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Se Interpreter

David Linse edited this page · 10 revisions

Se Interpreter is a command-line tool for playing back Selenium 2 .json files created by Builder. Instead of exporting scripts to a specific programming language for playback, you can keep them in their editable .json form and use Interpreter.

Interpreter is currently in beta, and is available here.

Basic Usage

Interpreter requires Java to run. Selenium Server 2.35.0 is packaged with the download as a convenience, and is located in the lib directory.

To play back a script, simply invoke

java -jar SeInterpreter.jar <path_to_script.json> [<path_to_script_2.json>...]

Interpreter will then start executing the script, starting up a local instance of Firefox to do so.

Configuring Webdrivers

You can choose which Webdriver implementation to use by adding a --driver=<drivername> argument. Currently, only the following drivers are supported out-of-the-box. (But see below for how to extend Interpreter.)

  • Firefox
  • Remote

Note that these names must match exactly, including capitalization.

You can then further configure the driver by adding --driver.<config_key>=<config_value> arguments. In general, the key/values are passed into the driver as capabilities, with the following exceptions:


  • binary: location of the Firefox executable to use
  • profile: location of the profile folder to use


  • url: remote URL to connect to

Example: Using RemoteWebDriver

java -jar SeInterpreter.jar --driver=Remote --driver.browserName=firefox --driver.url= script.json


The interpreter uses Apache Commons logging and creates logs for com.sebuilder.interpreter.SeInterpreter. Script success/failure is logged at INFO, details about individual steps being run is logged at DEBUG. Failed verifies are logged at ERROR, and failed asserts and crashes are logged at FATAL. If that's too loud, you should be able to configure logging for the SeInterpreter class to be quieter. For example, for completely silent operation, you could invoke

java -Dorg.apache.commons.logging.Log=org.apache.commons.logging.impl.NoOpLog -jar SeInterpreter.jar <path_to_script.json>

Using Interpreter as a Java Library

You can use Interpreter.jar as part of a larger program too. To play back a script, you can read in a Script or parse a JSONObject, then call run() on it.

Or you can construct Script objects programmatically:

Script script = new Script();
Script.Step s = new Script.Step(new Get());
s.stringParams.put("url", "");

See the Javadoc (also part of the download package) for more information.

Extending Interpreter

The interpreter can be extended in two major ways: adding new WebDriver implementation factories, and adding new step types. Both work by implementing interfaces and then making the resulting classes available on the classpath.

To add a new WebDriver implementation, extend WebDriverFactory, and put the resulting class into the com.sebuilder.interpreter.webdriverfactory package. You can then use this factory from the command-line by setting driver to its name. Interpreter will instantiate a com.sebuilder.interpreter.webdriverfactory.<YourFactoryName> object and use it to create drivers.

To add a new step type, extend StepType and put the resulting class into the com.sebuilder.interpreter.steptype package. You can then use the name of the class in .json files, so a step of type Foo will result in a Script.Step with a type of com.sebuilder.interpreter.steptype.Foo.

The run() method of your new step type should perform whatever action the step type consists of. The TestRun ctx object supplied lets you access the driver object and has convenience functions like Locator locator(String name) to easily get the parameters of the step you're executing.

Note that your StepType objects should be stateless - a step's parameters are stored in the Step objects in the Script, and the playback code works by calling the run function, passing in the state at that time.

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