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MD_TCS230.h - Arduino library for TCS230 Colour Sensor.
Copyright (C) 2013 Marco Colli
All rights reserved.
The TCS230 programmable color light-to-frequency converter
combines configurable silicon photodiodes and a current-to-
frequency converter on single CMOS integrated circuit.
The output is a square wave(50% duty cycle) with frequency
directly proportional to light intensity (irradiance).
The full-scale output frequency can be scaled by one of three
preset values via two control input pins.
Output enable (OE) places the output in the high-impedance
state for multiple-unit sharing of a microcontroller input line.
This libraty has a dependency on the FreqCount library for
frequency counting. FreqCount library is available at
FreqCount imposes a limitation that the frequency can only be
counted on specific pins and limits the use of oither pins as
Board Input Pin Pins Unusable with analogWrite()
----------- --------- --------------------------------
Arduino Uno 5 3, 9, 10, 11
Arduino 2009 5 3, 9, 10, 11
Arduino Mega 47 9, 10, 44, 45, 46
Sanguino 1 12, 13, 14, 15
This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
Lesser General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software
Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
#ifndef _MD_TCS230_H
#define _MD_TCS230_H
#include <Arduino.h>
#include <FreqCount.h>
#define ARRAY_SIZE(x) (sizeof(x)/sizeof(x[0]))
// Frequency setting defines
#define TCS230_FREQ_HI 0 // 100% prescaler
#define TCS230_FREQ_MID 1 // 20%
#define TCS230_FREQ_LO 2 // 2%
#define TCS230_FREQ_OFF 3 // off
// Indices for any RGB data/ filter selection
#define TCS230_RGB_R 0
#define TCS230_RGB_G 1
#define TCS230_RGB_B 2
#define TCS230_RGB_X 3 // 'Clear' filter selection
#define RGB_SIZE 3 // array index counter limit
#define NO_PIN 0xff // value set when no pin has been defined
typedef struct
uint32_t value[RGB_SIZE]; // Raw data from the sensor
} sensorData;
typedef struct
uint8_t value[RGB_SIZE]; // the evaluated colour data (RGB value 0-255 or other)
} colorData;
class MD_TCS230
MD_TCS230(uint8_t s2, uint8_t s3);
MD_TCS230(uint8_t s2, uint8_t s3, uint8_t oe);
MD_TCS230(uint8_t s2, uint8_t s3, uint8_t s0, uint8_t s1);
MD_TCS230(uint8_t s2, uint8_t s3, uint8_t s0, uint8_t s1, uint8_t oe);
// Data handling
void begin(); // used to initialise hardware
void read(); // start the process of asynchronously reading the value
bool available(); // is a reading available yet?
void getRGB(colorData *rgb); // return RGB color data for the last reading
void getRaw(sensorData *d); // return the raw data from the last reading
uint32_t readSingle(); // sydnchronously (blocking) read a value
void setFilter(uint8_t f); // set the photodiode filter
void setFrequency(uint8_t f);// set frequency prescaler - default 100%
void setEnable(bool t); // enable the device (using OE or frequency)
void setSampling(uint8_t t); // set the divisor of 1000ms for a reading - default 10
void setDarkCal(sensorData *d); // set the dark calibration data
void setWhiteCal(sensorData *d); // set the white balance calibration data
uint8_t _OE; // output enable pin
uint8_t _S0, _S1; // frequency scaler
uint8_t _S2, _S3; // photodiode filter selection
uint8_t _readDiv; // fraction of 1 second read
uint8_t _freqSet; // current FREQ_* setting
sensorData _Fd; // Dark calibration data
sensorData _Fw; // White balance calibration data
sensorData _Fo; // current raw sensor reading
colorData _rgb; // colour based data for current reading
uint8_t _readState; // FSM state
void initialise(void); // initialise variables
uint8_t readFSM(uint8_t s); // reading values fsm
void RGBTransformation(void); // convert raw data to RGB
void setFrequency2(uint8_t f); // internal function for frequency prescaler