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# ---------------------------------------------------------------
# Core ModSecurity Rule Set ver.2.2.9
# Copyright (C) 2006-2012 Trustwave All rights reserved.
#
# The OWASP ModSecurity Core Rule Set is distributed under
# Apache Software License (ASL) version 2
# Please see the enclosed LICENCE file for full details.
# ---------------------------------------------------------------
#
# -- [[ Recommended Base Configuration ]] -------------------------------------------------
#
# The configuration directives/settings in this file are used to control
# the OWASP ModSecurity CRS. These settings do **NOT** configure the main
# ModSecurity settings such as:
#
# - SecRuleEngine
# - SecRequestBodyAccess
# - SecAuditEngine
# - SecDebugLog
#
# You should use the modsecurity.conf-recommended file that comes with the
# ModSecurity source code archive.
#
# Ref: https://github.com/SpiderLabs/ModSecurity/blob/master/modsecurity.conf-recommended
#
#
# -- [[ Rule Version ]] -------------------------------------------------------------------
#
# Rule version data is added to the "Producer" line of Section H of the Audit log:
#
# - Producer: ModSecurity for Apache/2.7.0-rc1 (http://www.modsecurity.org/); OWASP_CRS/2.2.4.
#
# Ref: https://github.com/SpiderLabs/ModSecurity/wiki/Reference-Manual#wiki-SecComponentSignature
#
SecComponentSignature "OWASP_CRS/2.2.9"
#
# -- [[ Modes of Operation: Self-Contained vs. Collaborative Detection ]] -----------------
#
# Each detection rule uses the "block" action which will inherit the SecDefaultAction
# specified below. Your settings here will determine which mode of operation you use.
#
# -- [[ Self-Contained Mode ]] --
# Rules inherit the "deny" disruptive action. The first rule that matches will block.
#
# -- [[ Collaborative Detection Mode ]] --
# This is a "delayed blocking" mode of operation where each matching rule will inherit
# the "pass" action and will only contribute to anomaly scores. Transactional blocking
# can be applied
#
# -- [[ Alert Logging Control ]] --
# You have three options -
#
# - To log to both the Apache error_log and ModSecurity audit_log file use: "log"
# - To log *only* to the ModSecurity audit_log file use: "nolog,auditlog"
# - To log *only* to the Apache error_log file use: "log,noauditlog"
#
# Ref: http://blog.spiderlabs.com/2010/11/advanced-topic-of-the-week-traditional-vs-anomaly-scoring-detection-modes.html
# Ref: https://github.com/SpiderLabs/ModSecurity/wiki/Reference-Manual#wiki-SecDefaultAction
#
SecDefaultAction "phase:1,deny,log"
SecDefaultAction "phase:2,deny,log"
#
# -- [[ Collaborative Detection Severity Levels ]] ----------------------------------------
#
# These are the default scoring points for each severity level. You may
# adjust these to you liking. These settings will be used in macro expansion
# in the rules to increment the anomaly scores when rules match.
#
# These are the default Severity ratings (with anomaly scores) of the individual rules -
#
# - 2: Critical - Anomaly Score of 5.
# Is the highest severity level possible without correlation. It is
# normally generated by the web attack rules (40 level files).
# - 3: Error - Anomaly Score of 4.
# Is generated mostly from outbound leakage rules (50 level files).
# - 4: Warning - Anomaly Score of 3.
# Is generated by malicious client rules (35 level files).
# - 5: Notice - Anomaly Score of 2.
# Is generated by the Protocol policy and anomaly files.
#
SecAction \
"id:'900001', \
phase:1, \
t:none, \
setvar:tx.critical_anomaly_score=5, \
setvar:tx.error_anomaly_score=4, \
setvar:tx.warning_anomaly_score=3, \
setvar:tx.notice_anomaly_score=2, \
nolog, \
pass"
