Self hosting

Demis Bellot edited this page Oct 25, 2016 · 36 revisions

  1. Getting Started

    1. Creating your first project
    2. Create Service from scratch
    3. Your first webservice explained
    4. Example Projects Overview
    5. Learning Resources
  2. Designing APIs

    1. ServiceStack API Design
    2. Designing a REST-ful service with ServiceStack
    3. Simple Customer REST Example
    4. How to design a Message-Based API
    5. Software complexity and role of DTOs
  3. Reference

    1. Order of Operations
    2. The IoC container
    3. Configuration and AppSettings
    4. Metadata page
    5. Rest, SOAP & default endpoints
    6. SOAP support
    7. Routing
    8. Service return types
    9. Customize HTTP Responses
    10. Customize JSON Responses
    11. Plugins
    12. Validation
    13. Error Handling
    14. Security
    15. Debugging
    16. JavaScript Client Library (ss-utils.js)
  4. Clients

    1. Overview
    2. C#/.NET client
      1. .NET Core Clients
    3. Add ServiceStack Reference
      1. C# Add Reference
      2. F# Add Reference
      3. VB.NET Add Reference
      4. Swift Add Reference
      5. Java Add Reference
    4. Silverlight client
    5. JavaScript client
      1. Add TypeScript Reference
    6. Dart Client
    7. MQ Clients
  5. Formats

    1. Overview
    2. JSON/JSV and XML
    3. HTML5 Report Format
    4. CSV Format
    5. MessagePack Format
    6. ProtoBuf Format
  6. View Engines 4. Razor & Markdown Razor

    1. Markdown Razor
  7. Hosts

    1. IIS
    2. Self-hosting
    3. Messaging
    4. Mono
  8. Security

    1. Authentication
    2. Sessions
    3. Restricting Services
    4. Encrypted Messaging
  9. Advanced

    1. Configuration options
    2. Access HTTP specific features in services
    3. Logging
    4. Serialization/deserialization
    5. Request/response filters
    6. Filter attributes
    7. Concurrency Model
    8. Built-in profiling
    9. Form Hijacking Prevention
    10. Auto-Mapping
    11. HTTP Utils
    12. Dump Utils
    13. Virtual File System
    14. Config API
    15. Physical Project Structure
    16. Modularizing Services
    17. MVC Integration
    18. ServiceStack Integration
    19. Embedded Native Desktop Apps
    20. Auto Batched Requests
    21. Versioning
    22. Multitenancy
  10. Caching

  11. Caching Providers

  12. HTTP Caching

  13. CacheResponse Attribute

  14. Cache Aware Clients

  15. Auto Query

  16. Overview

  17. Why Not OData

  18. AutoQuery RDBMS

  19. AutoQuery Data

  20. AutoQuery Memory

  21. AutoQuery Service

  22. AutoQuery DynamoDB

  23. Server Events

    1. Overview
    2. JavaScript Client
    3. C# Server Events Client
    4. Redis Server Events
  24. Service Gateway

    1. Overview
    2. Service Discovery
  25. Encrypted Messaging

    1. Overview
    2. Encrypted Client
  26. Plugins

    1. Auto Query
    2. Server Sent Events
    3. Swagger API
    4. Postman
    5. Request logger
    6. Sitemaps
    7. Cancellable Requests
    8. CorsFeature
  27. Tests

    1. Testing
    2. HowTo write unit/integration tests
  28. ServiceStackVS

    1. Install ServiceStackVS
    2. Add ServiceStack Reference
    3. TypeScript React Template
    4. React, Redux Chat App
    5. AngularJS App Template
    6. React Desktop Apps
  29. Other Languages

    1. FSharp
      1. Add ServiceStack Reference
    2. VB.NET
      1. Add ServiceStack Reference
    3. Swift
    4. Swift Add Reference
    5. Java
      1. Add ServiceStack Reference
      2. Android Studio & IntelliJ
      3. Eclipse
  30. Amazon Web Services

  31. ServiceStack.Aws

  32. PocoDynamo

  33. AWS Live Demos

  34. Getting Started with AWS

  35. Deployment

    1. Deploy Multiple Sites to single AWS Instance
      1. Simple Deployments to AWS with WebDeploy
    2. Advanced Deployments with OctopusDeploy
  36. Install 3rd Party Products

    1. Redis on Windows
    2. RabbitMQ on Windows
  37. Use Cases

    1. Single Page Apps
    2. HTML, CSS and JS Minifiers
    3. Azure
    4. Connecting to Azure Redis via SSL
    5. Logging
    6. Bundling and Minification
    7. NHibernate
  38. Performance

    1. Real world performance
  39. Other Products

    1. ServiceStack.Redis
    2. ServiceStack.OrmLite
    3. ServiceStack.Text
  40. Future

    1. Roadmap
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The quickest way to create a Self-Hosting application is to Create a new self-hosting VS.NET Project Template from ServiceStackVS VS.NET Extension.

