Retrieve full post data              [boolean] [default: false]
  --sleep, -s    Seconds to sleep between interactions     [number] [default: 2]
  --graft, -g    Enable grafting                       [boolean] [default: true]
  --browser, -b  Browser path. Defaults to the puppeteer version        [string]
  --sameBrowser  Use a single browser when grafting   [boolean] [default: false]

  --download, -d      Save images from posts          [boolean] [default: false]
  --downdir           Download path       [default: "downloads/[endpoint]/[id]"]
  --video, -v         Download videos (requires full) [boolean] [default: false]
  --sync              Force download between requests [boolean] [default: false]
  --threads, -k       Parallel download / depot threads    [number] [default: 4]
  --waitDownload, -w  Download media after scraping   [boolean] [default: false]

  --bucket  Upload files to an AWS S3 bucket                            [string]
  --depot   Upload files to a URL with a PUT request (depot)            [string]

  --file, -o       Output filename. '-' for stdout    [string] [default: "[id]"]
  --type, -t       Filetype   [choices: "csv", "json", "both"] [default: "json"]
  --mediaPath, -m  Add filepaths to _mediaPath        [boolean] [default: false]

  --visible    Show browser on the screen             [boolean] [default: false]
  --quiet, -q  Disable progress output                [boolean] [default: false]

  --logging, -l    [choices: "none", "error", "info", "debug"] [default: "none"]
  --logfile      Log file name             [string] [default: "instamancer.log"]

  --strict  Throw an error on response type mismatch  [boolean] [default: false]

  --plugin, -p  Use a plugin from the plugins directory    [array] [default: []]

  --help     Show help                                                 [boolean]
  --version  Show version number                                       [boolean]

  instamancer hashtag instagood -fvd        Download all the available posts,
                                            and their media from #instagood
  instamancer user arianagrande --type=csv  Download Ariana Grande's posts to a
  --logging=info --visible                  CSV file with a non-headless
                                            browser, and log all events

Source code available at


ES2018 Typescript example:

import {createApi, IOptions} from "instamancer"

const options: IOptions = {
    total: 10
const hashtag = createApi("hashtag", "beach", options);

(async () => {
    for await (const post of hashtag.generator()) {

Generator functions

import {createApi} from "instamancer"

createApi("hashtag", id, options);
createApi("user", id, options);
createApi("post", ids, options);
createApi("search", query, options);


const options: Instamancer.IOptions = {
    // Total posts to download. 0 for unlimited
    total: number,

    // Run Chrome in headless mode
    headless: boolean,

    // Logging events
    logger: winston.Logger,

    // Run without output to stdout
    silent: boolean,

    // Time to sleep between interactions with the page
    sleepTime: number,

    // Throw an error if type validation has been failed
    strict: boolean,

    // Time to sleep when rate-limited
    hibernationTime: number,

    // Enable the grafting process
    enableGrafting: boolean,

    // Extract the full amount of information from the API
    fullAPI: boolean,

    // Use a proxy in Chrome to connect to Instagram
    proxyURL: string,

    // Location of the chromium / chrome binary executable
    executablePath: string,

    // Custom io-ts validator
    validator: Type<unknown>,

    // Custom plugins
    plugins: IPlugin[]


A comparison of Instagram scraping tools. Please suggest more tools and criteria through a pull request.

To see a speed comparison, visit this page

Tool Hashtags Users Tagged posts Locations Posts Stories Login not required Private feeds Batch mode Plugins Command-line Library/Module Download media Download metadata Scraping method Daily builds Main language Speed ____________________________ License ____________________________ Last commit ____________________________ Open Issues ____________________________ Closed Issues ____________________________ Build status ____________________________ Test coverage ____________________________ Code quality ____________________________
Instamancer ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ Web API request interception ✔️ Typescript
Instaphyte ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ Web API simulation ✔️ Python
Instaloader ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ Web API simulation Python
Instalooter ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ Web API simulation Python
Instagram crawler ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ Web DOM reading Python
Instagram Scraper ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ Web API simulation Python
Instagram Private API ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ App and Web API simulation Python
Instagram PHP Scraper ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ Web API simulation PHP