#
# -- [[ Collaborative Detection Scoring Initialization and Threshold Levels ]] ------------------------------
#
# These variables are used in macro expansion in the 49 inbound blocking and 59
# outbound blocking files.
#
# **MUST HAVE** ModSecurity v2.5.12 or higher to use macro expansion in numeric
# operators. If you have an earlier version, edit the 49/59 files directly to
# set the appropriate anomaly score levels.
#
# You should set the score level (rule 900003) to the proper threshold you
# would prefer. If set to "5" it will work similarly to previous Mod CRS rules
# and will create an event in the error_log file if there are any rules that
# match. If you would like to lessen the number of events generated in the
# error_log file, you should increase the anomaly score threshold to something
# like "20". This would only generate an event in the error_log file if there
# are multiple lower severity rule matches or if any 1 higher severity item matches.
#
SecAction \
"id:'900002', \
phase:1, \
t:none, \
setvar:tx.anomaly_score=0, \
setvar:tx.sql_injection_score=0, \
setvar:tx.xss_score=0, \
setvar:tx.inbound_anomaly_score=0, \
setvar:tx.outbound_anomaly_score=0, \
nolog, \
pass"
SecAction \
"id:'900003', \
phase:1, \
t:none, \
setvar:tx.inbound_anomaly_score_level=5, \
setvar:tx.outbound_anomaly_score_level=4, \
nolog, \
pass"
#
# -- [[ Collaborative Detection Blocking ]] -----------------------------------------------
#
# This is a collaborative detection mode where each rule will increment an overall
# anomaly score for the transaction. The scores are then evaluated in the following files:
#
# Inbound anomaly score - checked in the modsecurity_crs_49_inbound_blocking.conf file
# Outbound anomaly score - checked in the modsecurity_crs_59_outbound_blocking.conf file
#
# If you want to use anomaly scoring mode, then uncomment this line.
#
#SecAction \
"id:'900004', \
phase:1, \
t:none, \
setvar:tx.anomaly_score_blocking=on, \
nolog, \
pass"
#
# -- [[ GeoIP Database ]] -----------------------------------------------------------------
#
# There are some rulesets that need to inspect the GEO data of the REMOTE_ADDR data.
#
# You must first download the MaxMind GeoIP Lite City DB -
#
# http://geolite.maxmind.com/download/geoip/database/GeoLiteCity.dat.gz
#
# You then need to define the proper path for the SecGeoLookupDb directive
#
# Ref: http://blog.spiderlabs.com/2010/10/detecting-malice-with-modsecurity-geolocation-data.html
# Ref: http://blog.spiderlabs.com/2010/11/detecting-malice-with-modsecurity-ip-forensics.html
#
#SecGeoLookupDb /opt/modsecurity/lib/GeoLiteCity.dat
#
# -- [[ Regression Testing Mode ]] --------------------------------------------------------
#
# If you are going to run the regression testing mode, you should uncomment the
# following rule. It will enable DetectionOnly mode for the SecRuleEngine and
# will enable Response Header tagging so that the client testing script can see
# which rule IDs have matched.
#
# You must specify the your source IP address where you will be running the tests
# from.
#
#SecRule REMOTE_ADDR "@ipMatch 192.168.1.100" \
"id:'900005', \
phase:1, \
t:none, \
ctl:ruleEngine=DetectionOnly, \
setvar:tx.regression_testing=1, \
nolog, \
pass"
#
# -- [[ HTTP Policy Settings ]] ----------------------------------------------------------
#
# Set the following policy settings here and they will be propagated to the 23 rules
# file (modsecurity_common_23_request_limits.conf) by using macro expansion.
# If you run into false positives, you can adjust the settings here.
#
# Only the max number of args is uncommented by default as there are a high rate
# of false positives. Uncomment the items you wish to set.
#
#
# -- Maximum number of arguments in request limited
SecAction \
"id:'900006', \
phase:1, \
t:none, \
setvar:tx.max_num_args=255, \
nolog, \
pass"
#
# -- Limit argument name length
#SecAction \
"id:'900007', \
phase:1, \
t:none, \
setvar:tx.arg_name_length=100, \
nolog, \
pass"
#
# -- Limit value name length
#SecAction \
"id:'900008', \
phase:1, \
t:none, \
setvar:tx.arg_length=400, \
nolog, \
pass"
#
# -- Limit arguments total length
#SecAction \
"id:'900009', \
phase:1, \
t:none, \
setvar:tx.total_arg_length=64000, \
nolog, \
pass"
#
# -- Individual file size is limited
#SecAction \
"id:'900010', \
phase:1, \
t:none, \
setvar:tx.max_file_size=1048576, \
nolog, \
pass"
#
# -- Combined file size is limited
#SecAction \
"id:'900011', \
phase:1, \
t:none, \
setvar:tx.combined_file_sizes=1048576, \
nolog, \
pass"
#
# Set the following policy settings here and they will be propagated to the 30 rules
# file (modsecurity_crs_30_http_policy.conf) by using macro expansion.
# If you run into false positves, you can adjust the settings here.
#
SecAction \
"id:'900012', \
phase:1, \
t:none, \
setvar:'tx.allowed_methods=GET HEAD POST OPTIONS', \
setvar:'tx.allowed_request_content_type=application/x-www-form-urlencoded|multipart/form-data|text/xml|application/xml|application/x-amf|application/json', \
setvar:'tx.allowed_http_versions=HTTP/0.9 HTTP/1.0 HTTP/1.1', \
setvar:'tx.restricted_extensions=.asa/ .asax/ .ascx/ .axd/ .backup/ .bak/ .bat/ .cdx/ .cer/ .cfg/ .cmd/ .com/ .config/ .conf/ .cs/ .csproj/ .csr/ .dat/ .db/ .dbf/ .dll/ .dos/ .htr/ .htw/ .ida/ .idc/ .idq/ .inc/ .ini/ .key/ .licx/ .lnk/ .log/ .mdb/ .old/ .pass/ .pdb/ .pol/ .printer/ .pwd/ .resources/ .resx/ .sql/ .sys/ .vb/ .vbs/ .vbproj/ .vsdisco/ .webinfo/ .xsd/ .xsx/', \
setvar:'tx.restricted_headers=/Proxy-Connection/ /Lock-Token/ /Content-Range/ /Translate/ /via/ /if/', \
nolog, \
pass"
