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8bd6b22 @dwmw2 ihex: add ihex2fw tool for converting HEX files into firmware images
dwmw2 authored May 31, 2008
1 /*
2 * Parser/loader for IHEX formatted data.
3 *
4 * Copyright © 2008 David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org>
5 * Copyright © 2005 Jan Harkes <jaharkes@cs.cmu.edu>
6 *
7 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
8 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
9 * published by the Free Software Foundation.
10 */
11
12 #include <stdint.h>
13 #include <arpa/inet.h>
14 #include <stdio.h>
15 #include <errno.h>
16 #include <sys/types.h>
17 #include <sys/stat.h>
18 #include <sys/mman.h>
19 #include <fcntl.h>
20 #include <string.h>
21 #include <unistd.h>
22 #include <stdlib.h>
59890f7 @dwmw2 ihex: Add support for long records to ihex2fw.c
dwmw2 authored Jun 26, 2008
23 #define _GNU_SOURCE
24 #include <getopt.h>
25
8bd6b22 @dwmw2 ihex: add ihex2fw tool for converting HEX files into firmware images
dwmw2 authored May 31, 2008
26
27 struct ihex_binrec {
28 struct ihex_binrec *next; /* not part of the real data structure */
29 uint32_t addr;
30 uint16_t len;
31 uint8_t data[];
32 };
33
34 /**
35 * nybble/hex are little helpers to parse hexadecimal numbers to a byte value
36 **/
37 static uint8_t nybble(const uint8_t n)
38 {
39 if (n >= '0' && n <= '9') return n - '0';
40 else if (n >= 'A' && n <= 'F') return n - ('A' - 10);
41 else if (n >= 'a' && n <= 'f') return n - ('a' - 10);
42 return 0;
43 }
44
45 static uint8_t hex(const uint8_t *data, uint8_t *crc)
46 {
47 uint8_t val = (nybble(data[0]) << 4) | nybble(data[1]);
48 *crc += val;
49 return val;
50 }
51
52 static int process_ihex(uint8_t *data, ssize_t size);
53 static void file_record(struct ihex_binrec *record);
54 static int output_records(int outfd);
55
56 static int sort_records = 0;
59890f7 @dwmw2 ihex: Add support for long records to ihex2fw.c
dwmw2 authored Jun 26, 2008
57 static int wide_records = 0;
2473238 @broonie ihex: add support for CS:IP/EIP records
broonie authored Oct 26, 2010
58 static int include_jump = 0;
59890f7 @dwmw2 ihex: Add support for long records to ihex2fw.c
dwmw2 authored Jun 26, 2008
59
b7ed698 Documentation/: fix warnings from -Wmissing-prototypes in HOSTCFLAGS
Ladinu Chandrasinghe authored Sep 22, 2009
60 static int usage(void)
59890f7 @dwmw2 ihex: Add support for long records to ihex2fw.c
dwmw2 authored Jun 26, 2008
61 {
62 fprintf(stderr, "ihex2fw: Convert ihex files into binary "
63 "representation for use by Linux kernel\n");
64 fprintf(stderr, "usage: ihex2fw [<options>] <src.HEX> <dst.fw>\n");
65 fprintf(stderr, " -w: wide records (16-bit length)\n");
66 fprintf(stderr, " -s: sort records by address\n");
2473238 @broonie ihex: add support for CS:IP/EIP records
broonie authored Oct 26, 2010
67 fprintf(stderr, " -j: include records for CS:IP/EIP address\n");
59890f7 @dwmw2 ihex: Add support for long records to ihex2fw.c
dwmw2 authored Jun 26, 2008
68 return 1;
69 }
8bd6b22 @dwmw2 ihex: add ihex2fw tool for converting HEX files into firmware images
dwmw2 authored May 31, 2008
70
71 int main(int argc, char **argv)
72 {
73 int infd, outfd;
74 struct stat st;
75 uint8_t *data;
59890f7 @dwmw2 ihex: Add support for long records to ihex2fw.c
dwmw2 authored Jun 26, 2008
76 int opt;
77
2473238 @broonie ihex: add support for CS:IP/EIP records
broonie authored Oct 26, 2010
78 while ((opt = getopt(argc, argv, "wsj")) != -1) {
59890f7 @dwmw2 ihex: Add support for long records to ihex2fw.c
dwmw2 authored Jun 26, 2008
79 switch (opt) {
80 case 'w':
81 wide_records = 1;
82 break;
83 case 's':
84 sort_records = 1;
85 break;
2473238 @broonie ihex: add support for CS:IP/EIP records
broonie authored Oct 26, 2010
86 case 'j':
87 include_jump = 1;
88 break;
59890f7 @dwmw2 ihex: Add support for long records to ihex2fw.c
dwmw2 authored Jun 26, 2008
89 return usage();
90 }
8bd6b22 @dwmw2 ihex: add ihex2fw tool for converting HEX files into firmware images
