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Build Breaker Plugin for SonarQube
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README.md

SonarQube Build Breaker Plugin

Build Status SonarQube.com Quality Gate status

Compatibility

SonarQube Version Plugin Version(s)
1.12 - 2.14 1.0
3.0 - 5.1 1.0, 1.1
5.2 Not compatible due to limitations with SonarQube platform
5.3 - 5.4 2.0, 2.1, 2.2
5.5 - 6.3 2.1, 2.2

Download and Installation

  1. Download the appropriate sonar-build-breaker-plugin-${version}.jar file from the releases page, based on the compatibility chart
  2. Copy the plugin into /path/to/sonarqube/extensions/plugins/
  3. Remove older versions of the plugin from /path/to/sonarqube/extensions/plugins/, if present
  4. Restart SonarQube

Description

This plugin will mark the build failed if the project fails its quality gate or uses a forbidden configuration. These checks happen after analysis has been submitted to the server, so it does not prevent a new analysis from showing up in SonarQube.

Upon uploading the analysis information, the plugin follows the below workflow to check the quality gate:

  1. Search ${sonar.working.directory}/report-task.txt for ceTaskId, the server-side Compute Engine (CE) task associated with the current analysis
  2. Call the ${sonar.host.url}/api/ce/task?id=${ceTaskId} web service to retrieve analysisId
  3. If the CE Task Status is PENDING or IN_PROGRESS, wait sonar.buildbreaker.queryInterval and repeat step 2
  4. If the CE Task Status is SUCCESS, save the analysisId and proceed to step 3
  5. If the CE Task Status is FAILED or none of the above, break the build
  6. If step 2 has been attempted sonar.buildbreaker.queryMaxAttempts times, break the build
  7. Call the ${sonar.host.url}/api/qualitygates/project_status?analysisId=${analysisId} web service to check the status of the quality gate
  8. If the quality gate status is OK, allow the build to pass
  9. If the quality gate status is WARN, allow the build to pass and log the current warnings
  10. If the quality gate status is ERROR, break the build and log the current warnings and errors

The build "break" is accomplished by throwing an exception, making the analysis return with a non-zero status code. This allows you to benefit from the notifications built into CI engines or use your own custom notifications that check the exit status.

Usage

Quality Gate Build Breaker

This build breaker is only available in publish mode (sonar.analysis.mode=publish, the default). SonarQube calculates the quality gate status server-side, and only publish mode sends analysis results to the server.

  1. Associate a quality gate to your project
  2. Optional: Tune sonar.buildbreaker.queryMaxAttempts and/or sonar.buildbreaker.queryInterval
  3. Check the duration of previous CE (background) tasks for your project, from submission until completion
  4. Ensure sonar.buildbreaker.queryMaxAttempts * sonar.buildbreaker.queryInterval is longer than the above duration (with default values, total wait time is ~5 minutes)
  5. For small projects, a faster interval may be desired so your build times are not longer than necessary
  6. For very large projects or servers with a busy CE queue, more attempts or a longer interval may be necessary
  7. Run an analysis on your project
  8. If analysis fails while waiting for CE to complete, increase either sonar.buildbreaker.queryMaxAttempts, sonar.buildbreaker.queryInterval, or both

Forbidden Configuration Build Breaker

Define the property sonar.buildbreaker.forbiddenConf with comma-separated key=value configurations that will break the build.

For example, if you set the property to sonar.gallio.mode=skip, each analysis on .NET projects executed with Gallio skipped will be marked "broken".

Issues Severity Build Breaker

This build breaker is only available in preview modes (sonar.analysis.mode=preview or sonar.analysis.mode=issues). In publish mode, issue severity data is not available to post-job checkers.

  1. Define the property sonar.buildbreaker.preview.issuesSeverity
  2. Define sonar.analysis.mode=preview
  3. Ensure sonar.preview.excludePlugins does not have buildbreaker in the list (prior to SonarQube 6.2, it is in the list by default)

Configuration Parameters

Property Description Default value Example
sonar.buildbreaker.skip If set to true, the quality gate is not checked. By default the build will break if the project does not pass the quality gate. false
sonar.buildbreaker.queryMaxAttempts The maximum number of queries to the API when waiting for report processing. The build will break if this is reached. Total wait time is sonar.buildbreaker.queryMaxAttempts * sonar.buildbreaker.queryInterval. 30
sonar.buildbreaker.queryInterval The interval (ms) between queries to the API when waiting for report processing. Total wait time is sonar.buildbreaker.queryMaxAttempts * sonar.buildbreaker.queryInterval. 10000
sonar.buildbreaker.forbiddenConf Comma-separated list of key=value pairs that should break the build. sonar.gallio.mode=skip
sonar.buildbreaker.alternativeServerUrl URL to use for web service requests. If unset, uses the serverUrl property from ${sonar.working.directory}/report-task.txt.
sonar.buildbreaker.preview.issuesSeverity Fails the build in preview analysis mode if the severity of issues is equal to or more severe than the selection. Disabled Available selections are (case insensitive): Disabled, INFO, MINOR, MAJOR, CRITICAL, BLOCKER

Contributing

When reporting issues, please include complete steps to reproduce the issue and all relevant logs.

Pull requests are welcome, but may not always be reviewed immediately. Please be patient while waiting for review. This project is maintained on a best-effort basis (aka during spare time).

Pull Request Guidelines

  1. This project uses google-java-format, so please ensure all Java code is formatted with this tool
  2. For the most part, the project follows standard Oracle Java code conventions
  3. Include unit tests
    1. Do not use PowerMock unless there is no alternative
    2. Keep project coverage above 90%
  4. Update the documentation (this README.md) with new configuration parameters and usage notes
  5. Make sure your change works with all versions of SonarQube starting at the minimum version defined in pom.xml
    1. If you need to upgrade the base SonarQube version, create an issue for discussion first
    2. Once upgraded, the base version will not be downgraded
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