Otherwise it's very easy to host ServiceStack in a Console App or Windows Service. You just have to Install the ServiceStack NuGet package and derive your AppHost from AppSelfHostBase instead of AppHostBase:

Complete C# Console Host Example

using System;
using ServiceStack;

class Program 
    public class Hello {
        public string Name { get; set; }

    public class HelloResponse {
        public string Result { get; set; }

    public class HelloService : Service
        public object Any(Hello request) 
            return new HelloResponse { Result = "Hello, " + request.Name };

    //Define the Web Services AppHost
    public class AppHost : AppSelfHostBase {
        public AppHost() 
          : base("HttpListener Self-Host", typeof(HelloService).Assembly) {}

        public override void Configure(Funq.Container container) { }

    //Run it!
    static void Main(string[] args)
        var listeningOn = args.Length == 0 ? "http://*:1337/" : args[0];
        var appHost = new AppHost()

        Console.WriteLine("AppHost Created at {0}, listening on {1}", 
            DateTime.Now, listeningOn);

Complete VB.NET Console Host Example

Imports System
Imports ServiceStack

Public Class Program

    Public Class Hello
        Public Property Name As String
    End Class

    Public Class HelloResponse
        Public Property Result As String
    End Class

    Public Class HelloService
        Inherits Service
        Public Function Any(Request As Hello) As Object
            Return New HelloResponse() With {.Result = "Hello" & Request.Name}
        End Function
    End Class

    ' Define the Web Services AppHost
    Public Class AppHost
        Inherits AppSelfHostBase

        Public Sub New()
            MyBase.New("HttpListener Self-Host", GetType(HelloService).Assembly)
        End Sub

        Public Overrides Sub Configure(container As Funq.Container)
        End Sub
    End Class

    ' Run it!
    Overloads Shared Sub Main(ByVal Args() As String)        
        Dim listeningOn As String = If(Args.Length = 0, "http://*:1337/", Args(0))

        Dim AppHost As IAppHost = New AppHost().Init().Start(listeningOn)

        Console.WriteLine("AppHost Created at {0}, listening on {1}",
            DateTime.Now, listeningOn)


    End Sub
End Class

Complete F# Console Host Example

open System
open ServiceStack
type Hello = { mutable Name: string; }
type HelloResponse = { mutable Result: string; }
type HelloService() =
    interface IService with
        member this.Any (req:Hello) = { Result = "Hello, " + req.Name }
//Define the Web Services AppHost
type AppHost =
    inherit AppSelfHostBase 
    new() = { inherit AppSelfHostBase("Hello F# Services", typeof<HelloService>.Assembly) }
    override this.Configure container =
            .Add<Hello>("/hello/{Name}") |> ignore
//Run it!
let main args =
    let host = if args.Length = 0 then "http://*:1337/" else args.[0]
    printfn "listening on %s ..." host
    let appHost = new AppHost()
    appHost.Start host
    Console.ReadLine() |> ignore

When any of these are running, you can call your hello service at http://localhost:1337/hello/World!

Serving Razor Views or Static Files from HttpListener

The PhysicalPath for self-hosted HttpListener hosts is at the same directory where the .exe is run (e.g. in /bin). To serve any static files or execute any Razor Views you need to set the Copy Output Directory of all static assets you want available to Copy if newer. The ServiceStack.Gap feature provides an alternative packaging approach that can embed static resources and pre-compile razor views into a single .exe for the most optimal deployment.

Serve Static Files from your Project Path

An alternative way for the Self-Hosted Console Application to find your Static files and Razor Views is to change the physical path so it points at your project directory. This enables an optimal Live Reloading development experience since its serving the original source Views you edit directly in your Project and not any copies that are copied to your /bin.

You can change the Physical Path from the location where the .exe is run in \bin\Debug to your Project folder in DEBUG builds with:

SetConfig(new HostConfig {
    DebugMode = true,
    WebHostPhysicalPath = "~/../..".MapServerPath(),

You will still need to "Copy to Output Directory" in RELEASE builds if you're not using Embedded Resources so the Console App can locate the Razor Views and Static files at runtime.

Host as a Windows or Linux Console Host, Windows Service or Linux Daemon

This will run in as a Console Host in any Operating System with .NET 3.5 or Mono installed. In addition this can also be wrapped-up and run inside a Windows Service or run as a Linux Daemon which you can optionally elect to serve behind Apache or Nginx reverse proxies.

Easily Convert to an ASP.NET Web Service

As both AppHostBase and AppHostHttpListenerBase follow the same API they are easily convertible between the two. Here's some step-by-step instructions showing you how to convert an F# Console Host to an ASP.NET Web Service on OSX!

Community Resources