dwmw2 authored May 31, 2008
91 }
59890f7 @dwmw2 ihex: Add support for long records to ihex2fw.c
dwmw2 authored Jun 26, 2008
92
93 if (optind + 2 != argc)
94 return usage();
95
96 if (!strcmp(argv[optind], "-"))
8bd6b22 @dwmw2 ihex: add ihex2fw tool for converting HEX files into firmware images
dwmw2 authored May 31, 2008
97 infd = 0;
98 else
59890f7 @dwmw2 ihex: Add support for long records to ihex2fw.c
dwmw2 authored Jun 26, 2008
99 infd = open(argv[optind], O_RDONLY);
8bd6b22 @dwmw2 ihex: add ihex2fw tool for converting HEX files into firmware images
dwmw2 authored May 31, 2008
100 if (infd == -1) {
101 fprintf(stderr, "Failed to open source file: %s",
102 strerror(errno));
59890f7 @dwmw2 ihex: Add support for long records to ihex2fw.c
dwmw2 authored Jun 26, 2008
103 return usage();
8bd6b22 @dwmw2 ihex: add ihex2fw tool for converting HEX files into firmware images
dwmw2 authored May 31, 2008
104 }
105 if (fstat(infd, &st)) {
106 perror("stat");
107 return 1;
108 }
109 data = mmap(NULL, st.st_size, PROT_READ, MAP_SHARED, infd, 0);
110 if (data == MAP_FAILED) {
111 perror("mmap");
112 return 1;
113 }
114
59890f7 @dwmw2 ihex: Add support for long records to ihex2fw.c
dwmw2 authored Jun 26, 2008
115 if (!strcmp(argv[optind+1], "-"))
8bd6b22 @dwmw2 ihex: add ihex2fw tool for converting HEX files into firmware images
dwmw2 authored May 31, 2008
116 outfd = 1;
117 else
59890f7 @dwmw2 ihex: Add support for long records to ihex2fw.c
dwmw2 authored Jun 26, 2008
118 outfd = open(argv[optind+1], O_TRUNC|O_CREAT|O_WRONLY, 0644);
8bd6b22 @dwmw2 ihex: add ihex2fw tool for converting HEX files into firmware images
dwmw2 authored May 31, 2008
119 if (outfd == -1) {
120 fprintf(stderr, "Failed to open destination file: %s",
121 strerror(errno));
59890f7 @dwmw2 ihex: Add support for long records to ihex2fw.c
dwmw2 authored Jun 26, 2008
122 return usage();
8bd6b22 @dwmw2 ihex: add ihex2fw tool for converting HEX files into firmware images
dwmw2 authored May 31, 2008
123 }
124 if (process_ihex(data, st.st_size))
125 return 1;
126
b8cb464 @cmruffin ihex: fix unused return value compiler warning
cmruffin authored Jan 12, 2011
127 return output_records(outfd);
8bd6b22 @dwmw2 ihex: add ihex2fw tool for converting HEX files into firmware images
dwmw2 authored May 31, 2008
128 }
129
130 static int process_ihex(uint8_t *data, ssize_t size)
131 {
132 struct ihex_binrec *record;
133 uint32_t offset = 0;
2473238 @broonie ihex: add support for CS:IP/EIP records
broonie authored Oct 26, 2010
134 uint32_t data32;
8bd6b22 @dwmw2 ihex: add ihex2fw tool for converting HEX files into firmware images
dwmw2 authored May 31, 2008
135 uint8_t type, crc = 0, crcbyte = 0;
136 int i, j;
137 int line = 1;
138 int len;
139
140 i = 0;
141 next_record:
142 /* search for the start of record character */
143 while (i < size) {
144 if (data[i] == '\n') line++;
145 if (data[i++] == ':') break;
146 }
147
148 /* Minimum record length would be about 10 characters */
149 if (i + 10 > size) {
150 fprintf(stderr, "Can't find valid record at line %d\n", line);
151 return -EINVAL;
152 }
153
154 len = hex(data + i, &crc); i += 2;
59890f7 @dwmw2 ihex: Add support for long records to ihex2fw.c
dwmw2 authored Jun 26, 2008
155 if (wide_records) {
156 len <<= 8;
157 len += hex(data + i, &crc); i += 2;
158 }
8bd6b22 @dwmw2 ihex: add ihex2fw tool for converting HEX files into firmware images
dwmw2 authored May 31, 2008
159 record = malloc((sizeof (*record) + len + 3) & ~3);
160 if (!record) {
161 fprintf(stderr, "out of memory for records\n");
162 return -ENOMEM;
163 }
164 memset(record, 0, (sizeof(*record) + len + 3) & ~3);
165 record->len = len;
166
167 /* now check if we have enough data to read everything */
168 if (i + 8 + (record->len * 2) > size) {
169 fprintf(stderr, "Not enough data to read complete record at line %d\n",
170 line);
171 return -EINVAL;
172 }
173
174 record->addr = hex(data + i, &crc) << 8; i += 2;
175 record->addr |= hex(data + i, &crc); i += 2;
176 type = hex(data + i, &crc); i += 2;
