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README.md

System.IO.Abstractions NuGet Continuous Integration Codacy Badge Renovate enabled

At the core of the library is IFileSystem and FileSystem. Instead of calling methods like File.ReadAllText directly, use IFileSystem.File.ReadAllText. We have exactly the same API, except that ours is injectable and testable.

dotnet add package System.IO.Abstractions
public class MyComponent
{
    readonly IFileSystem fileSystem;

    // <summary>Create MyComponent with the given fileSystem implementation</summary>
    public MyComponent(IFileSystem fileSystem)
    {
        this.fileSystem = fileSystem;
    }
    /// <summary>Create MyComponent</summary>
    public MyComponent() : this(
        fileSystem: new FileSystem() //use default implementation which calls System.IO
    )
    {
    }

    public void Validate()
    {
        foreach (var textFile in fileSystem.Directory.GetFiles(@"c:\", "*.txt", SearchOption.TopDirectoryOnly))
        {
            var text = fileSystem.File.ReadAllText(textFile);
            if (text != "Testing is awesome.")
                throw new NotSupportedException("We can't go on together. It's not me, it's you.");
        }
    }
}

The library also ships with a series of test helpers to save you from having to mock out every call, for basic scenarios. They are not a complete copy of a real-life file system, but they'll get you most of the way there.

dotnet add package System.IO.Abstractions.TestingHelpers
[Test]
public void MyComponent_Validate_ShouldThrowNotSupportedExceptionIfTestingIsNotAwesome()
{
    // Arrange
    var fileSystem = new MockFileSystem(new Dictionary<string, MockFileData>
    {
        { @"c:\myfile.txt", new MockFileData("Testing is meh.") },
        { @"c:\demo\jQuery.js", new MockFileData("some js") },
        { @"c:\demo\image.gif", new MockFileData(new byte[] { 0x12, 0x34, 0x56, 0xd2 }) }
    });
    var component = new MyComponent(fileSystem);

    try
    {
        // Act
        component.Validate();
    }
    catch (NotSupportedException ex)
    {
        // Assert
        Assert.AreEqual("We can't go on together. It's not me, it's you.", ex.Message);
        return;
    }

    Assert.Fail("The expected exception was not thrown.");
}

We even support casting from the .NET Framework's untestable types to our testable wrappers:

FileInfo SomeApiMethodThatReturnsFileInfo()
{
    return new FileInfo("a");
}

void MyFancyMethod()
{
    var testableFileInfo = (FileInfoBase)SomeApiMethodThatReturnsFileInfo();
    ...
}

Since version 4.0 the top-level APIs expose interfaces instead of abstract base classes (these still exist, though), allowing you to completely mock the file system. Here's a small example, using Moq:

[Test]
public void Test1()
{
    var watcher = Mock.Of<IFileSystemWatcher>();
    var file = Mock.Of<IFile>();

    Mock.Get(file).Setup(f => f.Exists(It.IsAny<string>())).Returns(true);
    Mock.Get(file).Setup(f => f.ReadAllText(It.IsAny<string>())).Throws<OutOfMemoryException>();

    var unitUnderTest = new SomeClassUsingFileSystemWatcher(watcher, file);

    Assert.Throws<OutOfMemoryException>(() => {
        Mock.Get(watcher).Raise(w => w.Created += null, new System.IO.FileSystemEventArgs(System.IO.WatcherChangeTypes.Created, @"C:\Some\Directory", "Some.File"));
    });

    Mock.Get(file).Verify(f => f.Exists(It.IsAny<string>()), Times.Once);

    Assert.True(unitUnderTest.FileWasCreated);
}

public class SomeClassUsingFileSystemWatcher
{
    private readonly IFileSystemWatcher _watcher;
    private readonly IFile _file;

    public bool FileWasCreated { get; private set; }

    public SomeClassUsingFileSystemWatcher(IFileSystemWatcher watcher, IFile file)
    {
        this._file = file;
        this._watcher = watcher;
        this._watcher.Created += Watcher_Created;
    }

    private void Watcher_Created(object sender, System.IO.FileSystemEventArgs e)
    {
        FileWasCreated = true;

        if(_file.Exists(e.FullPath))
        {
            var text = _file.ReadAllText(e.FullPath);
        }
    }
}