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fb2c6fb Oct 9, 2018
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ATtiny 25/45/85

x5 pin mapping

Specifications .
Flash (program memory) 2048b/4096b/8192b
RAM 128/256/512 bytes
EEPROM 128/256/512 bytes
Bootloader No
GPIO Pins 5
ADC Channels 4 (including the one on reset)
PWM Channels 3
Interfaces USI, high speed timer
Clock options Internal 1/8MHz, Internal PLL at 16MHz, external crystal or clock up to 20MHz

PLL Clock

The ATtiny x5 series parts have an on-chip PLL. This is clocked off the internal oscillator and nominally runs at 64mhz when enabled. As a result, it is possible to clock the chip off 1/4th of the PLL clock speed, providing a 16MHz clock option without a crystal (this has the same accuracy problems as the internal oscillator driving it). Alternately, or in addition to using it to derive the system clock, Timer1 can be clocked off the PLL. See below.

Timer1 Clock Source option

The ATtiny x5 series parts are equipped with a special high speed 8-bit timer, Timer1 (this is very different from the traditional 16-bit timer1 used on the atmega328p and almost every other chip in the 8-bit AVR product line). This timer can be clocked off the system clock (default), OR from the PLL at 64 MHz or 32MHz - this is then fed into the prescaler, which can prescale it by any power of two from 1 to 16384. When opperating below 2.7v, the 64MHz PLL clock source option should not be used and may result in bad behavior. Changing this option will impact the frequency of PWM output on Pin 3, as well as the maximum frequency possible with tone(). See chapter 12 of the datasheet for more information on the high speed timer.

Tone Support

Tone() uses timer1. For best results, use pin 4 for tone - this will use Timer1's output compare unit to generate the tone, rather than generating an interrupt to toggle the pin. In this way, tones can be generated up into the MHz range. If timer1 is set to use the PLL clock (provided this is done using the menu option, not manually), Tone will figure this out and output the requested frequency. With timer1 running off the PLL @ 64MHz, tone() should be able to output a 32MHz signal on pin 4!

I2C Support

There is no hardware I2C peripheral. I2C functionality can be achieved with the hardware USI. As of version 1.1.3 this is handled transparently via the special version of the Wire library included with this core.

SPI Support

There is no hardware SPI peripheral. SPI functionality can be achieved with the hardware USI - as of version 1.1.3 of this core, this should be handled transparently via the SPI library. Take care to note that the USI does not have MISO/MOSI, it has DI/DO; when operating in master mode, DI is MISO, and DO is MOSI. When operating in slave mode, DI is MOSI and DO is MISO. The #defines for MISO and MOSI assume master mode (as this is much more common).

UART (Serial) Support

There is no hardware UART support. If running off the internal oscillator, you may need to calibrate it to get the speed close enough to the correct speed for UART communication to work. The core incorporates a built-in software serial named Serial - this uses the analog comparator pins, in order to use the Analog Comparator's interrupt, so that it doesn't conflict with libraries and applications that require PCINTs. TX is AIN0, RX is AIN1. Although it is named Serial, it is still a software implementation, so it is recommended to keep the baud rate low, and you cannot send or receive at the same time. The SoftwareSerial library may be used; if it is used at the same time as the built-in software Serial, only one of them can send or receive at a time (if you need to be able to use both at the same time, or send and receive at the same time, you must use a device with a hardware UART).

To disable the RX channel (to use only TX), the following commands should be used after calling Serial.begin(). No special action is needed to disable the TX line if only RX is needed.

ACSR &=~(1<<ACIE);
ACSR |=~(1<<ACD);

ADC Reference options

  • DEFAULT: Vcc
  • EXTERNAL: Voltage applied to AREF pin
  • INTERNAL1V1: Internal 1.1v reference
  • INTERNAL: synonym for INTERNAL1V1
  • INTERNAL2V56: Internal 2.56v reference, with external bypass
  • INTERNAL2V56_NO_CAP: Internal 2.56v reference, without external bypass
  • INTERNAL2V56NOBP: Synonym for INTERNAL2V56_NO_CAP