This page contains collection of small examples to show of the features of SoCo and hopefully get you well started with the library.
All examples are shown as if entered in the Python interpreter (as apposed to executed from a file) because that makes it easy to incorporate output in the code listings.
All the examples from :ref:`examples_playback_control` and forward
assume that you have followed one of the examples in
:ref:`examples_getting_your_devices` and therefore already have a
device that points to a :class:`soco.SoCo`
Getting your devices
Getting all your devices
To get all your devices use the :func:`soco.discover` function:
>>> import soco >>> devices = soco.discover() >>> devices set([SoCo("192.168.0.10"), SoCo("192.168.0.30"), SoCo("192.168.0.17")]) >>> device = devices.pop() >>> device SoCo("192.168.0.16")
Getting any device
To get any device use the :func:`soco.discovery.any_soco` function. This can be useful for cases where you really do not care which one you get, you just need one e.g. to query for music library information:
>>> import soco >>> device = soco.discovery.any_soco() >>> device SoCo("192.168.0.16")
Getting a named device
Getting a device by player name can be done with the :func:`soco.discovery.by_name` function:
>>> from soco.discovery import by_name >>> device = by_name("Living Room") >>> device SoCo("192.168.1.18")
Play, pause and stop
The normal play, pause and stop functionality is provided with similarly named methods (:meth:`~soco.core.SoCo.play`, :meth:`~soco.core.SoCo.pause` and :meth:`~soco.core.SoCo.stop`) on the :class:`~soco.core.SoCo` instance and the current state is included in the output of :meth:`~soco.core.SoCo.get_current_transport_info`:
>>> device.get_current_transport_info()['current_transport_state'] 'STOPPED' >>> device.play() >>> device.get_current_transport_info()['current_transport_state'] 'PLAYING' >>> device.pause() >>> device.get_current_transport_info()['current_transport_state'] 'PAUSED_PLAYBACK'
More playback control with next, previous and seek
Navigating to the next or previous track is similarly done with methods of the same name (:meth:`~soco.core.SoCo.next` and :meth:`~soco.core.SoCo.previous`) and information about the current position in the queue is contained in the output from :meth:`~soco.core.SoCo.get_current_track_info`:
>>> device.get_current_track_info()['playlist_position'] '29' >>> device.next() >>> device.get_current_track_info()['playlist_position'] '30' >>> device.previous() >>> device.get_current_track_info()['playlist_position'] '29'
Seeking is done with the :meth:`~soco.core.SoCo.seek` method. Note that the input for that method is a string on the form "HH:MM:SS" or "H:MM:SS". The current position is also contained in :meth:`~soco.core.SoCo.get_current_track_info`:
>>> device.get_current_track_info()['position'] '0:02:59' >>> device.seek("0:00:30") >>> device.get_current_track_info()['position'] '0:00:31'
Seeing and manipulating the queue
Getting the queue
Getting the queue is done with the :meth:`~soco.core.SoCo.get_queue` method:
>>> queue = device.get_queue() >>> queue Queue(items=[<DidlMusicTrack 'b'Blackened'' at 0x7f2237006dd8>, ..., <DidlMusicTrack 'b'Dyers Eve'' at 0x7f2237006828>])
>>> len(queue) 9 >>> for item in queue: ... print(item.title) ... Blackened ...and Justice for All Eye of the Beholder One The Shortest Straw Harvester of Sorrow The Frayed Ends of Sanity To Live Is to Die Dyers Eve
The queue object also has :attr:`~.ListOfMusicInfoItems.total_matches` and :attr:`~.ListOfMusicInfoItems.number_returned` attributes, which are used to figure out whether paging is required in order to get all elements of the queue. See the :class:`~.ListOfMusicInfoItems` docstring for details.
Clearing the queue
Clearing the queue is done with the :meth:`~soco.core.SoCo.clear_queue` method as follows:
>>> queue = device.get_queue() >>> len(queue) 9 >>> device.clear_queue() >>> queue = device.get_queue() >>> len(queue) 0
Listing and deleting music library shares
Music library shares are the local network drive shares connected to Sonos, which host the audio content in the Sonos Music Library.
To list the shares connected to Sonos, use the :meth:`~soco.music_library.MusicLibrary.list_library_shares` method as follows:
>>> device.music_library.list_library_shares() ['//share_host_01/music', '//share_host_02/music']
The result is a list of network share locations.
To delete a network share, use the :meth:`~soco.music_library.MusicLibrary.delete_library_share` method as follows:
You may want to check that the deletion has succeeded, by waiting a few seconds, then confirming that the share has disappeared from the list of shares.