An RSpec-like BDD library for unit testing Objective-J
Objective-J JavaScript
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ojspec is a sort of port of RSpec to Objective-J. For the time being, its purpose is to port a subset of RSpec's unit specification syntax to Objective-J in a way that makes sense in Objective-J. The idea here is to express tests in a relatively natural syntax as expectations on what should happen. These same tests are grouped together in an overall specification.


For example, a Room class may need to have name and owner properties that are assignable (this being a fairly trivial example). A sample spec for that might be:

[Test for: Room
      checking: function() {

        [Room should: "allow the setting of the name"
              by: function() {
                var room = [[Room alloc] init];
                [room setName: "hi"]

                [[room name] should: eql("hi")]

        [Room should: "allow the setting of the owner"
              by: function() {
                var room = [[Room alloc] init];
                [room setOwner: "john"];

                [[room owner] should: eql("john")]


Once we have that test set up and saved in a RoomSpec.j file, we can run it with ojspec:

$ ojspec RoomSpec.j

The ojspec executable assumes that you have the objj executable installed. It then runs each spec and gives you a running result. The current format for these results is:

 - should allow the setting of the name: success
 - should allow the setting of the owner: failure

Specs can also include code that runs before and/or after all spec blocks and code that runs before and/or after each spec block. For example:

[Test for: MyClass
      beforeAll: function() { print("Starting!"); }
      beforeEach: function() {
        this.instance = [[MyClass alloc] init];
      checking: function() {
        [MyClass should: "return 5 for reversing"
                 by: function() {
                   [[this.instance reverse] should:eql(5)]
        [MyClass should: "return 4 for reversing"
                 by: function() {
                   [[this.instance reverse] should:eql(4)]
      afterEach: function() {
        [this.instance destroy]
      afterAll: function() { print("Done!"); }]

Note that the way to store state from beforeAll: and beforeEach: blocks so that it is accessible in the checking: and after* blocks is by setting properties on the this object. You then access them as properties on the this object inside the checking: block.


ojspec now runs correctly with autotest, the Ruby-based runner that automatically reruns test files when they or the file they are testing are changed. This makes for a great tool for continuous development.

autotest support is currently not the most trivial thing in the world to get going. You need to copy the autotest directory from the ojspec distribution into your program directory and move your source code to a lib/ directory and your specs to a spec/ directory. More work will be done on that as I familiarize myself more with Objective-J conventions on the filesystem. Also, you need to make sure to have your ojspec directory in your PATH so autotest can find it.

Worth mentioning is that, when developing on the Mac, I highly recommend the autotest-fsevents and autotest-growl gems, which allow you to avoid polling-based triggering of the test reruns and announcements of your test results via Growl, respectively.


More work to come, including alternate output formatting and easier autotest support.


Contributions so far are entirely from me, Antonio Salazar Cardozo. I'm currently working at Inquus Corp on OpenStudy, a product designed to help students help each other in their studying.

I have a rather sporadically updated blog at