177
178 for (j = 0; j < record->len; j++, i += 2)
179 record->data[j] = hex(data + i, &crc);
180
181 /* check CRC */
182 crcbyte = hex(data + i, &crc); i += 2;
183 if (crc != 0) {
184 fprintf(stderr, "CRC failure at line %d: got 0x%X, expected 0x%X\n",
185 line, crcbyte, (unsigned char)(crcbyte-crc));
186 return -EINVAL;
187 }
188
189 /* Done reading the record */
190 switch (type) {
191 case 0:
192 /* old style EOF record? */
193 if (!record->len)
194 break;
195
196 record->addr += offset;
197 file_record(record);
198 goto next_record;
199
200 case 1: /* End-Of-File Record */
201 if (record->addr || record->len) {
202 fprintf(stderr, "Bad EOF record (type 01) format at line %d",
203 line);
204 return -EINVAL;
205 }
206 break;
207
208 case 2: /* Extended Segment Address Record (HEX86) */
209 case 4: /* Extended Linear Address Record (HEX386) */
210 if (record->addr || record->len != 2) {
211 fprintf(stderr, "Bad HEX86/HEX386 record (type %02X) at line %d\n",
212 type, line);
213 return -EINVAL;
214 }
215
216 /* We shouldn't really be using the offset for HEX86 because
217 * the wraparound case is specified quite differently. */
218 offset = record->data[0] << 8 | record->data[1];
219 offset <<= (type == 2 ? 4 : 16);
220 goto next_record;
221
222 case 3: /* Start Segment Address Record */
223 case 5: /* Start Linear Address Record */
224 if (record->addr || record->len != 4) {
225 fprintf(stderr, "Bad Start Address record (type %02X) at line %d\n",
226 type, line);
227 return -EINVAL;
228 }
229
2473238 @broonie ihex: add support for CS:IP/EIP records
broonie authored Oct 26, 2010
230 memcpy(&data32, &record->data[0], sizeof(data32));
231 data32 = htonl(data32);
232 memcpy(&record->data[0], &data32, sizeof(data32));
233
8bd6b22 @dwmw2 ihex: add ihex2fw tool for converting HEX files into firmware images
dwmw2 authored May 31, 2008
234 /* These records contain the CS/IP or EIP where execution
2473238 @broonie ihex: add support for CS:IP/EIP records
broonie authored Oct 26, 2010
235 * starts. If requested output this as a record. */
236 if (include_jump)
237 file_record(record);
8bd6b22 @dwmw2 ihex: add ihex2fw tool for converting HEX files into firmware images
dwmw2 authored May 31, 2008
238 goto next_record;
239
240 default:
241 fprintf(stderr, "Unknown record (type %02X)\n", type);
242 return -EINVAL;
243 }
244
245 return 0;
246 }
247
248 static struct ihex_binrec *records;
249
250 static void file_record(struct ihex_binrec *record)
251 {
252 struct ihex_binrec **p = &records;
253
254 while ((*p) && (!sort_records || (*p)->addr < record->addr))
255 p = &((*p)->next);
256
257 record->next = *p;
258 *p = record;
259 }
260
261 static int output_records(int outfd)
262 {
85ebd00 Fix IHEX firmware generation/loading
Marc Zyngier authored Aug 2, 2008
263 unsigned char zeroes[6] = {0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0};
8bd6b22 @dwmw2 ihex: add ihex2fw tool for converting HEX files into firmware images
dwmw2 authored May 31, 2008
264 struct ihex_binrec *p = records;
265
266 while (p) {
267 uint16_t writelen = (p->len + 9) & ~3;
268
269 p->addr = htonl(p->addr);
85ebd00 Fix IHEX firmware generation/loading
Marc Zyngier authored Aug 2, 2008
270 p->len = htons(p->len);
b8cb464 @cmruffin ihex: fix unused return value compiler warning
cmruffin authored Jan 13, 2011
271 if (write(outfd, &p->addr, writelen) != writelen)
272 return 1;
8bd6b22 @dwmw2 ihex: add ihex2fw tool for converting HEX files into firmware images
dwmw2 authored May 31, 2008
273 p = p->next;
274 }
275 /* EOF record is zero length, since we don't bother to represent
276 the type field in the binary version */
b8cb464 @cmruffin ihex: fix unused return value compiler warning
cmruffin authored Jan 13, 2011
277 if (write(outfd, zeroes, 6) != 6)
278 return 1;
8bd6b22 @dwmw2 ihex: add ihex2fw tool for converting HEX files into firmware images
dwmw2 authored May 31, 2008
279 return 0;
280 }
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