Monolog - Logging for PHP 5.3
<?php use Monolog\Logger; use Monolog\Handler\StreamHandler; // create a log channel $log = new Logger('name'); $log->pushHandler(new StreamHandler('path/to/your.log', Logger::WARNING)); // add records to the log $log->addWarning('Foo'); $log->addError('Bar');
Logger instance has a channel (name) and a stack of handlers. Whenever
you add a record to the logger, it traverses the handler stack. Each handler
decides whether it handled fully the record, and if so, the propagation of the
record ends there.
This allow for flexible logging setups, for example having a
the bottom of the stack that will log anything to disk, and on top of that add
MailHandler that will send emails only when an error message is logged.
Handlers also have a
$bubble property which defines whether they block the
record or not if they handled it. In this example, setting the
$bubble argument to true means that all records will propagate to the
StreamHandler, even the errors that are handled by the
You can create many
Loggers, each defining a channel (e.g.: db, request,
router, ..) and each of them combining various handlers, which can be shared
or not. The channel is reflected in the logs and allows you to easily see or
Each Handler also has a Formatter, a default one with settings that make sense will be created if you don't set one. The formatters normalize and format incoming records so that they can be used by the handlers to output useful information.
Custom severity levels are not available. Only the eight RFC 5424 levels (debug, info, notice, warning, error, critical, alert, emergency) are present for basic filtering purposes, but for sorting and other use cases that would require flexibility, you should add Processors to the Logger that can add extra information (tags, user ip, ..) to the records before they are handled.
Monolog supports all 8 logging levels defined in RFC 5424, but unless you specifically need syslog compatibility, it is advised to only use DEBUG, INFO, WARNING, ERROR, CRITICAL, ALERT.
DEBUG (100): Detailed debug information.
INFO (200): Interesting events. Examples: User logs in, SQL logs.
NOTICE (250): Normal but significant events.
WARNING (300): Exceptional occurrences that are not errors. Examples: Use of deprecated APIs, poor use of an API, undesirable things that are not necessarily wrong.
ERROR (400): Runtime errors that do not require immediate action but should typically be logged and monitored.
CRITICAL (500): Critical conditions. Example: Application component unavailable, unexpected exception.
ALERT (550): Action must be taken immediately. Example: Entire website down, database unavailable, etc. This should trigger the SMS alerts and wake you up.
EMERGENCY (600): Emergency: system is unusable.
doc directory for more detailed documentation.
The following is only a list of all parts that come with Monolog.
- StreamHandler: Logs records into any PHP stream, use this for log files.
- RotatingFileHandler: Logs records to a file and creates one logfile per day.
It will also delete files older than
$maxFiles. You should use logrotate for high profile setups though, this is just meant as a quick and dirty solution.
- FirePHPHandler: Handler for FirePHP, providing
consolemessages within FireBug.
- ChromePHPHandler: Handler for ChromePHP, providing
consolemessages within Chrome.
- MongoDBHandler: Handler to write records in MongoDB via a Mongo extension connection.
- NativeMailHandler: Sends emails using PHP's
- SwiftMailerHandler: Sends emails using a
- SyslogHandler: Logs records to the syslog.
- GelfHandler: Logs records to a Graylog2 server.
- SocketHandler: Logs records to sockets, use this for UNIX and TCP sockets. See an example.
- AmqpHandler: Logs records to an amqp compatible server. Requires the php-amqp extension (1.0+).
- CubeHandler: Logs records to a Cube server.
Wrappers / Special Handlers
- FingersCrossedHandler: A very interesting wrapper. It takes a logger as parameter and will accumulate log records of all levels until a record exceeds the defined severity level. At which point it delivers all records, including those of lower severity, to the handler it wraps. This means that until an error actually happens you will not see anything in your logs, but when it happens you will have the full information, including debug and info records. This provides you with all the information you need, but only when you need it.
- NullHandler: Any record it can handle will be thrown away. This can be used to put on top of an existing handler stack to disable it temporarily.
- BufferHandler: This handler will buffer all the log records it receives
close()is called at which point it will call
handleBatch()on the handler it wraps with all the log messages at once. This is very useful to send an email with all records at once for example instead of having one mail for every log record.
- GroupHandler: This handler groups other handlers. Every record received is sent to all the handlers it is configured with.
- TestHandler: Used for testing, it records everything that is sent to it and has accessors to read out the information.
- LineFormatter: Formats a log record into a one-line string.
- NormalizerFormatter: Normalizes objects/resources down to strings so a record can easily be serialized/encoded.
- JsonFormatter: Encodes a log record into json.
- WildfireFormatter: Used to format log records into the Wildfire/FirePHP protocol, only useful for the FirePHPHandler.
- ChromePHPFormatter: Used to format log records into the ChromePHP format, only useful for the ChromePHPHandler.
- GelfFormatter: Used to format log records into Gelf message instances, only useful for the GelfHandler.
- LogstashEventFormatter: Used to format log records into logstash event json, useful for any handler listed under inputs here.
- IntrospectionProcessor: Adds the line/file/class/method from which the log call originated.
- WebProcessor: Adds the current request URI, request method and client IP to a log record.
- MemoryUsageProcessor: Adds the current memory usage to a log record.
- MemoryPeakUsageProcessor: Adds the peak memory usage to a log record.
- Any flavor of PHP 5.3 should do
- [optional] PHPUnit 3.5+ to execute the test suite (phpunit --version)
Submitting bugs and feature requests
Bugs and feature request are tracked on GitHub
Monolog is licensed under the MIT License - see the
LICENSE file for details
This library is heavily inspired by Python's Logbook library, although most concepts have been adjusted to fit to the PHP world.