#
# -- [[ Content Security Policy (CSP) Settings ]] -----------------------------------------
#
# The purpose of these settings is to send CSP response headers to
# Mozilla FireFox users so that you can enforce how dynamic content
# is used. CSP usage helps to prevent XSS attacks against your users.
#
# Reference Link:
#
# https://developer.mozilla.org/en/Security/CSP
#
# Uncomment this SecAction line if you want use CSP enforcement.
# You need to set the appropriate directives and settings for your site/domain and
# and activate the CSP file in the experimental_rules directory.
#
# Ref: http://blog.spiderlabs.com/2011/04/modsecurity-advanced-topic-of-the-week-integrating-content-security-policy-csp.html
#
#SecAction \
"id:'900013', \
phase:1, \
t:none, \
setvar:tx.csp_report_only=1, \
setvar:tx.csp_report_uri=/csp_violation_report, \
setenv:'csp_policy=allow \'self\'; img-src *.yoursite.com; media-src *.yoursite.com; style-src *.yoursite.com; frame-ancestors *.yoursite.com; script-src *.yoursite.com; report-uri %{tx.csp_report_uri}', \
nolog, \
pass"
#
# -- [[ Brute Force Protection ]] ---------------------------------------------------------
#
# If you are using the Brute Force Protection rule set, then uncomment the following
# lines and set the following variables:
# - Protected URLs: resources to protect (e.g. login pages) - set to your login page
# - Burst Time Slice Interval: time interval window to monitor for bursts
# - Request Threshold: request # threshold to trigger a burst
# - Block Period: temporary block timeout
#
#SecAction \
"id:'900014', \
phase:1, \
t:none, \
setvar:'tx.brute_force_protected_urls=#/login.jsp# #/partner_login.php#', \
setvar:'tx.brute_force_burst_time_slice=60', \
setvar:'tx.brute_force_counter_threshold=10', \
setvar:'tx.brute_force_block_timeout=300', \
nolog, \
pass"
#
# -- [[ DoS Protection ]] ----------------------------------------------------------------
#
# If you are using the DoS Protection rule set, then uncomment the following
# lines and set the following variables:
# - Burst Time Slice Interval: time interval window to monitor for bursts
# - Request Threshold: request # threshold to trigger a burst
# - Block Period: temporary block timeout
#
#SecAction \
"id:'900015', \
phase:1, \
t:none, \
setvar:'tx.dos_burst_time_slice=60', \
setvar:'tx.dos_counter_threshold=100', \
setvar:'tx.dos_block_timeout=600', \
nolog, \
pass"
#
# -- [[ Check UTF enconding ]] -----------------------------------------------------------
#
# We only want to apply this check if UTF-8 encoding is actually used by the site, otherwise
# it will result in false positives.
#
# Uncomment this line if your site uses UTF8 encoding
#SecAction \
"id:'900016', \
phase:1, \
t:none, \
setvar:tx.crs_validate_utf8_encoding=1, \
nolog, \
pass"
#
# -- [[ Enable XML Body Parsing ]] -------------------------------------------------------
#
# The rules in this file will trigger the XML parser upon an XML request
#
# Initiate XML Processor in case of xml content-type
#
SecRule REQUEST_HEADERS:Content-Type "text/xml" \
"id:'900017', \
phase:1, \
t:none,t:lowercase, \
nolog, \
pass, \
chain"
SecRule REQBODY_PROCESSOR "!@streq XML" \
"ctl:requestBodyProcessor=XML"
#
# -- [[ Global and IP Collections ]] -----------------------------------------------------
#
# Create both Global and IP collections for rules to use
# There are some CRS rules that assume that these two collections
# have already been initiated.
#
SecRule REQUEST_HEADERS:User-Agent "^(.*)$" \
"id:'900018', \
phase:1, \
t:none,t:sha1,t:hexEncode, \
setvar:tx.ua_hash=%{matched_var}, \
nolog, \
pass"
SecRule REQUEST_HEADERS:x-forwarded-for "^\b(\d{1,3}\.\d{1,3}\.\d{1,3}\.\d{1,3})\b" \
"id:'900019', \
phase:1, \
t:none, \
capture, \
setvar:tx.real_ip=%{tx.1}, \
nolog, \
pass"
SecRule &TX:REAL_IP "!@eq 0" \
"id:'900020', \
phase:1, \
t:none, \
initcol:global=global, \
initcol:ip=%{tx.real_ip}_%{tx.ua_hash}, \
nolog, \
pass"
SecRule &TX:REAL_IP "@eq 0" \
"id:'900021', \
phase:1, \
t:none, \
initcol:global=global, \
initcol:ip=%{remote_addr}_%{tx.ua_hash}, \
setvar:tx.real_ip=%{remote_addr}, \
nolog, \
pass"
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